Military Times NOW hosts the HomeOfHeroes  Awards & Citations Database

 

Stories of American Heroes - Brought to you from the "Home of Heroes" - Pueblo, Colorado

Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross

 
To U.S. Marines
World War II

Navy Cross Citations USMC - World War II

A - B

C - D

E - G

H - K

L - M

N - Q

R - S

T - Z

A

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

 

ABEL, RONDO G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rondo G. Abel (331210), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Fire Team Leader of Company G, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 24 February 1945. Participating in an attack on a large pillbox which was delivering heavy and effective fire upon his company, Corporal Abel spotted an opening which had not been previously noticed. Without any covering fire, he worked himself forward until he was in a position near the embrasure and single-handedly attacked the machine gun with only his rifle and hand grenades. Although he had received a gunshot wound in his foot during his advance, he continued his heroic attack and succeeded in silencing the hostile weapon. By his initiative and unselfish courage, he enabled the remainder of his squad to continue the attack, and his intrepid spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44965 (June 19, 1945)

ADAMS, FREDERICK LOUIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Louis Adams (244223), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Third Tank Platoon, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, from 26 to 28 December 1943. Courageously exposing himself to severe, persistent hostile fire, Gunnery Sergeant Adams skillfully directed his tank with aggressive determination against enemy pillboxes during two days of fierce, incessant fighting. On 28 December he led his tank platoon in support of attacking Marine forces and, arriving at the front lines, dismounted and personally made an extremely hazardous reconnaissance to discover the location of hostile antitank guns. Placing his tank in the lead of his deployed platoon and bravely standing in the open turret, he accurately controlled the devastating fire of his tanks and, despite direct hits sustained by his own vehicle, successfully destroyed two antitank guns. Thereafter, he walked ahead of his platoon in the face of intense enemy machine-gun fire and pointed out targets for his tanks. Gunnery Sergeant Adams' inspiring leadership and great personal valor contributed materially to the subsequent destruction of enemy defenses and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 0689 (March 28, 1944)

*ADAMS, JOHN PORTER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Porter Adams (0-43751), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving as District Marine Officer, SIXTEENTH Naval District, Cavite (P.I.) Navy Yard, during the bombardment and occupation of the Philippine Islands by enemy Japanese forces beginning on 10 December 1941. Courageous and untiring under repeated and sustained hostile bombing and strafing attacks, Lieutenant Colonel Adams rendered valiant service during the gallant stand by our forces against a prolonged and determined siege by the Japanese. His inspiring leadership, outstanding fortitude and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: SPECIAL (March 7, 1942)

ADCOCK, CLINTON M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clinton M. Adcock (562230), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifleman of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. When an enemy hand grenade landed in the foxhole he shared with two companions, Private First Class Adcock courageously attempted to shield the others in a gallant effort to dispose of the grenade. Although he suffered the loss of his right hand, right eye and was seriously wounded in the side after absorbing the full blast of the explosion he seized an automatic rifle in his left hand and succeeded in killing two of the Japanese as they attacked his position. His resolute fortitude and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44965 (June 19, 1945)
Home Town: Wasilla, Alaska

*AHRENS, EDWARD HENRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Henry Ahrens (358161), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during the landing assault and seizure of enemy Japanese-held Tulagi Island, British Solomon Islands, on the night of 7 - 8 August 1942. While a member of a security detachment protecting the right flank of his battalion, Private First Class Ahrens, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, single-handed engaged in hand-to-hand combat a group of the enemy attempting to infiltrate the rear of the battalion. Although mortally wounded, he succeeded in killing the officer in command of the hostile unit and two other Japanese, thereby breaking up the attack. His great personal valor and indomitable fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the defense of his country.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 804 (March 13, 1943)
Born: November 4, 1919 at Dayton, Kentucky
Home Town: Cincinnati, Ohio

AIKEN, WILLIAM L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William L. Aiken (343021), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Gunner of a 75-mm. half-track serving with the FIRST Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese forces on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 1 January 1944. When his driver was wounded by enemy fire and lost control of the half-track, Corporal Aiken, realizing that the vehicle was moving down on a group of friendly troops and endangering their lives, unhesitatingly climbed up over the gun shield, although hostile machine-gun fire spattered continuously against the weapon, and promptly brought the half-track under control. Corporal Aiken's splendid initiative and unselfish conduct in the face of grave peril probably saved many lives and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0879 (April 18, 1944)
Home Town: Huletts Landing,, New York

*ALBAUGH, DANIEL S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Daniel S. Albaugh (549013), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Browning Automatic Rifleman serving with the First Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the seizure of Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 20 March 1945. Gallantly exposing himself to the withering barrage of enemy fire in a voluntary effort to locate the hostile position holding up the advance of his platoon, Private First Class Albaugh fired his rifle with deadly effect, causing the Japanese to disclose a concealed pillbox by their attempt to silence him. Securing a bazooka and six rounds of ammunition, he advanced to a perilous position directly in front of the enemy emplacement from which he fired three successive rounds into the strong point, silencing it completely before he was struck down, mortally wounded. By his cool courage, resourceful initiative and unwavering devotion to duty, Private First Class Albaugh made possible the continued advance of his platoon and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 32447 (April 24, 1945)
Home Town: Glendale, California

ALDRICH, DONALD N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald N. Aldrich (0-11256), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Division Leader and a Pilot of Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED FIFTEEN (VMF-215), Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands and Bismarck Archipelago Areas, from 5 January 1944 to 15 February 1944. Intercepted by vastly superior numbers of enemy aircraft while flying escort for our bombers during strikes over the strongly defended Vunakanau and Lakunai Airfields on 20 and 26 January, Captain Aldrich fought gallantly against tremendous odds, immediately plunging to the attack and destroying four of the hostile planes. Returning from an escort mission deep in enemy territory, he and his wingman observed five Zeros attacking one of the pilots of his formation parachuting from a damaged plane, and hurling themselves at the enemy with a fury that balanced the unequal odds, drove the Zeros away, enabling the pilot to make a safe landing. Disregarding severe personal wounds and damage inflicted on his plane during an escort mission over Tobera Airfield on 28 January, he continued the fierce engagement despite overwhelming aerial opposition and shot four hostile craft from the sky. Destroying a total of fifteen Japanese aircraft during this period of intense aerial operations, he contributed essentially to the protection afforded our bombers and his bold tactics and brilliant combat record reflects the highest credit upon Captain Aldrich and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 001635 (July 20, 1944)
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

ALFORD, BENNETT W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bennett W. Alford (0-30926), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader of Company G, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on the night of 12 March 1945. After his platoon had advanced three hundred yards through a rugged ravine and had lost contact with the company on its left flank which had been forced to fall back, First Lieutenant Alford steadfastly refused to relinquish the ground gained and, fully award of his precarious position, heroically exposed himself to close-range hostile mortar, grenade and small- arms fire to supervise the deployment of his men into a strong defensive position. Although a burst of point-blank enemy machine-gun fire tore into his pack, jacket and rifle, he remained in his exposed position to supervise the movement of ammunition and supplies to his men and guide the evacuation of the wounded over the difficult terrain. By his courage, coolness and determination, First Lieutenant Alford contributed materially to the success of his platoon in accomplishing a hazardous and important mission, and his conduct throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 86491-45
Home Town: , Mississippi

*ALLARD, ROBERT V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert V. Allard (262210), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a member of a volunteer boat crew in Company B, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. Fully aware of the hazards of an imminent enemy air attack, and with complete disregard for his own life, Sergeant Allard, with four others, volunteered to take a boat to a point just outside a reef and shoot a line ashore to assist in evacuating those men remaining on the beach. Caught on the sea, he was defeated in his valiant efforts by the violent strafing of his boat by withering enemy machine-gun fire. His great personal valor and loyal spirit of self-sacrifice were in keeping with the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Long Island, New York

