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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

 A 

 B 

 C 

 D 

E - F

G - H 

I - J

K - L

 M 

N - O

P - Q

 R 

 S 

T - U

V - Z

R

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

RABORN, ALBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Raborn, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PICUDA (SS-382), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 17 February 1944 to 5 April 1944, in enemy controlled waters at Truk in the Caroline Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Raborn brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 27, 1910 at Gadiskin, Florida
Home Town: Pensacola, Florida

RABY, JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Raby, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron NINE (VF-9), attached to the U.S.S. RANGER (CV-4), during the occupation of French Morocco, from 8 to 11 November 1942. Leading a flight of eight planes into combat against sixteen hostile fighters, Lieutenant Commander Raby persistently striking at the foe until he himself shot down two planes, contributed materially to the aggressive fighting spirit which enabled his command to destroy a total of five enemy aircraft and probably two more. On previous and subsequent raids, pressed home under relentless fire, he led his squadron in effective bombing and strafing attacks against hostile airdromes, shore batteries, machine-gun nests, and flying and grounded aircraft. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 1, 1907 at Palo Alto, California
Home Town: Pensacola, Florida

RAMAGE, JAMES DAVID
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James David Ramage, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Flight Leader in Bombing Squadron TEN (VB-10), attached to the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Marianas Islands from June 12 to 20 June 1944. An aggressive combat pilot, Lieutenant Commander Ramage led his squadron with consistent skill and daring on numerous bombing missions in the Marianas and, striking repeatedly against strongly defended military objectives, inflicted costly and excessive damage upon the enemy's defenses and ground installations. Acting as air coordinator on June 15 and 16, he directed brilliant attacks of all squadrons in support of the landings of our ground forces in their initial advance against the enemy. Taking off with three divisions of his squadron on 20 June he led a fierce attack against enemy carriers, personally diving upon a medium-sized carrier and scoring a hit on the stern of the enemy vessel. By his expert airmanship, exceptional daring and courageous initiative, Lieutenant Commander Ramage contributed essentially to the success of our operations in this strategic area, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RAMAGE, LAWSON PATERSON "RED"
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawson Paterson "Red" Ramage, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TROUT (SS-202), on the FIFTH, SIXTH and SEVENTH War Patrols of that submarine during the period 27 August 1942 to 25 February 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Ramage brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 19, 1909 at Monroe Bridge, Massachusetts
Home Town: Lowville, New York
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RAMAGE, LAWSON PATERSON "RED"
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Lawson Paterson "Red" Ramage, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PARCHE (SS-384), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 March 1944 to 23 May 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Luzon Strait in the Philippine Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Ramage brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 19, 1909 at Monroe Bridge, Massachusetts
Home Town: Lowville, New York
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RAMAGE, ROBERT W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert W. Ramage, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Air Group ONE (AG-1), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RAMSAY, THOMAS WESLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Wesley Ramsay, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Ensign Ramsay, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: January 29, 1918 at Perkinston, Mississippi
Home Town: Perkinston, Mississippi

RAMSEY, DEWITT CLINTON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to DeWitt Clinton Ramsey, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against the enemy on 24 August 1942, at Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: October 2, 1888 at Whipple Barracks, Arizona
Home Town: Avon by the Sea, New Jersey

RAMSEY, DONALD JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald James Ramsey, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. Hughes (DD-410), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. After enemy bombs and torpedoes had seriously damaged the task force carrier resulting in raging fires and a dangerous list on that vessel, Lieutenant Commander Ramsay skillfully brought his ship alongside in a most seamanlike manner to assist in fighting fires on board with every means at his command. Although driven away by further enemy air attacks, he repeatedly returned to the side of the stricken carrier to continue rendering effective assistance. Later he maneuvered in the vicinity of the ship to evacuate and rescue survivors. His gallantry and intrepidity in action were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: January 10, 1903 at Methuen, Massachusetts
Home Town: Newport, Rhode Island

RAMSEY, PAUL HUBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Hubert Ramsey, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 2, 1905 at Springfield, Ohio
Home Town: Springfield, Ohio

RAND, HAZEN BRADFORD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hazen Bradford Rand, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Radar Operator of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), on 26 November 1943, on a night carrier fighter mission over Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 9, 1918 at Avon, Massachusetts
Home Town: Avon, Massachusetts

*RANDALL, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John W. Randall, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Assistant Boat Group Commander, during participation in the amphibious assault on the southeast coast of Sicily, on 10 July 1943. Setting out in a small landing craft, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Randall led the last four waves of boats through total darkness and dangerously rough sea to the line of departure, and from there to the center of the designated beach. After the landing had been successfully effected, he returned to his ship and voluntarily led a salvage party back to the beach where, in a courageous attempt to recover broached and foundered boats, he was swept offshore by the turbulent surf and lost at sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: May 9, 1912 at Beloit, Wisconsin
Home Town: Toledo, Ohio

RANSON, ROBERT QUERY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Query Ranson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THIRTEEN (VT-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action on 24 October 1943, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 21, 1919 at Charlotte, North Carolina
Home Town: Charlotte, North Carolina

RAPOSA, WILLIAM C.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William C. Raposa, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETY-FOUR (VT-94), attached to the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Kure Harbor, Honshu, Japan, on 24 July 1945. Participating in a coordinated attack against major units of the Japanese Fleet in their heavily defended anchorage, Ensign Raposa aggressively pressed home his attack on a heavy cruiser and, despite intense antiaircraft fire from harbor positions and hostile shipping in the area, scored hits to leave the vessel listing and down by the stern. His courage and determination in the completion of his mission were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RAPOSA, WILLIAM C.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William C. Raposa, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETY-FOUR (VT-94), attached to the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the vicinity of Kure Harbor, Honshu, Japan, on 28 July 28 1945. Diving through intense antiaircraft fire from the many shore installations and from hulks in the harbor, Ensign Raposa pressed home his attack on the heavy cruiser Aoba and scored two direct hits which contributed materially to the final destruction of this vessel. His skilled airmanship and courage under fire were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RAUCH, CLOYD D., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cloyd D. Rauch, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron TEN (VB-10), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RAWIE, WILMER E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilmer E. Rawie, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RAY, BILLY DEAN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Billy Dean Ray, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THIRTEEN (VT-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 19, 1921 at Salem, Nebraska
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri

