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Full Text Citations For Award of

The Distinguished Service Cross
 U.S. Army Air Forces Recipients  - WWII 
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To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pride in Presenting


THE 
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
to


MacDONALD, CHARLES H.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Charles H. MacDonald (0-22518), Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 475th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 7 December 1944, in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. On that date, Colonel MacDonald shot down THREE enemy aircraft in a single engagement. Colonel MacDonald's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 89 (1945)

MacDONALD, CHARLES H.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Charles H. MacDonald (0-22518), Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 475th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 25 December 1944, in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. On that date, Colonel MacDonald shot down THREE enemy aircraft in a single engagement. It was the second time in less than three weeks that he shot down three aircraft in a single mission. Colonel MacDonald's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Forces-Pacific, General Orders No. 123 (1945)
Personal Awards: 2@ Distinguished Service Crosses (WWII)


MAGOFFIN, MORTON D. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Morton D. Magoffin (0-20847), Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane and Commanding Officer of the 362d Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. Colonel Magoffin's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 4 (1945)
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), 3@ Silver Stars (WWII)


*MAHONEY, JOHN F. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to John F. Mahoney (31312836), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Gunner on a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 700th Bombardment Squadron, 445th Bombardment Group (H), EIGHTH Air Force, while participating in bombing missions from April through September 1944, against enemy ground targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Staff Sergeant Mahoney on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Forces-European Theater, General Orders No. 22 (1947)
Home Town: Connecticut


MAHONY, GRANT M. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Grant M. Mahony (0-025233), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 3d Pursuit Squadron, 24th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 10, 11, and 13 December 1941, during air missions over the Philippine Islands. First Lieutenant Mahony volunteered for a vital night mission in thick weather during a complete ground blackout. In the face of severed ground fire from strongly held positions, he secured information needed for a subsequently successful bombing attack on 10 December. On the following day, returning form a bombing mission near Legaspi in which he destroyed an enemy flying boat and strafed an enemy-held radio station, this pilot displayed exceptional courage in performing the highly dangerous feat of landing his plane with bombs hanging from an improperly functioning bomb release, in preference to bailing out. Again the following week, Lieutenant Mahony was flying over Legaspi at 13,000 feet when he encountered two Japanese pursuit planes. Suddenly his guns jammed, so he dived low with the Japanese on his tail. He realized he was helpless in the face of heavy machine gun fire, but observed that the Japanese were missing his plane and strafing their own troops. Lieutenant Mahony put his ship into a short climb, then drew the Japanese ships behind him again. This time he swooped right over the enemy ground troops and once more the enemy poured machine gun fire into their own men. First Lieutenant Mahony's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 48 (1941)
Home Town: Solano, California
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), 4@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, 4@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


MAHURIN, WALKER M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Walker M. Mahurin (0-659316/8658A), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane in the 63d Fighter Squadron, 56th Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 4 October 1943, in the European Theater of Operations. On this date Captain Mahurin shot down THREE enemy aircraft in a single engagement. Captain Mahurin's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 96 (1943)
Born: December 5, 1918 at Ann Arbor, Michigan
Home Town: Fort Wayne, Indiana


*MANDERS, JOHN H. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to John H. Manders (0-784790), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-25 Heavy Bomber in the 501st Bombardment Squadron, 345th Bombardment Group (M), FIFTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 30 January 1944, against enemy targets in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty, at the cost of his life, displayed by Captain Manders on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 35 (1944)
Home Town: San Francisco, California


*MARETT, SAMUEL H. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Samuel H. Marett (0-22854), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-35 Fighter Airplane in the 34th Pursuit Squadron, 24th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 10 December 1941, during an air mission against Japanese surface vessels at Vigan, Philippine Islands. On that date, First Lieutenant Marett was Pilot of a P-35 fighter in an attack on Japanese shipping and landing parties at Vigan, Philippine Islands. Following bombing by heavy bombers, Lieutenant Marett lead his squadron through a hail of anti-aircraft fire to strafe the enemy vessels and landing parties. In the performance of this mission, one of the enemy vessels exploded, destroying Lieutenant Marett's aircraft and killing him instantly. First Lieutenant Marett's unquestionable valor in aerial combat, at the cost of his life, is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 48 (1941)
Home Town: Fulton County, Georgia


*MARPE, FRANK C., JR. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Frank C. Marpe, Jr. (0-68454), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 720th Bombardment Squadron, 450th Bombardment Group (H), FIFTEENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 5 April 1944, against enemy ground targets at Ploesti, Rumania. Lieutenant Marpe was serving as Pilot and Deputy Leader in a B-24 formation dispatched on an extremely hazardous and important mission to bomb marshalling yards and oil refineries at Ploesti, Rumania. The target was known to be defended by 144 heavy-caliber anti-aircraft guns and about 250 fighter aircraft. Immediately before taking off, a serious gasoline leak in the bomb bay was discovered which necessitated a speedy change to another airplane. In transferring equipment, two parachutes were left behind. Rather than turn back from the mission, Lieutenant Marpe gave his own parachute to a crew member while hasty plans were made for sharing parachutes in case of emergency. Approaching the target, the heroic pilot's bomber was attacked by two waves of fighters which riddled the aircraft and set it afire in the bomb bays and on the flight deck. Ordering his men to leave the doomed airplane, the pilot declined to carry out his plan to bail out with the engineer, and when last seen was struggling to keep his staggering aircraft in level flight so that the crew could jump safely. He died in the flaming crash of his bomber. The magnificent loyalty, dauntless courage, and supreme sacrifice of Lieutenant Marpe allowed members of his crew to save themselves. His personal courage and devotion to duty on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 15th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 72 (August 28, 1945)
Home Town: Albert Lea, Minnesota


MARSHALL, LYNDON O.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Lyndon O. Marshall (0-793648), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 26th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, FOURTEENTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 5 April 1944, in the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations. On that date, Captain Marshall shot down four enemy aircraft in a single engagement. Captain Marshall's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 14th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces-China/Burma/India, General Orders No. 137 (1944)
Home Town: Watkins Glen, New York


