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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

 A 

 B 

 C 

 D 

E - F

G - H 

I - J

K - L

 M 

N - O

P - Q

 R 

 S 

T - U

V - Z

G

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

GABEL, ROBERT W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert W. Gabel, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Seaplane embarked from the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), in action on 15 June 1944, in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 2, 1915 at Humboldt, South Dakota
Home Town: Sioux Falls, South Dakota

GAIENNIE, GEORGE WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George William Gaiennie, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VC-81), embarked from the U.S.S. NATOMA BAY (CVE-62), while engaging a strong enemy Japanese Fleet in the Battle of Samar Island off the east coast of the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 8, 1917 at Ottumwa, Iowa
Home Town: Shreveport, Louisiana

GALANTIN, IGNATIUS J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ignatius J. Galantin, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HALIBUT (SS-232), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 October 1944 to 1 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Galantin brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 24, 1910 at New York, New York
Home Town: Des Plaines, Illinois

*GALLAGHER, WILLIAM (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Gallagher, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron TEN (VC-10), embarked from the U.S.S. GAMBIER BAY (CVE-73), in action on 24 October 1944, while deployed over Samar during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. Ensign Gallagher launched an attack on an enemy battleship, pressing home a daring run in which he scored a direct hit on the enemy warship before he was force to land in the heavy seas when his plane was struck by hostile fire. Ensign Gallagher's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 344 (November 1945)
Born: May 26, 1922 at Cambridge, Massachusetts
Home Town: Belmont, Massachusetts

GALLAHER, ANTON RENKL
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Anton Renkl Gallaher, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BANG (SS-385), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 March 1944 to 14 May 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Luzon Straits. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Gallaher brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 19, 1909 at Augusta, Georgia
Home Town: Key West, Florida
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GALLAHER, ANTON RENKL
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Anton Renkl Gallaher, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BANG (SS-385), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 6 June 1944 to 17 July 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Marianas Islands in the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Gallaher brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 19, 1909 at Augusta, Georgia
Home Town: Key West, Florida
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GALLAHER, ANTON RENKL
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Anton Renkl Gallaher, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BANG (SS-385), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 7 August 1944 to 27 September 1944, off Formosa in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. During this dangerous and aggressively patrol of his submarine, Lieutenant Commander Gallaher skillfully penetrated a strong enemy escort screen to launch torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of enemy vessels totaling 24,000 tons. His skillful evasive tactics enabled him to avoid severe enemy counterattacks and through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Gallaher brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 335 (February 1945)
Born: August 19, 1909 at Augusta, Georgia
Home Town: Key West, Florida
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GALLAHER, ANTON RENKL
(Fourth Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Third Gold Star in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Navy Cross to Anton Renkl Gallaher, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BANG (SS-385), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 25 October 1944 to 5 December 1944, off Formosa in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Aggressive and determined, Lieutenant Commander Gallaher boldly launched a series of brilliantly planned and executed attacks which resulted in the sinking of a number of Japanese vessels and the damaging of others. A superb seaman, cool and courageous in carrying the fight to the enemy at every opportunity, he inspired his gallant officers and men to heroic efforts in the successful fulfillment of a vital and hazardous mission. His skillful evasive tactics enabled him to avoid severe enemy counterattacks and through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Gallaher brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: August 19, 1909 at Augusta, Georgia
Home Town: Key West, Florida
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GALLAHER, WILMER EARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilmer Earl Gallaher, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane and Squadron Commander in Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Lieutenant Gallaher, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 9, 1907 at Wilmington, Delaware
Home Town: Richardson Park, Delaware

GAMBLE, LESTER H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lester H. Gamble, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while Commanding Motor Torpedo Boat FORTY-FIVE (PT-45), which engaged Japanese destroyer forces off the Guadalcanal coast on the nights of 11 - 12 December 1942, 2 - 3 January 1943, and 14 - 15 January 1943. Lieutenant Gamble with great skill and daring made such successful attacks as to obtain two torpedo hits on one destroyer the first night, one torpedo hit on each of two destroyers on the second night, and one torpedo hit on a destroyer on the last night. The attacks on the last two dates were pressed home against bombing and strafing by the enemy. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Gamble were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 5, 1917 at Wessington, South Dakota
Home Town: San Francisco, California

GAMMAGE, THOMAS MILTON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Milton Gammage, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*GANDY, ANDREW JACKSON, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Andrew Jackson Gandy, Jr., Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his own life in the defense of his country.
Born: October 20, 1924 at Chattanooga, Tennessee
Home Town: Chattanooga, Tennessee

GANO, ROY ALEXANDER
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy Alexander Gano, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. DYSON (DD-509), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces at Empress Augusta Bay, off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on the night of 1 - 2 November 1943. With his Task Force engaging a Japanese surface force of superior fire power, Commander Gano sought out and engaged six Japanese warships, pressing home vigorous and unrelenting attacks. He hurled the full fighting strength of his ship against the enemy and, by his inspiring leadership and skilled combat tactics, evoked the indomitable fighting spirit which enabled his officers and men to contribute materially to the sinking of four ships and the serious damaging of two others, thereby aiding in the establishment of our beachhead on Bougainville Island. Commander Gano's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 3, 1902 at Pipestone, Minnesota
Home Town: Pipestone, Minnesota
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GANO, ROY ALEXANDER
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Roy Alexander Gano, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. DYSON (DD-572), in action against the enemy on 24 and 25 November 1943, at Cape St. Georges during the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 3, 1902 at Pipestone, Minnesota
Home Town: Pipestone, Minnesota
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GANT, QUE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Que Gant, Cook Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with operations against the enemy while serving as a Petty Officer aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces when his ship was attacked by a Japanese dive bomber from the starboard side of the ship in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 29 October 1944. Trained and assigned to a gun tub on the port side of the INTREPID, Cook Second Class Gant was in position on 29 October 1944, when a Japanese dive bomber attacked the ship from starboard, aiming directly for Cook Second Class Gant's position. Grabbing his 20-mm. anti-aircraft gun and pointing it across the flight deck, he immediately began firing. He remained at his post and continued to shoot until the plane finally crashed, its wings shot off, into the gun tub, severely burning the him, injuring others and killing 10 of his fellow gun crew. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

GARDNER, CLYDE G., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clyde G. Gardner, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 24 October 1944, while deployed over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GARRETT, WILLIAM ROBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Robert Garrett, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Garrett contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 19, 1922 at Fort Worth, Texas
Home Town: Fort Worth, Texas

GARRISON, MALCOLM EVERETT
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Malcolm Everett Garrison, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SANDLANCE (SS-381), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 February 1944 to 23 April 1944, in enemy controlled waters off the Kuril Islands. During this aggressive war patrol, Commander Garrison skillfully penetrated strong escort screens and launched brilliant torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking f 28,000 tons of enemy shipping and combatant units and damaging 6,000 additional tons. Although depth-charged and attacked by numerous enemy aircraft, his skillful evasive tactics and exceptional navigation in the face of severe material damage enabled him to bring his ship safely back to port. Commander Garrison's His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 344 (November 1945)
Born: March 29, 1910 at Keyport, New Jersey
Home Town: Sioux City, Iowa
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GARRISON, MALCOLM EVERETT
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Malcolm Everett Garrison, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SANDLANCE (SS-381), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 20 April 1944 to 5 June 1944, in enemy controlled waters in the Marianas Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Garrison brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 29, 1910 at Keyport, New Jersey
Home Town: Sioux City, Iowa
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GATCH, THOMAS LEIGH
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Leigh Gatch, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Battleship U.S.S. SOUTH DAKOTA (BB-57), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: August 9, 1891 at Salem, Oregon
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GATCH, THOMAS LEIGH
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Thomas Leigh Gatch, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Battleship U.S.S. SOUTH DAKOTA (BB-57), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 14 - 15 November 1942. Although partially disabled and suffering acute pain from a previous wound, Captain Gatch, with bold determination gallantly fought his ship through a large Japanese force, sinking at lest one enemy cruiser and damaging other enemy vessels. Captain Gatch inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)
Born: August 9, 1891 at Salem, Oregon
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GAUVEY, WILLIAM, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Gauvey, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VB-85), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against Japanese forces on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GAVIN, THOMAS P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas P. Gavin, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber, in action on 18 July 1945, in an attack on the enemy battleship NAGATO, at Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan. Lieutenant Gavin deliberately carried his bomb to a low release point, thereby causing extensive damage to the ship. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GAY, GEORGE HENRY, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Henry Gay, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Gay, resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attached against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft and against an almost solid barrage of antiaircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 8, 1917 at Waco, Texas
Home Town: Houston, Texas

GAYLER, NOEL ARTHUR MEREDYTH
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Noel Arthur Meredyth Gayler, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Division Leader in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF3), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy forces in the Pacific War Area when his ship was attacked by eighteen Japanese bombing planes on 20 February 1942. In the face of heavy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Gayler intercepted a formation of nine enemy aircraft and succeeded in shooting down one twin-engine bomber and a seaplane fighter, and aided in the destruction of two other twin-engine bombers, and bombed and strafed two enemy destroyers. Lieutenant Gayler's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: December 25, 1913 at Birmingham, Alabama
Home Town: Bremerton, Washington
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GAYLER, NOEL ARTHUR MEREDYTH
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Noel Arthur Meredyth Gayler, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant Gayler intercepted and shot down an enemy seaplane fighter. He then pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing and strafing attack on two enemy destroyers, causing many personnel casualties. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 305 (August 1942)
Born: December 25, 1913 at Birmingham, Alabama
Home Town: Bremerton, Washington
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GAYLER, NOEL ARTHUR MEREDYTH
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Noel Arthur Meredyth Gayler, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. Due to his skill and aggressiveness, his zeal and courage as an airman, and his utter disregard for his own life, Lieutenant Gayler succeeded in destroying two enemy Japanese aircraft and in damaging two others. His courageous action contributed materially to the defense of our forces. Lieutenant Gayler's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: December 25, 1913 at Birmingham, Alabama
Home Town: Bremerton, Washington
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*GAYNIER, OSWALD J. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Oswald J. Gaynier (0-098482), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from Naval Air Station Midway during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 and 5 June 1942. In the first attack against an enemy carrier of the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Gaynier pressed home his attack in the face of withering fire from enemy Japanese fighters and anti-aircraft forces. Because of events attendant upon the Battle of Midway, there can be no doubt that he gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. His courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 310 (January 1943)
Born: March 4, 1915 at Monroe, Michigan
Home Town: Coronado, California

GEE, ROY PHILLIP
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy Phillip Gee, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHT (VB-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 8, 1920 at Salt Lake City, Utah
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah

GEHRES, LESLIE EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leslie Edward Gehres, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. Captain Gehres' ship was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar. Although handicapped by severe damage to his ship's fire-fighting equipment and communications system, Captain Gehres displayed outstanding resourcefulness in directing the measures which eventually brought the fires under control, got power back to his ship, and enabled her to be withdrawn from a position close aboard a hostile coast. The conduct of Captain Gehres throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: January 13, 1896 at Newark, New Jersey
Home Town: La Mesa, California

GEISLER, JOSEPH B.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph B. Geisler, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Plane, in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GEISLER, JOSEPH B.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Joseph B. Geisler, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Geisler's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GENTILE, ERNEST JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ernest John Gentile, Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as member of a demolition party attached to the Fleet Tug U.S.S. CHEROKEE (AT-66), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. DALLAS could navigate up the Sebou River in order to land raiders near a strategic airport, Machinist's Mate First Class Gentile and his shipmates, on the night of 9 November, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Machinist's Mate First Class Gentile and the other members of his party, in spite of the enormous breakers which battered their boat, brought her back to safety. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 16, 1909 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Leominster, Massachusetts

*GEORGE, EUGENE FRANK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Eugene Frank George, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his own life in the defense of his country.
Born: April 23, 1925 at Grand Rapids, Michigan
Home Town: Grand Rapids, Michigan

*GEORGIUS, MELVIN HENRY (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Melvin Henry Georgius (0-168172), Chief Aviation Pilot, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Chief Aviation Pilot Georgius pressed home an attack against an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier to within the perilously short range of a few hundred yards of his target. By complete disregard of his own personal safety and resolute purpose in carrying out his mission, he was able to score a hit on the enemy carrier, thereby contributing to the destruction of that vessel and to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Chief Aviation Pilot Georgius' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (Oct 1942)
Born: July 31, 1917 at Westside, Iowa
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

GERAGHTY, JOSEPH CAVANAUGH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Cavanaugh Geraghty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action on 29 October 1944, while deployed over Manila Bay in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 11, 1923 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Evanston, Illinois

GERMERSHAUSEN, WILLIAM JOSEPH, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Joseph Germershausen, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SPADEFISH (SS-411), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 May 1945 to 4 July 1945, in enemy controlled waters near the Western Honshu coast. Commander Germershausen directed his vessel deep into shallow water of an enemy harbor to launch torpedo and gun attacks which resulted in the sinking of six hostile ships and four small craft for a total of 26,050 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Germershausen brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 28, 1911 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: San Jose, California
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), Bronze Star w/V

GHESQUIRE, GEORGE DAVID
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George David Ghesquire, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTEEN (VB-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 25 October 1944. The action, in which he was an integral part, successfully accomplished in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft barrages, removed a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 15, 1916 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

GIBBS, GEORGE A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George A. Gibbs, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GIBBS, HARRY BONAPARTE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Bonaparte Gibbs, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. While flying combat air patrol over friendly surface ships, Ensign Gibbs engaged in an assault upon a formation of 18 Japanese dive bombers and, by relentless pursuit and expert gunnery, shot down one. Continuing his attack with only a single gun firing, he caused another dive bomber to burst into flames and explode as it struck the sea. Later in the same day, while he was fighting to intercept an aerial torpedo attack upon the U.S.S. YORKTOWN, his plane was so badly damaged that he was forced to make a landing on the water, where he remained all night, partially submerged because of bullet holes in his rubber raft. The outstanding courage and determined skill of Ensign Gibbs were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: June 8, 1920 at Buffalo, Ohio
Home Town: Wheeling, West Virginia