RAY, DEWEY FRANKLIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dewey Franklin Ray, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-FOUR (VT-84), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against the Japanese Battleship Yamato off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Displaying great skill and courage, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Ray pressed home his torpedo attack and despite extremely intense antiaircraft fire from all caliber weapons on the battleship and the surrounding screen. His torpedo was one of thirteen dropped in a concerted attack by the squadron, which cored at least nine hits on the battleship almost simultaneously. Without flinching he carried his torpedo in to close range through adverse weather conditions and intense enemy fire which included the main batteries, contributing materially to the complete destruction of the capital ship a short time later. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*RAY, MARTIN HASSET, JR. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Martin Hasset Ray, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Engineering Officer aboard the Destroyer U.S.S. HAMMANN (DD-412), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Midway on 6 June 1942. After his vessel had been struck by enemy torpedoes, Lieutenant Ray capably and efficiently directed efforts at damage control, supervised evacuation of spaces below decks, and assisted other personnel in leaving the ship. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: August 9, 1913 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana

*RAYMOND, FRED LUMAN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Fred Luman Raymond, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while deployed on channel patrol in the Philippine Islands from 4 January 1942 to 29 April 1942. Lieutenant Raymond's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: July 27, 1899 at Worcester, Massachusetts
Home Town: Denver, Colorado

READ, WILLIAM AUGUSTUS, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Augustus Read, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving on a Navy PBY4Y Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED ONE (VPB-101), in action against enemy Japanese during an armed reconnaissance mission over Puerto Princessa and the surrounding areas in the Philippine Islands on 19 October 1944. The conduct of Lieutenant Read throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

REARDON, WILLIAM LEO, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Leo Reardon, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron FOURTEEN (VB-14), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action on 26 October 1944, while deployed over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 24, 1921 at Providence, Rhode Island
Home Town: Warwick, Rhode Island

RECTOR, EDGAR M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edgar M. Rector, Lieutenant, Junior Grade (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Medical Officer with the Third Battalion Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action on 3 July 1944, in the Marianas Islands. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rector saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.

*REED, ALAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Alan Reed, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Light Cruiser U.S.S. BIRMINGHAM (CL-62), while participating in the salvage and rescue operations of the U.S.S. PRINCETON after that ship was attacked and her crew ordered to abandon ship during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Lieutenant Reed volunteered to lead a fire-fighting crew to the stricken vessel and, despite the constant danger from further imminent detonations and enemy aerial attack, he fearlessly boarded the PRINCETON in the face of raging flames. Directing his men with skill and superb courage, he succeeded in extinguishing a number of fires before he was recalled to his own ship as a large group of enemy aircraft again approached his task force and contact with an enemy submarine was reported. When the BIRMINGHAM subsequently returned to the PRINCETON, Lieutenant Reed continued his valiant efforts until he was mortally wounded during a sudden violent explosion in the magazine section of the crippled vessel. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: January 10, 1918 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Woodside, California

REED, GEORGE ALEXANDER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Alexander Reed, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 26 October 1944. as Pilot of a carrier-based Bombing Plane, Ensign Reed scored a destructive hit on a heavy cruiser of the Japanese Fleet in the Sulu Sea, which contributed to its probable sinking. In the face of a severe barrage of anti-aircraft fire and the fast maneuvering of the target, he displayed outstanding skill and conspicuous unwavering courage in driving home his attack. Ensign Reed's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 30, 1923 at Denver, Colorado
Home Town: San Antonio, Texas

REED, JOHN WARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Ward Reed, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SUNFISH (SS-281), on the ELEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 31 March 1945 to 28 April 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Reed brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

REED, ROBERT D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert D. Reed, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Reed defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Reed and the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 8, 1920 at Muncie, Indiana
Home Town: Venice, California

REEDER, DONALD GRANT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald Grant Reeder, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWENTY (VF-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 12, 1918 at Morrow County, Ohio
Home Town: Jacksonville, Florida

*REEVES, DON GENE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Don Gene Reeves, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWELVE (VF-12), in the Solomon Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 11, 1920 at Wichita, Kansas
Home Town: Wichita, Kansas

REGAN, ROBERT F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert F. Regan, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane in Combat Air Group THIRTY (CAG-30), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

REGESTER, RICHARD PEIRSON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Peirson Regester, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CVL-10), while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Regester contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 12, 1920 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Upper Darby, Pennsylvania

REICH, ELI THOMAS
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eli Thomas Reich, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEALION (SS-315), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 June 1944 to 21 July 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Commander Reich skillfully penetrated strong enemy escort screens and launched smashing torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of enemy ships totaling over 19,000 tons. In addition, a well-conducted gun attack destroyed a 100-ton enemy sampan. He skillfully evaded serious damage by depth-charging and through his experience and sound judgment Commander Reich brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 335 (February 1945)
Born: March 20, 1913 at New York, New York
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

REICH, ELI THOMAS
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Eli Thomas Reich, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEALION (SS-315), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 17 August 1944 to 30 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Luzon Straits. Commander Reich skillfully launched smashing torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of a 2,300-ton enemy destroyer, two large tankers and three large transports for a total of 51,700 tons. Later in the search for additional enemy shipping, his exceptional alertness enabled him to discover and rescue 54 British and Australian prisoners of war when the ship in which they were being transported from Singapore to the Japanese Empire was sunk. His skillful evasive tactics enabled him to escape enemy counter-attacks without damage to his ship and his outstanding resourcefulness in providing for the care of the sick and wounded survivors rendered it possible for all to reach port safely. Commander Reich's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (January 1946)
Born: March 20, 1913 at New York, New York
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

REICH, ELI THOMAS
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Eli Thomas Reich, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEALION (SS-315), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 31 October 1944 to 1 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Commander Reich displayed such extraordinary heroism, tenacious fighting spirit and good judgment in launching brilliant attacks on enemy warships that his conduct provided an inspiration to all submarine personnel. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Reich brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (January 1946)
Born: March 20, 1913 at New York, New York
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

REICHEL, JOHN D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John D. Reichel, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against the enemy fleet in the vicinity of the East Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Reichel contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 2, 1917 at Bartlesville, Oklahoma
Home Town: Saegertown, Pennsylvania

REICHL, MATTHEW JOSEPH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Matthew Joseph Reichl, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat FOUR HUNDRED SEVENTY-FOUR (LCI(G)-474), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Reichl's exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Wausau, Wisconsin

*REID, BEVERLY W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Beverly W. Reid, Ensign [then Machinist], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. On 4 June Ensign Reid sighted two enemy Torpedo Planes approaching the U.S.S. YORKTOWN. He intercepted and shot down the first craft, then pressed home his attack against the second until his persistent fire had rendered sufficient damage to cause the plane to burst into flames. Again, on 6 June, he defied a tremendous barrage of concentrated antiaircraft fire to strafe an enemy destroyer at close range and inflict considerable damage. Ensign Reid's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 310 (January 1943)
Born: April 22, 1917 at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana

REID, JAMES RALPH, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Ralph Reid, Jr., Gunner's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Naval Group (China), in action against the enemy on 21 August 1945, during a junk engagement. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 15, 1922 at Albemarle, North Carolina

REIDY, THOMAS HAMIL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Hamil Reidy, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VF-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

REISER, FRANK J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank J. Reiser, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. SANGAMON (CVE-26), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle off Samar on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. When our escort carriers were under attack by heavy units of the Japanese Fleet, Lieutenant Commander Reiser led a group of six fighter planes in a strafing and bombing attack against the enemy force and, pressing home his attack despite intense and accurate antiaircraft fire, contributed materially to the forced retirement of the enemy warships. His airmanship, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 11, 1918 at Paris, France
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia

REISERER, RUSSELL LAWRENCE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Russell Lawrence Reiserer, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 19 October 1944, while deployed over the Marianas. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 22, 1919 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Redwood City, California

*REISERT, JACOB MATTHEW
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Jacob Matthew Reisert (0-112629), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Division Leader in Air Group THIRTY (AG-30), embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Shoto Islands on 1 March 1945. Lieutenant Reisert skillfully maneuvered his division for a fierce attack on hostile warships off Ishigaki Jima, in the Nansei Shoto, on 1 March 1943. Despite terrific antiaircraft fire he obtained a direct hit on the forecastle of an enemy destroyer as well as a very near miss alongside. Although severely wounded when his plane was seriously damaged by an exploding shell, he remained a the controls of his crippled bomber until a rescue ship was reached approximately two hours later. After his two air crewmen had parachuted and were taken safe on board the surface craft he parachuted himself, but was unable to release the parachute. Lieutenant Reisert's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 344 (November 1945)
Born: February 2, 1921 at Valley Stream, Long Island, New York
Home Town: Valley Stream, Long Island, New York

*RENTZ, GEORGE S.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George S. Rentz, Commander (Chaplain), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Navy Chaplain, serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. HOUSTON (CA-30), in action against the enemy on 28 February 1942, in the South Pacific War Area. On that date Chaplain Rentz survived the sinking of the HOUSTON, but gave his place on a spare Seaplane float and his life jacket to others of the crew, as they awaited their fate in the Java Sea at night. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

REYMANN, CLEMENT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clement L. Reymann, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-THREE (VT-23), embarked from the U.S.S. LANGLEY (CV-27), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Participating in a strike on major units of the Japanese fleet despite adverse weather conditions and hostile antiaircraft fire, Ensign Reymann attacked a light cruiser, scoring a direct torpedo hit which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. His airmanship, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. Ensign Reymann's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 343 (October 1945)

REYNOLDS, LUTHER KENDRICK
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Luther Kendrick Reynolds, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. CHARLES AUSBURNE (DD-570), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces at Empress Augusta Bay, off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on the night of 1 - 2 November 1943. With his Task Force engaging a Japanese surface force of superior fire power, Commander Reynolds sought out and engaged six Japanese warships, pressing home vigorous and unrelenting attacks. He hurled the full fighting strength of his ship against the enemy and, by his inspiring leadership and skilled combat tactics, evoked the indomitable fighting spirit which enabled his officers and men to contribute materially to the sinking of four ships and the serious damaging of two others, thereby aiding in the establishment of our beachhead on Bougainville Island. Commander Reynolds' inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 21, 1905 at Walter Valley, Mississippi
Home Town: Walter Valley, Mississippi
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

REYNOLDS, LUTHER KENDRICK
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Luther Kendrick Reynolds, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. CHARLES AUSBURNE (DD-570), in action against the enemy on 24 and 25 November 1943, in the Solomon Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: August 21, 1905 at Walter Valley, Mississippi
Home Town: Walter Valley, Mississippi
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RHEINDT, ROBERT LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Lee Rheindt, Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. McFARLAND (DD-237), in action against the enemy when his vessel was attacked by nine enemy dive bombers while unloading cargo and embarking wounded personnel in Lunga Roads, Guadalcanal, on 16 October 1942. When enemy bombers dove at our vessels loaded with gasoline and explosives, Boatswain's Mate Second Class Rheindt, standing by in a landing boat, saw a bomb hit a barge carrying aviation gasoline, which immediately burst into flames. Observing men covered with blazing oil, he unhesitatingly maneuvered his boat through smoke and flames near the furiously burning barge and rescued six men before the intense heat and spread of the flames drove him off. On 16 October, McFarland was unloading cargo and embarking wounded personnel in Lunga Roads when she was attacked by nine dive bombers. While the first seven scored no hits, the eighth hit a gasoline barge in tow alongside the tender's starboard quarter. The blazing barge was cut loose as the ninth plane made its run.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: February 18, 1921 at Alliance, Ohio
Home Town: Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio

RHODES, RALPH L. A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph L. A. Rhodes, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sulu Sea in the Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Flying to extreme range from his carrier against major units of the fleet in the Philippine Islands area, Lieutenant Rhodes pressed home his attack despite intense anti-aircraft fire in utter disregard of his own safety and scored a direct hit on an enemy battleship. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: January 6, 1916 at New York, New York
Home Town: Pelham, New York

RICE, ROBERT H.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert H. Rice, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. DRUM (SS-228), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 17 April 1942 to 12 June 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Rice brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 17, 1903 at Pittsfield, Massachusetts
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RICE, ROBERT H.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert H. Rice, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. DRUM (SS-228), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 September 1942 to 8 November 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Rice brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 17, 1903 at Pittsfield, Massachusetts
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RICH, RALPH MCMASTER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ralph McMaster Rich (0-084139), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. As leader of a section of fighters in an escort group toward the main Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Rich maintained continuous flight over enemy naval units for one hour, assuring United States dive bombers an unmolested approach. Later the same day as a member of a combat patrol he shot down in flames a Japanese Torpedo Plane approaching the U.S.S. YORKTOWN. Ensign Rich's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: January 22, 1916 at Renmare, North Dakota
Home Town: Minneapolis, Minnesota

RICHARDS, ALFRED HUMPHREYS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alfred Humphreys Richards, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a Minesweeper Group during the amphibious assault at Anzio, Italy, on 22 January 1944. Although in ill health from his strenuous duties, Commander Richards skillfully trained and supervised the activities of personnel and maintained the equipment of twenty-three minesweepers and escorts during landing operations in this vital area. Hampered by darkness and intermittent gunfire attacks from hostile shore batteries, he fearlessly led his group into heavily mined enemy waters and, by expert control and navigation, quickly cleared approach channels for transportation and gunfire support ships. Commander Richards was an inspiration to the officers and men of the minesweeping group and contributed materially to the success of the landings at Anzio. His throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: July 22, 1901 at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: Columbus, Ohio