*ALLEN, THOMAS JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas Joseph Allen (350828), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company C, First Battalion, Fourth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 23 May 1945. Volunteering to act as an ammunition carrier for a machine-gun squad in his company, Staff Sergeant Allen and three of his comrades sustained wounds when the unit was pinned down by heavy hostile mortar and automatic weapons fire. Deliberately exposing himself to the shattering Japanese concentrations to bring down more effective fire upon the enemy, he staunchly remained in his vulnerable position and, although receiving mortal wounds, continued to deliver covering fire upon the hostile positions until the three casualties had been safely evacuated. By his indomitable fighting spirit and courageous devotion to duty, Staff Sergeant Allen undoubtedly saved the lives of his three comrades and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 36935-46 (November 14, 1946)
Born: at Pennsylvania Home Town: Catasauqua, Pennsylvania

ALLEN, WALTER H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter H. Allen (284778), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader of Company H, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 22 February 1945. While leading his squad through heavy small-arms and artillery fire in an assault on a strongly defended enemy position, Sergeant Allen and his men became isolated in front of his platoon which received heavy casualties, including the Platoon Leader. With his squad vulnerable on the flanks and in the rear, he repeatedly exposed himself to the heavy fire while deploying his squad to cover the platoon front and, after contacting units on his left and right, renewed the attack on his own initiative, knocking out at least two pillboxes and many other hostile installations. He then sent word of the situation to his Company Commander and, despite additional casualties among his men, captured the enemy position and continued to advance along the platoon front until ordered to stop. His aggressive leadership, determined fighting spirit and courageous devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44533-45

*ALVORD, JOHN ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Robert Alvord (0-6020), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Section Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Leading his section in a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Captain Alvord aided in disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success of our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of the circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Captain Alvord gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of a find leader and excellent airman, in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Melrose, Massachusetts
Home Town: South Weymouth, Massachusetts

*AMUNDSON, MAURICE R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Maurice R. Amundson (0-9482), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company G, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, First Provisional Marine Brigade, Third Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 21 - 27 July 1944. A forceful and courageous leader, Captain Amundson directed his men aggressively and with expert tactical skill and, on 27 July, when his company was ordered to spearhead an attack down a narrow neck of land on Orote Peninsula through a particularly strong enemy defensive position, tenaciously kept the attack rolling by his own inspiring valor despite the heavy casualties inflicted on his company. Fearlessly exposing himself to intense hostile fire, he repeatedly moved in and out of the front lines, pointing out targets to his tanks and personally directing the placing of supporting weapons and evacuation of the wounded until he was killed while administering first aid to one of his men. Captain Amundson's indomitable fighting spirit, unselfish efforts and steadfast devotion to duty in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004334 (November 9, 1944)
Born: at Wisconsin Home Town: Cameron, Wisconsin

*ANDERBERG, MARTIN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Martin L. Anderberg (826617), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as member of a Rifle Platoon serving with the Third Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 21 February 1945. When sudden enfilading fire from a by-passed enemy pillbox to the rear inflicted three casualties in his squad after it had penetrated 300 yards into strongly fortified hostile territory, Private First Class Anderberg voluntarily risked his life in a valiant attempt to wipe out the emplacement. With the devastating fire preventing contact with his platoon and the treatment and evacuation of wounded, he boldly crawled to the entrance of the pillbox under the withering shellfire and, with bayonet fixed and weapon firing, killing six Japanese in the fierce encounter. Mortally wounded during the action, Private First Class Anderberg by his daring initiative, outstanding fortitude and grave concern for the safety of his comrades in the face of almost certain death, had enabled his squad to evacuate the casualties and rejoin its platoon. His loyal spirit of self- sacrifice and great personal valor throughout reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Anderberg and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35221 (March 4, 1946)
Home Town: Chappell, Nebraska

*ANDERSEN, CLARENCE NORMAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Clarence Norman Andersen (912046), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Guide, serving with Company C, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action on enemy Japanese-held Okinawa, Ryukyu Group, 9 May 1945. Assuming command of his platoon when the leader and sergeant had become casualties, Corporal Andersen immediately reorganized his unit and continued the attack in the face of extremely heavy machine-gun fire. When the enemy fire made further advance impossible, he ordered his men to remain in their covered positions and rushed forward of the lines to a hostile machine-gun emplacement. Silencing the enemy weapon with hand grenades, he re-crossed the open field under intense small-arms fire and destroyed a second automatic weapon before he fell, mortally wounded. By his fearless leadership and indomitable fighting spirit, Corporal Andersen enabled his platoon to continue the advance against the Japanese and his daring initiative and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 031916 (August 20, 1946)
Home Town: Littleton, Colorado

*ANDERSON, ARTHUR J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Arthur J. Anderson (374881), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Third Battalion, Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at the Asan-Adelup Beachhead, on the island of Guam in the Marianas, on the night of 25 - 26 July 1944. Taking command of the unit when his squad leader was wounded during the initial stages of attack, Corporal Anderson led his men with determined aggressiveness against a vastly outnumbering force of Japanese troops occupying a hill on the right flank of his battalion's position, continuing the bold assault until severely wounded in both legs. Ordered by his platoon leader to retire from the fierce, uneven battle, but unable to move, he consistently refused all aid and, steadfastly holding his station, directed the orderly withdrawal of his squad and evacuation of all wounded, covering the retirement with continuous, accurate rifle fire until struck and instantly killed by the enemy. An indomitable fighter, Corporal Anderson, by his intrepid initiative, resolute fortitude and great personal valor, contributed essentially to the successful withdrawal of his platoon and aided materially in averting their threatened annihilation. His self-sacrificing devotion to duty in the face of certain death reflects the highest credit upon Corporal Anderson and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 261 (September 20, 1944)
Home Town: Independence, Iowa

*ANDERSON, ELMAN A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Elman A. Anderson (290085), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the First Battalion, Eighteenth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Island of Saipan in the Marianas, on 2 July 1944. With a sector of the line pinned down by concentrated hostile fire emanating from a heavily fortified pillbox, Sergeant Anderson fearlessly advanced against the emplacement under cover of two riflemen and, while fully exposed to the enemy's intense barrage, succeeded in annihilating the machine-gun position and six Japanese riflemen. Immediately thereafter, when our hand grenades failed to silence the terrific enemy fire directed on corpsmen and accompanying riflemen advancing to care for the wounded, he steadfastly remained in his dangerously exposed position, hurling demolition charges into the area and providing effective cover for the evacuation of casualties. By his daring initiative, great personal valor and resolute determination, Sergeant Anderson enabled our troops to continue their relentless advance into enemy-held territory and contributed materially to the saving of many lives. His indomitable fortitude and self-sacrificing conduct on behalf of others reflect the highest credit upon himself and upon the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2945 (April 5, 1945)
Home Town: Brownwood, Texas

*ANDERSON, RALPH G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ralph G. Anderson (278510), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a Machine-Gun Section serving the Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, First Provisional Marine Brigade, Third Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Guam, Marianas Islands, on 27 July 1944. With his company pinned down by intense hostile machine-gun fire during a sudden, vicious attack by the Japanese, Sergeant Anderson immediately brought his guns up under the enemy's fierce opposition to deliver counterfire on the Japanese positions. When his number-one gunner was seriously wounded by mortar fire, Sergeant Anderson promptly replaced him then, valiantly exposing himself to the withering barrage, crawled to the side of the injured man and was himself mortally wounded while administering first aid to his comrade. By his daring aggressiveness, his decisive action and great personal valor in voluntarily risking his life for another, Sergeant Anderson upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004063 (January 1, 1945)
Home Town: Quincy, Florida

ANGEVINE, CLARENCE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clarence E. Angevine (355082), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 10 January 1944. When a withering, relentless hail of enemy machine-gun and sniper fire inflicted severe casualties on his platoon, Private First Class Angevine unhesitatingly made his way forward in the face of the persistent, devastating fire and, courageously risking his life, pulled five wounded men to a position of safety where medical aid could be administered. Private First Class Angevine's selfless efforts and great personal valor contributed materially to the saving the lives of his comrades and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0689 (March 28, 1944)