*MARTIN, ERNEST V. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Ernest V. Martin (32271998), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as a Waist Gunner on a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 345th Bombardment Squadron, 98th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, Staff Sergeant Martin acquitted himself with great skill as his aircraft flew through one of the most heavily defended areas of Europe. When the plane on which he served was severely damaged he continued on, in the face of almost insurmountable odds. Over the blazing target, Staff Sergeant Martin, with heroic calm and unflinching loyalty, remained steadfast by his guns until he was killed by enemy fire. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Staff Sergeant Martin on this occasion, at the cost of his life, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 86 (1943)
Home Town: Cumberland County, New Jersey


MARTIN, JOHN C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to John C. Martin, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Co-Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 566th Bombardment Squadron, 389th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, First Lieutenant Martin flew through heavy enemy fire against impossible odds, and despite heavy damage to his bomber, skillfully remained in control to divert his bomber for an emergency landing at Malta without the loss of a single man. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Martin on this occasion, even when confronted with practically certain destruction, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 89 (1943)


MARTIN, KENNETH R. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Kenneth R. Martin (0-21608), Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane in the 354th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 14 September 1944, during an air mission over Germany. Colonel Martin's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. (24 April 17, 1944)
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), 2@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, Prisoner of War Medal


MARTINSON, MEYNARD L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Meynard L. Martinson, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in aerial combat against enemy forces on 12 February 1945, in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. Staff Sergeant Martinson's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Air Forces-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 42 (1945)


MASON, JOE LENNARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Joe Lennard Mason (0-371856), Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane in the 352d Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 8 May 1944. Colonel Mason's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 38 (1944)


*MATCHITT, RAY J. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Ray J. Matchitt (14025950), Private, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while in the Far East Ferry Command, in action against enemy forces on 19 February 1942, in the Southwest Pacific Area. Private Matchitt's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 40 (1942)
Home Town: Date County, Florida


*MATSON, REX E. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Rex E. Matson (6657964), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Gunner on a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 93d Bombardment Squadron, 19th Bombardment Group (H), FIFTH Air Force, while participating in bombing missions on 6 and 7 August 1942, against enemy targets in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Staff Sergeant Matson on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 34 (September 15, 1942)
Home Town: Lafayette, Indiana
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), Air Medal, 2@ Purple Hearts


MATTE, JOSEPH Z.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Joseph Z. Matte (0-693146), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane in the 378th Fighter Squadron, 362d Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 20 August 1944, in the European Theater of Operations. On that date, Lieutenant Matte shot down FOUR enemy aircraft in a single engagement. First Lieutenant Matte's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 97 (1944)


*MATTHEWS, JOHN E. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to John E. Matthews, Private First Class, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations, during World War II. Private First Class Matthews' unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 82 (1945)


*MAYES, HERBERT C. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Herbert C. Mayes (0-406421), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber of the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22d Bombardment Group (M), FAR EAST Air Force (Detached), in aerial action against enemy surface forces on 4 June 1942, during an engagement near Midway Island. Lieutenant Mayes displayed extraordinary heroism during a torpedo-bombing mission against the Japanese Navy. The success of the mission was dependent entirely upon the skill, courageousness and unfaltering devotion to duty of crew members of the airplanes participating, who unhesitatingly entered into the attack at great personal risk to their lives in the face of concentrated gunfire of Japanese Naval forces and fighter planes. During this, the first torpedo attack ever carried out by Army Air Forces, the airplane on which Lieutenant Mayes was pilot, was lost. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Mayes on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 117 (1942)
Home Town: San Francisco, California


McARTHUR, PAUL GRAHAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Paul Graham McArthur (0-659742), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 87th Fighter Squadron, 79th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 10 June 1943, in the European Theater of Operations. On that date, Lieutenant McArthur shot down FOUR enemy aircraft in a single engagement. First Lieutenant McArthur's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 62 (1943)
Home Town: Reform, Alabama


McCABE, ERNEST J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Ernest J. McCabe, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations during World War II. Second Lieutenant McCabe's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 68 (1946)


*McCALL, BEN J. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Ben J. McCall (0-672369), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as an Officer of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 548th Bombardment Squadron, 385th Bombardment Group (H), EIGHTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 13 November 1943, against enemy targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Second Lieutenant McCall on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 11 (1944)
Home Town: Bexar County, Texas


*McCALLISTER, GARRETT H. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Garrett H. McCallister (0-388997), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Co-Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber of the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22d Bombardment Group (M), FAR EAST Air Force (Detached), in aerial action against enemy surface forces on 4 June 1942, during an engagement near Midway Island. Lieutenant McCallister displayed extraordinary heroism during a torpedo-bombing mission against the Japanese Navy. The success of the mission was dependent entirely upon the skill, courageousness and unfaltering devotion to duty of the crew members of the airplanes participating, who unhesitatingly entered into the attack at great personal risk to their lives in the face of concentrated gunfire of Japanese Naval forces and fighter planes. During this, the first torpedo attack ever carried out by Army Air Forces, the airplane on which Lieutenant McCallister was co-pilot was lost. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Second Lieutenant McCallister on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 117 (1942)
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


*McCALLUM, GERALD (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Gerald McCallum (0-388622), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 17th Pursuit Squadron, 24th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 25 February 1942, in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. First Lieutenant McCallum's unquestionable valor in aerial combat, at the cost of his life, is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 20 (1942)
Home Town: Lincoln Parish, Louisiana


*McCORMICK, JOHN B. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to John B. McCormick (0-661952), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 565th Bombardment Squadron, 389th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 18 November 1943, against enemy targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Captain McCormick on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force (Attached), and the United States Army Air Forces.
Home Town: Onondaga County, New York
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), 2@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


McCULLAR, KENNETH D. (DNB)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Kenneth D. McCullar (0-393172), Major (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 63d Bombardment Squadron, 43d Bombardment Group (H), FIFTH Air Force, while participating in bombing missions on 2 and 3 March 1943, against enemy targets at Rabaul. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Major McCullar on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 24 (1943)
Home Town: Panola County, Mississippi


*McCURDY, JIMMY E. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Jimmy E. McCurdy (34149971), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Waist Gunner of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 351st Bombardment Group (H), EIGHTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 30 July 1943, against enemy ground targets at Kassel, Germany. On that date, the airplane in which Sergeant McCurdy was serving was knocked out of formation by enemy fighters, thereby becoming the target of concentrated attacks. During the air battle which followed, Sergeant McCurdy was mortally wounded by an exploding canon shell. Despite great pain and with complete disregard for his personal safety, Sergeant McCurdy stuck to his guns and fought the enemy until he collapsed. The extraordinary heroism in the face of death, coolness, and skill displayed by Sergeant McCurdy on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 75 (1943)
Home Town: Amarillo, Texas