RICHARDS, KENNETH GORDON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Gordon Richards, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron FORTY-NINE (VT-49), embarked from the SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), and deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*RIDGEWAY, EARL D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Earl D. Ridgeway, Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman on board the LSM(R), ONE HUNDRED NINETY-FOUR (LSM(R)-194), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, on 4 May 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Ridgeway undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Home Town: Traverse City, Michigan

RIDUKA, FRANK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank Riduka, Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. SMITH (DD-378), in action against the enemy during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: September 16, 1913 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Pittsfield, Massachusetts

RIERA, ROBERT EMMETT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Emmett Riera, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Bomber and Squadron Commander in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 and 25 October 1944. On 24 October, leading his squadron on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Lieutenant Commander Riera defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to lead his division low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. The following day he again led his division against an aircraft carrier in the face of a withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release their bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Commander Riera and the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 30, 1912 at Pensacola, Florida
Home Town: Pensacola, Florida

RIES, ROBERT E., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert E. Ries, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action on 24 August 1942, while deployed in the Solomon Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 25, 1919 at Richmond Heights, Missouri
Home Town: Decatur, Illinois

RIGG, JAMES FRANCIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Francis Rigg, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands on 12 September 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 18, 1915 at Saginaw, Michigan
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

RIGGS, CECIL D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cecil D. Riggs, Lieutenant Commander (MC), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as a Medical Officer at Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor, during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Despite the severe enemy bombing and strafing of the Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor, Lieutenant Commander Riggs, on duty at the time, immediately reorganized the medical facilities available to care for the many wounded men arriving at the station from the damaged ships. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Riggs saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 24, 1906 at Santa Rosa, New Mexico
Home Town: Louisville, Kentucky

RIGGS, RALPH SMITH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Smith Riggs, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a Destroyer Squadron during the action against enemy naval forces off the Komandorski Islands on 26 March 1943. Captain Riggs, with brilliant leadership, engaged in a fierce running battle for three and one-half hours. His bold attack against a Japanese force, twice the strength of his own, was a deciding factor in thwarting the enemy's attempt to deliver urgently needed supplies to troops in the Aleutian Islands. Captain Riggs' conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: June 20, 1895 at Paris, Texas
Home Town: Amarillo, Texas

RILE, FRANK H., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank H. Rile, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. SMITH (DD-378), in action against the enemy during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. Lieutenant Rile's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: May 6, 1916 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Sellersville, Pennsylvania

RILEY, GEORGE B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George B. Riley, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RILEY, JOSEPH ARCHER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Archer Riley, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against the enemy on 7 May 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: May 17, 1920 at Breckenridge, Minnesota
Home Town: Wahpeton, North Dakota

*RILEY, PAUL JAMES (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Paul James Riley (0-078730), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a vigorous and intensive assault against the Japanese invasion fleet, Lieutenant Riley pressed home his attack with relentless determination in the face of a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The unprecedented conditions under which his squadron launched its offensive were so exceptional that it is highly improbably the occasion may ever recur where other pilots of the service will be called upon to demonstrate an equal degree of gallantry and fortitude. His extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and his loyal conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: April 12, 1913 at Hot Springs, Arkansas
Home Town: Hot Springs, Arkansas

RILEY, ROBERT G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert G. Riley, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Ensign Riley contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 10, 1921 at Buckcreek, Indiana
Home Town: Lafayette, Indiana

RINDSKOPF, MAURICE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Maurice H. Rindskopf, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. DRUM (SS-228), on the ELEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 9 September 1944 to 8 November 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Luzon Straits in the Philippine Islands. Through his daring, aggressive spirit and tenacity, Commander Rindskopf skillfully launched well-planned and smartly executed attacks which resulted in the sinking of enemy ships totaling over 24,000 tons and in damaging additional vessels totaling over 8,000 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Rindskopf brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: September 27, 1917 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Jamaica, Long Island, New York

RINER, JAMES AUSTIN, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Austin Riner, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VB-82), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RING, STANHOPE COTTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanhope Cotton Ring, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Group Commander of Air Group EIGHT (AG-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the Battle of Midway on 6 June 1942. Commander Ring led his carrier air group against enemy cruisers and destroyers, coolly and methodically, in the face of heavy antiaircraft fire. Without regard for his own safety, he drove home a successful attack on the enemy carriers. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: October 13, 1902 at Norfolk, Virginia
Home Town: Coronado, California

*RINGNESS, HENRY RAYMOND
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Henry Raymond Ringness, Lieutenant (MC), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Flight Surgeon of Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal on the night of 13 - 14 October 1942. When a hostile task force moved in off our beachhead and commenced a vigorous bombardment of the island airfield, Lieutenant Ringness, trapped in a foxhole in the camp area by the sporadic bursting of shells, was mortally wounded by a near miss which killed four of his companions and wounded four others. Although completely paralyzed in the lower half of his body and suffering great pain because of his immobility, he persisted in administering morphine and blood plasma to wounded personnel until he was finally evacuated to a base hospital. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Ringness saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: August 17, 1912 at Morris, Minnesota
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

*RISING, WILLIAM STARLING, III
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Starling Rising, III, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home his attack to low altitude in the face of accurate and intense antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rising succeeded in scoring one of eight direct hits upon a Japanese aircraft carrier of CHITOSE class, in a strike so effectively disposed that the resulting successive hits upon this ship caused it's almost immediate sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rising contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: January 29, 1920 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

RISSER, ROBERT DUNLAP
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Dunlap Risser, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. FLYING FISH (SS-229), on the TWELFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 May 1945 to 4 July 1945, in enemy controlled waters in the Sea of Japan. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Risser brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RITCHIE, JAMES
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Ritchie, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron THIRTY-SEVEN (VC-37), embarked from the U.S.S. SANGAMON (CVE-26), in operations against superior enemy surface units threatening our forces in near Samar in the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. His outstanding conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 16, 1921 at Scotland Home Town: San Pedro, California

RITTER, FREDERICK HENRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Henry Ritter, Chief Electrician's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action during the attack on the Light Cruiser U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), by Japanese enemy bombers on 4 February 1942. Chief Electrician's Mate Ritter demonstrated extraordinary devotion to duty in directing and assisting in the repair and maintenance of temporary lighting, power and communications circuits. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: August 20, 1902 at El Paso, Illinois
Home Town: Bloomington, Illinois