ANTONELLI, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John W. Antonelli (0-6450), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese Forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 16 March 1945. On 9 March, when the attack of his Battalion was stopped by extremely heavy enemy fire, Major Antonelli fearlessly worked his way over fire-swept ground to a small knoll forward of his front lines to make a reconnaissance. Although severely wounded while on this mission, he refused to be evacuated until he had completed his reconnaissance and issued the necessary orders for the resumption of the attack. After being sent to a field hospital, Major Antonelli voluntarily returned to his Command Post under a heavy shelling and resumed command of his Battalion, remaining with it until ordered back to the hospital by his Commanding Officer. A day later, he again joined his men and led them until evacuated from the island on 16 March, to prevent further infection of his wounds. His inspiring leadership and indomitable fighting spirit reflect the highest credit upon Major Antonelli and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 46924-45

ARAGON, ABEL BIDAL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Abel Bidal Aragon (867254), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the 60-mm. section of Company A, First Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 22 July 1944. Assuming the duties of a rifleman in a nine-man group assigned the mission of assaulting a strongly-held enemy ridge, Private First Class Aragon proceeded up the ridge and succeeded in reaching this crest despite withering hostile fire which reduced his group to three men. During the next four hours on the ridge, he repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire and, on several occasions, succeeded in silencing the fire from near-by Japanese pits. Although sustaining severe wounds in the left hip in one attempt, he continued to fire upon the hostile position for two hours. By his cool courage, fortitude and devotion to duty, Private First Class Aragon upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00420 (February 8, 1945)

ARCHAMBAULT, RAOUL J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raoul J. Archambault (0-19947), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Acting Commanding Officer of Company K, Third Battalion, Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on 23 February 1945. Assuming command after his company sustained heavy casualties and was badly disorganized, First Lieutenant Archambault quickly reorganized the company and, personally leading his men in furious hand-to-hand fighting while under hostile frontal, flanking and enfilade fire, succeeded in seizing a strongly fortified Japanese hill position. Counterattacked and driven from the hill three times, he repeatedly led his men against the enemy and finally regained the position and effectively defended it throughout the night, although all other company officers had become casualties. By his courageous leadership, tactical skill and gallant fighting spirit, First Lieutenant Archambault was directly instrumental in making possible a break-through of the enemy's main line of defense, thereby contributing materially to the success of the Iwo Jima campaign. First Lieutenant Archambault's devotion to duty throughout this action reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Forces.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 54920-45
Home Town: West Warwick, Rhode Island

ARD, CHARLES F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles F. Ard (457124), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Tank-Dozer Commander of the First Tank Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 14 June 1945. Wounded by an enemy sniper while constructing a tank by-pass over a stream with a tank-bulldozer in hostile territory, Corporal Ard refused to be evacuated and ordered one of the crew to bandage his wound and administer morphine. Disregarding continued hostile mortar and machine-gun fire, he supervised the completion of the by-pass, which gave combat tanks entrance to strongly-fortified Japanese positions, and later, as friendly troops attacked these positions, covered them by fire from his tank-bulldozer. After completing his mission, Corporal Ard dismounted from his vehicle while under heavy hostile mortar and small-arms fire to evacuate six wounded infantrymen from the field and then carried them in his bulldozer to the safety of an aid station. Only then did he allow himself to be treated and evacuated. By his outstanding courage and determination under fire, Corporal Ard contributed materially to the successful completion of the attack, and his devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496-45

ARMISTEAD, KIRK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kirk Armistead (0-5162), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commander and a Pilot of the Third Division, Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Leading his division in a dauntless and aggressive assault against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Major Armistead, then Captain, shot down one Navy Aichi Type dive bomber, thereby aiding in the disruption of enemy plans and lessening the effectiveness of their attack. His courageous determination, maintained at great personal risk against tremendous odds, contributed to the success of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California

*ARMSTRONG, JOHN B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John B. Armstrong (0-16397), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Executive Officer of a Battery of Field Artillery attached to the FOURTH Howitzer Battalion, FIFTH Amphibious Corps, Fleet Marine Force, during the invasion of enemy Japanese-held Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 15 and 16 June 1944. Subjected to constant hostile mortar and artillery fire from the time his vehicles crossed the reef, First Lieutenant Armstrong directed the sustained offensive of his battery despite serious losses in men and material. Under desperate attack while placing the howitzers ashore, he personally manned the winch and cable and, by his own disregard of danger, rallied his men to supreme effort in unloading the guns. Later the same day, First Lieutenant Armstrong led a detail of men in extinguishing fires started in the ammunition dump by enemy shells, working desperately under the most perilous conditions and thereby preventing heavy losses in the congested battery area. With half of his men gone and three guns out of action by the ever increasing fury of the Japanese artillery fire, he remained steadfast at his post throughout the night and early morning until he was struck down by a burst of hostile fire. Directly responsible for the continued functioning of his unit despite the dangers and difficulties involved in the firing of damaged pieces, First Lieutenant Armstrong served as an inspiring example of courage and unwavering determination in the fulfillment of a vital and hazardous mission. His outstanding leadership and exceptional valor reflect the highest credit upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 11814 (January 18, 1945)
Home Town: Kansas City, Kansas

*ARNOLD, HERMAN F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Herman F. Arnold (318681), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as a Radio Operator of Headquarters, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. After he had become separated from his own platoon and was unable to reestablish contact in the darkness, Private First Class Arnold with resolute determination and courageous initiative, made his way to the front lines. There, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, he entered into the thick of the fight and was killed in action. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 19 (SofN Signed April 6, 1943)
Born: at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland

*ARSENAULT, NORMAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Norman Arsenault (546791), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Third Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 8 July 1944. With his platoon pinned down by intense, concentrated hostile machine-gun and rifle fire from a well- concealed enemy emplacement during a perilous advance along the beach, Private Arsenault boldly exposed himself to the intense barrage to wade out into the ocean where he could observe the enemy and direct his effective fire into the entrenchment. After expending his ammunition, he fearlessly returned to the beach to replenish his supply then again resumed his position, drawing all hostile fire to himself and enabling his platoon to advance and launch an attack against the strategic cave. Ordered to return to his platoon, he was fatally struck down by bursting enemy shellfire while crossing the open expanse. By his valiant fighting spirit, great personal valor and self-sacrificing efforts, Private Arsenault had accounted for twenty Japanese soldiers and was directly responsible for the success of his platoon in capturing the strongly fortified hostile emplacement. His unwavering devotion to duty throughout the fierce engagement was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 12601 (January 18, 1945)
Home Town: Lawrence, Massachusetts

ARTHUR, ROBERT O. (POW)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert O. Arthur (265415), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot of Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED ELEVEN (VMF-211), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Wake Island, during action against enemy Japanese land, surface and aerial units at Wake Island, 8 to 23 December 1941. In the devastating Japanese air raid on 8 December, Staff Sergeant Arthur was severely wounded in the left wrist, completely losing the use of his left hand. In spite of this handicap, he rendered gallant service in rescuing more seriously wounded comrades from burning airplanes and camp areas and refused to be evacuated until all others had received medical aid. After a single day's treatment, he left the island hospital and returned to duty. Again evacuated, he persisted in his determined efforts to aid in the defense of the island, returned to his squadron and, after several days of secret experimentation, demonstrated to his squadron commander that he could attach his bandaged hand to the throttle of an airplane and was permitted to fly on reconnaissance patrol. Later, he armed himself with a pistol and, with his left hand still useless, fought beside his comrades throughout the final moments of combat until the island defenses were overwhelmed by superior Japanese forces. Staff Sergeant Arthur's initiative, fortitude and courageous devotion to duty at the risk of his life enhanced the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2915 (June 27, 1947)