*GIBSON, EDWARD FRANK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Frank Gibson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VB-85), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against Japanese forces on 24 and 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GIBSON, ROBERT DOUGLAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Douglas Gibson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron TEN (VB-10), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the engagement with enemy Japanese Naval and air forces in the Solomon Islands Area on November 14 and 15, 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Gibson made, and skillfully developed, contact with a large force of enemy cruisers and destroyers. Attacking a NACHI-class heavy cruiser and several enemy transports, he scored a direct hit on the cruiser and on a transport. After his plane had destroyed one Zero-type fighter and hit another, he brought his ship gallantly through the engagement, although badly damaged by enemy fire. The next day, returning to attack a beached Japanese transport, he bombed and exploded it. His remarkable courage, expert skill and fearless devotion to duty were an inspiration to his men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 316 (July 1943) & 317 (August 1943)
Born: October 23, 1919 at Unionville, Missouri
Home Town: Unionville, Missouri

GIBSON, WILLIAM KEMP, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Kemp Gibson, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GIFT, RONALD PAUL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ronald Paul Gift, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY-EIGHT (VB-28), embarked from the U.S.S. MONTEREY (CVL-26), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Marianas Islands on 20 June 1944. As leader of a division of Torpedo Planes, Lieutenant Gift pressed his attack with coolness and disregard of extreme personal danger, personally making three direct hits on an enemy aircraft carrier. The attack was carried to a low level despite intense antiaircraft fire from many heavily armed units of the enemy fleet, and resulted in 12 hits and 4 near misses by the members of his squadron. Due to Lieutenant Gift's skill, determination and leadership, his division and many other planes were able to return safely a distance of 300 miles after dark through unfavorable weather to their carriers. Lieutenant Gift's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: February 20, 1919 at Indianapolis, Indiana
Home Town: Marlette, Michigan

GILBERT, LAWRENCE EDWIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence Edwin Gilbert, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of LST TWO HUNDRED EIGHTY-TWO (LST-282), in action against the enemy in Southern France, on 15 August 1944. Lieutenant Gilbert's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 13, 1917 at New York, New York
Home Town: Havana, Cuba

GILCHREST, DEXTER STUART
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dexter Stuart Gilchrest, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-THREE (VT-23), embarked from the U.S.S. LANGLEY (CV-27), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Participating in a strike on major units of the Japanese fleet despite adverse weather conditions and hostile antiaircraft fire, Ensign Gilchrest attacked a light cruiser, scoring a direct torpedo hit which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. Ensign Gilchrest's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GILFERT, ROBERT BENNIE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Bennie Gilfert, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of U.S.S. LST FIVE HUNDRED NINETY (LST-590), during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Ensign Gilfert's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Wesleyville, Pennsylvania

*GILMORE, HOWARD WALTER
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Howard Walter Gilmore (0-060210), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GROWLER (SS-215), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 June 1942 to 17 July 1942, in enemy controlled waters. During nine days in enemy controlled waters, Lieutenant Commander Gilmore, by expert maneuvering, boldly brought his submarine into an enemy-controlled harbor where men of war had been sighted and, in rapid succession, attacked three anchored 1700-ton Japanese destroyers with the result that the submarine sank two of these and seriously damaged the third. By skillful handling of his ship he was able to bring his ship home with only minor damages. Lieutenant Commander Gilmore's courage, determination and fine seamanship throughout these operations were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: September 29, 1902 at Selma, Alabama
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

*GILMORE, HOWARD WALTER
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Howard Walter Gilmore (0-060210), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GROWLER (SS-215), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 5 August 1942 to 23 September 1942, in enemy controlled waters. Taking advantage of every favorable attack with alert skill and courageous efficiency, Commander Gilmore succeeded in sinking a total of 25,946 tons of enemy merchant shipping. By expert maneuvering he brought his boat safely through without material damage and his crew home without injury or loss of life. His gallant leadership and resourceful command were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 29, 1902 at Selma, Alabama
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

GILREATH, JOHN FRANKLIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Franklin Gilreath, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VT-82), attached to the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against enemy Japanese forces off Kyushu, Japan, 7 April 1945. Participating in a coordinated strike on an enemy cruiser, Lieutenant Gilreath braved an intense barrage of antiaircraft fire to press home a determined attack and, by his courage and airmanship, contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the hostile craft. His aggressive fighting spirit and devotion to the completion of a perilous assignment were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GILROY, ANTHONY FRANCIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Anthony Francis Gilroy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sulu Sea in the Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 17, 1919 at Dunmore, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

*GIMBER, C. F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to C. F. Gimber, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary courage and heroic conduct on 30 December 1941, as Second Pilot of a Navy Seaplane in Patrol Squadron FIFTY-ONE (VP-51), whose crew and officers, against insurmountable odds, rescued nine army flyers (including one officer), of an Army plane that had been forced down to sea during combat far from Oahu. The conduct of Ensign Gimber throughout this action resulted in the saving of nine lives, and reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Home Town: Pennsylvania

GINDER, JOHN K. B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John K. B. Ginder, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. ANDERSON (DD-411), in action against the enemy on 7 and 8 May 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: August 13, 1900 at Altoona, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Altoona, Pennsylvania

GLACKEN, GEORGE THOMAS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Thomas Glacken, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against the enemy fleet in the vicinity of the East Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Glacken contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 18, 1916 at Lorain, Ohio
Home Town: Fort Wayne, Indiana

GLASS, RICHARD RAYMOND
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Raymond Glass, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home a determined attack in the face of extremely intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Lieutenant Glass succeeded in scoring a direct hit upon a Japanese battleship of the ISE class. By his superb airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant Glass contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*GLOBOKAR, RAYMOND
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Raymond Globokar, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron FIVE (VC-5), embarked from the U.S.S. KITKUN BAY (CVE-71), in action against a large enemy Japanese fleet off Samar Island, Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 20, 1922 at Chisholm, Minnesota
Home Town: Chisholm, Minnesota

GLOVER, CATO DOUGLAS, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cato Douglas Glover, Jr., Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against the enemy on 20 October 1944, and deployed in the Sulu Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

GLUNTZ, GEORGE A.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George A. Gluntz, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINETY-FOUR (VB-94), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action on the afternoon of 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GLUNTZ, GEORGE A.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to George A. Gluntz, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINETY-FOUR (VB-94), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action on the afternoon of 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GLYNN, JAMES MERCER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Mercer Glynn, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Glynn defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Glynn and the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 6, 1923 at Reno, Nevada
Home Town: Reno, Nevada

GOEBEL, MORRIS RALPH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Morris Ralph Goebel, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Goebel contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 30, 1922 at Waco, Texas
Home Town: Waco, Texas

GOFFIGON, KEMPER, III
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kemper Goffigon, III, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of a Landing Craft Tank (LCT(5), during amphibious operations at New Britain Island on 26 December 1943. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Goffigon's LCT(5), was attacked by Japanese dive bombers and riddled by shrapnel that killed two men and wounded 16. He courageously disregarded his own painful injuries and, showing forceful leadership and outstanding skill, immediately undertook strong protective measures to control damage and care for the wounded personnel. With the engineering plant and rudder badly damaged, he reassembled his remaining men and labored tirelessly for five hours in the combat zone to effect repairs which enabled his ship to return to a place of safety under her own power. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Goffigon throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 337 (April 1945)
Born: September 7, 1919 at Cape Charles, Virginia
Home Town: Cape Charles, Virginia

GOLDSMITH, GEORGE HALE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Hale Goldsmith, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Ensign Goldsmith, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GOLDSMITH, MYRON J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Myron J. Goldsmith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GOMBASY, LOUIS G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis G. Gombasy, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. When Seaman Gombasy heard a bomb strike the deck of the battleship U.S.S. NEVADA on which he was stationed, he left his station in a turret to assist in clearing mooring lines so that the vessel might get underway. Wounded, he continued to clear lines, help other injured personnel and fight fires. The conduct of Seaman Second Class Gombasy throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 17, 1919 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

GOOD, WILLIAM THOMAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Thomas Good, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile antiaircraft batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Good boldly pressed home a hazardous dive-bombing attack on a Japanese aircraft carrier and, accurately placing his bomb, scored a direct hit upon his target, despite its desperate evasive tactics. A superb and intrepid airman, he contributed directly to the sinking of the enemy aircraft carrier and played a gallant part in strenuous aerial operations during this critical period of the Pacific War. His courage, daring tactics and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Good and the United States Naval Service.

GOODALL, HENRY WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry William Goodall, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Executive Officer of the Submarine Tender U.S.S. CANOPUS (AS-9), in action on from December 1941 through Spring 1942, while deployed in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Commander Goodall's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Home Town: Salina, Kansas
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII)

GOODRICH, ROBERT RAYMOND
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Raymond Goodrich, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VB-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against Japanese forces on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GOODSON, NELSON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Nelson Goodson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-NINE (VF-49), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), in action on 25 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GOODWIN, HARRY ALLEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Allen Goodwin, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. In the face of heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Goodwin participated in a vigorous and determined glide-bombing attack on enemy ships, scoring a torpedo hit from close range on an enemy carrier, contributing materially to its sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Goodwin contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)

GORDER, MERLE HOWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Merle Howard Gorder, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Flying beyond the normal combat range of his airplane, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Gorder carried out a damaging bombing attack and scored a direct hit to damage a large enemy carrier and contribute to the success of the mission. By his skill as an airman and devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Gorder upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*GORDON, FINLEY ARNOLD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Finley Arnold Gordon, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division during action against enemy forces at Cape Gloucester in the Bismarck Archipelago on 10 January 1944. During the desperate encounter at Hill 150, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Gordon constantly exposed himself to heavy fire while ministering to six injured Marines. He continued his work until he was killed while aiding a mortally wounded officer. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Gordon undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 328 (July 1944)

GORDON, ROBERT THORNTON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Thornton Gordon, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against Japanese forces on 24 August 1942, in the Eastern Solomon Islands. Ensign Gordon's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GORE, JOHN ROBERT, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Robert Gore, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SIXTY-FIVE (VC-65), embarked from the U.S.S. ST. LO (CVE-63), during action against major Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Gore's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GORHAM, WILLIAM WALTER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Walter Gorham, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VB-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against Japanese forces on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GORMAN, JOHN RAYMOND
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Raymond Gorman, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as an Officer aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), during rescue operations after the torpedoing of his ship by Japanese forces in the Coral Sea on 8 May 1942. Lieutenant Gorman worked desperately despite freon gas which filled the access trunk, continuing attacks and rising water, to free four enlisted men trapped below decks by the explosion. Fully realizing the constant threat of collapsing, he remained at this station, pumping from the access trunk until he finally succeeded in rescuing the four trapped crew members. By his unfaltering devotion to duty and great personal valor, he undoubtedly saved the lives of his men. The conduct of Lieutenant Gorman throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Home Town: Summerville, South Carolina

GORTON, INDEPENDENT WHIPPLE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Independent Whipple Gorton, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. South Dakota (BB-57), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 14 - 15 November 1942. After his battle station was struck by shells which started fires and killed all other men in that area, Captain Gorton remained at his post although faced with almost certain death from a broken stem line. He removed wounded from inside the superstructure tower and worked incessantly toward their evacuation. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 320 (November 1943)
Home Town: Everett, Massachusetts

GOULD, FRANK G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank G. Gould, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. STERETT (DD-407), during a surface engagement with enemy Japanese forces at Vella Gulf, Solomon Islands, on the night of 6 - 7 August 1943. Lieutenant Commander Gould maneuvered his ship and struck boldly with well-timed and perfectly coordinated torpedo attacks, which resulted in the sinking of one Japanese cruiser and three destroyers. He brought his ship through the engagement without loss or damage. Lieutenant Commander Gould's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Home Town: Deland, Florida

GOVE, WILLARD THOMAS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Willard Thomas Gove, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THIRTEEN (VF-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action on 27 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GRABOWSKY, LEON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leon Grabowsky, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. LEUTZE (DD-481), in action against the enemy on 6 April 1945, while deployed off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*GRADY, WILLIAM R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William R. Grady, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in on 24 August 1942, while deployed over the Eastern Solomon Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

GRAHAM, DONALD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald A. Graham, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. ARIZONA (BB-39), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. Although his shipmates were leaving the blazing U.S.S. ARIZONA, on his own initiative Aviation Machinist Mate First Class Graham faced the intense fire on the deck, severe bombing and withering machine gun fire of enemy strafing planes to release lines connecting the battleship with a repair vessel, U.S.S. VESTAL, thus aiding the latter in getting underway. The conduct of Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class Graham throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 17, 1900 at Scranton, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Scranton, Pennsylvania

GRAHAM, RALPH ELLSWORTH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Ellsworth Graham, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board a U.S. Navy Destroyer, in action against the enemy on 3 May 1945, off the coast of Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

GRAHAM, VERNON E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vernon E. Graham, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron ELEVEN (VF-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands on 12 June 1943. Leading his division of four fighter planes against 35 Zeroes, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Graham and his comrades destroyed five enemy planes. He displayed superb airmanship in this and many hazardous escort missions and fighter sweeps. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Graham's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 323 (February 1944)
Home Town: Olney Springs, Colorado

GRAMLING, LOUIS R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis R. Gramling, Electrician's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Escort Carrier U.S.S. SANTEE (CVE-29), in action against the enemy on 25 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

GRANAT, WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Granat, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Battleship U.S.S. COLORADO (BB-45), a fire support ship, in action against the enemy on 24 July 1944, at Tinian in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

GRANSTON, ROBERT W. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert W. Granston, Ensign (SC), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving with the Supply Corps, SIXTEENTH Naval District, Cavite, Philippine Islands, following the Japanese bombing attack on the Cavite Naval Yard beginning on 10 December 1941. Ensign Granston deliberately braved the danger of exploding munitions and burning buildings to remove official funds from the Navy Yard to a place of safety. The conduct of Ensign Granston throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 28, 1916 at Seattle, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