McDANIEL, GORDON H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Gordon H. McDaniel (0-807583), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane in the 318th Fighter Squadron, 325th Fighter Group, FIFTEENTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 14 March 1944, in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. On this date First Lieutenant McDaniel destroyed five German FW-190 fighter aircraft to become an ACE in a single day. First Lieutenant McDaniel's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 15th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Air Forces-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 52 (1945)


McELROY, JOSEPH G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Joseph G. McElroy, Private First Class, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while with the 19th Bombardment Group (H), FAR EAST Air Force, in action against enemy forces on 8 December 1941, during the Japanese bombardment of the Philippine Islands. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Private First Class McElroy on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 48 (1941)


McFARLAND, KENTON D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Kenton D. McFarland, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 409th Bombardment Squadron, 93d Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, First Lieutenant McFarland flew through heavy enemy fire against impossible odds, and then brought his crew safely back to base without the loss of a single man. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant McFarland on this occasion, even when confronted with practically certain destruction, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 88 (1943)
Home Town: Sacramento, California


McGRATH, THOMAS J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Thomas J. McGrath, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces on 17 May 1943, in the European Theater of Operations. Staff Sergeant McGrath's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 48 (1943)


McGUIRE, THOMAS BUCHANAN, JR. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Thomas Buchanan McGuire, Jr. (0-437031), Major (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 431st Fighter Squadron, 475th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces in December 1943, during air missions in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. During the period from 7 December to 26 December, Major McGuire shot down a total of TEN enemy aircraft. Major McGuire's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 2 (1945)
Born: August 1, 1920 at Ridgewood, New Jersey
Home Town: Sebring, Florida
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII)


*McHENRY, WILLIAM STEWART (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to William Stewart McHenry (0-797159), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber, while participating in a bombing mission on 18 October 1943, against enemy targets in Burma. After his bomber was severely damaged on this date, Second Lieutenant McHenry skillfully controlled his airplane long enough for six members of the crew to bail out before a wing was ripped from the fuselage and his bomber crashed in flames. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Second Lieutenant McHenry on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Forces-India/Burma Theater, General Orders No. 30 (1946)
Home Town: Newburgh, New York


McLAUGHLIN, FRANK B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Frank B. McLaughlin, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 564th Bombardment Squadron, 389th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, First Lieutenant McLaughlin flew through heavy enemy fire against impossible odds, and then brought his crew safely back to base without the loss of a single man. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant McLaughlin on this occasion, even when confronted with practically certain destruction, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 89 (1943)


McLAUGHLIN, JOHN A. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to John A. McLaughlin, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Bombardier on a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 564th Bombardment Squadron, 389th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, Second Lieutenant McLaughlin acquitted himself with great skill as his aircraft flew through one of the most heavily defended areas of Europe. When the plane on which he served was severely damaged, and, despite the fact that gasoline was streaming from one of its damaged fuel tanks, continued on, in the face of almost insurmountable odds. Over the blazing target, Lieutenant McLaughlin, with heroic calm and unflinching loyalty, remained steadfast by his post to drop his bombs. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Second Lieutenant McLaughlin on this occasion, at the cost of his life, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 89 (1943)


*McLEOD, STANLEY A. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Stanley A. McLeod (6849363), Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving with 19th Transportation Squadron, 24th Division, in action against enemy forces during the Japanese attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant McLeod on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 91 (1942)
Home Town: Lee County, North Carolina


McMAHAN, DARRELL E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Darrell E. McMahan (0-763699), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane in the 62d Fighter Squadron, 56th Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 2 September 1944. On that date, First Lieutenant McMahan shot down one enemy airplane. First Lieutenant McMahan's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 9 (1945)


McMAHON, ROBERT F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Robert F. McMahon (0-427435), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 33d Pursuit Squadron (Provisional), 8th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 19 February 1942, during an air mission over Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Lieutenant McMahon was Pilot of one of a flight of ten pursuit airplanes forced by unfavorable weather to turn back from a ferry flight from Darwin to Koepang, Timor, Netherlands East Indies. When the flight arrived at Darwin, and before refueling could be effected, information of the approach of an enemy formation was received. When the approaching enemy, consisting of approximately sixty high-level bombers, thirty-six fighters and eighteen dive-bombers was intercepted, Lieutenant McMahon, in spite of the tremendous odds, courageously attacked the enemy formation, inflicting heavy damage, and continued the attack until his airplane was shot down. Second Lieutenant McMahon's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 27 (1942)


McNEES, RICHARD A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Richard A. McNees (0-732300), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 485th Fighter Squadron, 399th Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 25 June 1944, in the European Theater of Operations. On that date Captain McNees shot down one enemy airplane in aerial combat. Captain McNees' unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 87 (1944)


McNEESE, HAROLD G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Harold G. McNeese, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 424th Bombardment Squadron, 307th Bombardment Group (H), THIRTEENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 13 February 1943, while engaged in a daylight raid on an enemy base in the Solomons Islands area. Lieutenant McNeese piloted his heavy bombardment airplane through heavy antiaircraft fire and opposition from enemy fighters with overwhelming numerical superiority. Before his ship had reached the target it had been hit and severely damaged and the left wing and outboard engine were aflame, but he held to the formation until the bomb release line was reached and all bombs were dropped on the target area. The heat was then so severe that occupants were unable to remain in the rear of the bomber, and the damaged craft and surviving crew were attacked by 12 zero fighters. Lieutenant McNeese headed for open sea to force the assailants to break off the engagement as quickly as possible. One enemy craft was shot down in flames and at least one other was forced to break away, smoking badly, before the fighters discontinued the attack. Lieutenant McNeese then headed for land, but the ship was in such condition that a water landing was unavoidable. Negotiating a successful landing of the badly crippled airplane, Lieutenant McNeese with the survivors, after rowing for 18 hours, landed upon an enemy occupied island. Thereafter he led the crew for 19 days throughout enemy waters. His utter disregard for his own safety and splendid leadership made possible the completion of the bombing run and the return of the surviving crew members to safety. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant McNeese on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 13th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the South Pacific Area, General Orders No. 120 (1943)
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), 2@ Distinguished Flying Crosses