ASBILL, EDWARD L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward L. Asbill (0-7559), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company B, First Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. Although his company was pinned down and suffering heavy casualties from continuous hostile fire, Major Asbill skillfully directed artillery and mortar fire on eleven enemy positions and, guiding tanks up in pairs, directed their fire on supporting emplacements. Subsequently working forward with another tank and demolition squad, he rushed an additional emplacement and then, leading his company over six hundred yards of relatively flat ground, destroyed all eleven fortifications. Reorganizing his company, he again led a charge on the objective and, despite hostile fire, destroyed numerous concealed Japanese machine guns, riflemen and one antitank gun. By his courageous leadership, fighting spirit and devotion to duty, Major Asbill insured the capture of high ground in the sector which denied the enemy direct observation to the beach and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 41646 (Signed, January 26, 1946)

ATKINSON, FITZGERALD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Fitzgerald Atkinson, Jr. (0-34179), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader, attached to Company C, First Tank Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 17 June 1945. Left for dead behind enemy lines after being wounded several times by Japanese riflemen while directing the evacuation of his crew from his shelled and disabled tank, First Lieutenant Atkinson remained alone and unaided in this precarious position far in advance of friendly lines. Finally regaining consciousness, he lay motionless and, with great calmness and fortitude, carefully observed the enemy who were freely moving about him. After committing to memory the location of several Japanese installations and of flanking routes to them, he cautiously worked his way through hostile territory to our lines and succeeded in relaying this valuable information to the sector commander before allowing himself to be evacuated. By his outstanding courage and determination in the face of overwhelming odds, First Lieutenant Atkinson contributed materially to the successful completion of a difficult mission and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496 (Signed February 27, 1947)
Born: January 25, 1921 at Nashville, Tennessee
Home Town: Nashville, Tennessee

*ATWOOD, ARTHUR JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Arthur James Atwood (348734), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as a member of a Rifle Company of the Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese armed forces at the Tenaru River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 21 August 1942.. Performing patrol duty and armed only with a rifle when an overwhelming Japanese landing force launched a furious attack, Private First Class Atwood, together with two other Marines, promptly deployed and held off the enemy in their sector by fierce and desperate fighting. Valiantly carrying on in spite of terrific odds, he maintained his unyielding defense of our position until he was killed in this action. His dauntless spirit of self-sacrifice and his unwavering devotion to duty in the face of great peril sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 18 (Signed March 18, 1943)
Home Town: Providence, Rhode Island

*AUMAN, JOSEPH M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph M. Auman (293089), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company E, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion during an engagement with the enemy Japanese forces at Asamana, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 11 November 1942. When his company was forced by overwhelming enemy fire to make a temporary withdrawal, Private Auman, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, manned a machine gun and covered the retirement. Steadfastly remaining at his exposed position, he continued to fire his gun until killed by the enemy. His dauntless courage and outstanding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.
Board Serial: 0478 (May 3, 1943)
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

AXTELL, GEORGE C., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George C. Axtell, Jr. (0-6857), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer and Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron THREE HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-323), Marine Air Group THIRTY-THREE (MAG-33), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Okinawa Area, on 22 April 1945. Intercepting an overwhelming force of hostile planes, Major Axtell led his squadron in a daring and skillful attack against the enemy who were threatening our Fleet units, shooting down five hostile planes, probably destroying three others and damaging three additional aircraft. By his gallant fighting spirit and expert airmanship, Major Axtell enabled our fighters to deliver a crushing blow to the Japanese without loss of aircraft or injury to our personnel, and his devotion to duty reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 5th Fleet: Serial 634 (SofN Signed October 23, 1947)

B

*BABICH, JOHN B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John B. Babich (873272), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company C, Fifth Engineer Battalion, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against the enemy on Japanese-held Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 22 February 1945. When heavy fire from an enemy cave at the base of Mount Suribachi disrupted the advance of his company and harassed our men in the rear areas, Private First Class Babich volunteered to go ahead of the Infantry lines and try to silence the emplacement. Undaunted by the fact that the cave was in the walls of a cliff forty feet high and that he was exposed to heavy hostile fire from all directions, he approached the base of the cliff and cautiously climbed to the top. Despite the extreme danger, he carefully placed a heavy demolition charge over the cave and returned to his original position. Discovering that the charge had a defective fuse, he repeated his first daring mission, setting off a second charge which sealed the mouth of the cave and trapped the Japanese inside. His outstanding courage, daring initiative and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Babich and the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35303 (October 25, 1945)
Home Town: Witherbee, New York

BACHELOT, WEBSTER J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Webster J. Bachelot, Jr. (348483), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Squad Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, Third Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 27 July 1944. When his Platoon Sergeant was wounded, Corporal Bachelot assumed his duties and, during a determined attack by the enemy on the night of 27 July, personally annihilated three Japanese in a bayonet fight. After repulsing the attack, he reorganized his sector and, despite a bayonet wound in the chest, held his line secure against further enemy attacks. By his gallant fighting spirit, Corporal Bachelot set an example of steadfastness and courage for his unit throughout the entire operation, and his devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00406 (February 6, 1945)

BAGGETT, BARNIE O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Barnie O. Baggett (444135), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Fire Group Leader of Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 28 February 1945. When intense machine-gun, rifle and mortar fire pinned down his platoon, corporal Baggett volunteered to lead tanks forward of the front lines to direct their fire. Although painfully wounded in the shoulder by enemy sniper fire, he continued to direct the tank fire on hostile defensive positions and, when he was again wounded, refused evacuation until the Japanese position in the area was destroyed. His initiative, courage and unselfish devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44965-45
Home Town: Tampa, Florida

*BAHRING, RAYMOND W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Raymond W. Bahring (885155), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a member of a Demolitions Squad, serving with Company C, Fifth Engineer Battalion, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 21 February to 1 March 1945. Assigned with his squad to blast a series of mutually supporting caves retarding the advance of Landing Team 128 at the base of Mount Suribachi on D-Day plus -2, Corporal Bahring voluntarily undertook the perilous mission himself and, boldly advancing along the broken, jagged terrain, conducted an accurate reconnaissance to locate the emplacements. Constantly the target of hostile grenade and small-arms fire, he courageously edged his way up the incline and, single-handedly placed his charges, closed each cave in turn and enabled the infantry to renew its advance up the mountain. With Company B pinned down by shattering fire emanating from emplacements in a ravine fifty yards to the front and covering the only line of advance open to the infantry during a drive against Hill 362 on 1 March, Corporal Bahring unhesitatingly made his way down the narrow draw through intense machine-gun fire and, hurling his small charges to neutralize the fire temporarily until he could gain an advantageous position for blasting, succeeded in reaching the initial pillbox and placing the demolition before he was fatally struck down by hostile automatic fire while detonating the final charge to destroy the position. By his daring initiative, valiant fighting spirit and unwavering zeal maintained in the face of tremendous odds, Corporal Bahring served as a constant inspiration to his comrades and contributed materially to the success of the Iwo campaign. His gallant conduct and self-sacrificing devotion to duty throughout the fierce hostilities reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34746 (September 6, 1945)
Born: at St. Albans, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

BAIR, DALE W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dale W. Bair (0-19637), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company G, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 13 May 1945. While leading his Company in the assault of a heavily defended enemy ridge near Sugar Loaf Hill, First Lieutenant Bair received serious wounds and was temporarily evacuated in a semi-conscious condition. Upon regaining full consciousness, he observed his assault platoons come under sudden and intense fire from concealed hostile emplacements, causing heavy casualties and pinning down the leading elements. Despite the pain of his wounds, and aware that he must soon be evacuated because of them, he advanced in the face of the enemy fire and, firing his weapon into the probable location of the hostile positions, risked his life to draw the enemy fire and permit his men to be led to safety. On one occasion, he took a machine gun from a wounded Marine and fired it into the hostile position to cover the withdrawal of the trapped unit. By his bold initiative and unselfish action, he enabled his men to withdraw, reorganize and, in conjunction with another unit, successfully assault the enemy position. His courageous devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 4225 (January 24, 1946)