GRANT, DARYL L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daryl L. Grant, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GRANT, JAMES DORR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Dorr Grant, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. R- 1 (SS-78), during operations in off the Atlantic coast near Bermuda. On the morning of 16 April 1942, the U.S.S. R-1 was conducting a patrol submerged when the Officer of the Deck sighted an enemy submarine on the surface. Lieutenant Grant, as soon as this report was made to him, immediately ordered his crew to battle stations, and pressed home a torpedo attack. He executed this expeditious attack with such splendid judgment and outstanding skill that a torpedo hit was scored and the enemy submarine was sunk 8 minutes after it was sighted. Lieutenant Grant's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of this successful mission and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)

GRANT, WILLIAM ALEXANDER, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Alexander Grant, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VF-81), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action on 17 February 1945, while deployed over Tokyo Bay. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GRANTHAM, ELONZO B., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elonzo B. Grantham, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. ROBINSON (DD-562), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. When a formidable column of Japanese battleships, cruisers and destroyers was encountered advancing through the Strait in the darkness of the early morning hours, Commander Grantham daringly and with brilliant tactical ability launched his torpedoes with precise timing in a sudden, coordinated attack that surprised the enemy and rendered him vulnerable to the smashing blows of our heavy naval units. Subsequently retiring without damage from the furious engagement, which resulted in the sinking of two Japanese battleships and three destroyers before effective fire could be brought to bear against our task force, Commander Grantham contributed materially to the decisive defeat of the aggressive enemy force and contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Grantham's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

GRAU, LEROY HARRY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leroy Harry Grau, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron ELEVEN (VT-11), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 26 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GRAY, JOHN FLOYD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Floyd Gray, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIVE (VF-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action on 16 and 22 February 1944, while deployed over Truk in the Caroline Islands and Saipan-Tinian in the Marianas Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*GRAY, JOHN PORTER (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Porter Gray (0-083974), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Gray resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attack against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Home Town: Columbia, Missouri

GREBER, CHARLES FREDERIC
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Frederic Greber, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Escort Carrier U.S.S. MARCUS ISLAND (CVE-77), in a surface engagement with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet near the Island of Samar in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his own courage and gallant determination, he gave encouragement to his officers and men during this crucial ordeal. His heroic actions have brought great distinction upon himself and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

GREELY, JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Greely, Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. BRANT (ARS-32), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. DALLAS could navigate up the Sebou River, Machinist's Mate First Class Greely and his shipmates, on the night of 9 November proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, just as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Machinist's Mate First Class Greely and the other members of his party, in spite of enormous breakers which battered their boat and washed one of the machine guns overboard, finally brought her back to safety. His throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*GREENAMYER, LLOYD KEYES
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Lloyd Keyes Greenamyer (0-062608), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron TWENTY-ONE (VC-21), embarked from the U.S.S. NASSAU (LHA-4), in action over Attu, Alaska, on 14 May 1943. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*GREENE, EUGENE ALLEN (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Eugene Allen Greene (0-104131), Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Ensign Greene, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Home Town: Queens Village, Long Island, New York

GREENE, THOMAS JETHRO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Jethro Greene, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Chief Engineer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. Franklin (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. When the FRANKLIN was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar, Lieutenant Commander Greene kept power on the ship until forced by suffocating smoke to abandon engineering and boiler room spaces. Later, under further enemy air attacks, he penetrated smoke-filled compartments, and by his inspiring leadership, succeeded in restoring power and enabling the ship to get under way. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Greene throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)

GREENWELL, JACK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack Greenwell, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINE (VB-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against the Japanese on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. Ensign Greenwell's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GREER, HARRY HOLT, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Holt Greer, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEAHORSE (SS-304), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 9 March 1945 to 27 April 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Notwithstanding the constant danger of detection, aerial bombing, rocks and shoals, Commander Greer completed an important special mission close in-shore and despite severe enemy countermeasures and damaged from prolonged depth charging, brought his ship safe to port. By his leadership, courage and devotion to duty, he contributed materially to the success of the Seventh War Patrol of the SEAHORST and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 14, 1911 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: South Pasadena, California

GREER, RICHARD DONALD, JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Donald Greer, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant Greer contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 15, 1920 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: New York, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GREER, RICHARD DONALD, JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Richard Donald Greer, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay on the Island of Luzon, of the Philippine Group. Lieutenant Greer's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 15, 1920 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: New York, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GREGG, MAX EUGENE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Max Eugene Gregg, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Participating in a vigorous strike mission against major units of the Japanese Fleet, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Lieutenant Gregg gallantly plunged through the enemy's intense antiaircraft fire and scored a direct torpedo hit upon a hostile aircraft carrier, contributing materially to her subsequent sinking. Although seriously wounded by enemy fire, he expertly maneuvered his craft and returned her and his air crew safe to the carrier. By his brilliant airmanship, indomitable courage and daring tactics, Lieutenant Gregg was instrumental in achieving a victory over the Japanese forces during this battle. His dauntless fighting spirit and unswerving devotion to duty throughout a period of intense aerial activity reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.

GREGOR, ORVILLE F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Orville F. Gregor, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. AARON WARD (DD-483), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. On this occasion the force to which Commander Gregor was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, Commander Gregor contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Home Town: La Jolla, California

GRENFELL, ELTON WATTERS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elton Watters Grenfell, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUDGEON (SS-211), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 13 December 1941 to 29 January 1942, off the coast of Kyushu in Japanese home waters. Lieutenant Commander Grenfell was patrolling in enemy waters when a 5,000-ton vessel was sighted. It was torpedoed and sank to the bottom. En route to base upon completion of his patrol, Lieutenant Commander Grenfell received information that Japanese submarines were nearby. He ordered a change of course to intercept them and not long after took his ship up to periscope depth. Underway on the surface dead ahead was a Japanese submarine, its lookouts unaware of his submarine's approach. Three torpedoes were fired and the enemy submarine was damaged. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Grenfell brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 302 (May 1942)
Born: November 6, 1903 at Fall River, Massachusetts
Home Town: Fall River, Massachusetts

GRIDER, GEORGE W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George W. Grider, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. FLASHER (SS-249), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 15 November 1944 to 2 January 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Grider brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GRIESE, WILBUR C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilbur C. Griese, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: at Maplewood, Missouri
Home Town: Maplewood, Missouri

*GRIFFIN, EDWARD RAYMOND J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Raymond J. Griffin, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving with Mine Division NINE, in action against the enemy from 7 to 28 December 1941, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Commander Griffin's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Home Town: Clinton, Massachusetts

GRIFFITH, WALTER T.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter T. Griffith, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BOWFIN (SS-287), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 1 November 1943 to 9 December 1943, in enemy controlled waters in the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Griffith brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 3, 1911 at Mansfield, Louisiana
Home Town: Mansfield, Louisiana
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GRIFFITH, WALTER T.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Walter T. Griffith, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BOWFIN (SS-287), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 28 February 1944 to 1 April 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Celebes Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Griffith brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 3, 1911 at Mansfield, Louisiana
Home Town: Mansfield, Louisiana
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

GROSS, ROYCE L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Royce L. Gross, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEAWOLF (SS-197), on the TWELFTH War Patrol of that submarine on 10 and 11 January 1944, in enemy controlled waters in the East China Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*GROVES, STEPHEN W. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Stephen W. Groves (0-099911), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHT (VF-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. With grim disregard for the hazardous consequence of his act, Ensign Groves plunged into aerial combat against a large group of enemy aircraft which was harassing our carriers. Contributing decisively to the disruption of threatening enemy formations, he pressed home a determined and vigorous counterattack against desperate odds until, finally overcome by sheer aerial superiority, he was shot down from the skies. By his courageous devotion to the fulfillment of a vastly important mission, he aided greatly in the victory achieved by our forces and conducted himself in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Home Town: East Millinocket, Maine

GRUBISS, HUBERT FREDERICK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hubert Frederick Grubiss, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron TEN (VB-10), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GRUNER, WILLIAM P., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William P. Gruner, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SKATE (SS-305), during the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area, on 16 February 1944. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

GRUVER, HARRY L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry L. Gruver, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat THREE HUNDRED FORTY-SIX (LCI(G)-346), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Ordered into the field of enemy fire after several gunboats in his task force had been severely damaged, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Gruver boldly defied the deadly rain of heavy shells bursting on all sides to close range and bring the 346 in position to render assistance to the stricken ships. Undated as the furious barrage laid down by powerful Japanese shore batteries continued unabated, he coolly directed his vessel in rescue operations and greatly assisted in the salvage of several badly battered ships. By his forceful leadership, indomitable determination and resourceful initiative in the face of shattering enemy fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Gruver contributed materially to the success of this extremely hazardous mission. His exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Napa, California

GUEST, WILLIAM SELMAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Selman Guest, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Guest's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Home Town: Rome, Georgia

GUINN, DICK HENRY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dick Henry Guinn, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GUNDERT, LEONARD A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard A. Gundert, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-NINE (VF-49), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GUNN, FREDERICK A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick A. Gunn, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SCABBARDFISH (SS-397), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 12 November 1944 to 20 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters off the coast of Honshu, Japan. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Gunn brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GUNTER, JOHN BURROWS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Burrows Gunter, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Gunter's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GUNTHER, FRANKLIN W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Franklin W. Gunther, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GUTHRIE, ORBIE C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Orbie C. Guthrie, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Plane in Air Group TEN (AG-10), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Guthrie's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*GUTOWSKI, THOMAS MICHAEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas Michael Gutowski, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman attached to the 1st Platoon, Company A, First Battalion, Sixth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, during action against enemy forces at Saipan, in the Marianas Islands, on 15 June 1944. Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Gutowski and his company were pinned down by fierce, concentrated enemy artillery fire during an advance deep into enemy territory. When several members of the forward platoon were wounded by bursting shellfire, he boldly faced the withering barrage to go to the aid of the Marines. While ministering coolly and efficiently to his fallen comrades he was himself seriously wounded by shrapnel from an exploding shell. Disregarding his own intense pain, he steadfastly refused to be evacuated and continued his valiant service until he succumbed to his wounds. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Gutowski undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Home Town: Northampton, Massachusetts

GUTTENBERGER, FRANCIS M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis M. Guttenberger, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-FOUR (VT-84), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against the Japanese Battleship Yamato off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Displaying great skill and courage, Ensign Guttenberger pressed home his torpedo attack and despite extremely intense antiaircraft fire from all caliber weapons on the battleship and the surrounding screen. His torpedo was one of thirteen dropped in a concerted attack by the squadron, which cored at least nine hits on the battleship almost simultaneously. Without flinching he carried his torpedo in to close range through adverse weather conditions and intense enemy fire which included the main batteries, contributing materially to the complete destruction of the capital ship a short time later. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

GUY, JACK OSWALD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack Oswald Guy, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTY-ONE (VT-51), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), in action against the enemy on 25 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

H

HAAG, SYLVESTER J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Sylvester J. Haag, Chief Shipfitter, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the U.S.S. CURTISS (AV-4), in action against the enemy on June, 21, 1945, at Kerama Retto, Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*HAAS, JOHN WILLIAM (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John William Haas (0-146612), Chief Machinist, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Chief Machinist Haas, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)

HAAS, WALTER ALBERT
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter Albert Haas, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. As part of a fighter escort on 7 May, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire over enemy ships, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Haas pressed home his attack and shot down two enemy fighters, thereby assisting in the successful execution of a mission by our Torpedo Planes. On 8 May, after assisting in the destruction of a Japanese patrol bomber and one dive bomber, he again displayed extraordinary daring in an attack on fifteen enemy aircraft, following the enemy bombers down in their dive, even into the area of antiaircraft fire from our own ships, thereby frustrating the success of the enemy attack. In these engagements Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Haas displayed a high degree of courage, executing his missions with complete disregard for his own safety against heavy odds. His throughout reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: August 31, 1912 at Collingswood, New Jersey
Home Town: Collingswood, New Jersey
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAAS, WALTER ALBERT
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Walter Albert Haas, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Haas took off from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN to defend her against aerial torpedo attack by Japanese forces. Due to circumstances which had rendered the fueling of his plane impossible, he faced the hazardous prospect of aerial combat with only a small fraction of his gasoline capacity available. Despite the fact that his plane, shortly after becoming airborne, was severely damaged by antiaircraft fire directed by our own ships against the attacking enemy, he pressed home such a vigorous assault against a Japanese Torpedo Plane that it eventually made a wild release of its torpedo. Following up his attack with determined persistence, he shortly afterwards observed the craft crash into the sea. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Haas were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: August 31, 1912 at Collingswood, New Jersey
Home Town: Collingswood, New Jersey
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HABECKER, FREDERIC S.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederic S. Habecker, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. RICHARD P. LEARY (DD-664), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Habecker's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HAGAN, HAROLD F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold F. Hagan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action on 25 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HAGEN, ROBERT CRIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Cris Hagen, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer aboard the Destroyer U.S.S. JOHNSTON (DD-557), in action against enemy Japanese forces when his ship was attacked at sea in Philippine waters during the Battle of Samar on 25 October 1944. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HAINES, JOHN MEADE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Meade Haines, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Force Commander, Submarine Squadron SIXTEEN, for aggressive and successful conduct of a Marine-Submarine Raider Expedition from 8 August 1942. As Force Commander of naval units, Commander Haines' displayed great skill and courage in carrying out an untried and hazardous mission. Although harassed by enemy aircraft and maneuvering his vessels in immediate proximity to an enemy-controlled coast, he succeeded in effecting an undetected landing of Marines against an alert enemy and later effected a highly successful withdrawal. He also directed the ships in his command to fire on two enemy ships in the lagoon, which were sunk by gunfire. His courage and skill in the handling of the vessels of his command on this occasion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the naval service.