 

ROACH, FRED BURR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Fred Burr Roach, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-FOUR (VT-44), embarked from the U.S.S. LANGLEY (CV-27), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 22, 1923 at Natick, Massachusetts
Home Town: Dover, Massachusetts

ROBB, JAMES WILLIAM, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James William Robb, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of an airplane, and for extraordinary courage and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on 7 December 1941. Although contact with the enemy meant almost certain destruction and despite the lack of any armament in this type plane, Lieutenant Robb voluntarily piloted a JRS amphibian plane equipped only with Springfield rifles, in search for and to obtain information of the enemy forces. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Robb's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 13, 1912 at Staten Island, New York
Home Town: Port Richmond, Staten Island, New York

ROBBINS, BERTON ALDRICH, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Berton Aldrich Robbins, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. LEUTZE (DD-481), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Robbins' high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 27, 1908 at Far Rockaway, Long Island, New York
Home Town: Malden, Massachusetts

ROBBINS, ORME CAMPBELL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Orme Campbell Robbins, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. STERLET (SS-392), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 18 September 1944 to 30 November 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Robbins brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 10, 1913 at Selma, Alabama
Home Town: Selma, Alabama

ROBERTS, DAVID WELLS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Wells Roberts, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. HOUSTON (CA-30), in action against the enemy on 28 February and 1 March 1942, at Sunda Strait. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

ROBERTS, HOWARD STOWE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard Stowe Roberts, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FOURTEEN (VB-14, embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), while participating in an aerial attack against a Japanese task force on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Sea. Lieutenant Commander Roberts' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and disregard of personal safety was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 28, 1914 at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Home Town: Whittier, California

*ROBERTS, JOHN QUINCY (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Quincy Roberts (0-098666), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Roberts, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: September 2, 1914 at Boaz, Alabama
Home Town: Birmingham, Alabama

ROBERTS, JOHN SUMMERFIELD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Summerfield Roberts, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. BOISE (CL-47), in action against the enemy Japanese fleet at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Captain Roberts skillfully maneuvered the BOISE into advantageous striking position with cruiser units deployed in a flanking maneuver, as tactically disposed destroyer units initiated a series of deadly torpedo attacks against a formidable column of Japanese battleships, cruisers and destroyers advancing under cover of darkness. He directed his powerful gun batteries with precise timing in a sudden, coordinated attack, delivering a smashing naval bombardment, surprising the enemy and putting him to rout. Subsequently retiring from the furious engagement which resulted in the sinking of two Japanese battleships and three destroyers, Captain Roberts forceful leadership, brilliant professional ability, and indomitable determination in the face of tremendous odds, contributed essentially to the decisive defeat of an aggressive enemy force. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Captain Roberts' high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: October 30, 1892 at Danville, Kentucky
Home Town: Newport News, Virginia

*ROBERTS, RAYMOND MURAL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Raymond Mural Roberts, Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Acting Gun Captain on board the Battleship U.S.S. COLORADO (BB-45), in action against the enemy during operations in support of the invasion of Tinian Island in the Marianas on 24 July 1944. Seaman First Class Roberts was steadfast and alert at his new station, bringing his weapon into action against a pounding barrage from hostile shore batteries. Although seriously wounded in the face by a hail of shell fragments early in the engagement, he courageously remained at his post and fired his gun with fierce determination until a second shower of fragments caused him to fall to the deck, mortally wounded. Even then, he stoically refused help for himself and ordered his men to keep firing. By his unwavering devotion to duty and great personal valor, Seaman First Class Roberts was an example and inspiration to his comrades. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: January 2, 1923 at Lemoore, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California

*ROBERTS, SAMUEL BOOKER, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Samuel Booker Roberts, Jr., Coxswain, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Cargo Ship U.S.S. BELLATRIX (AK-20), in action against the enemy as a volunteer member of a Higgins Boat used in the evacuation of a group of Marines from a beachhead on Guadalcanal in the British Solomon Islands, on 27 September 1942. Coxswain Roberts' conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: May 12, 1921 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: Portland, Oregon

ROBERTS, WILBUR EDISON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilbur Edison Roberts, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti- aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Roberts, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 17, 1915 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Highland Park, Michigan

ROBERTS, WILLIAM RUSSELL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Russell Roberts, Radioman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on 7 December 1941. As radioman-gunner of a battleship Scout Plane returning to Pearl Harbor after a search mission, Radioman Second Class Roberts attempted to save the life of pilot, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, J. B. Ginn, USN. Crashing eight miles offshore, both men were rendered unconscious. Radioman Second Class Roberts recovered and freed Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Ginn. Repeatedly diving, despite cuts and bruises, one almost drowning when he became entangled, he obtained the inflatable rubber life raft. He placed the unconscious Ginn on a wing float. Towing the pilot, he paddled to shore where a large breaker capsized the float. He located Ginn, who had been lost in the surf, dragged him ashore and started for aid. An Army patrol took them to a hospital where the pilot died. Roberts' lacerated head required fifteen stitches. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: July 4, 1920 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Patuxent River, Maryland

*ROBERTSON, CHARLES A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles A. Robertson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sulu Sea in the Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 25, 1920 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Bala-Cynwyd, Pennsylvania

ROBINSON, ARTHUR GRANVILLE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur Granville Robinson, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), during an engagement with superior enemy forces on 4 February 1942, during which his ship suffered severe damage. Captain Robinson engaged the attacking force of Japanese bombing planes, destroyed two enemy planes, and saved his badly damaged and crippled ship. The conduct of Captain Robinson throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 21, 1892 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

ROBISON, CARL F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carl F. Robison, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. LCI (L) ONE, in action against enemy forces during the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily on 10 July 1943. Although his ship broached under pounding by the heavy surf while attempting an extremely hazardous landing on Caffi Beach in the face of tremendous opposition from hostile shore batteries, Lieutenant Robison returned the enemy fire with cool courage and tenacious determination, relenting only when his supply of ammunition became exhausted. Through his gallant efforts, maintained despite imminent personal danger, he enabled the embarked attack troops to effect a successful landing. The conduct of Lieutenant Robison throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: May 26, 1908 at Watertown, New York
Home Town: Richmond, Virginia

ROBISON, CHARLES W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles W. Robison, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THIRTY-ONE (VF-31), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*ROCHE, DAVID JOHN (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to David John Roche (0-084010), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Ensign Roche, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: December 2, 1918 at Hibbing, Minnesota
Home Town: Hibbing, Minnesota