MEALS, ELBERT O.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Elbert O. Meals, Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber in the 77th Bombardment Squadron, 28th Bombardment Group (C), ELEVENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 4 June 1942, against enemy Japanese targets in the Territory of Alaska. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Captain Meals on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 11th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Alaska Defense Command, General Orders No. 68 (1942)


MEGURA, NICHOLAS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Nicholas Megura (0-2044894), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane in the 334th Fighter Squadron, 4th Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 6 and 8 March 1944, in the European Theater of Operations. On each of these dates First Lieutenant Megura shot down two enemy aircraft. First Lieutenant Megura's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 25 (1944)


MELO, FRANK L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Frank L. Melo, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Radio Operator and Gunner on a B-26 Medium Bomber of the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22d Bombardment Group (M), FAR EAST Air Force (Detached), in aerial action against enemy forces on 4 June 1942, during an engagement near Midway Island. Corporal Melo displayed extraordinary heroism during an extremely hazardous and difficult torpedo-bombing mission against the Japanese Navy. Although wounded during the attack, he carried on with his duties and by skilled airmanship and courageousness materially aided in the success of the first torpedo attack ever carried out by the Army Air Forces. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Corporal Melo on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 117 (1942)


*MERKEL, HOWARD W. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Howard W. Merkel (0-403734), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 380th Bombardment Group (H), FIFTH Air Force (Attached to RAAF), while participating in a bombing mission on 10 July 1943, against enemy targets at Babo, New Guinea. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Captain Merkel on this occasion, a the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 75 (1943)
Home Town: Marion, Iowa


MERRILL, JOHN O.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to John O. Merrill, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber in the 559th Bombardment Squadron, 387th Bombardment Group (M), NINTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 24 February 1945, against enemy targets at Mayen, Germany. While flying the lead formation with three aircraft at an altitude of approximately 9,000 feet, his plane sustained a direct enemy antiaircraft hit. The right engine and wing caught fire, crippling his aircraft Undaunted by the impending crash or explosion and the burning and badly crippled state of his plane, Lieutenant Merrill retained his composure and continued to operate the remaining controls of his plane with such skill and efficiency that he succeeded in holding the aircraft on a level keel. Although rapidly losing speed and altitude, he completed the bomb run, ensuring his bombs were released on target He then gave orders to his crew members to bail out. He continued to control the position of the aircraft in order to permit crew members to save their own lives, with total disregard for his own safety. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Merrill on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 69 (1945)
Home Town: Wisconsin


MEYER, JOHN C.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to John C. Meyer (0-396294/4496A), Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-15 Fighter Airplane in the 487th Fighter Squadron, 352d Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 8 May 1944, during an air mission over Germany. Leading a flight of eight P-51s, Lieutenant Colonel Meyer attacked a large formation of enemy fighters that was about to intercept a stream of Air Force heavy bombers. During the engagement, which dispersed the enemy fighters, Lieutenant Colonel Meyer and his wingman became separated from the rest of the flight. While climbing back to altitude, he sighted 15 enemy fighters closing on the bombers. Lieutenant Colonel Meyer attacked immediately, shooting down two Luftwaffe fighters and breaking up their attack. Lieutenant Colonel Meyer's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 34 (1945)

MEYER, JOHN C.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to John C. Meyer (0-396294/4496A), Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane in the 487th Fighter Squadron, 352d Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 21 November 1944, while leading eleven P-51s in an air battle east of Leipzig, Germany, against more than 40 enemy fighters. Lieutenant Colonel Meyer maneuvered his formation into position for a surprise attack, himself shooting down three FW- 190s. In one case, he used the contrail of an FW-190 for cover, firing at the unseen enemy until he could see strike flashes through the contrail, then breaking off just before ramming the burning enemy plane. Lieutenant Colonel Meyer's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 4 (1945)

MEYER, JOHN C.
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to John C. Meyer (0-396294/4496A), Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane and as Deputy Commander, 352d Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 1 January 1945, during the Luftwaffe's desperate mass strike on airfields in Belgium and Northern France. The 352d Group, of which Lieutenant Colonel Meyer was then deputy commander, was operating temporarily from a field in Belgium under IX Tactical Air Command. As he was about to lead 12 P-51s off the runway, the field was attacked by an estimated 50 enemy fighters. Taking off with full wing tanks, Lieutenant Colonel Meyer shot down one FW-190 just after he had raised his landing gear. Then, in a 45-minute running battle, he downed another FW-190. Lieutenant Colonel Meyer's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 34 (1945)
Personal Awards: 3@ Distinguished Service Crosses (WWII)


MIDDLEBROOK, GARRETT E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Garrett E. Middlebrook, Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber in the 38th Bombardment Group (M), FIFTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 17 August 1943, against enemy targets in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Captain Middlebrook on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 62 (1943)


MIDDLEDITCH, LYMAN, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Lyman Middleditch, Jr. (0-427759), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 64th Fighter Squadron, 57th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 27 October 1942, in North Africa. On that date First Lieutenant Middleditch became the first fighter pilot in the European Theater of Operations to score a TRIPLE VICTORY when he shot down three German Bf-109s in a single engagement. First Lieutenant Middleditch's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Middle East, General Orders No. 22 (1942)


*MILES, JAMES E. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to James E. Miles (0-404172), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of an A-20 Medium Bomber in the 86th Bombardment Squadron, 47th Bombardment Group (L), TWELFTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 22 February 1943, against enemy targets in the North African Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Captain Miles on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 12th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army-North African Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 84 (1943)
Home Town: Oklahoma


MILLER, GUY M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Guy M. Miller, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations during World War II. Second Lieutenant Miller's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 54 (1944)


MILLER, ROBERT E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Robert E. Miller, Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 66th Bombardment Squadron, 44th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, Captain Miller flew through heavy enemy fire against impossible odds. Despite heavy enemy fire that that badly damaged his bomber, Captain Miller with great valor and aerial skill kept his ship airborne until it could be diverted for an emergency landing at Malta without the loss of a single man. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Captain Miller on this occasion, even when confronted with practically certain destruction, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 90 (1943)