*HAINES, RICHARD A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Richard A. Haines, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), in action after the torpedoing of his ship in enemy-controlled waters during the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HALE, CORNELIUS CLAY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cornelius Clay Hale, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant Hale contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HALE, HENRY HENDERSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Henderson Hale, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Air Officer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. When his ship was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar, Commander Hale took charge of firefighting and damage control parties on the flight deck and hangar deck. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)

HALL, DAVID ROGERS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Rogers Hall, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hall participated in a bombing attack on a Japanese ship. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hall's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HALL, FRANK MARTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank Martin Hall, Lieutenant, Junior Grade (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Medical Officer in charge of the 7th Beach Battalion, Naval Beach Party Medical Team, during the invasion of the Coast of France, on 6 June 1944. Forced to swim three miles to shore when his own landing craft was sunk during the initial assault, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hall gallantly carried on his mission with such meager supplies as he was able to salvage from the dead and wounded. Completely unmindful of his own danger, he labored with untiring zeal under the terrific fire of the enemy, resolutely assuming command of all medical work on an additional beach when it was determined that the officer in charge was missing in action and, despite the extreme hazards and the grueling strain, skillfully covered two beaches without relief until the afternoon of D-plus-two day. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hall saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)

HALL, FRED MARTIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Fred Martin Hall, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Flight Deck Officer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. On that date the FRANKLIN was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar. The conduct of Ensign Hall throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HALL, GROVER B.H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Grover B.H. Hall, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against the enemy on 20 March 1945, in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 342 (September 1945)

HALL, KENNETH CHARLES
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Charles Hall, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HALL, KENNETH CHARLES
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Kenneth Charles Hall, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HALL, WILLIAM MERIDETH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Merideth Hall, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane, in action on 27 August 1942, while deployed over the Solomon Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*HALPERIN, ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Halperin, Chief Specialist, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while in charge of a Scout Boat from the Northern Attack Group during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Preceding the assault on Mehdia on 8 November, Chief Specialist Halperin skillfully maneuvered his boat in complete darkness from the transport area seven miles off the coast into a position to locate and mark landing beaches on the hostile shore. Landing an Army scout party at the prescribed beach, he then, at great risk of his life and despite the strafing of enemy planes, steadfastly maintained a position off shore and guided incoming waves of assault troops to their proper destination. When all had landed, he assisted the shore party in locating points of egress from the beach and connecting roads inland, and personally captured two enemy officers. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

*HALSEY, DELBERT WAYNE (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Delbert Wayne Halsey (0-100019), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti- aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Ensign Halsey, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)

HALSTROM, PAUL ROBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Robert Halstrom, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Halstrom contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HAMBERGER, DEWITT C.E.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to DeWitt C.E. Hamberger, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. CONVERSE (DD-509), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces at Empress Augusta Bay, off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on the night of 1 - 2 November 1943. With his Task Force engaging a Japanese surface force of superior fire power, Commander Hamberger sought out and engaged six Japanese warships, pressing home vigorous and unrelenting attacks. He hurled the full fighting strength of his ship against the enemy and, by his inspiring leadership and skilled combat tactics, evoked the indomitable fighting spirit which enabled his officers and men to contribute materially to the sinking of four ships and the serious damaging of two others, thereby aiding in the establishment of our beachhead on Bougainville Island. Commander Hamberger's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 336 (March 1945)
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAMBERGER, DEWITT C.E.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to DeWitt C.E. Hamberger, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. CONVERSE (DD-509), in action against the enemy on 24 and 25 November 1943, in the Solomon Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAMILTON, CURTIS WELDON L.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Curtis Weldon L. Hamilton, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In spite of heavy antiaircraft fire and strong fighter opposition, Ensign Hamilton pressed home an attack against an enemy aircraft carrier to within the dangerously short range of a few hundred yards of the target. He was able to score a hit on the enemy ship by utter disregard for his own safety and determination in carrying out his mission. Contributing to the destruction of the enemy carrier and to the success of our forces in the Coral Sea Battle, he conducted himself on this occasion in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Home Town: Coronado, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAMILTON, CURTIS WELDON L.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Curtis Weldon L. Hamilton, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces.
Home Town: Coronado, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAMILTON, WELDON LEE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Weldon Lee Hamilton, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Commanding Officer of Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant Commander Hamilton led his squadron 125 miles over uncharted mountains and jungles, to press home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking three of them. Lieutenant Commander Hamilton's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 9, 1906 at Darlington, South Carolina
Home Town: Coronado, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAMILTON, WELDON LEE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Weldon Lee Hamilton, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Commanding Officer of Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant Commander Hamilton led his squadron and dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier, releasing his bomb with calm and accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea.
Born: December 9, 1906 at Darlington, South Carolina
Home Town: Coronado, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*HAMM, ANDREW BRITTE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Andrew Britte Hamm (0-82340), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron ONE (VB-1), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), and deployed over Kure, Japan, on 24 July 1945. While flying a dive bomber plane, Lieutenant Commander Hamm pressed home his attack in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and shore batteries and scored a direct bomb hit on an enemy aircraft carrier in the heart of the Japanese homeland. At the time, he was the leader of his squadron's phase of the overall Task Force attack on a concentration of Japanese battleships, heavy and light cruisers, aircraft carriers and numerous smaller war craft in the Kure Naval Base harbor. Under his skillful direction and determined leadership, his squadron contributed materially to the outstanding success of the Task Force attack. His heroic conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), 2@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, Purple Heart

*HAMM, ANDREW BRITTE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Andrew Britte Hamm (0-82340), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron ONE (VB-1), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), and deployed over Kure, Japan, on 28 July 1945. While flying a Navy dive bomber plane in which, in the face of one of the heaviest anti-aircraft barrages ever encountered over the Japanese homeland, Lieutenant Commander Hamm pressed home his attack to a very low altitude above the target, released his bomb and scored a direct hit on an enemy aircraft carrier. At the time he was the leader of his Dive Bombing Squadron in its attack on Japanese battleships, heavy and light cruisers, aircraft carriers and smaller warships in the heavily defended Kure Naval Base harbor of the island of Honshu. His own damaging bomb hit and his leadership of the attack in the face of the intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire of the ship and shore batteries contributed materially to the success of the overall attack by the Task Force. His determination and heroic conduct were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), 2@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, Purple Heart

HANANWALT, WINTHROP RICHARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Winthrop Richard Hananwalt, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINE (VB-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against the Japanese on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. Ensign Hananwalt's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*HANK, WILLIAM EDWIN (MIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Edwin Hank (0-059695), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. LAFFEY (DD-459), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Boldly engaging a Japanese force of two destroyers and a cruiser, Lieutenant Commander Hank, despite his extremely hazardous position in a leading group and the terrific fire of the enemy, fought his ship with devastating effect upon the opposing vessels. Directing the fire of his guns with cool and daring accuracy, he enabled the LAFFEY to sink one hostile destroyer, to damage another, and to assist in the sinking of a cruiser. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, he contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 25, 1902 at Norfolk, Virginia
Home Town: Toledo, Ohio
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

*HANK, WILLIAM EDWIN (MIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Edwin Hank (0-059695), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. LAFFEY (DD-459), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. On this occasion the force to which Lieutenant Commander Hank was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Hank contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 320 (November 1943)
Born: September 25, 1902 at Norfolk, Virginia
Home Town: Toledo, Ohio
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

HANKS, EUGENE RALPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Ralph Hanks, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIXTEEN (VF-16), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-6), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands Areas from 19 to 24 November 1943. Gallantly leading his four-plane combat team as part of a twelve plane air patrol intercepting a strong force of hostile aircraft on 23 November Lieutenant Hanks fought his plane boldly and with relentless determination and, although outnumbered nearly two to one, personally shot down five Japanese planes and probably another of the seventeen destroyed during the bitter engagement. Again vastly outnumbered the following day, he continued his bold tactics and, despite his disadvantageous position, directed a brilliantly executed attack to destroy ten hostile fighters and two bombers. By his outstanding ability as a leader and an airman, Lieutenant Hanks contributed materially to the success of our aerial operations in the Pacific war area, and his valiant devotion to duty in the face of overwhelming odds reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.

HANLON, BYRON HALL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Byron Hall Hanlon, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of the Naval Underwater Group, in action on 17 February 1945, during the pre-invasion assault operations against Iwo Jima, in the Volcano Islands. Captain Hanlon's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HANSEN, ALFRED LAWRENCE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alfred Lawrence Hansen, Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. Wounded in the severe enemy bombing and strafing attack on the Naval Air Station, Ford Island, Pearl Harbor, Chief Machinist's Mate Hansen, though wounded, continued to assist Ensign D. A. Singleton, USNR, in securing fuel lines a the air station, thus helping free the tanker, U.S.S. NEOSHO, that was fueling the station. The conduct of Chief Machinist's Mate Hansen throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 21, 1898 at Cruckston, Minnesota
Home Town: Cruckston, Minnesota

HANSEN, JAMES R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James R. Hansen, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MORRISON (DD-560), in action against the enemy on 4 May 1945, at Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HANSEN, SIGURD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Sigurd Hansen, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer Escort U.S.S. DENNIS (DE-405), in a surface engagement with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet near the Island of Samar in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his own courage and gallant determination, he gave encouragement to his officers and men during this crucial ordeal. His heroic actions have brought great distinction upon himself and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HANSON, ALDEN WILBUR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alden Wilbur Hanson, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 5 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from a concentrated barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Ensign Hanson, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, participated in persistent and vigorous attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to the accomplishment of a vastly important objective contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HANSON, CLIFFORD A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clifford A. Hanson, Pay Clerk (SC), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Supply Corps, SIXTEENTH Naval District, Cavite, Philippine Islands, following the Japanese bombing attack on the Cavite Naval Yard beginning on 10 December 1941. Pay Clerk Hanson deliberately braved the danger of exploding munitions and burning buildings to remove official funds from the Navy Yard to a place of safety. In the latter part of the month Chief Pay Clerk Brunn obtained funds from Manila under hazardous circumstances during an intensive bombing, in order to pay off in full, the 6,000 former Navy Yard employees. The conduct of Pay Clerk Hanson throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 302 (May 1942)
Home Town: Alexandria, Minnesota

HANSON, EUGENE R.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene R. Hanson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Eastern Solomon Islands on 24 August 1942. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 16, 1917 at Burlington, Iowa
Home Town: Denton, Texas
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HANSON, EUGENE R.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Eugene R. Hanson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands during the period 16 September 1942 through 23 October 1942. On 16 September, as part of a group which launched an attack against hostile surface units off Gizo Island, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hanson contributed to the scoring of a torpedo hit on a Japanese cruiser. On 24 September, in company with two dive bombers, he participated in a raid against enemy destroyers which were putting troops ashore at Cape Esperance and scored one probable hit with a 500-pound bomb. On 10 October he piloted a Torpedo Plane in a striking force against two light cruisers and four destroyers about 170 miles off Guadalcanal. On 12 October, while attacking two heavy cruisers, he scored a direct hit on one of the enemy vessels. During a night attack on 23 October, he released twelve 100-pound bombs on Japanese troop concentrations to the west of our lines on Guadalcanal. Shot down by enemy gunfire during this engagement, he effected a successful crash-landing about one mile off shore, thus enabling himself and his crew to swim to a point beyond our front lines. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hanson's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: May 16, 1917 at Burlington, Iowa
Home Town: Denton, Texas
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HARDEN, HUBERT B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hubert B. Harden, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HARDISON, OSBORNE BENNETT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Osborne Bennett Hardison, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HARDY, ROBERT JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert James Hardy, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HALFORD (DD-480), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. When PT Boats opened fire on a formidable column of Japanese ships, Commander Hardy placed the HALFORD in an advantageous striking position despite extremely hazardous conditions, and, launching his deadly torpedoes with precise timing in a sudden, coordinated attack, surprised the enemy and rendered him vulnerable to smashing blows from our heavy naval units. Subsequently retiring without damage from the furious engagement which resulted in the sinking of two battleships and three destroyers before effective fire could be brought to bear upon our task force, Commander Hardy contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Hardy's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 343 (October 1945)
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

HARDY, WILLIS EVERETT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Willis Everett Hardy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SEVENTEEN (VF-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 6 April 1945, while deployed over Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HARLFINGER, FREDERICK J., II
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick J. Harlfinger, II, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TRIGGER (SS-237) on the NINTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 March 1944 to 20 May 1944, in enemy controlled waters. In spite of extremely strong escort screens, Lieutenant Commander Harlfinger skillfully avoided detection and penetrated these escort screens, and through his daring and aggressive determination, delivered torpedo attacks against heavily escorted enemy shipping and successfully sank four enemy passenger-freighters and an enemy destroyer totaling 18,050 tons. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: September 14, 1913 at Albany, New York
Home Town: Berbenfields, East Nassau, New York
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 3@ Silver Stars (WWII), Bronze Star w/V

*HARMON, LEONARD ROY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Leonard Roy Harmon, Mess Attendant First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his own life in the defense of his country.
Born: January 21, 1917 at Cuero, Texas
Home Town: Houston, Texas

HARPER, JOHN FRANK, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Frank Harper, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. INGRAHAM (DD-694), in action against the enemy on 4 May 1945, at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HARRAL, BROOKS, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Brooks Harral, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. RAY (SS-271), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 April 1944 to 14 June 1944, in enemy controlled waters. Commander Harral courageously and skillfully maneuvered his vessel into position from which to strike the enemy, and in the face of heavy countermeasures by enemy surface vessels and aircraft; he aggressively attacked, sinking six enemy ships totaling 42,500 tons. In addition, he successfully accomplished an important reconnaissance mission securing valuable information on enemy force. Commander Harral handled his ship expertly to avoid enemy countermeasures and brought her safely to port without damage to ship or injury to crew. By his brave actions and conduct, perseverance, and complete devotion to duty, Commander Harral reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*HARRIS, ALBERT THOMAS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Albert Thomas Harris, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his own life in the defense of his country.
Born: August 29, 1915 at Madison, Georgia
Home Town: Madison, Georgia