BAIRD, ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Baird (0-20565), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Marine Night Fighting Squadron FIVE HUNDRED THIRTY-THREE (VMF(N)-533), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa Shima, Ryukyu Group, on the nights of 9 June, 16 June and 13 July, 1945. Courageous and aggressive while engaged in combat air patrol, Captain Baird skillfully employed his radar to make contact with an enemy reconnaissance plane on 9 June and, striking quickly and furiously at low altitude, destroyed the hostile aircraft. Again, while on a combat air patrol on the night of 16 June, he intercepted an enemy bomber and, pressing home a determined run, shot down the hostile plane. Later, the same night by making excellent use of his radar, he established contact with another Japanese aircraft and destroyed it. Captain Baird's fourth kill during this period occurred on the night of 13 July when, after establishing radar contact with an enemy bomber, he fearlessly closed in and firing bursts from all six guns, shot down the hostile aircraft. Captain Baird's courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 2886-45
Born: at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

BALDINUS, LAWRENCE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence Baldinus (0-10015), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-TWO (VMSB-232), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in action attacking enemy Japanese surface vessels in the Guadalcanal Area of the Solomon Islands on 25 and 28 August 1942. Making a direct hit with a five hundred pound bomb on a "Jintsu" class light cruiser heading toward Guadalcanal, Second Lieutenant Baldinus, by his extremely accurate aim, left the enemy vessel blazing amidships and rocked by internal explosions. Ten minutes later the pilot of another attacking plane failed to locate even its smoking hull. On 28 August Second Lieutenant Baldinus, sighting four Japanese destroyers near the north outlet of the Indispensable Straits, skillfully and courageously launched an attack, hitting one of the ships. Badly damaged and completely out of control, the destroyer sank a short time later. Second Lieutenant Baldinus' great personal valor and expert airmanship were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 197 (January 18, 1943)
Born: at Czechoslovakia Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii

*BALDUCCI, PAUL B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Paul B. Balducci (260075), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as an Acting Rifle Platoon Leader of Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. Assuming command of his platoon when the leader became a casualty during a savage exchange of hand grenades with the Japanese, Platoon Sergeant Balducci reorganized his unit and initiated a determined attack against the hostile forces at the base of Mount Suribachi. Courageously exposing himself to enemy fire to determine the location of hidden machine-gun and mortar nests holding up his company's front, he personally destroyed two machine-gun nests with hand grenades and contributed to the destruction of five mortar pits and connecting trenches before he fell, mortally wounded. His bold leadership, gallant conduct and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Platoon Sergeant Balducci and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: SPECIAL (SofN Signed November 20, 1947)
Home Town: Harvey, Illinois

*BALDUCK, REMI A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Remi A. Balduck (294042), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company G, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 9 November 1942. Although he was only a squad leader, Corporal Balduck, as virtual spearhead of his platoon, urged the men to initiate a successful rout of the enemy during a frontal attack in which strong Japanese positions were encountered and an envelopment from the right flank was contemplated. In spite of a fatal wound sustained during the course of the engagement, Corporal Balduck valiantly carried on to the last, throwing a hand grenade as he fell. His relentless fighting spirit, maintained with utter disregard of personal safety, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 00232 (February 11, 1943)
Born: March 30, 1918 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

*BARKER, HARRY B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harry B. Barker (0-8257), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company L, Third Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Asan-Adelup Beachhead, Guam, Marianas Islands, on 21 July 1944. Landing on the heavily fortified, fire-swept beachhead with the forward elements on D-Day, Captain Barker immediately moved inland to reconnoiter the area then, returning to his troops, promptly led them to the best vantage point for supporting the forward assault units. Critically wounded in the right arm by a Japanese sniper's bullet, he steadfastly refused first aid until the situation had been stabilized. Then, after having his wound dressed, he subsequently returned to his troops and personally led them in a vigorous, intensive assault against a hill vital to the advance of our forces despite withering enemy fire which swept the area. Although he was mortally wounded during the fierce action, Captain Barker, by his valiant and aggressive leadership had contributed to the success of our sustained drive toward the recapture of this important enemy stronghold, and his unwavering devotion to duty in the face of grave peril reflects the highest credit upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 225 (January 25, 1945)
Home Town: Washington, Iowa

*BARKER, ROBERT A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert A. Barker (850052), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a member of a Rifle Company of the Third Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, Third Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 25 July 1944. When his company was held up by point-blank fire from a partially concealed enemy tank, Private First Class Barker unhesitatingly crawled through devastating machine-gun, mortar and sniper fire to a forward position and, although his first attempt to destroy the hostile tank failed, tenaciously maintained his perilous station and fired a second shot from his rocket launcher which put the vehicle out of action. Returning to his lines following the accomplishment of his voluntary mission, he was killed by a sniper. Private First Class Barker's splendid initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and unselfish devotion to duty under extremely hazardous conditions contributed materially to the successful advance of his company and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004215 (January 4, 1945)
Home Town: Woodstock, Illinois

BARNES, WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Barnes (318200), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during combat actions against enemy Japanese forces on Lunga Ridge, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of September 13 and 14, 1942. While the battalion was being subjected to ferocious assaults by the enemy and in spite of a change in position, Private First Class Barnes, serving as gunner in a mortar section, kept up an accurate and almost continuous fire against the advancing Japanese. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, he courageously assisted in the evacuation of the wounded and the carrying of ammunition to the front line units. In the closing hours of the battle he voluntarily joined these units and ably assisted them in attempting the assaults until injured by enemy grenades. His cool courage, devotion to duty, and indomitable fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 298 (SofN Signed June 23, 1943)
Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

BARR, JOSEPH JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph James Barr (0-19359), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as a Platoon Leader in Company F, Second Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. Although wounded in the face and right shoulder while embarked in a landing craft approaching the beach, Second Lieutenant Barr nevertheless remained for thirty-six hours to organize and lead his platoon. His inspiring conduct, indomitable fighting spirit and complete disregard for his own needs throughout this grueling period reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647-44
Born: at Alton, Illinois
Home Town: Wood River, Illinois

BARRIGAR, FRANCIS B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis B. Barrigar (350178), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a member of an Assault Unit of Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, First Provisional Marine Brigade, Fifth Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Engebi and Parry Islands, Einwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 18 to 22 February 1944. Pressing forward with the first landing squad and discovering his rifle had jammed, Private First Class Barrigar leaped into a foxhole, disarmed a Japanese soldier and killed him with his own bayonet. Armed only with the bayonet, he continued with his squad to within forty yards of the opposite beach of the island, accounting for two other Japanese in hand-to-hand combat before receiving a bullet wound in the neck. By his outstanding courage, initiative and zealous devotion to duty, Private First Class Barrigar contributed materially to the success of the attack, thereby reflecting the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 11172 (SofN Signed January 26, 1946)
Born: at Canton, New York
Home Town: Syracuse, New York

BARROW, THOMAS E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas E. Barrow (267778), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company E, Second Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 26 February to 8 March 1945. Assuming command of a rifle platoon on 26 February, when the leader became a casualty, Platoon Sergeant Barrow braved intense enemy small-arms and mortar fire to lead each attack of his unit and, throughout the day, continually exposed himself to extreme danger while setting up defensive positions and giving encouragement to his men. Again on 7 March, when a second Platoon Leader was fatally wounded during an attack against hostile emplacements, Platoon Sergeant Barrow took charge under a hail of grenade, mortar and small-arms fire and executed a withdrawal to a more easily defended position. Although wounded while establishing the defense and thereafter completely surrounded by the enemy, he calmly remained in this position throughout the day, keeping his group intact by his bravery and clear thinking. After repulsing a Japanese attack on the following day, he skillfully effected a withdrawal and led the remaining eight men, seven of them wounded, through three hundred yards of hostile territory, once kicking a grenade away from his men despite wounds in both his legs. By his unfaltering courage, leadership and determination throughout, Platoon Sergeant Barrow saved the lives of his comrades and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 56883-45
Born: at Lucedalle, Mississippi
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana

BARTHOLMEW, ARTHUR F. D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur F. D. Bartholmew (214355), First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as leader of a patrol of Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands on 25 October 1942. Searching for a body of hostile troops reported to have infiltrated through a wooded area in rear of the left flank of the Third Battalion, First Marines, First Sergeant Bartholomew, with cool courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety, led a patrol of three men until he located fifteen Japanese equipped with a heavy machine gun, immobilized by the fire of another unit. After he and his patrol had killed all the enemy and destroyed the machine gun, First Sergeant Bartholomew, on several occasions, stood up in full view of the hostile forces in order to draw their fire and force them to disclose their positions. His courageous initiative and aggressive leadership were responsible for the success of the patrol and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Unites States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, (November 9, 1942)
Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

BARTLETT, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John W. Bartlett (239063), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifle Squad Leader of Company C, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 19 September 1944. Attacking with his squad across a fire-swept causeway behind a platoon of tanks, Sergeant Bartlett, upon reaching the causeway, noted that the tanks were unable to cross. With his company momentarily halted on the edge of the lagoon and immediately subjected to heavy concentrations of enemy fire, he quickly rose up under the hail of small- arms fire and started across the fifty-yard stretch of exposed causeway. Following his gallant example, his squad and the balance of the company followed him through the fire despite severe casualties. Upon reaching the other side of the lagoon, Sergeant Bartlett quickly reorganized his squad and, after renewing the attack to seize his objective, organized and held the ground against vigorous enemy counterattacks until he was seriously wounded. His indomitable fighting spirit, aggressive leadership and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00597-45
Born: at Wadesville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

*BASILONE, JOHN "MANILA JOHN"
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John "Manila John" Basilone (287508), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Leader of a Machine-Gun Section, Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, 19 February 1945. Shrewdly gauging the tactical situation shortly after landing when his company's advance was held up by the concentrated fire of a heavily fortified Japanese blockhouse, Gunnery Sergeant Basilone boldly defied the smashing bombardment of heavy caliber fire to work his way around the flank and up to a position directly on top of the blockhouse and then, attacking with grenades and demolitions, single-handedly destroyed the entire hostile strong point and its defending garrison. Consistently daring and aggressive as he fought his way over the battle-torn beach and up the sloping, gun-studded terraces toward Airfield Number 1, he repeatedly exposed himself to the blasting fury of exploding shells and later in the day coolly proceeded to the aid of a friendly tank which had been trapped in an enemy mine field under intense mortar and artillery barrages, skillfully guiding the heavy vehicle over the hazardous terrain to safety, despite the overwhelming volume of hostile fire. In the forefront of the assault at all times, he pushed forward with dauntless courage and iron determination until, moving upon the edge of the airfield, he fell, instantly killed by a bursting mortar shell. Stouthearted and indomitable, Gunnery Sergeant Basilone, by his intrepid initiative, outstanding skill, and valiant spirit of self- sacrifice in the face of fanatic opposition, contributed materially to the advance of his company during the early critical period of the assault, and his unwavering devotion to duty throughout the bitter conflict was an inspiration to his comrades and reflects the highest credit upon Gunnery Sergeant Basilone and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35683 (September 13, 1945)
Born: November 4, 1916 at Buffalo, New York
Home Town: Raritan, New Jersey
Other Award: Medal of Honor (WWII)

BASSO, JOSEPH G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph G. Basso (439959), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Fire Group Leader of Company B, First Battalion, Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 24 July 1944. Manning an outpost at night accompanied by only one comrade, Private First Class Basso was suddenly and ferociously attacked by numerous Japanese who delivered a heavy barrage of hand grenades and small-arms fire. Electing to engage the hostile force at his post, he emptied the magazine of his Browning Automatic Rifle into their fanatical assault. When overpowered by the onrushing enemy while changing magazines, and dragged three hundred yards into hostile territory, Private First Class Basso struggled fiercely and accomplished his escape. Searching for his wounded comrade, he located the casualty and brought him back into our own lines. When the position was retaken the following day, fifteen Japanese dead were counted near the outpost Private First Class Basso and his comrade had occupied. By his indomitable fighting spirit, courageous initiative and fortitude, Private First Class Basso was directly instrumental in bringing effective fire to bear on the enemy, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6070 (June 18, 1947)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

BATCHELDER, MERTON JENNINGS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Merton Jennings Batchelder (0-53), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Tinian, Marianas Islands, from 24 July to 2 August 1944. Landing on the heavily fortified beachhead with the first assault wave on D-Day in the face of intense, concentrated enemy mortar, machine- gun and artillery fire, Colonel Batchelder fearlessly directed his command in seizing the vital area, establishing a beachhead line and holding it against repeated vicious counterattacks by a fanatic enemy until the full force of our supporting elements could be landed. Continuing his unceasing efforts, he contributed to the success of his regiment in repelling a determined pre-dawn counterattack the following day and, thereafter, supervised brilliantly executed, daily attacks against a ruthless and determined enemy, remaining in the field with his front line troops through the entire operation, inspiring his men to greater efforts and coordinating the activities of his regiment in capturing this vital Japanese stronghold. His valiant leadership, outstanding fortitude and great personal valor, maintained at great personal risk, reflect the highest credit upon Colonel Batchelder, his gallant command and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 3706 (March 2, 1945)
Born: at New Bedford, Massachusetts
Home Town: New Bedford, Massachusetts

BATTALI, CHARLES J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles J. Battali (502214), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a member of an Assault Unit of Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, Fifth Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Engebi and Parry Islands, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 18 to 22 February 1944. Leaping from his foxhole upon hearing the cries of a wounded comrade, Private First Class Battali ran over fifty yards through the fire of Japanese and friendly troops alike, carried the wounded man back to his foxhole and stood guard over him until morning. Serving with extraordinary bravery in scouting out enemy positions in the advance of frontline troops, he continued to perform his duties in a superior manner until struck by a large caliber Japanese bullet and forced to leave the front line upon direct order. By his outstanding heroism, courage and devotion to duty, Private First Class Battali contributed materially to the success of the operations against the enemy and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 11172 (November 17, 1944)
Born: at Yonkers, New York
Home Town: New Milford, New Jersey

BEANS, FRED D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Fred D. Beans (0-4532), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Commanding Officer, THIRD Marine Raider Battalion, FIRST Marine Raider Regiment, in action against Japanese forces on Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on 9 November 1943. Finding his advance pinned down by intense fire while preparing to attack defensive Japanese positions, Lieutenant Colonel Beans unhesitatingly advanced his command post to the front lines without regard for his own personal safety, rallied his men and immediately launched a furious counterattack. Skillfully maneuvering his command for eight continuous hours, he fought gallantly, inflicting heavy casualties and driving the enemy from its position. By his inspiring leadership, courage and intrepid fighting spirit, Lieutenant Colonel Beans contributed essentially to the success of his Battalion in this hazardous engagement, and his great valor was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 02198 (October 29, 1944)

BEAR, ROBERT JUDY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Judy Bear (0-7072), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 and 5 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, First Lieutenant Bear, then Second Lieutenant, in the face of withering fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to the perilously low altitude of four hundred feet before releasing his bomb. Participating in a search and attack mission against a Japanese aircraft carrier on the night of 4 June, he brought his plane back to its base under extremely adverse weather conditions. The following day, after less than four hours' sleep, he took part in an assault which resulted in the severe damaging of an enemy battleship. His cool courage and conscientious devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: New Brunswick, New Jersey