ROCK, JOHN R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John R. Rock, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of Naval Scout Boat LCT ONE HUNDRED NINETY-FIVE (LCT-195), during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rock, observing that LCT-305 was in sinking condition, with the Officer In Charge severely wounded, directed the evacuation of the stricken officer and leaving his own ship in command of his assistant, boarded the sinking craft to successfully beach it, and discharge its load. He further displayed courage and heroism when after the craft was hit and completely disabled by enemy shells, he swam ashore for medical assistance, despite the handicap of a broken arm sustained as a result of the concussion from enemy fire. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rock throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Born: June 20, 1916 at Marysville, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California

ROCKWELL, DEAN LADRATH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dean Ladrath Rockwell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Group Commander of LCT Scout Boats carrying tanks to the beaches during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rockwell, in the face of very heavy enemy fire, discharged the tanks on the ground. By quick and sound decision he was able to land all these tanks at the correct spot and, by skillful handling, incurred only a minimum of damage to his ships. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rockwell throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 25, 1912 at Cass County, Michigan
Home Town: East Detroit, Michigan

ROCKWELL, JOHN H., JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John H. Rockwell, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

ROCKWELL, JOHN H., JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to John H. Rockwell, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RODEE, WALTER FRED
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter Fred Rodee, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Group Commander of Air Group EIGHT (AG-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the engagement with enemy Japanese naval and air forces near the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 29, 1904 at Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Home Town: Tucson, Arizona

RODENBURG, EUGENE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene E. Rodenburg, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Rodenburg pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy carrier, scoring a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and rendering valiant assistance in sinking a major unit of the Japanese Fleet. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 17, 1920 at Hebron, Nebraska
Home Town: Deshler, Nebraska

RODGERS, BERTRAM JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bertram Joseph Rodgers, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SALT LAKE CITY (CA-25), during operations in the Aleutian Islands on 26 March 1943. During a 3 1/2-hour engagement with an enemy force of far greater strength, Captain Rodgers handled his cruiser with such excellent judgment and skill that she was able to inflict severe damage on one heavy cruiser and lesser damage on another heavy, and a light cruiser. His outstanding achievement contributed to the withdrawal of the Japanese force and frustrated their desperate attempt to reinforce troops in the Aleutian Islands. Captain Rodgers' conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: March 18, 1894 at Knoxville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

ROEBUCK, GERALD EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gerald Edward Roebuck, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Company Corpsman with the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during an engagement with enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 - 14 September 1942. When his company was almost completely surrounded by the Japanese and under attack from all directions, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Roebuck, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, constantly exposed himself to enemy fire to care for and evacuate the wounded. As a result of his dauntless courage and outstanding devotion to duty, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Roebuck undoubtedly saved the lives of many of the injured who otherwise might have perished. His courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: July 26, 1923 at Birmingham, Alabama
Home Town: Birmingham, Alabama

ROGERS, WILLIAM R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William R. Rogers, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Honshu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

ROHE, MAX ELLIOTT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Max Elliott Rohe, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VF-81), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action on 17 February 1945, while deployed over Tokyo Bay. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 21, 1917 at Kenmake, North Dakota
Home Town: Mirando City, Texas

*ROLF, ROBERT W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert W. Rolf, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of an Infantry Landing Craft LCI(L), during the initial landing operations against Japanese-occupied Lae, New Guinea, on 4 September 1943. After skillfully landing his crippled landing craft, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rolf personally led a party in extinguishing numerous fires aboard and continued dangerous tasks under repeated Japanese strafing and bombing attacks until he was killed under fire. His inspiring leadership saved his ship for his country. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rolf's exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: August 26, 1914 at Rock Island, Illinois
Home Town: Rock Island, Illinois

*ROMBACH, SEVRIN LOUIS (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Sevrin Louis Rombach (0-083164), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a vigorous and intensive assault against the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Rombach pressed home his attack with relentless determination in the face of a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The unprecedented conditions under which his squadron launched its offensive were so exceptional that it is highly improbably the occasion may ever recur where other pilots of the service will be called upon to demonstrate an equal degree of gallantry and fortitude. His extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and his loyal conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: November 26, 1914 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio

ROMBERGER, WILLIAM MELVIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Melvin Romberger, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SEVENTEEN (VT-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 16, 1916 at Elizabethville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Sunbury, Pennsylvania

ROMOSER, WILLIAM KILLAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Killan Romoser, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. RADFORD (DD-446), during operations in Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, on 4 - 6 July 1943. While in a taskforce supporting troop landings at New Georgia Island, Commander Romoser cleverly covered these vital activities by accurate screening, and effectively silenced enemy shore batteries. After refueling his ship, he rejoined the task force group to participate in an engagement with a numerically superior enemy force, continuing his performance until all hostile vessels were destroyed, or severely crippled. When a cruiser of his group was discovered to be sunk, Commander Romoser returned to the scene with another destroyer to save 440 survivors. Forced to abandon these efforts, he lad a further attack and sank two more enemy vessels and damaged a third. Commander Romoser's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: July 21, 1903 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland

ROPER, CLIFFORD H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clifford H. Roper, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), after the torpedoing of his ship in enemy-controlled waters during the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. Captain Roper fought his ship with skill and determination, contributing in large measure to the destruction of all enemy vessels within gun range. His inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)
Born: October 16, 1894 at Napa, California
Home Town: Berkeley, California

RORMAN, WAYNE DARIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wayne Daris Rorman, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Liberator Search Plane in Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWO (VB-102), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the South Pacific War Area, on 27 March 1945. Undaunted by intense hostile anti- aircraft fire, Lieutenant Rorman courageously pressed home a daring and determined low-level bombing attack to destroy a heavily-armed enemy picket boat. With his plane severely damaged by fire from the hostile craft, he exercised brilliant airmanship in bringing his plane safe to base. By his courage, gallant fighting spirit and devotion to duty, Lieutenant Rorman upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 344 (November 1945)
Home Town: Blue Earth, Minnesota

ROSENBLOOM, ALVIN ELLIOTT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alvin Elliott Rosenbloom, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat THREE HUNDRED FORTY-EIGHT (LCI(G)-348), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rosenbloom's exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

ROSENDAHL, CHARLES EMERY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Emery Rosendahl, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. MINNEAPOLIS (CA-36), during the action in enemy-controlled waters at the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. Captain Rosendahl fought his ship with skill and determination, contributing in large measure to the destruction of all enemy vessels within gun range. His inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: May 15, 1892 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Cleburne, Texas

ROSS, GUIFORD NEELY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Guiford Neely Ross, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