HARRIS, CECIL ELWOOD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cecil Elwood Harris, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTEEN (VF-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action on 29 October 1944, while deployed over Luzon, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HARRIS, FRED R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Fred R. Harris, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Flight Deck Officer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. When his ship was hit in an enemy air attack, a series of violent explosions of the vessel's own bombs, rockets, and ammunition followed which threatened destruction of the ship. Immediately, in the face of raging fires, continuous explosions, and further enemy air attacks, Lieutenant Harris courageously led parties of men in determined and valiant fire fighting on the exposed flight deck and demolished gallery deck, continuing until the fires were out. He also led a group which jettisoned a large quantity of hot ammunition from enclosed mounts and flooded ready service magazines. The heroic efforts of Lieutenant Harris were instrumental in saving the ship and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Waco, Texas

HARRIS, HUGH K.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hugh K. Harris, Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Captain of the Number 4 40- mm. Quadruple Mount on board the Battleship U.S.S. SOUTH DAKOTA (BB-57), in action against the enemy on 19 July 1944, in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*HARRIS, J. D., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to J. D. Harris, Jr., Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, on 3 May 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Harris undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

HARRIS, MORGAN H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Morgan H. Harris, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. AHR, in action against the enemy on 29 May 1944, while deployed in the Atlantic Ocean. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HARRIS, ROBERT MARTIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Martin Harris, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Division Leader in Fighting Squadron SEVEN (VF-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Harris' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HARRIS, VINCENT HENRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vincent Henry Harris, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Ensign Harris gallantly pursued and pressed home a daring attack on an enemy ship in the face of an intense and accurate barrage of fire, including projectiles from the main batteries of the enemy vessel. With bold determination and utter disregard for his own safety, he drove home his attack which resulted in serious damage to a major enemy warship. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)

*HARRIS, WILLIAM HUGH, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Hugh Harris, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VFB-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HARRISON, HOWARD HOUSTON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard Houston Harrison, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against Japanese forces on 28 July 1945 while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HARRISON, WILLIAM E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William E. Harrison, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Harrison contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*HARRISON, WILLIAM HENRY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Henry Harrison, Radioman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving the Submarine Chaser SC SIX HUNDRED NINETY-NINE (SC-699), in action against the enemy on 27 May 1944, at Biak, Indonesia. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*HART, PATRICK HENRY (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Patrick Henry Hart (0-078621), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane and Executive Officer of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Lieutenant Hart, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)

HARTGRAVES, VERN S.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vern S. Hartgraves, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving a Member of the Crew of a Navy Patrol Bomber in a Patrol-Bombing Squadron, in action on 9 May 1945, against enemy forces on Japanese-held Marcus Island. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HARTMAN, IRVIN S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Irvin S. Hartman, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. S-41 (SS-146), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 7 August 1942 to 2 September 1942, in enemy controlled waters of New Britain-New Ireland War Area. On 20 August Lieutenant Commander Hartman made a night surface attack on an enemy convoy and, after scoring hits on the enemy vessels, attacked with gunfire. Again, on 23 August, he displayed great tactical skill in a successful attack and, through his experience and sound judgment brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 331 (October 1944)

HARTVIG, DONALD H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald H. Hartvig, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED EIGHT (VPB-108), in action against enemy forces on Japanese-held Marcus Island on 9 May 1945. Flying through extremely hazardous weather to participate in a strike against this enemy stronghold, Lieutenant Hartvig braved intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from enemy gun emplacements and rifle fire which riddled his plane to press home his attack at a minimum altitude. Gallantly fighting his plane, he assisted in the destruction of two grounded enemy planes, strafed and bombed enemy installations with highly damaging results and inflicted severe casualties on hostile troops. His skilled airmanship, indomitable fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HARTWIG, GLENN ROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Glenn Roy Hartwig, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. RUSSELL (DD-414), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. After enemy bombs and torpedoes had seriously damaged the task force carrier resulting in raging fires and a dangerous list on that vessel, Commander Hartwig skillfully brought his ship alongside in a most seamanlike manner to assist in fighting fires on board with every means at his command. Although driven away by further enemy air attacks, he repeatedly returned to the side of the stricken carrier to continue rendering effective assistance. Later he maneuvered in the vicinity of the ship to evacuate and rescue survivors. His gallantry and intrepidity in action were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: March 30, 1904 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Highland Park, Michigan

*HARWOOD, BRUCE LAWRENCE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bruce Lawrence Harwood (0-075196), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Campaign on 24 August 1942. Leading his squadron in an unsupported aerial torpedo raid against a Japanese task force, Lieutenant Harwood pressed home his attack through a bursting hail of fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries. He contributed to the relentless fighting spirit and aggressive courage which enabled his squadron to score one certain hit and two estimated hits on an enemy aircraft carrier. His superb airmanship and unyielding devotion to duty aided greatly in the defeat of a persistent foe and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Serial 24 (January 9, 1943)
Born: February 5, 1910 at Claremont, California
Home Town: Claremont, California
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

*HARWOOD, BRUCE LAWRENCE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Bruce Lawrence Harwood (0-075196), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), in the Guadalcanal Area during the period from 20 September to 5 October 1942. Leading an attack group of bombers in the face of adverse flying conditions, Lieutenant Harwood located a force of enemy destroyers proceeding to land troops and supplies on Guadalcanal. Despite violent maneuvering by the enemy, he and his men scored at least one and probably more hits on the Japanese ships. On 4 October he led another attack group of Torpedo Planes against an enemy force of a light cruiser and three destroyers. In spite of bad visibility, and in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, he pressed home the attack, scoring two positive, and one possible hit on the cruiser. The following night he and his bombers again sought out the enemy and, flying on instruments through violent tropical storms to Rekata Bay, bombed the shore installations at that point, in spite of fierce opposition by Japanese fighter planes which rushed to the attack. Lieutenant Harwood's outstanding courage and intrepid leadership contributed to the high morale of his squadron and to the successful defense of our base on Guadalcanal.
ComSoPac, Serial 197 (January 18, 1943)
Born: February 5, 1910 at Claremont, California
Home Town: Claremont, California
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

*HARWOOD, BRUCE LAWRENCE
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bruce Lawrence Harwood (0-075196), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Air Officer on board the U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), when that vessel was attacked and sunk by enemy Japanese aircraft off the east coast of Luzon during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea on 24 October 1944. Immediately after a hostile dive bomber penetrated our screen and scored a direct hit on his carrier, starting raging fires and a series of violent explosions and killing or wounding many members of the crew, Commander Harwood courageously remained at his post on the port side of the bridge structure to direct fire-fighting measures despite the resulting confusion and danger of further imminent detonations. Then, on his own initiative, he fearlessly entered the hangar deck in the face of intense flames rapidly spreading to a torpedo and bomb stowage to determine the extent of damage and control the fires. Working diligently throughout the day, he always penetrated the most hazardous areas ahead of the others and, when a number of his men were overcome by heat or exhaustion during the operations, personally removed them to a place of safety. Determined to save the stricken ship, he was valiantly carrying on his tireless efforts when a bomb stowage aft of the hanger exploded, taking his life. His inspiring leadership, outstanding fortitude and great personal valor in the face of tremendous odds reflect the highest credit upon Commander Harwood and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Serial 014 (November 17, 1944)
Born: February 5, 1910 at Claremont, California
Home Town: Claremont, California
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

HASCHKE, MARVIN M.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Marvin M. Haschke, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron TWO (VS-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Ensign Haschke pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking three of them. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 5, 1916 at Austin, Texas
Home Town: Austin, Texas
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HASCHKE, MARVIN M.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Marvin M. Haschke, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron TWO (VS-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 5, 1916 at Austin, Texas
Home Town: Austin, Texas
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HASKINS, ENRIQUE D'HAMEL
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Enrique D'Hamel Haskins, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUITARRO (SS-363), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 7 May 1944 to 27 June 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Haskins brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 12, 1912 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HASKINS, ENRIQUE D'HAMEL
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Enrique D'Hamel Haskins, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUITARRO (SS-363), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 21 July 1944 to 8 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Haskins brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 12, 1912 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HASKINS, ENRIQUE D'HAMEL
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Enrique D'Hamel Haskins, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUITARRO (SS-363), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 October 1944 to 16 November 1944, in enemy controlled waters in the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Haskins brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 12, 1912 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*HASTINGS, BURDEN ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Burden Robert Hastings, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane and Commanding Officer of Patrol Squadron ONE HUNDRED ONE (VP-101), Patrol Wing TEN (PatWing-10), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces located near Jolo, in the Philippine Islands, on the morning of 27 December 1941. Pressing home his attack in the face of overwhelming air and antiaircraft opposition, Lieutenant Hastings led his formation, maneuvering his bombers to pass clear of lower clouds until the objective was reached and they had dropped their bombs, inflicting heavy damage upon several enemy war and merchant ships. Lieutenant Hastings' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

HASTINGS, WILLIAM WALTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Walton Hastings, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Commanding Officer, Section Base Area, Mariveles Harbor, Bataan, Philippine Islands, on the night of 8 - 9 April 1942. Commander Hastings' efficient organization and direction of a mixed force of American and Filipino enlisted men in evacuating personnel and supplies to Corregidor, and in the demolition of living quarters and utilities, and the demolition of the U.S.S. BITTERN and the Dry Dock DEWEY, in accordance with a well conceived and executed plan, made this difficult operation possible in spite of darkness, demolition explosions, and reports of approaching Japanese. The conduct of Commander Hastings throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: February 18, 1889 at Geneva, Nebraska
Home Town: Santa Rosa, California

HATHAWAY, AMOS TOWNSEND
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Amos Townsend Hathaway, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HEERMAN (DD-532), in a surface engagement with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet near the Island of Samar in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. By his own courage and gallant determination, he gave encouragement to his officers and men during this crucial ordeal. His heroic actions have brought great distinction upon himself and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 5, 1913 at Pueblo, Colorado
Home Town: Chevy Chase, Maryland

HAWES, FREDERICK WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick William Hawes, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of Forward Repair Party Number FOUR aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), following the attack on that carrier during the Battle of the Coral Sea on 8 May 1942. In order to effect the rescue of wounded officers and men, Lieutenant Hawes repeatedly led his repair party into gas-filled compartments in the face of frequent explosions and personally conducted rescue squads through areas of imminent danger. Rallying from two lapses into unconsciousness and with utter disregard for his own safety, he was responsible for the rescue of at least 20 of the wounded. His courageous conduct and strict devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (Oct 1942)
Born: August 11, 1910 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Centralia, Washington

HAWES, RICHARD ELLINGTON
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Richard Ellington Hawes, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Minesweeper U.S.S. PIGEON (AM-47), in combat against enemy Japanese forces during the bombardment of Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands, on 10 December 1941. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Hawes throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 21, 1894 at Thomson, Georgia
Home Town: Thomson, Georgia
Awards: Navy Cross (S-51 Rescue), Navy Cross (WWII)

HAWKINS, ARTHUR RAY
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur Ray Hawkins, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THIRTY-ONE (VF-31), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action on 13 September 1944, while deployed over the Philippines. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 12, 1922 at Zavalla, Texas
Home Town: Lufkin, Texas
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAWKINS, ARTHUR RAY
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Arthur Ray Hawkins, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THIRTY-ONE (VF-31), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action on 21 September 1944, while deployed over the Philippines. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 12, 1922 at Zavalla, Texas
Home Town: Lufkin, Texas
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAWKINS, ARTHUR RAY
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Arthur Ray Hawkins, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 12, 1922 at Zavalla, Texas
Home Town: Lufkin, Texas
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAYLER, ROBERT WARD
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Ward Hayler, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. HONOLULU (CL-48), during operations against enemy Japanese forces in enemy-controlled waters during the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. Captain Hayler valiantly fought his ship during this action in which several of our vessels were damaged, and maintained his position in the formation, firing effectively with every weapons at his command. His actions were direct factors in the destruction of several Japanese ships and contributed to the turning back of the enemy forces. Captain Hayler's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: June 7, 1891 at Sandusky, Ohio
Home Town: Muncie, Indiana
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAYLER, ROBERT WARD
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert Ward Hayler, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. HONOLULU (CL-48), during operations in Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, on 5 and 6 July 1943. Commanding his warship during landing operations on New Georgia island and participating in an engagement with numerically superior hostile naval forces, Captain Hayler, through his direction of gun and torpedo fire, contributed materially to the sinking and severe damage of all the enemy vessels. During the previous day, as part of a task force, he supported landing operations on New Georgia island, and, in the face of intense enemy fire, in submarine-infested waters, he effectively bombarded enemy shore batteries. Captain Hayler's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: June 7, 1891 at Sandusky, Ohio
Home Town: Muncie, Indiana
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAYLER, ROBERT WARD
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Robert Ward Hayler, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Cruiser Division TWELVE, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Rear Admiral Hayler's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 7, 1891 at Sandusky, Ohio
Home Town: Muncie, Indiana
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HAYNES, LEON WILDER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leon Wilder Haynes, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Ensign Haynes pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, and as a result of this attack at least one enemy ship was sunk. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: February 25, 1914 at Billings, Montana
Home Town: Billings, Montana

HAYS, WESLEY MYRON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wesley Myron Hays, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron TEN (VFB-10), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*HAYTER, HUBERT M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Hubert M. Hayter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Damage Control Officer aboard the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), in action against the Japanese after the torpedoing of his ship in enemy-controlled waters during the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. Lieutenant Commander Hayter directed the evacuation of all men when a torpedo hit exploded the magazine and gasoline storage. Although rapidly becoming affected by asphyxiating gas, he continued to direct evacuation and gave his own mask to an affected seaman. After clearing all compartments, he kept at his duties until overcome. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Hayter throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 328 (July 1944)
Born: October 17, 1901 at Abingdon, Virginia
Home Town: Albert Lea, Minnesota

HAZZARD, WILLIAM H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William H. Hazzard, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BLENNY (SS-324), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 February 1945 to 27 March 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Hazzard brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HEBERT, JOSEPH CARLYLE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Carlyle Hebert, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay on the Island of Luzon, of the Philippine Group. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hebert's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 23, 1922 at Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Home Town: Dallas, Texas

HECK, EDWARD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Heck, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a vigorous and intensive assault against the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Heck pressed home his attack with relentless determination in the face of a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The unprecedented conditions under which his squadron launched its offensive were so exceptional that it is highly improbably the occasion may ever recur where other pilots of the service will be called upon to demonstrate an equal degree of gallantry and fortitude. His extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and his loyal conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 12, 1918 at Carthage, Missouri
Home Town: Carthage, Missouri