MILLIKAN, WILLARD W. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Willard W. Millikan (0-885404), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane in the 366th Fighter Squadron, 4th Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 8 April 1944, in the European Theater of Operations. On this date, First Lieutenant Millikan shot down three enemy aircraft in a single engagement. First Lieutenant Millikan's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 44 (1944)


MILTON, THEODORE R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Theodore R. Milton, Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-17 Heavy Bomber and Commanding Officer of the 91st Bombardment Group (H), EIGHTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 11 January 1944, against enemy targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Colonel Milton on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 15 (1944)
Born: at Schoffield Barracks, Hawaii


MITCHELL, JOHN W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to John W. Mitchell (0-396296/3741A), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 339th Fighter Squadron, 347th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces during the period from October 1942 through February 1943. During this period Captain Mitchell shot down a total of eight enemy aircraft. Captain Mitchell's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the South Pacific Area, General Orders No. 56 (1943)
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Navy Cross (WWII)


*MIX, JOSEPH E. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph E. Mix (39083291), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Flight Engineer and Gunner on a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 564th Bombardment Squadron, 389th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, Technical Sergeant Mix acquitted himself with great skill as his aircraft flew through one of the most heavily defended areas of Europe. When the plane on which he served was severely damaged, and, despite the fact that gasoline was streaming from one of its damaged fuel tanks, continued on, in the face of almost insurmountable odds. Over the blazing target, Staff Sergeant Mix, with heroic calm and unflinching loyalty, remained steadfast by his guns. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Technical Sergeant Mix on this occasion, at the cost of his life, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 89 (1943)
Home Town: Napa, California


MOATS, SANFORD K.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Sanford K. Moats (0-698996), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane in the 487th Fighter Squadron, 352d Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 1 January 1945, while leading an element in a twelve ship fighter squadron taking off on a patrol over Belgium. On this date, as he became airborne, Lieutenant Moats observed fifteen hostile fighters with an additional fifteen as top cover coming in to strafe the field. Unhesitatingly, Lieutenant Moats attacked and in the furious combat that ensued over a wide spread area where he was subjected alternately to friendly and enemy flak, he destroyed four enemy aircraft. Returning with his plane damaged by flak and entirely without ammunition, Lieutenant Moats continued to fly around the airfield simulating aggressive attacks on hostile aircraft until all enemy planes had been dispersed. The extraordinary heroism and determination to destroy the enemy displayed by Lieutenant Moats on this occasion are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 34 (1945)


MOHLER, WILLIAM A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to William A. Mohler, Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations during World War II. Technical Sergeant Mohler's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 17 (1944)
Home Town: Mitchell County, Texas


MOHON, ERNEST M., JR. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Ernest M. Mohon, Jr., Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Bombardier and Gunner of a B-26 Medium Bomber of the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22d Bombardment Group (M), FAR EAST Air Force (Detached), in aerial action against enemy surface forces on 4 June 1942, during an engagement near Midway Island. Sergeant Mohon displayed extraordinary heroism during an extremely hazardous and difficult torpedo-bombing mission against the Japanese Navy. His skill and courageousness in operating his gun in the face of superior fighter opposition and intense anti-aircraft fire was instrumental in the success of the first torpedo attack ever carried out by the Army Air Forces. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant Mohon on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 117 (1942)
Home Town: Copiah County, Mississippi


MOLINA, PEDRO Q.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Pedro Q. Molina, Captain, U.S. Air Force, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a Fighter Airplane in the Philippine Army Air Corps, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 25 January 1942. Captain Molina's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Philippine Army Air Corps, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 23 (1942)


MOMYER, WILLIAM WALLACE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to William Wallace Momyer (0-22862), Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 33d Fighter Group, TWELFTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces during the month of March 1943, in the North African Theater of Operations. During this period as Pilot of a fighter airplane, Colonel Momyer shot down a total of six enemy aircraft. He shot down one enemy on 12 March and again on 21 March. On 31 March in a single mission he shot down four enemy aircraft. Colonel Momyer's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 12th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army-North African Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 43 (1943)
Born: 1916 at Muskogee, Oklahoma
Home Town: Muskogee, Oklahoma


MONKTON, LYLE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Lyle Monkton, Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces on 22 June 1944, in the European Theater of Operations. Captain Monkton's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 13 (1945)


MONTGOMERY, ROBERT P.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Robert P. Montgomery (0-396297), Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane in the 20th Fighter Group, EITHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 2 November 1944, during an air mission over Air Mission Merseburg, Germany. On this date, Lieutenant Colonel Montgomery led his group into a formation of 250 Me-109s. A furious battle took place from 27,000 feet to the deck. In the action that followed 28 enemy aircraft were destroyed, 1 probably destroyed and 5 were damaged. Lieutenant Colonel Montgomery himself shot down THREE enemy aircraft in this engagement. Lieutenant Colonel Montgomery's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 87 (1944)


*MOONEY, ROBERT C. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Robert C. Mooney (0-724635), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Co-Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 567th Bombardment Squadron, 389th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, Captain Mooney flew through heavy enemy fire against impossible odds. He died while still skillfully and determinedly flying into the face of the enemy. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Captain Mooney on this occasion, at the cost of his life, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 89 (1943)
Home Town: Dallas, Texas


MOORE, CARL W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Carl W. Moore, Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Gunner on a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 510th Bombardment Squadron, 351st Bombardment Group (H), EIGHTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 20 February 1944, against enemy targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant Moore on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 19 (1944)
Born: at Williamsport, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Williamsport, Pennsylvania


*MOORE, CLARENCE J. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Clarence J. Moore (0-755995), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 429th Fighter Squadron, 474th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 14 July 1944, in the European Theater of Operations. First Lieutenant Moore's unquestionable valor in aerial combat, at the cost of his life, is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 87 (1944)
Home Town: Yazoo County, Mississippi
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), 4@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


MOORE, JOSEPH H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Joseph H. Moore (0-22527), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 20th Pursuit Squadron, 24th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 10 December 1941, during an air mission over the Philippine Islands. On this date First Lieutenant Moore shot down two enemy aircraft. First Lieutenant Moore's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 48 (1941)
Home Town: Florence, South Carolina