ROSS, MELVILLE TALBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Melville Talbert Ross, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 24 March 1945, while deployed over the Central Philippines. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 1, 1920 at Seminary, Mississippi
Home Town: Seminary, Mississippi

ROSS, PHILIP HAROLD
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Philip Harold Ross, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HALIBUT (SS-232), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine November 1943 to January 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Ross brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 19, 1905 at Kenai, Alaska
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

ROSS, PHILIP HAROLD
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Philip Harold Ross, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HALIBUT (SS-232), on a War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Ross brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 19, 1905 at Kenai, Alaska
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

ROSS, ROBERT P.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert P. Ross, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Naval Base, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

ROSS, WILLIAM THOMAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Thomas Ross, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Ensign Ross defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Ensign Ross and the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 4, 1916 at Birmingham, Alabama
Home Town: Roselle Park, Alabama

ROSSI, HERMAN JOSEPH, JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herman Joseph Rossi, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane of Fighting Squadron NINETEEN (VF-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant Rossi's inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 2, 1918 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Wallace, Idaho
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

ROSSI, HERMAN JOSEPH, JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Herman Joseph Rossi, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against the enemy from 12 October 1944 to 5 November 1944, in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 2, 1918 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Wallace, Idaho
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*ROTH, EGBERT ADOLPH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Egbert Adolph Roth, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Minesweeper U.S.S. TANAGER (AM-5), in action against the enemy from 7 December 1941 through 18 March 1942, in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: December 10, 1905 at Hebron, North Dakota
Home Town: San Francisco, California

ROTHENBERG, ALLAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Allan Rothenberg, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Seaplane in Patrol Squadron FIFTY-ONE (VP-51), in the Solomon Islands Area on 16 October and 20 October 1942. Skillfully locating a hostile cruiser off Santa Cruz Islands in the misty darkness of early morning on 16 October 1942, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rothenberg, on his first attack, swept too close to the vessel for a release which would arm his torpedo. Coming back in a determined second run, he defied a tremendous hail of anti-aircraft fire to score a direct hit on the enemy ship. On 20 October 1942, off Guadalcanal, he located and attacked two other Japanese cruisers through a deadly screen of bursting shell, leaving one badly damaged and lying dead in the water. His superb airmanship and courageous initiative, maintained with utter disregard of personal safety, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 16, 1918 at Newark, New Jersey
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

ROUZEE, GEORGE M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George M. Rouzee, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

ROWE, JOHN BENNETT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Bennett Rowe, Lieutenant Commander (MC), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as a Medical Officer of the Escort Carrier U.S.S. LISCOME BAY (CVE-56), when that vessel was sunk near Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands on 24 November 1943. When the U.S.S. LISCOME BAY was struck by a torpedo, Lieutenant Commander Rowe displayed great courage and zeal in treating and evacuating wounded personnel from the ship. After getting in the water he continued his efforts to save personnel, in one instance attempting artificial respiration. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Rowe saved many lives from certain death. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 333 (December 1944)
Born: February 26, 1914 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Milford, Michigan

*ROWLEY, JOHN WINDSOR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Windsor Rowley, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Plane embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), on 4 and 7 May 1942, during the Battles of Tulagi of the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 17, 1917 at Hawks Park, Florida
Home Town: New Smyrna, Florida

RUBEL, DAVID MICHAEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Michael Rubel, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer aboard the Destroyer U.S.S. AARON WARD (DD-483), during action against enemy Japanese forces in support of operations at Okinawa Gunto, 3 May 1945. With his ship subjected to a series of intense Japanese suicide aerial attacks, Lieutenant Commander Rubel directed his five-inch gun crews in sending up deadly barrages of anti-aircraft shells against the plunging hostile planes and, maintaining throughout a high standard of fighting efficiency despite personnel casualties and extensive damage to his guns and equipment, succeeded in blasting four of the enemy out of the sky and in damaging many more. Meeting every threat to his vessel and every adverse situation on board with unfailing aggressiveness and indomitable spirit, Lieutenant Commander Rubel led his men in disrupting repeated Japanese attacks and, in addition, organized and directed fire-fighting activities, extinguishing a blazing fire which endangered the magazines. His fearless leadership, great personal courage and unwavering devotion to duty during a long and terrific engagement with enemy suicide aircraft were inspiring to the officers and men of his ship and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Commander Rubel and the United States Naval Service.

RUBIN, JOESPH A., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joesph A. Rubin, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Commander Rubin's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*RUCHAMKIN, SEYMAN D. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Seyman D. Ruchamkin, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as First Lieutenant on board the Destroyer U.S.S. Cushing (DD-376), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. After several hits amidships, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Ruchamkin efficiently directed the fighting of fires and the efforts to control damage aboard the warship on which he served as First Lieutenant, while under vigorous bombardment by hostile naval units. Having led his party to an area below decks to extinguish flames which were raging there, he never returned. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Ruchamkin throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: February 7, 1918 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

RUDDOCK, THEODORE DAVIS, JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Theodore Davis Ruddock, Jr., Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Battleship Division FOUR, in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet at the Surigao Straits during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. With his division placed in the strategic T-formation, Rear Admiral Ruddock directed shattering broadsides against a formidable column of Japanese warships. Before they could return effective fire, two enemy battleships and three destroyers were annihilated. Rear Admiral Ruddock's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: December 23, 1892 at Anderson, South Carolina
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RUDDOCK, THEODORE DAVIS, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Theodore Davis Ruddock, Jr., Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Group 77.12, during operations in support of the assault and landings at Mindoro in the Philippine Islands during the period 12 to 17 December 1944. Rear Admiral Ruddock held his battleships, escort carriers, cruisers and destroyers to an undeviating course through the dangerous waters of the Mindanao and Sulu seas and, within easy striking distance of about 600 hostile aircraft. Fighting off savage aerial onslaughts, he directed a continuous, accurate bombardment of coastal defenses, providing effective protection for our ground forces throughout the landing operations. Rear Admiral Ruddock's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: December 23, 1892 at Anderson, South Carolina
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RUDDY, JOSEPH A., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph A. Ruddy, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Escort Scouting Squadron TWENTY-NINE (VS-29), embarked from the U.S.S. SANTEE (ACV-9), during the occupation of French Morocco, from 8 to 11 November 1942. In order to obtain accurate and vital information concerning hostile operations at the Marrakech airdrome, Lieutenant Commander Ruddy, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, set out upon a hazardous reconnaissance flight over the area at an extremely low altitude. Although his plane was hit during a fierce concentration of gunfire, he made a second approach on the airdrome and scored a direct bomb hit on the hangar. Later, when enemy troops lay in ambush ahead of advancing United States forces, he searched for and led an effective aerial attack against their threatening positions.
Born: May 29, 1908 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