HEDERMAN, THOMAS H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas H. Hederman, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Destroyer Squadron SIXTY-ONE, in action against the enemy from 27 March 1945 through 19 Mary 1945, off Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. Captain Hederman's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*HEDGES, FRANCIS EARL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Francis Earl Hedges, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HEFLIN, EDWARD ALLEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Allen Heflin, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTEEN (VB-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 24 October 1944. The action, in which he was an integral part, successfully accomplished in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft barrages, removed a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HEILMANN, LOUIS ANDREW
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis Andrew Heilmann, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay on the Island of Luzon, of the Philippine Group. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Heilmann's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 13, 1924 at Cincinnati, Ohio
Home Town: Cincinnati, Ohio

HEIM, CARL F., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carl F. Heim, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving on the Crew of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron NINETY-FOUR (VP-94), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. Ensign Heim's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HEIM, ELBERT S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elbert S. Heim, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Composite Squadron NINE (VC-9), embarked from the U.S.S. BOGUE (CVE-9), in action against an enemy submarine in the Atlantic Ocean on 4 October 1943. Flying to the support of a bomber which was in contact with four surfaced hostile submarines, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Heim commenced firing at a range of two thousand feet and came in through a barrage of deadly cross-fire from the enemy vessels, strafing the largest and most heavily armed submarine until he was within fifty feet of his target. After a skillful second run in which the enemy's anti-aircraft battery was silenced, he vigorously strafed two of the surfaced U-boats, making them easy targets for unopposed bombing attacks which resulted in the probable destruction of one of the hostile vessels. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Heim's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: April 8, 1920 at Alba, Texas
Home Town: Bossier, Louisiana

HELM, DONALD F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald F. Helm, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant Helm's inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 27, 1916 at Crandan, Wisconsin
Home Town: Corpus Christi, Texas

HELMUTH, LAWRENCE EDWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence Edward Helmuth, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron ELEVEN (VT-11), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 1, 1920 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Lakewood, Ohio

HELZ, EUGENE RAYMOND
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Raymond Helz, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving with a landing party in the Southwest Pacific. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: May 12, 1920 at St. Cloud, Minnesota
Home Town: Milwaukee, Wisconsin

HEMBY, MERRILL J.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Merrill J. Hemby, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VB-85), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against Japanese forces on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HEMBY, MERRILL J.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Merrill J. Hemby, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VB-85), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against Japanese forces on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HENCEY, CLARENCE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clarence Hencey, Watertender First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. PHELPS (DD-360), in action against the enemy on 18 June 1944, at Saipan, in the Marianas Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 12, 1912 at Greene River, Utah
Home Town: Springfield, Missouri

HENDERSON, CHARLES M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles M. Henderson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BLUEFISH (SS-222), on the SIXTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 22 July to 14 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Henderson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 4, 1911 at Atlanta, Georgia
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

*HENKEL, DONALD WESLEY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donald Wesley Henkel, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWENTY-THREE (VF-23), embarked from the U.S.S. LANGLEY (CV-27), in action on 29 March 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HENRIKSON, HOWARD RUSSELL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard Russell Henrikson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HENRY, WALTER FRANKLIN
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter Franklin Henry, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy forces in the Pacific War Area when his ship was attacked by eighteen Japanese bombing planes on 20 February 1942. Returning from a scouting mission in his twin-engine scout-bomber, Lieutenant Henry found his ship under attack. Although his airplane was slower and less maneuverable than those of the fighting squadron engaging the enemy aircraft, in the face of heavy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Henry intercepted the formation of nine enemy aircraft and succeeded in shooting down one twin-engine bomber. Lieutenant Henry's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942))
Born: November 11, 1911 at Butler, Missouri
Home Town: Butler, Missouri
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HENRY, WALTER FRANKLIN
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Walter Franklin Henry, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant Henry, leading a flight of his squadron, dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Henry's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: November 11, 1911 at Butler, Missouri
Home Town: Butler, Missouri
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HENRY, WILLIAM EARL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Earl Henry, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SEVENTY-NINE (VF(N)-79), in action on 12 October 1944, while deployed over Formosa. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 20, 1920 at Bakersfield, California
Home Town: Bakersfield, California

HENSEL, KARL G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Karl G. Hensel, Captain, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SWORDFISH (SS-193), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 26 December 1943 to 7 February 1944, in enemy Japanese home waters off the main island Honshu. During this daring and dangerous patrol, Captain Hensel pursued and attacked an enemy convoy, sinking or damaging enemy vessels totaling 20,000 tons. Throughout these attacks, made in spite of adverse weather conditions, outstanding ship control and the performance of a well-trained crew enabled his ship to return to port. Captain Hensel's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 343 (October 1945)
Born: November 4, 1901 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland

HERMAN, SAUL WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Saul William Herman, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWENTY (VF-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HERN, JOSEPH, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Hern, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hern contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 25, 1919 at Redondo Beach, California
Home Town: Lawndale, California

HERRICK, ROBERT FRANK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Frank Herrick, Chief Specialist, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while in charge of a Scout Boat from the Transport Ship U.S.S. DOROTHEA L. DIX during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 8 to 11, 1942. Preceding the assault on Safi on 8 November Herrick skillfully maneuvered his boat in complete darkness from the transport area eight miles off the coast into position near a landing beach, from which he guided incoming waves of assault troops by prescribed signals to their proper destination. Despite the delay in arrival of the. initial boat waves, the imminent danger of attack from hostile craft, and fire from other enemy forces, Herrick gallantly held his position for nine perilous hours until his mission was completed.
Born: June 2, 1913 at Denver, Colorado
Home Town: Paonia, Colorado

HERVEY, CAMERON E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cameron E. Hervey, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HESS, JOHN B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John B. Hess, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. POMFRET (SS-391), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 1 November 1944 to 15 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Luzon Straits, in the Philippine Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Hess brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 25, 1914 at Bellinham, Washington
Home Town: Portland, Oregon

HESSEL, EDWARD WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward William Hessel, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VF-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HESSON, JAMES FRANK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Frank Hesson (2432686), Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a Navy Pilot attached to Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED ELEVEN (VMF-211), during the defense of Wake Island against vastly superior enemy Japanese forces on 23 December 1941. Arming himself with a sub-machine gun and grenades in spite of wounds previously sustained, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class Hesson joined the fight against enemy landing forces after all American aircraft had been destroyed. Although again wounded by rifle fire and grenade fragments, he single- handedly drove back two concerted rushed by hostile troops, killing several of the invaders and, by his valiant action, prevented the enemy from over-running the flank of his own lines. Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class Hesson's indomitable fighting spirit, unfaltering courage and persevering determination in the face of insuperable odds prolonged the gallant defense of Wake Island during the initial phase of the war, and his valiant devotion to duty throughout sustained and enhanced the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HEWITT, HENRY KENT
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Henry Kent Hewitt, Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of the Western Task Force at North Africa, during November, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Awards: Navy Cross (WWI), Navy Cross (WWII)

HEYLER, ROMAYN F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Romayn F. Heyler, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PBY Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED ELEVEN (VPB-111), in action on 1 June 1945, over Singapore. On this date Lieutenant (j.g.) Heyler's Patrol Bomber teamed joined a second PBY for a daylight strike against enemy installations. During the bombing attack, the other Bomber was badly damaged and Lieutenant (j.g.) Heyler flew through heavy enemy fire to protect its withdrawal from the area. During the escape from the target area, a squadron of enemy fighters attacked the two Navy Patrol Planes, and Lieutenant (j.g.) Heyler's crew shot down one enemy fighter and damaged several others while escorting their squadron mates safely back to base. Lieutenant (j.g.) Heyler's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HIGGINS, JOHN MARTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Martin Higgins, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division 23, engaged in the New Georgia Islands Operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area from 30 June to 13 July 1943. Commander Higgins' conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: August 13, 1899 at Madison, Wisconsin
Home Town: Madison, Wisconsin

HIGH, PAUL LAVERNE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Laverne High, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BRYANT (DD-665), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander High's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 24, 1904 at Huntington, West Virginia
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia

*HILDEBRAND, JAMES T., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James T. Hildebrand, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron FORTY (VP-40), Patrol Wing FOUR, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Aleutian Islands, Territory of Alaska, during the period 1 through 15 June 1942. Ensign Hildebrand made daring, repeated dive-bombing and strafing attacks on Japanese ships and four-motored patrol planes, constantly seeking out and engaging the enemy, despite the hazards of severe weather conditions and fire from antiaircraft and shore batteries, thereby inspiring other members of his squadron to supreme efforts. He participated in all-night patrols and bombing attacks on enemy Japanese ships in Kiska harbor and succeeded in scoring a hit on an enemy transport, all the while defying continuous and heavy antiaircraft fire. Ensign Hildebrand's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 29, 1914 at Prescott, Arkansas
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

HILL, ANDREW JEWEL
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Andrew Jewel Hill, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. NICHOLAS (DD-449), during operations in Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, on 5 and 6 July 1943. As leader of a task force in close support of the landing of United States troops at Rice Anchorage on New Georgia Island, Lieutenant Commander Hill skillfully maneuvered his ship through restricted submarine-infested waters and effectively bombarded enemy shore batteries and installations in the face of intense hostile gun and torpedo fire. Twenty-four hours later, the same task group participated in a fierce engagement with a numerically superior Japanese naval force and succeeded in sinking or severely damaging all of the hostile vessels. When a cruiser of his group was sunk, Lieutenant Commander Hill, returning to the scene with another destroyer, assisted materially in the hazardous rescue operations and enabled the NICHOLAS to save approximately three hundred survivors, despite the fact that the destroyers were forced to abandon their efforts on three occasions in order to attack and sink two enemy vessels and badly damage a third as they attempted to escape from the vicinity. Lieutenant Commander Hill's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: October 13, 1909 at Poplar Bluff, Missouri
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HILL, ANDREW JEWEL
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Andrew Jewel Hill, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. NICHOLAS (DD-449), during operations in the Solomon Islands Area on the night of 17 - 18 August 1943. When an enemy Japanese force of four destroyers and a large number of landing barges endeavored under cover of night to reinforce the enemy garrisons in the Vella Lavella-Kolombangara Area, Lieutenant Commander Hill, with exceptional tactical skill under relentless gun and torpedo fire, led the Nicholas in a brilliant interception of the hostile vessels. He fought his ship gallantly and contributed to the destruction of two destroyers, severe damage to a third and the annihilation of a number of landing barges. Having routed the enemy, he brought his vessel through this vital engagement unscathed. The superb leadership and unflinching courage displayed by Commander Hill and the loyal devotion to duty of his crew reflect great credit upon the United Stats Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 332 (November 1944)
Born: October 13, 1909 at Poplar Bluff, Missouri
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HIPPE, KENNETH GEORGE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth George Hippe, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron THREE (VC-3), embarked from the U.S.S. KALININ BAY (CVE-68), and deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant Hippe's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 2, 1918 at Burlington, Iowa
Home Town: Burlington, Iowa

HIRSHBERG, ALLEN M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Allen M. Hirshberg, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. LSM(R) ONE HUNDRED NINETY-FOUR (LSM(R)-194, a close-in fire support ship, in action against the enemy on 4 May 1945, off the coast of Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. Lieutenant Hirshberg's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HISER, WILBUR FLOYD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilbur Floyd Hiser, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VC-81), embarked from the U.S.S. NATOMA BAY (CVE-62), while engaging a strong enemy Japanese Fleet in the Battle of Samar Island off the east coast of the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 6, 1919 at Nortonville, Kansas
Home Town: Manhattan, Kansas

*HISSEM, JOSEPH METCALF (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph Metcalf Hissem (0-103993), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Radioman/Bombardier of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from Naval Air Station Midway during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 and 5 June 1942. In the first attack against an enemy carrier of the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Hissem pressed home his attack in the face of withering fire from enemy Japanese fighters and anti-aircraft forces. Because of events attendant upon the Battle of Midway, there can be no doubt that he gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. His courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 310 (January 1943)
Born: December 31, 1917 at Mt. Carroll, Illinois
Home Town: Galena, Illinois

HITE, ROBERT W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert W. Hite, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*HJELSTROM, JOSEPH GILBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph Gilbert Hjelstrom, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VFB-85), embarked from the U.S.S. SHANGRI-LA (CV-38), on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HOCK, HERMAN EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herman Edward Hock, Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action during the attack on the Light Cruiser U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), by Japanese enemy bombers on 4 February 1942. Chief Boatswain's Mate Hock took charge of operations in the upper decks, working under many varied conditions, he facilitated the evacuation of the wounded, the fighting of fires, clearing of debris and wreckage, and maintenance of communications. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: April 27, 1912 at Galveston, Texas
Home Town: Long Beach, California

HODGES, ASHLEY R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ashley R. Hodges, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 1, 1920 at Portsmouth, Virginia
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

*HODGES, FLOURENOY GLEN (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Flourenoy Glen Hodges (0-085867), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a vigorous and intensive assault against the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Hodges pressed home his attack with relentless determination in the face of a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The unprecedented conditions under which his squadron launched its offensive were so exceptional that it is highly improbably the occasion may ever recur where other pilots of the service will be called upon to demonstrate an equal degree of gallantry and fortitude. His extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and his loyal conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: January 22, 1917 at Statesboro, Georgia
Home Town: Statesboro, Georgia

HOEFFEL, KENNETH MORTIMER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Mortimer Hoeffel, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of an inshore patrol at Manila Bay in the Philippine Islands, during the period from 11 through 31 December 1941. Commander Hoeffel's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HOERNER, HELMUTH ERNEST
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Helmuth Ernest Hoerner, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 6 June 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety and in the face of intense antiaircraft fire, Ensign Hoerner participated in determined and effective bombing and strafing attacks on fleeing enemy Japanese forces, obtaining a successful hit on one of the enemy ships. His airmanship, courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 4, 1914 at West Bend, Wisconsin
Home Town: Ilion, New York