BECK, JAMES R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James R. Beck (470951), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a member in a Squad of Company K, Third Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on 22 November 1943. With all but four of his fellow squad members wounded or killed by accurate enemy gunfire during an assault on two Japanese pill-box entrenchments on a ridge commanding an area through which an attack by his company was contemplated, Private Beck signaled his comrades to direct their fire on the hostile emplacement in order to cover his advance, and daringly crept through the jungle to a point on the flank of the enemy position. Boldly charging the two pillboxes single-handedly, he promptly annihilated the Japanese occupants with grenades and demolished their weapons. By his personal valor, initiative and Indomitable fighting spirit throughout this perilous operation, Private Beck contributed materially to the success of his company's subsequent attack on the enemy In this area and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 00369 (July 11, 1946)

*BEHAN, CHARLES EDWIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles Edwin Behan (0-22667), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader attached to Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 18 May 1945. Refusing evacuation after first-aid treatment for a shrapnel wound in the mouth received while he was moving into position for an assault on Sugar Loaf Hill, first Lieutenant Behan remained steadfast with his platoon and, despite his inability to talk, directed the movements of his platoon by arm and hand signals. Risking his life by taking an exposed position well in front of the platoon so that his men could see his signals, he led the attack through withering enemy fire and, although hit again and mortally wounded, dragged himself behind a rock and continued to convey his instructions to his men and direct the attack until he lost consciousness. By his daring initiative, staunch leadership, extreme fortitude and perseverance in the face of overwhelming odds, First Lieutenant Behan contributed immeasurably to the successful completion of the company's mission. His courageous and unfaltering devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 52787 (January 19, 1946)
Home Town: Crystal Lake, Illinois

*BELL, BENJAMIN ALLEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Benjamin Allen Bell, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while attached to the First Engineer Battalion, fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, from 26 September to 8 October 1944. Courageously working ahead of his own lines on 26 September, Second Lieutenant Bell skillfully supervised his platoon in the removal of numerous hostile mines and in clearing a field for our tanks despite intense enemy fire, subsequently destroying a strongly-held Japanese cave and enabling our forces to advance. On 28 September, he and two other members of his unit valiantly attacked and captured an enemy pillbox on Ngesebus Island, killing eleven Japanese. Several days later, when one of his men was wounded while the platoon was clearing a heavily defended hostile valley of mines under fierce, persistent enemy fire, he unhesitatingly went to the assistance of the helpless Marine, but was himself mortally wounded as he attempted to render aid. Second Lieutenant Bell's inspiring leadership, tenacious devotion to duty in the face of grave peril and his unselfish efforts on behalf of another were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 07607 (January 1, 1945)
Home Town: Ambler, Pennsylvania

*BELL, JOSIAH SCOTT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Josiah Scott Bell (544574), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifleman in a platoon of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 to 26 February 1945. Advancing on a heavily fortified Japanese blockhouse after landing on the fire-swept beachhead on D-Day, Private First Class Bell gained the entrance of the emplacement against a shattering barrage of machine-gun fire and, launching a daring lone attack with grenades, succeeded in destroying a machine gun and several of the enemy therein. Unable to reduce the intricate construction alone, he again exposed himself to devastating fire to direct a flame thrower tank in completing its destruction. When his platoon leader became a casualty during a subsequent bitter action, he promptly assumed command and, after reorganizing his men, advanced with a companion to destroy a machine-gun nest which had been inflicting heavy casualties and retarding the advance of his platoon. Continuing his daring tactics when machine-gun fire emanating from a cave to the front of the line halted the advance, he again volunteered to rush the position and, hurling his grenades with deadly accuracy, assisted in killing three of the Japanese and in destroying a machine gun. By his fearless initiative, forceful leadership and valiant fighting spirit maintained in the face of overwhelming odds, Private First Class Bell contributed materially to the success of the bitterly fought Iwo Campaign, and his selfless conduct and inspiring devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34930 (January 10, 1946)
Born: at Asbury, West Virginia
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

*BELLAT, JOSEPH S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph S. Bellat (289942), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu Island in the Palau Group, on 18 September 1944. Penetrating with his unit to the mouth of a draw between a vital ridge and a group of pinnacles during a furious assault against Japanese forces entrenched in the hills north of the airport on Peleliu, Platoon Sergeant Bellat promptly assumed command when his platoon was struck at point-blank range by merciless fire from a concealed enemy gun and, with half the unit killed or wounded, his leader a casualty and the remainder of the force disorganized, worked tirelessly to restore the situation. Subsequently locating the powerful hostile gun, he directed three tanks into firing position and destroyed the weapon despite the loss of two tanks; then, obtaining litter-bearers from the rear, he defied the terrific machine-gun and antitank fire to lead stretcher teams to each squad, personally assisting in extricating the wounded from exposed positions until all the casualties had been treated. Undaunted by the tremendous odds, he reorganized the remnants of his platoon and went forward with the one remaining tank, reconnoitering the draw in a daring attempt to locate enemy pillboxes delivering their converging fire on his force but, ordered to retire under overwhelming field artillery and mortar barrages, coolly and skillfully effected a successful withdrawal, evacuating all wounded in the face of shattering machine-gun fire. An aggressive leader, Platoon Sergeant Bellat, by his resolute initiative, decisive action and great personal valor in a critical situation, removed a serious threat to all our forces in this area and saved his unit from certain disaster. His unwavering devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon Platoon Sergeant Bellat, his gallant comrades and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0937 (SofN Approved March 1, 1945)
Born: at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio

BENEDICT, HAROLD E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold E. Benedict (435738), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Flame Thrower Operator of Company G, Third Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 23 February 1945. When a continuous hail of enemy fire from underbrush leading to a honeycomb of caves pinned down his entire company, Private First Class Benedict took the only available flame thrower and systematically burned the underbrush leading to the caves which held an estimated two hundred of the Japanese. Single-handedly, he burnt the entire area, driving at least twenty of the hostile covering forces back into their caves and enabling his company to advance to within striking distance of the objective, where he then neutralized three caves and a pillbox. During this five-hour period, he traveled back and forth to the Battalion Quartermaster Dump with the extremely heavy weapon for refilling and, upon returning, immediately put it into action. By his indomitable fighting spirit in the face of enemy fire, Private First Class Benedict served as an inspiration to his company, and his courageous devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Untied States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43822 (June 14, 1945)
Born: at Tenino, Washington
Home Town: Westwood, California

BENNER, CHARLIE R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charlie R. Benner (554312), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with a Marine Rifle Platoon of Company L, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 12 May 1945. Severely wounded in the leg and lying on a stretcher, Private First Class Benner noticed two enemy riflemen working their way toward his Company Command Post. Painfully leaving his stretcher, he courageously crawled forty yards to throw a hand grenade, killing the advancing enemy and preventing the attack on the Command Post. His personal valor and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 56881-45
Home Town: , Ohio

*BENSON, THOMAS W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas W. Benson (0-9033), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Delivering a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Benson aided in disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success of our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of the circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Second Lieutenant Benson gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of an excellent airman in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Forces, Serial 21 (Approved November 10, 1942)
Born: at Boone, Iowa
Home Town: Boone, Iowa

*BERANEK, GEORGE FRANK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Frank Beranek (394620), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Tank Platoon Leader serving with Company A, Sixth Tank Battalion, SIXTH Marine Division, during action on enemy Japanese-held Okinawa, Ryukyu Group, 12 May 1945. When his tank tipped into a shell hole while spearheading a tank-infantry attack on a strong enemy position, Platoon Sergeant Beranek unhesitatingly left the security of his tank and, braving intense hostile machine-gun fire, shackled his towing cable to another tank. When the cable snapped, he attempted to shackle it a second time, persevering under a barrage of Japanese bullets until he fell, mortally wounded by enemy machine-gun fire. So far had Platoon Sergeant Beranek advanced toward the hostile position, that four days of vicious fighting were required for the Marines to pass beyond his tank and secure the objective. His indomitable spirit, daring initiative and unwavering devotion to duty were inspiring to his platoon and reflect the highest credit upon Platoon Sergeant Beranek and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35614 (October 8, 1945)
Born: at Winona, Minnesota
Home Town: Winona, Minnesota