MOORE, PREN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Pren L. Moore, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Co-Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber of the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22d Bombardment Group (M), FAR EAST Air Force (Detached), in aerial action against enemy forces on 4 June 1942, during an engagement near Midway Island. Lieutenant Moore participated in an extremely hazardous and difficult torpedo-bombing mission against the Japanese Navy. He displayed extraordinary heroism throughout the attack by leaving his station as co-pilot to administer to the wounds of three other crew members and by manning a gun position whose gunner had been totally disabled and fighting off enemy fighters. By his skilled airmanship and courageousness while subject to intense fighter and anti-aircraft opposition, he was instrumental in the success of the first torpedo attack ever carried out by the Army Air Forces. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Moore on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 117 (1942)


MOORE, WILLIAM W. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to William W. Moore, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Navigator on a B-26 Medium Bomber of the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22d Bombardment Group (M), FAR EAST Air Force (Detached), in aerial action against enemy forces on 4 June 1942, during an engagement near Midway Island. Lieutenant Moore displayed extraordinary heroism during an extremely hazardous and difficult torpedo-bombing mission against the Japanese Navy. By his airmanship, skill in his specialty and courageousness he successfully navigated his airplane in seeking out the enemy and in returning to his base through superior and intense fighter and anti-aircraft opposition, thereby materially aiding in the success of the first torpedo attack ever carried out by the Army Air Forces. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Second Lieutenant Moore on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 117 (1942)


MORAN, HAROLD D. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Harold D. Moran, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces on 22 April 1945, in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. First Lieutenant Moran's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Air Forces-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 73 (1945)


MOREHEAD, JAMES B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to James B. Morehead (0-413480), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 8th Fighter Squadron, 49th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 25 April 1942, during an air mission Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. When commanding a flight of four fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Morehead sighted twenty-eight enemy bombers protected by enemy fighters. Disregarding the accompanying enemy fighters, he immediately led his flight in an attack against the bombers, and succeeded in shooting down two of them. He then engaged an enemy fighter and shot it down also. In spite of the great hostile superiority in numbers, Second Lieutenant Morehead succeeded in returning to his airdrome with all planes of his flight, although his own plane was heavily damaged by enemy fire. Second Lieutenant Morehead's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 27 (1942)
Home Town: Oklahoma


MORGAN, MARION W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Marion W. Morgan, Major (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber in the 323d Bombardment Group (M), NINTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 20 May 1944, against enemy targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Major Morgan on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 73 (1944)
Born: November 22, 1922 at Malone, Alabama
Home Town: Augusta, Georgia


MORRIS, JAMES M. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to James M. Morris (0-730573), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 77th Fighter Squadron, 20th Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 8 February 1944, in the European Theater of Operations. On this date Captain Morris shot down FOUR enemy aircraft in a single engagement. Captain Morris' unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 25 (1944)


MORRISSEY, ROBERT L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Robert L. Morrissey (0-373856), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 14 March 1942, during an air mission in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. On that date, Captain Morrissey led his fighter squadron in an aerial engagement against Japanese fighters over Horn Island, Australia. Catching the enemy by complete surprise, the squadron shot down five Japanese aircraft, Captain Morrissey personally downing one of them. Captain Morrissey's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 33 (September 12, 1942)


*MOSES, JOHN H. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to John H. Moses (0-706629), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces on 18 September 1944, in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. Second Lieutenant Moses' unquestionable valor in aerial combat, at the cost of his life, is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Air Forces-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 109 (1945)
Home Town: Camden, New Jersey


MOULLEN, ROY F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Roy F. Moullen, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces on 3 February 1945, in the European Theater of Operations. Second Lieutenant Moullen's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 53 (1945)


MOYE, ALBERT J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Albert J. Moye, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber in the 22d Bombardment Group (M), FIFTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 6 April 1942, against enemy targets at Rabaul. On that date Lieutenant Moye led the first B-26 bombing raid against Japanese forces at the strategic and heavily fortified harbor at Rabaul. Though we was shot down on this mission, he was successfully recovered. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Second Lieutenant Moye on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Home Town: Ashton, Illinois


*MUCKLEY, DWIGHT S. (DNB)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Dwight S. Muckley (0-398662), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 17th Pursuit Squadron, 24th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 7 February 1942, during an air mission over Den Pasar Airport, Bali, Netherlands East Indies. When information of the approach of hostile airplanes was received soon after his flight had landed and while the planes were being serviced, the flight leader ordered those planes which had been refilled with gasoline to patrol over the airfield. When the seven planes in the air were attacked by more than three times their number of enemy fighters, Lieutenant Muckley immediately took off and joined his comrades, although his plane had been only partly refilled. He was shot down while valiantly engaging the enemy. Second Lieutenant Muckley's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 25 (1942)
Home Town: Pueblo, Colorado


MUELLER, ALVIN, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Alvin J. Mueller, Jr., First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 19th Bombardment Group (H), FAR EAST Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 25 December 194, against enemy targets in Java. On that date, First Lieutenant Mueller's plane was attacked by ten Japanese fighters and hit more than 100 times. Lieutenant Mueller fought off enemy attacks for 20 minutes after his plane was hit, protected his formation leader's plane which had lost one engine, and finally successfully landed his own plane despite damaged controls. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Mueller on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Office of the Department Commander, South West Pacific Command, General Orders No. 2 (1942)
Born: at Seguin, Texas
Home Town: Seguin, Texas


*MUIR, MARVIN F. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Marvin F. Muir (0-541641), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as an Officer of a Troop Carrier Aircraft in the 93d Troop Carrier Squadron, 439th Troop Carrier Group, NINTH Air Force, while participating in an air mission on 6 June 1944, while flying paratroopers to their assigned drop zone during the Normandy invasion in France. Second Lieutenant Muir was flying the lead in an element of the 439th Group when his ship, hit by enemy fire, burst into flames only two and a half minutes from the drop area. Although forced to leave the formation, he stuck to his post, battling the controls to accomplish his mission effectively and to drop his paratroopers in the assigned drop zone. In a vain effort, he tried to crash-land the flaming plane hoping to save the trapped crew. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Second Lieutenant Muir on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 58 (1944)
Home Town: Elkhart, Indiana