RUNK, THEODORE WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Theodore William Runk, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. LAFFEY (DD-459), in action against the enemy on 16 April 1945, at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

RUNYAN, JOSEPH WAYNE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Wayne Runyan, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron ONE (VB-1), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CVL-10), while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Commander Runyan contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RUNYON, DONALD E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald E. Runyon, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Section Leader of Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands. On 7 August 1942, despite tremendous counter fire from hostile fighters, Ensign Runyon shot down two Japanese dive bombers. On the following day, again facing hostile opposition, with superb airmanship the valiantly attacked and shot down one twin-engine Japanese Torpedo Plane and one Zero-type fighter airplane. Ensign Runyon's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: June 26, 1913 at Fairmount, Illinois
Home Town: La Jolla, California

RUSH, CHARLES W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles W. Rush, Captain [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as Chief Engineer and Diving Officer on board U.S.S. BULLFISH (SS-286), during a combat war patrol in the enemy controlled waters of Makassar Strait on 11 November 1943. When an extremely severe depth charge attack incapacitated the Captain and all officers senior to Captain Rush, with cool courage and outstanding professionalism he directed the damage control efforts directly responsible for saving the ship. The sustained accurate attacks caused major leaking through the stern tubes and various hull fittings and, it was later discovered, actually ruptured the pressure hull aft. Calling on his prior extensive combat experience, Captain Rush was able to maintain the submarine at 580 feet, almost 170 feet below her test depth, and prevent her sinking further to crush depth. During 12 straight exhaustive hours at his Diving Officer post, his calm demeanor, innovative damage control actions, and demonstrated courage in the face of perceived certain disaster served as a major inspiration to the crew to keep them functioning after most had given up all hope of survival. After finally being relieved by another officer, Captain Rush proceeded to the conning tower to assess the situation. He found the helm unmanned, the Captain and all senior officers still incapacitated, and no effective action being taken to counter the relentless depth charge attacks. Captain Rush, in a display of enlightened leadership, immediately assumed the conn, obtained a helmsman, and proceeded to direct evasive actions to elude the enemy above. Hearing the continuing explosions astern and reasoning that explosions close to the fuel ballast tanks had caused oil leaks that enabled the enemy ship to track the submarine's path, he then performed an innovative maneuver which resulted in the submarine retracing its own path in the opposite direction to pass under the old oil slicks. This so confused the enemy that they lost contact with the Billfish, and Captain Rush was able to bring her to the surface after dark some four hours later, safely distant from the enemy now searching astern in a vain attempt to regain contact. He commenced recharging the depleted batteries with the single operable engine-generator, and as more machinery was repaired, he enhanced the propulsion capability and effected a successful escape from the scene. Captain Rush's inspiring and exceptional performance of duty under the worst imaginable conditions and in the face of seemingly certain death were directly responsible for saving Billfish and all hands from loss and for restoring the shattered confidence of the crew. By his courageous actions, superb leadership, and loyal dedication to duty, Captain Rush reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RUSHING, ROY WARRICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy Warrick Rushing, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. With the support of his Section Leader, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rushing attacked a formation of 40 enemy fighter planes and shot down six of the enemy planes in flames, probably destroying two others. His actions effectively broke up the enemy formation and prevented an attack upon our surface forces. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Rushing's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: December 15, 1921 at Macon, Missouri
Home Town: McGehee, Arkansas

RUSSELL, JOHN B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John B. Russell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THIRTY-ONE (VT-31), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Russell's expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Born: December 26, 1915 at Portsmouth, Ohio
Home Town: Portsmouth, Ohio

RUSSELL, RICHARD WINSLOW
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Winslow Russell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron ELEVEN (VT-11), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 7, 1917 at Somerville, Massachusetts
Home Town: Medford, Massachusetts

RUTH, WESLEY H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wesley H. Ruth, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of an airplane, and for extraordinary courage and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on 7 December 1941. Although contact with the enemy meant almost certain destruction and despite lack of armament in this type of plane, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Ruth voluntarily piloted a JRS amphibian plane, with only Springfield rifles, in search of and to obtain information of the enemy forces. At a point two hundred miles north of Oahu, Lieutenant Ruth did contact an enemy aircraft and only through prompt and extremely skillful handling of his plane did he succeed in escaping and returning to Pearl Harbor. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Ruth's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 6, 1913 at DeSmet, South Dakota
Home Town: Jackson, Minnesota

RUZICKA, LUMIR, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lumir Ruzicka, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VFB-85), embarked from the U.S.S. SHANGRI-LA (CV-38), in action on 20 July 1944, while deployed in the Pacific War Area His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 22, 1921 at Lindsay, Nebraska
Home Town: Lindsay, Nebraska

RYAN, FRANCIS XAVIER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis Xavier Ryan, Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving on board the U.S.S. HARDER (SS-257), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 March 1944 to 20 April 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific Area. On 1 April 1944, during that war patrol, Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class Ryan served as a member of a volunteer rescue team dispatched from the HARDER to an enemy held island to rescue a naval aviator whose plane had been shot down. Although fully aware that unforeseen circumstance might result in the forced abandonment of the entire party, Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class Ryan courageously fought his way through the breakers and a coral reef despite dangerous hostile sniper fire and locating the exhausted aviator, succeeded in bringing him back to Harder. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 331 (October 1944)
Born: July 2, 1916 at New York, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

RYAN, THOMAS JOHN, JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas John Ryan, Jr., Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Squadron TWELVE, during the initial assault on Rendova Island on 30 June 1943. Captain Ryan covered landing troop movements and, despite repeated attacks by hostile aircraft, directed his ships so as to avoid any damage either to them or to the transports he covered. Captain Ryan's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 322 (January 1944)
Born: August 5, 1901 at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: New Rochelle, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

RYAN, THOMAS JOHN, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Thomas John Ryan, Jr., Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Squadron TWELVE, in offensive action at Kula Gulf on 8 - 9 July 1943. Captain Ryan directed a torpedo attack on a Japanese formation and contributed materially to the destruction of four and possibly five enemy ships. Later in the same month, in a night action at Vella Lavella, his destroyer division launched another torpedo and gunfire attack, which destroyed one and damaged another Japanese destroyer and sank four large and several smaller barges. Captain Ryan's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 322 (January 1944)
Born: August 5, 1901 at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: New Rochelle, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

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