HOFFMAN, CHARLES KEITH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Keith Hofman, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron FOURTEEN (VB-14), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action on 26 October 1944, while deployed over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 17, 1921 at Hunter, Utah
Home Town: Magna, Utah

HOFFMAN, MELVIN C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Melvin C. Hoffman, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HOGAN, HERBERT CLAY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert Clay Hogan, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Section Leader in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Lieutenant Hogan defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Hogan and the United States Naval Service.
Com2ndCarTaskForPac File C2CTF/P15, Serial 0485 (December 19, 1944)
Born: September 26, 1919 at Portage, Wisconsin
Home Town: Oak Park, Illinois

HOGAN, STEPHEN CLEMENT, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stephen Clement Hogan, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti- aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hogan, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 15, 1915 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

HOGAN, THOMAS W., JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas W. Hogan, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BONEFISH (SS-223), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during September and October 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Hogan brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 11, 1909 at Canton, Georgia
Home Town: Canton, Georgia
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOGAN, THOMAS W., JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Thomas W. Hogan, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BONEFISH (SS-223), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 12 January 1944 to 15 March 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Hogan brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 11, 1909 at Canton, Georgia
Home Town: Canton, Georgia
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOGAN, THOMAS W., JR.
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Thomas W. Hogan, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BONEFISH (SS-223), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 15 April 1944 to 30 May 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Celebes Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Hogan brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 11, 1909 at Canton, Georgia
Home Town: Canton, Georgia
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOGDEN, RAYMOND LORAINNE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond Lorainne Hogden, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-FIVE (VC-75), embarked from the U.S.S. OMMANEY BAY (CVE-79), Bay, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle off Samar during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. Leading his group in an attack against a heavy enemy cruiser, Lieutenant Hogden braved an intense barrage in order to divert hostile fire from his own Task Unit. Following up with a torpedo attack in the face of fire from Japanese capital ships and destroyers, he scored a hit and sank an enemy heavy cruiser. His skill and devotion to duty were contributing factors in the successful invasion of the Philippine Islands and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 7, 1917 at Ettrick, Wisconsin
Home Town: Ettrick, Wisconsin

HOGE, CHARLES VERNON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Vernon Hoge, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HOGUE, J. C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to J. C. Hogue, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 17, 1919 at Dalhart, Texas
Home Town: Overton, Texas

*HOLDER, RANDOLPH MITCHELL (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Randolph Mitchell Holder (0-083112), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a vigorous and intensive assault against the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Holder pressed home his attack with relentless determination in the face of a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The unprecedented conditions under which his squadron launched its offensive were so exceptional that it is highly improbably the occasion may ever recur where other pilots of the service will be called upon to demonstrate an equal degree of gallantry and fortitude. His extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and his loyal conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: September 20, 1918 at Jackson, Mississippi
Home Town: Jackson, Mississippi

HOLE, LEGARE ROMIG
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Legare Romig Hole, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Hole's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 1, 1917 at Auburn, New York
Home Town: Auburn, New York

HOLLADAY, SAMUEL MEREDITH, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Samuel Meredith Holladay, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Holladay participated in a torpedo-bombing attack on a Japanese battleship. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack and, by his expert airmanship, obtained a direct hit which caused certain damage. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: November 27, 1920 at Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Home Town: Baton Rouge, Louisiana

HOLLEY, EDWARD BRAINARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Brainard Holley, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 17, 1919 at Aiken, South Carolina
Home Town: Aiken, South Carolina

HOLLINGSWORTH, WILLIAM R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William R. Hollingsworth, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Bomber and Commanding Officer of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, 1 February 1942. After leading his squadron over the enemy concentration, Commander Hollingsworth dove his plane through withering anti-aircraft fire and scored a direct bomb hit on an enemy anti-aircraft cruiser. Later in that day, he again led his squadron in a vigorous and successful attack on an enemy air base at Tarawa Island, Maloelap Atoll, and despite intense anti-aircraft opposition, destroyed four enemy two-engined bombers and three Japanese fighters being serviced on the air field. His fine spirit of determination and initiative in offensive action and his gallant disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: September 6, 1903 at Ft. Meade, Florida
Home Town: Coronado, California

HOLLISTER, JAMES O.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James O. Hollister, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HOLLOWAY, LESTER F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lester F. Holloway, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the Third Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, First Provisional Marine Brigade, FIFTH Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands, during the period 18 through 23 February 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Holloway undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 6, 1924 at Laurel, Mississippi
Home Town: Laurel, Mississippi

HOLMBERG, PAUL ALGODTE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Algodte Holmberg, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Holmberg took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 18, 1915 at Stanberry, Missouri
Home Town: Brunswick, Missouri
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOLMBERG, PAUL ALGODTE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Paul Algodte Holmberg, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands on 24 August 1942. While piloting a bombing airplane, Lieutenant Holmberg launched an attack against an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier, contributing effectively to the probable destruction of that vessel. Lieutenant Holmberg's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: April 18, 1915 at Stanberry, Missouri
Home Town: Brunswick, Missouri
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOLMES, KENNETH ALFRED
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Alfred Holmes, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Air Group EIGHT (AG-8), attached to the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Flying at extreme combat radius in a strike against major hostile Fleet unit, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Holmes flew over the assigned area in bold defiance of fierce enemy aerial opposition and a terrific barrage of antiaircraft fire sent up from guns of all calibers including main batteries and, pressing home his own vigorous attack at low altitude, scored a direct bomb hit on hostile cruiser of the CHOKI class. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Holmes contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 13, 1918 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Garvey, California

HOLMES, ROBERT H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert H. Holmes, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BENNION (DD-662), in action against the enemy from 1 April 1945 through June 1945, deployed off the coast of Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HOLT, PHILLIP CHRISTIAN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Phillip Christian Holt, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Submarine Chaser U.S.S. SC-699, in action against the enemy on 27 May 1944, while deployed off Bisk, New Guinea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: August 21, 1909 at Missouri Home Town: Silver Springs, Maryland

*HOLT, WILLIAM MACK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Mack Holt, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIVE (VF-5), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against enemy Japanese forces while deployed over Guadalcanal and Tulagi, in the Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. Sighting a group of about 27 enemy bombers with escort, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Holt led his two-plane section through the enemy fighters, downing several, and helped to turn back the bombers, continuing his relentless attacks until his own aircraft was shot down. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: September 9, 1917 at Great Falls, Montana
Home Town: Great Falls, Montana

*HOLTON, RALPH L. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ralph L. Holton, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of a Rescue Boat from the Destroyer U.S.S. HAMMANN (DD-412), following the attack on the U.S.S. LEXINGTON in the Coral Sea on 8 May 1942. Ensign Holton persistently returned to the burning U.S.S. LEXINGTON, and under a hail of flaming debris from exploding bombs, ammunition, and gasoline, effected a series of rescues as officer in charge of a boat detailed to rescue survivors. He saved the lives of many who would have otherwise perished. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: September 19, 1918 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Kalamazoo, Michigan

HOMER, WILLIAM N. P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William N. P. Homer, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of the Fire and Rescue Party from the Seaplane Tender U.S.S. BISCAYNE (AVP-11), during action against enemy forces while participating in the amphibious assault on Sicily, 10 to 12 July 1943. Although flames spread rapidly on the bombed U.S.S. LST 158, igniting her deck cargo and causing continuous gasoline and ammunition explosions, Ensign Homer courageously boarded the blazing vessel during a severe hostile aircraft attack and remained despite imminent personal danger from fire and suffocation until he succeeded in removing a seriously wounded Army officer to safety. Through his unswerving devotion to duty and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice, he undoubtedly saved the life of a man who otherwise might have perished. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 324 (March 1944)
Born: June 11, 1920 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

HOOD, RUDOLPH B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rudolph B. Hood, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against the enemy on 28 July 1945, in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HOOVER, GILBERT CORWIN
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gilbert Corwin Hoover, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Destroyer Squadron TWO, in action against the enemy on 7 and 8 May, 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea. Captain Hoover's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 25, 1894 at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: Bristol, Rhode Island
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOOVER, GILBERT CORWIN
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Gilbert Corwin Hoover, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. HELENA (CL-50), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Maintaining the security of the rear in the battle column, Captain Hoover fought his ship valiantly despite the difficulties of night combat and succeeded in sinking a Japanese destroyer on the disengaged side. The determined and effective gunfire of his ship was largely responsible for holding to a minimum the damage to our destroyers in the rear. Captain Hoover's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: July 25, 1894 at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: Bristol, Rhode Island
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOOVER, GILBERT CORWIN
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Gilbert Corwin Hoover, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. HELENA (CL-50), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 25, 1894 at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: Bristol, Rhode Island
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOOVER, JAMES T.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James T. Hoover, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HOPGOOD, ROBERT BROWN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Brown Hopgood, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Senior Pilot of a Navy PBY5 Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron SEVENTY-THREE (VP-73), in action against an enemy submarine in Skerja Fjord, near Reykjavik, Iceland, on 20 August 1942. The enemy submarine was sighted on the surface while the Navy Patrol Plane was on a regular air coverage flight over a convoy. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hopgood maneuvered his plane skillfully and accurately dropped five depth charges which straddled the submarine and exploded close aboard on each side just abaft the conning tower. In the face of the enemy's anti-aircraft fire Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hopgood proceeded to maneuver his plane over the submarine and strafe it with machine gun fire; he then led a destroyer from the convoy to the scene. As the destroyer was approaching, the enemy abandoned the sinking submarine. A large number of prisoners were taken by the destroyer. The initiative and resourcefulness of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hopgood, in the face of enemy anti-aircraft fire and undesirable weather conditions, resulted in the certain destruction of the enemy submarine and capture of many survivors. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 345 (December 1945)
Born: June 30, 1919 at Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Home Town: Glen Ridge, New Jersey

HOPKINS, LEWIS ALEXANDER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lewis Alexander Hopkins, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Ensign Hopkins, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 10, 1919 at Luthersville, Georgia
Home Town: Jacksonville, Florida

HORAN, JAMES T.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James T. Horan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against Japanese forces on 28 July 1945 while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HORENBURGER, CARL HERMAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carl Herman Horenburger, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti- aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Horenburger, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, participated in persistent and vigorous attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to the accomplishment of a vastly important objective contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 27, 1915 at New York, New York
Home Town: Staten Island, New York

HORN, ROBERT AARON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Aaron Horn, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Horn contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 6, 1919 at Port Carbon, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Pottsville, Pennsylvania

HOROVITZ, JAMES JACOB
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Jacob Horovitz, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat FOUR HUNDRED SIXTY-SIX (LCI(G)-366), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Boldly defying the devastating barrage, Lieutenant Horovitz moved his craft into the firing line, skillfully maneuvering close inshore to insure the effectiveness of his attack. With the enemy's overpowering gunfire exacting a heavy toll of the lightly armored group he took over additional assigned sectors, and, keeping his guns trained on the beach, continued to blast the heavy coastal defenses with barrage rockets until his own guns were disabled and his ship severely damaged under the incessant pounding. Courageous and steadfast, he calmly maintained control of his crippled vessel and promptly reorganizing his crew, directed the valiant LCI to safety without further damage or casualties. Lieutenant Horovitz' dauntless perseverance, maintained in the face of overwhelming odds, contributed materially to the success of his group in paving the way for the invasion of Iwo Jima two days later and his stout-hearted devotion to duty throughout upheld the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
Home Town: Brighton, Massachusetts

HORTON, KENNETH BRYAN
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Bryan Horton, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 31, 1922 at Thomasville, Georgia
Home Town: Thomasville, Georgia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HORTON, KENNETH BRYAN
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Kenneth Bryan Horton, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay on the Island of Luzon, of the Philippine Group. Ensign Horton's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 31, 1922 at Thomasville, Georgia
Home Town: Thomasville, Georgia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOSKINS, JOHN MADISON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Madison Hoskins, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), when that vessel was hit by a bomb from an enemy aircraft in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Captain Hoskins, who was scheduled to take over command of the PRINCETON, remained on board despite suggestions from the Commanding Officer that he leave with all personnel not members of the salvage party. Until severely wounded, Captain Hoskins assisted in fighting fires despite continuous violent explosions. During one of the blasts, Captain Hoskins' right foot was severed from his leg. The conduct of Captain Hoskins throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: October 22, 1898 at Pineville, Kentucky
Home Town: Pineville, Kentucky

HOUCK, HERBERT NORMAN
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert Norman Houck, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron NINE (VF-9), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action on 11 November 1943, while deployed over Rabaul. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 2, 1915 at Corona, Minnesota
Home Town: Sawyer, Minnesota
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOUCK, HERBERT NORMAN
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Herbert Norman Houck, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron NINE (VF-9), in action on 16 February 1944, at Truk in the Caroline Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 2, 1915 at Corona, Minnesota
Home Town: Sawyer, Minnesota
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOUCK, HERBERT NORMAN
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Herbert Norman Houck, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Commanding Officer of Air Group NINE (AG-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 2, 1915 at Corona, Minnesota
Home Town: Sawyer, Minnesota
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HOURIHAN, JOHN JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Joseph Hourihan, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PAUL JONES (DD-230), and for extreme courage and complete disregard for his own personal safety in the face of heavy opposition during the Battle of Makassar Strait, on the night of 23 - 24 January 1942, in delivering a successful attack upon enemy Japanese forces off Balikpapan, Borneo, Netherlands East Indies. By ignoring enemy challenges and skillful maneuvering, Lieutenant Commander Hourihan used the element of surprise in sinking with torpedoes and damaging by gunfire numerous vessels in the enemy's concentration of cruisers, destroyers and various types of transports and cargo ships, after which an orderly retirement was effected. This action and the high morale of his command reflect most favorably on Lieutenant Commander Hourihan's ability a leader and officer, and are in keeping with the best traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: November 3, 1902 at Miami, Florida
Home Town: Miami, Florida