MULLIGAN, CHARLES D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Charles D. Mulligan, Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Tail Gunner of a B-29 Heavy Bomber in the 497th Bombardment Group (VH), TWENTIETH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 27 January 1945, against enemy targets in Japan. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant Mulligan on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 20th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: XXI Bomber Command, U.S. Army Air Forces, General Orders No. 127 (1945)
Home Town: Henderson, Kentucky


*MUNSEY, JAMES S. (KIA)
Synopsis: 
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to James S. Munsey (0-686583), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as an Officer of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 453d Bombardment Group (H), EIGHTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 22 April 1944, against enemy targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Munsey on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 43 (1944)
Home Town: Cleveland County, Oklahoma


MURI, JAMES P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to James P. Muri, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber of the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22d Bombardment Group (M), FAR EAST Air Force (Detached), in aerial action against enemy forces on 4 June 1942, during an engagement near Midway Island. Lieutenant Muri participated in an extremely hazardous and difficult torpedo-bombing mission against the Japanese Navy. He displayed extraordinary heroism and courageousness in maneuvering his airplane to secure the maximum effectiveness of his torpedo in the face of superior enemy fighter and anti-aircraft opposition, and was highly instrumental in the success of the first torpedo attack ever carried out by the Army Air Forces. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Muri on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 117 (1942)
Born: at Miles City, Montana
Home Town: Billings, Montana


MURPHY, PHILIP J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Philip J. Murphy, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Radio Operator and Gunner of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 72d Bombardment Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (H), THIRTEENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 1 February 1943, while participating in an air flight which took off from Guadalcanal. As radio operator for a heavy bomber of formation of four bombers on a mission to bomb enemy shipping Corporal Murphy displayed exceptional bravery and courage in the ensuing action. The formation accomplished its mission obtaining three hits on an enemy transport. Shortly thereafter the formation was attacked by approximately thirty Zero fighters. During the battle three of the bombers were shot down. Corporal Murphy was seriously wounded in the leg while manning one of the waist guns but he continued to participate in the action by lying on his back to pass ammunition up to the other gunner until he received a second wound in the same leg, resulting in a compound fracture. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Corporal Murphy on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 13th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the South Pacific Area, General Orders No. 67 (1943)


MYERS, JOSEPH
Synopsis: 
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Joseph Myers (0-659166), Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 38th Fighter Squadron, 55th Fighter Group, EIGHTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 13 November 1943. On that date, Captain Myers shot down one enemy airplane in aerial combat. Captain Myers' unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 2 (1944)

 N 


*NEGLEY, RICHARD V. W., JR. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Richard V. W. Negley, Jr. (0-22108), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as an Officer of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 7th Bombardment Group (H), TENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 16 January 1942, against enemy targets in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Negley on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 10th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 34 (September 15, 1942)
Home Town: San Antonio, Texas


NEPIL, SLAVOMIR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Slavomir Nepil, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. Staff Sergeant Nepil's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 52 (1944)


NIELSEN, LELAND C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Leland C. Nielsen, Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy in action against enemy forces on 23 January 1945, in the European Theater of Operations. Captain Nielsen's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 29 (1945)
Home Town: Vesper, Kansas


NOELL, ROBERT E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Robert E. Noell, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a Fighter Fighter Airplane in aerial combat against enemy forces during World War II. First Lieutenant Noell's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 44 (1944)
Home Town: Greensboro, North Carolina


*NORTON, CHARLES E. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Charles E. Norton (0-416333), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as an Officer of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 42d Bombardment Squadron, 11th Bombardment Group (H), THIRTEENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 2 September 1942, against enemy targets in the Southwest Pacific Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant Norton on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 13th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the South Pacific Area, General Orders No. 27 (1943)
Home Town: Cumberland County, Maine
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


*NUCHOLS, WILLIAM L. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to William L. Nuchols (0-662591), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as an Officer of a B-25 Medium Bomber in the 3d Bombardment Group (L), FIFTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 28 July 1943, against enemy targets in the Southwest Pacific Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Second Lieutenant Nuchols on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 62 (1943)
Home Town: Riverside, California

 O 

 

*O'BRIEN, KENNETH J. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Kenneth J. O'Brien (0-112538), Major (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving with Headquarters, Bataan Defense Force, in action against enemy forces on 7 April 1942, in the Philippine Islands. Major O'Brien's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Bataan Defense Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Forces-Pacific, General Orders No. 236 (1945)
Home Town: California


O'CONNOR, FRANK Q. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Frank Q. O'Connor (0-730584), Major (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane in the 356th Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 5 November 1944, in the European Theater of Operations. Major O'Connor's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 9 (1945)
Born: March 6, 1917 at Pine Bluff, Arkansas
Home Town: San Jose, California


OESTREICHER, ROBERT G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Robert G. Oestreicher (0-421298), Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 33d Pursuit Squadron (Provisional), 8th Pursuit Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 19 February 1942, during an air mission near Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Second Lieutenant Oestreicher was Pilot of one of a flight of ten pursuit airplanes forced by unfavorable weather to turn back from a ferry flight from Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia to Koepang, Timor, Netherlands East Indies. When the flight arrived at Darwin, and before refueling could be effected, information of the approach of an enemy formation was received. When the approaching enemy, consisting of approximately sixty high-level bombers, thirty-six fighters and eighteen dive-bombers was intercepted, Lieutenant Oestreicher, in spite of the tremendous odds, courageously attacked the enemy formation, inflicting heavy damage, until he at last landed his damaged airplane. He was credited with downing one enemy aircraft in this action. Second Lieutenant Oestreicher's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 62 (1942)


*OETTEL, FRED W. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Fred W. Oettel (19048522), Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Gunner on a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 93d Bombardment Squadron, 19th Bombardment Group (H), FIFTH Air Force, while participating in bombing missions on 6 and 7 August 1942, against enemy targets in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant Oettel on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 34 (September 15, 1942)
Home Town: California


OLD, ARCHIE J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Archie J. Old, Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber and Commanding Officer of the 98th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force, while participating in bombing missions from 21 June 1944 through 5 July 1944, against enemy targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Colonel Old on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 43 (1944)
Home Town: Farmersville, Texas


OLDHAM, RICHARD G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Richard G. Oldham, Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while in action against enemy forces in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations during World War II. Captain Oldham's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 56 (1944)
Home Town: Garber, Oklahoma