HOUSE, ANDREW JACKSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Andrew Jackson House, Coxswain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. BRANT (ARS-32), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. DALLAS could navigate up the Sebou River, Coxswain House and his shipmates, on the night of 9 November proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, just as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Coxswain House and the other members of his party, in spite of enormous breakers which battered their boat and washed one of the machine guns overboard, finally brought her back to safety. His throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 1, 1921 at Sasakwa, Oklahoma
Home Town: El Reno, Oklahoma

HOUSE, ARTHUR CASWELL, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur Caswell House, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. APOGON (SS-308), during the SEVENTH War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese-controlled waters near the Kurile Islands from 28 May to 14 July 1945. Penetrating a heavy escort screen, Commandeer House launched well planned torpedo attack to sink four hostile ships, for a total of 12,600 tons, and, skillfully maneuvering his vessel, succeeded in evading all enemy countermeasures. Engaging two 100-ton picket boats with gunfire, he sank one of the enemy vessels and severely damaged the other despite heavy return fire which scored several hits on his submarine. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander House brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 24, 1910 at Weldon, North Carolina
Home Town: Summerville, South Carolina

HOUSE, WILLIAM HIRAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Hiram House, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron FOURTEEN (VB-14), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action on 26 October 1944, while deployed over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 9, 1916 at Paris, Texas
Home Town: Bisbee, Arizona

*HOWARD, CURTIS WILLIAM (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Curtis William Howard (0-081335), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Howard, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: August 31, 1917 at Guam Home Town: Olympia, Washington

HOWARD, ROBERT LEONARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Leonard Howard, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane in action on 8 August 1942, while deployed over the Solomon Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 14, 1916 at Malden, Massachusetts
Home Town: Medford, Massachusetts

HOWE, HAMILTON WILCOX
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hamilton Wilcox Howe, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. ROPER (DD-147, when his ship made a successful attack upon the German submarine U-85 in the waters of the Atlantic on the night of 13 - 14 April 1942. Lieutenant Commander Howe with an offensive singleness of purpose tracked, attacked and completely destroyed the German U-85 off the Coast of Virginia, without injury to his vessel or its personnel. Lieutenant Commander Howe's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of this successful mission and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: January 16, 1904 at Albert Lea, Minnesota
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

*HOWE, KENNETH EUGENE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Kenneth Eugene Howe, Chief Specialist, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while in charge of a Scout Boat from the Transport Ship U.S.S. LEONARD WOOD (APA-12), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Preceding the assault on Fedala on 8 November, Chief Specialist Howe skillfully maneuvered his craft in complete darkness from the transport area off the coast toward the landing beach designated for the assault battalion of the Leonard Wood. Despite a dangerous rock reef at the end of the beach and enemy batteries menacing the shore, he located his position and by prescribed signals guided incoming boat waves of troops. Although under fire from hostile forces, Chief Specialist Howe gallantly maintained his station until his mission was accomplished, thereby contributing to the successful landing of our troops. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)
Born: November 19, 1912 at Madison, Missouri
Home Town: Holliday, Missouri

HOWELL, JAMES NICHOLAS, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Nicholas Howell, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Howell pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy battleship to score a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and inflict severe damage. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 23, 1917 at Dublin, Texas
Home Town: Dublin, Texas

HOWELL, JOHN DAVID
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John David Howell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Plotting Room Officer on board the Light Cruiser U.S.S. BOISE (CL-47), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. After most efficiently performing his duties in Plot during action, Lieutenant Howell left Plot of his own volition, when the ship broke off the action, and entered the Five-inch magazines. Here he organized working parties to shift five-inch ammunition from flooding magazines to dry ones, thereby saving many rounds of ammunition. He had all magazine doors securely dogged which prevented further flooding. As Plotting Room Officer Lieutenant Howell know the dangerous condition the ship was in, yet he did not hesitate to enter the danger area and do all in his power to save the ship, at the risk of his own life. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 2, 1918 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: West Orange, New Jersey

HOYLE, RONALD JACKSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ronald Jackson Hoyle, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hoyle, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 7, 1914 at Shawnee, Oklahoma
Home Town: Poteau, Oklahoma

HOYT, RAYMOND EARL, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond Earl Hoyt, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hoyt contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 8, 1922 at Palms, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California

HUDDLESTON, JAMES C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James C. Huddleston, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-EIGHT (VT-88), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action on 18 July 1945, in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HUDGINS, ROBERT S.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert S. Hudgins, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat FOUR HUNDRED SEVENTY-ONE (LCI(G)-471), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hudgins' exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HUDSON, HAROLD GAYLE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold Gayle Hudson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

HUDSON, JOHN J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John J. Hudson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sulu Sea in the Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. as Pilot of a carrier-based Bombing Plane, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hudson scored a destructive hit on a heavy cruiser of the Japanese Fleet in the Sulu Sea, which contributed to its probable sinking. In the face of a severe barrage of anti-aircraft fire and the fast maneuvering of the target, he displayed outstanding skill and conspicuous unwavering courage in driving home his attack. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hudson's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 342 (September 1945)
Born: May 22, 1924 at Springfield, Ohio
Home Town: Springfield, Ohio

HUFFMAN, GERALD MARTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gerald Martin Huffman, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VF-82), attached to the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Japanese Inland Sea, on 19 March 1945. Participating in a strike against hostile war ships and naval installations, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Huffman shot down in flames an enemy fighter plane and, attacking an enemy aircraft carrier in the face of heavy antiaircraft fire, scored two direct rocket hits which caused serious damage to the flight deck of the Japanese warship. His outstanding airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HUGGINS, JESSE CAPER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jesse Caper Huggins, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. In the face of heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Huggins participated in a vigorous and determined glide-bombing attack on enemy ships, scoring a torpedo hit from close range on an enemy carrier, contributing materially to its sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Huggins contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 3, 1922 at Columbia, South Carolina
Home Town: Columbia, South Carolina

*HUGHES, DAVID FERRAR (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to David Ferrar Hughes (0-291232), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned an aircraft carrier as a target, Ensign Hughes defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Ensign Hughes and the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 30, 1920 at Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri

HUGHES, JOHN N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John N. Hughes, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PARROTT (DD-218), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces at Badoeng Straits off the Island of Bali, Netherlands East Indies, on the night of 19 - 20 February 1942. Lieutenant Commander Hughes delivered a well-directed and gallant attack by gun and torpedo fire against a vastly superior force of enemy vessels. Although the ship which he commanded was illuminated by the enemy and under heavy fire, its fire scored several hits which damaged the enemy ships and silenced their fire. Lieutenant Commander Hughes' inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of this vital mission and reflects great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: November 28, 1909 at Columbia, Missouri
Home Town: Ames, Iowa

HULL, HARRY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Hull, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. THRESHER (SS-200), during a War Patrol of that submarine in the summer of 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Hull brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: January 18, 1912 at Athens, Georgia
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

HULL, JESSE L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jesse L. Hull, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. FINBACK (SS-230), during the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 September 1942 to 20 November 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Lieutenant Commander Hull daringly pressed home attacks on Japanese shipping and skillfully maneuvered his vessel in hostile waters, sinking 14,000 tons of enemy shipping, destroying one sampan of 100 tons by gunfire, and severely damaging nearly 14,000 tons of enemy shipping. Lieutenant Commander Hull handled his ship with such expert seamanship and calm courage that he was an inspiration in maintaining the high morale of his crew. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Hull brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: May 3, 1903 at Thomasville, Missouri
Home Town: West Plains, Missouri

HULLAND, CHARLES W. S.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles W. S. Hulland, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 20 August 1944, while deployed over Southern France. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 28, 1918 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: Centralia, Illinois

HUNGERFORD, JOSEPH FLOYD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Floyd Hungerford, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VB-85), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against Japanese forces on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HUNNICUTT, JAMES L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James L. Hunnicutt, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. CARP (SS-338), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 June 1945 to 2 August 1945, in enemy controlled waters off the coast of Honshu, Japan. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Hunnicutt brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HUNT, CHARLES B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles B. Hunt, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Cargo Ship U.S.S. ALHENA (AK-26), in action against the enemy on 7, 8, and 9 August 1942, during the landing of U.S. Marines in the Solomon Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 4, 1896 at Evanston, Illinois
Home Town: Pasadena, California

HUNT, RICHARD L., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard L. Hunt, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SEVEN (VT-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 26 October 1944. as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in a torpedo attack, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Hunt scored a destructive hit on a heavy cruiser of the Japanese Fleet, which contributed to its probable sinking. In the face of a severe barrage of anti-aircraft fire and the fast maneuvering of the target, he displayed outstanding skill and conspicuous unwavering courage in driving home his attack. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 23, 1921 at Keytesville, Missouri
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri

HUNTER, ROBERT NISBET
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Nisbet Hunter, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Escort Carrier U.S.S. KADASHAN BAY (CVE-76), in a surface engagement with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet near the Island of Samar in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his own courage and gallant determination, he gave encouragement to his officers and men during this crucial ordeal. His heroic actions have brought great distinction upon himself and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: September 16, 1899 at Mason, Georgia
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

HUNTLEY, WILLIAM H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William H. Huntley, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

HURD, KENNETH CHARLES
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Charles Hurd, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEAL (SS-183), in action on 24 February 1942, during the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Java Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 18, 1902 at Metamora, Michigan
Home Town: Coronado, California

HURLEY, ROBERT W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert W. Hurley, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-FOUR (VT-84), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against the Japanese Battleship Yamato off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Displaying great skill and courage, Ensign Hurley pressed home his torpedo attack and despite extremely intense antiaircraft fire from all caliber weapons on the battleship and the surrounding screen. His torpedo was one of thirteen dropped in a concerted attack by the squadron, which scored at least nine hits on the battleship almost simultaneously. Without flinching he carried his torpedo in to close range through adverse weather conditions and intense enemy fire which included the main batteries, contributing materially to the complete destruction of the capital ship a short time later. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*HURST, EDWIN WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edwin William Hurst, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Executive Officer of Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. In the face of tremendous anti- aircraft barrage and opposed by numerous fighters, Lieutenant Hurst pressed home two attacks on enemy aircraft carriers, one on 7 May and one on 8 May. With complete disregard for his own safety and expert conception of the task at hand, he scored hits within short range of his objectives, contributing to the destruction of one carrier and to damage and possible destruction of the other. His persistent determination and conscientious devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (Oct 1942)
Born: October 16, 1910 at Falls City, Nebraska
Home Town: Coronado, California

HURT, SAMUEL H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Samuel H. Hurt, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. LOUISVILLE (CA-28), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Captain Hurt's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 7, 1896 at Blackstone, Virginia
Home Town: Blackstone, Virginia

HUTCHINS, CHARLES HARRIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Harris Hutchins, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BORIE (DD-215), when that vessel attacked and sank an enemy submarine in the waters of the Caribbean Sea on the morning of 1 November 1943. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: January 28, 1913 at Pawtucket, Rhode Island
Home Town: Terre Haute, Indiana

HUTCHINSON, EDWARD SHILLINGTON
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Shillington Hutchinson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GRAMPUS (SS-207), during the FIRST War Patrol of that vessel in enemy controlled waters during the period 8 February 1942 to 4 April 1942. Despite strong enemy countermeasures and unfavorable sea conditions, Lieutenant Commander Hutchinson took advantage of every opportunity to strike the enemy and in a series of skillfully conducted attacks succeeded in sinking 20,000 tons of enemy Japanese shipping without casualty to personnel of his own command. Lieutenant Commander Hutchinson's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: February 14, 1904 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HUTCHINSON, EDWARD SHILLINGTON
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Edward Shillington Hutchinson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. RASHER (SS-269), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 24 September 1943 to 24 November 1943, in enemy controlled waters of in the Makassar Strait and Celebes Sea. Lieutenant Commander Hutchinson relentlessly sought out the enemy during a prolonged period of hazardous undersea operations. He took advantage of every favorable attack opportunity and, fighting his ship with determined and aggressiveness, succeeded in sinking and damaging an important amount of vital hostile shipping. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Hutchinson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: February 14, 1904 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

HUTTENBERG, ALLEN J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Allen J. Huttenberg, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Despite heavy enemy bombing, strafing and torpedo attacks, Ensign Huttenberg, Battery Officer on the 5" anti-aircraft battery of the U.S.S. NEVADA, although seriously wounded and handicapped by heavy casualties to the personnel of the battery, maintained a highly effective fire from his battery. The conduct of Ensign Huttenberg throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 5, 1921 at Chatsworth, Illinois
Home Town: Tulare, California

HUTTO, ERNEST E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ernest E. Hutto, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VB-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in a carrier strike against major units of the Japanese fleet at Yokosuka in Tokyo Bay, Japan, on 18 July 1945. Ensign Hutto skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a dive bombing attack on an enemy battleship. During this attack, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, he scored a direct hit at the assigned aiming point, causing heavy damage to the battleship. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: at Vallejo, California
Home Town: Decatur, Alabama

HUTTO, JOHN FRANCIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Francis Hutto, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Hutto's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 17, 1917 at Oakman, Alabama
Home Town: Oakman, Alabama

HYDE, JOHN MILTON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Milton Hyde, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BERGALL (SS-320), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 2 December to 23 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Hyde brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 6, 1910 at Flushing, New York
Home Town: Bayside, New York

HYDEMAN, EARL T.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Earl T. Hydeman, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEA DOG (SS-401), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 26 May 1945 to 5 July 1945, in enemy controlled waters in the Sea of Japan. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Hydeman brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*HYMAN, WILLFORD MILTON (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Willford Milton Hyman, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. SIMS (DD-409), during operations in the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. Lieutenant Hyman skillfully warded off the first raid of a hostile aircraft attack on his vessel and the ship which it was escorting, and, in the second raid, when the Sims lay dead and crippled in the water, he kept her guns blazing away until the last Japanese plane had disappeared. Then he coolly directed salvage and repair operations until the bridge of the sinking vessel was completely awash and he went down into the sea. The conduct of Lieutenant Hyman throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: August 16, 1901 at Pueblo, Colorado
Home Town: San Pedro, California

HYND, HARRY FRANKLIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Franklin Hynd, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on July, 24, 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

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