O'LEARY, EUGENE B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Eugene B. O'Leary, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Gunner of a B-17 Heavy Bomber in the 419th Bombardment Squadron, 301st Bombardment Group (H), FIFTEENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 27 December 1944, against enemy ground targets in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. While engaged in his duties on the bomb run, Staff Sergeant O'Leary sustained severe injury to his forearm during an unusual heavy accurate and intense anti-aircraft barrage. Although in extreme pain and weak from loss of blood, he displayed unusual fortitude in fighting to retain consciousness until he could complete his job and return to his guns to ward off imminent enemy fighter aircraft attacks. He remained at his post through out the entire flight to the base and refused to take first aid treatment until the aircraft was well over territory where normally anti-aircraft fire and fighter attacks were not in evidence. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Staff Sergeant O'Leary on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 15th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Air Forces-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 31 (1945)
Home Town: Medford, Massachusetts


OLSON, HENRY L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Henry L. Olson (0-815376), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane in the 396th Fighter Squadron, 368th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 20 October 1944. First Lieutenant Olson's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 55 (1945)


O'NEAL, JAMES A. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to James A. O'Neal, Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Flight Engineer and Gunner of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 719th Bombardment Squadron, 449th Bombardment Group (H), FIFTEENTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 4 April 1944, against enemy targets in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Technical Sergeant O'Neal on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 15th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 29 (1945)
Home Town: Gainesville, Texas


O'NEILL, BRIAN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Brian O'Neill, Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-26 Medium Bomber in the 38th Bombardment Group (M), FIFTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 3 March 1943, against enemy targets in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Colonel O'Neill on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 36 (1943)
Home Town: Yonkers, New York


O'NEILL, LAWRENCE F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Lawrence F. O'Neill (0-665434), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane in the 342d Fighter Squadron, 348th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 26 December 1943, in the Southwest Pacific Area of Operations. On this date First Lieutenant O'Neill shot down four enemy aircraft in a single mission. First Lieutenant O'Neill's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 5th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 68 (1944)


*O'ROURKE, EDWARD J. (MIA-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Edward J. O'Rourke, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Co-Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 389th Bombardment Group (H), EIGHTH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 25 December 1944, against enemy targets in the European Theater of Operations. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by First Lieutenant O'Rourke on this occasion have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 8th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 29 (1945)


ORR, WILLIAM F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to William F. Orr, Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Commander of a B-29 Very Heavy Bomber in the 61st Bombardment Squadron, 39th Bombardment Group (VH), TWENTIETH Air Force, while participating in a bombing mission on 1 June 1945, while flying from a base in the Marianas on a daylight strike against the industrial city of Osaka, Japan. On that date, the formation was attacked viciously by fighters and anti-aircraft fire and just before bombs away, a barrage struck Captain Orr's plane, scoring a direct hit in the nacelle of number two engine. Despite this damage, he released his bombs squarely on the target. Shortly after land's end, the propeller of the malfunctioning number three engine, turning at high speed, broke from the engine and struck the fuselage with great force. A gaping hole was torn in the airplane, placing it in imminent danger of breaking up in mid-air. Working from the right side of the aircraft, Captain Orr and his pilot were able to bring the stricken B-29 under some measure of control and to maintain flight through some five hundred miles of turbulent frontal weather on instruments in a right-wing low, nose-down attitude. The B-29 was in perilous condition, with the loss of number three and four engines, the flak hit in the number two engine, damage to the flight controls, and the hole in the fuselage. Whenever Captain Orr attempted to pull back on the control column the whole airplane would bend. After flying for several hours in this extremely dangerous condition, they broke out of the overcast and sighted a small uninhabited island. Rather than risk a ditching with his aircraft in its damaged state, Captain Orr ordered his crew to bail out. He remained with the airplane and continued to circle the area with only one engine to make certain that all had left the B-29 and that when it crashed, it would not strike any of the men in the water. Only after he assured himself of their safety did he parachute to the water, where he was picked up by rescue facilities. Captain Orr's intrepidity, magnificent airmanship, and gallant leadership reflect great credit upon himself, the 20th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Air Forces, General Orders No. 26 (1945)


*OWEN, ALBERT E. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Albert E. Owen (17012203), Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Radio Operator and Gunner of a B-26 Medium Bomber of the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22d Bombardment Group (M), FAR EAST Air Force (Detached), in aerial action against enemy surface forces on 4 June 1942, during an engagement near Midway Island. Sergeant Owen displayed extraordinary heroism during a torpedo-bombing mission against the Japanese Navy. The success of the mission was dependent entirely upon the skill. Courageousness and unfaltering devotion to duty of the crew members of the airplanes participating, who unhesitatingly entered into the attack at great personal risk to their lives in the face of concentrated gunfire of Japanese Naval forces and fighter planes. During this, the first torpedo attack ever carried out by the Army Air Force, the airplane on which Sergeant Owen was radioman and gunner was lost. The personal courage and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant Owen on this occasion, at the cost of his life, have upheld the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: Hawaiian Department, U.S. Army, General Orders No. 117 (1942)
Home Town: Hall County, Nebraska


OWENS, MARION POPE "DUTCH"
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Marion Pope "Dutch" Owens (0-792865), First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-38 Fighter Airplane in the 401st Fighter Squadron, 370th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 25 February 1945, while leading his P-38 fighter squadron on an armed reconnaissance mission in the area of Dusseldorf and Cologne, Germany. On this date, Lieutenant Owens observed more than fifty enemy fighter aircraft flying four thousand feet above his squadron. Fully cognizant of the enemy's vast numerical superiority and tactical advantage in altitude, he led his squadron in a direct attack on the hostile formation. In the ensuring combat, although he was often surrounded by enemy aircraft, he pressed home eight distinct attacks, destroying three enemy aircraft, probably destroying one, and damaging still another. The outstanding courage and determination to destroy the enemy displayed by Lieutenant Owens on this occasion is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
Headquarters: U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe, General Orders No. 37 (1945)
Home Town: East Point, Georgia

These comprise what we believe to be at least 99% of the WWII DSC awards to members of the U.S. Army Air Forces in WWII. If you have additional information on any of these recipients, please EMAIL us.

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