BERAULT, JOSEPH V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph V. Berault (429637), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Fourth Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, Third Amphibious Corps, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 21 July 1944. During a hostile night attack with rifles, machine guns and hand grenades, Private First Class Berault defended his foxhole and, although hit in the mouth by an enemy grenade, quickly picked up the grenade and threw it back at the Japanese. Throwing out four grenades before he was severely wounded, he crawled to a hospital corpsman for first aid. When a grenade landed next to him while he was being treated, he put his foot on the grenade and shoved the corpsman out of danger from the explosion. Wounded again by the explosion, he was being pulled to safety by another Marine when he realized he was becoming a burden and asked to be left behind so that they could continue the fire fight. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Berault and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00396 (February 6, 1945)
Born: at New Jersey

*BERRAY, JAMES EDWIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Edwin Berray (340536), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a member of the Marine Guard Detachment aboard the U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38) during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. Although mortally wounded and suffering intense pain, Private First Class Berray, with sturdy endurance and utter disregard for his own personal safety, refused to submit to first aid treatment so that it might be given to others. By his undaunted courage and grim determination to carry on at a time when death was imminent and inevitable, he inspired his fellow men with an aggressive fighting spirit which contributed in a large measure to the victory achieved by our forces in this notable engagement. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific Area & Force: Serial 0300a (November 24, 1942)
Born: at Minneapolis, Minnesota
Home Town: Santa Monica, California

BILBREY, ALBERT W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert W. Bilbrey (843489), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving in a Squad of the Third Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, Third Amphibious Corps, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, from 21 July to 10 August 1944. When his own machine gun was put out of action and members of an adjacent gun crew were wounded during an enemy assault, Private First Class Bilbrey braved hostile fire and crawled to the adjoining foxhole to obtain the gun emplaced in that position. Although wounded twice while moving to the gun, he continued onward, reached the gun and dragged it back to his squad where it was immediately put in action to repel the Japanese counterattack. By his prompt, courageous action, he enabled his squad to pin down the opposing forces long enough to allow several of the wounded to be evacuated to safety, and his devotion to duty reflects the highest credit upon Private First Class Bilbrey and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 0296/295 (February 6, 1945)

BITCHELL, STANLEY L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanley L. Bitchell (857017), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader of Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 2 May 1945. When a late afternoon attack by his company prevented the preparation of an organized defense before dark, Corporal Bitchell fearlessly directed his squad in the face of intense hostile machine-gun and rifle fire and made preparations to neutralize the enemy fire at dawn. Obtaining smoke grenades and demolitions, he moved forward at the first light of day and, crawling to the entrance of a gun position, placed his charges inside to destroy the emplacement. Continuing his heroic actions, he demolished a second machine gun position and again moved forward to destroy other enemy caves, demolish two machine guns and kill twelve of the Japanese. His indomitable fighting spirit, initiative and courageous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon corporal Bitchell and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496 (September 15, 1945)
Born: at Peabody, Massachusetts
Home Town: Peabody, Massachusetts

BLACK, WILLIAM E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William E. Black (334871), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Gunner in a machine-gun section of Company L, Third Battalion, Sixth Marines (Reinforced), SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 22 January 1943. When an adjoining platoon, pinned down by flanking fire from one heavy and three light enemy machine guns, called for aid, Private Black set up his machine gun on high ground and delivered effective fire to neutralize the hostile fire to the right while his company placed two platoons on a ridge near by to cover Company K's flank. Later in the day when the men on this exposed ridge were overcome by heat exhaustion and were caught by Japanese cross-fire while being evacuated, Private Black, who had been assisting in the evacuation, immediately returned to his gun and, alone, valiantly held the ridge until the disabled were taken to cover. He then returned to assist in carrying the wounded men further to the rear until he, himself, was overcome by heat exhaustion. His initiative, courage and gallant spirit of service were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 926 (March 21, 1943)

BLAHA, ROBERT J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert J. Blaha (809989), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 8 and 9 July 1944. When a determined enemy counterattack threatened our lines on the beach west of Kaberra Pass, Private First Class Blaha placed one man on a machine gun while he and another Marine provided protective fire, and, although he was wounded as the first hostile rush destroyed their position, unhesitatingly returned to his hazardous post and prevented a gap from developing in our lines. Engaging the onrushing Japanese in a fierce grenade fight, he and his two comrades tenaciously held their ground, continuing to maintain sufficient fire to confuse the enemy until a tank came forward to aid them in repulsing the furious onslaught. His indomitable fighting spirit and steadfast devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6685 (January 23, 1945)

BLAIN, RICHARD LLOYD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Lloyd Blain (0-6385), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942.. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Captain Blain, in the face of withering fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to the dangerously low altitude of four hundred feet. After releasing his bomb on the carrier, he brought his severely damaged craft down to a safe landing on the water, where he and his gunner remained afloat for two days before being rescued. His courageous determination and extreme disregard of personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2650 (September 5, 1942)
Born: at Gary, Indiana
Home Town: Miami, Florida

BLAKELY, JAY C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jay C. Blakely (232785), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Member of an Engineer Demolition Squad of Company A, First Engineer Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 15 September 1944. When a hostile tank, which was unable to advance during an intense counterattack against our lines, withdrew in reverse and continued to fire at our defending troops, Private Blakely immediately jumped on the enemy vehicle and, knocking the enemy turret gunner to the ground, dropped several hand grenades inside the tank, killing the rest of the crew and putting the tank out of operation, thereby saving the lives of many of his comrades who might have been annihilated by the tank fire. His courage, determination, and utter disregard for personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00436 (February 9, 1945)

BLEAU, CALVIN J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Calvin J. Bleau (558295), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company D, Second Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 11 March 1945. When the advance of his company was stopped by withering cross-fire from enemy machine guns emplaced in pillboxes, Private Bleau voluntarily went to the rear and brought up an antitank rocket launcher. Starting in the sector on the right flank of his company, he attacked and destroyed two hostile pillboxes. Although constantly exposed to heavy enemy machine-gun fire, he continued across his company's front and destroyed three more similar Japanese emplacements. He was seriously wounded while attempting to close in on another hostile pillbox. By his valor and daring initiative, Private Bleau enabled his company to continue the advance to its assigned objective, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43156 (June 13, 1945)

BODT, WALTER JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter James Bodt (269772), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 9 October 1942. When the first and third platoons had become separated from the rest of the company while fighting west of the Matanikau River, Corporal Bodt, despite the fact that he was dangerously exposed to hostile fire on the crest of a hill, dared to signal the remainder of the company so that our mortar and machine-gun fire could be brought to bear upon the Japanese with effective results. Although he was wounded twice in the course of the engagement and lost the sight of one eye, he carried on with courageous disregard for his own personal safety until his company was able to inflict heavy casualties upon the enemy and thereby save the lives of many of his comrades who otherwise might have perished. with his plane damaged beyond repair, he effected a safe landing on the water and both he and his gunner were afloat two days before being rescued. His courage, determination, and utter disregard for personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 777 (February 10, 1943)

BOEHM, HAROLD C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold C. Boehm (0-6553), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action while serving as Commanding Officer of the Third Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese-held Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 25 February to 11 March 1945. Gallantly risking his life under heavy enemy fire, Lieutenant Colonel Boehm fearlessly carried out reconnaissance of hostile territory in preparation for attacks which resulted in the advance of his Battalion across Motoyama Airfield Number Two despite withering opposition and capture of a formidable Japanese position which had checked the advance of two divisions for several days. Due to critical losses in officers and key non-commissioned officers, he valiantly took over front-line leadership upon initiating a series of perilous advanced on 7 March, effectively directing the coordinated efforts of flame throwers, bazookas, tanks and artillery in repeated thrusts against heavily fortified and fanatically defended positions. During four days of heavy fighting, he personally advanced his Battalion to the cliffs overlooking the beach at the northern end of the island, cleared the enemy from these commanding positions and then turned to operate against the Japanese forces remaining on the right flank of the original advance. His outstanding professional skill, great courage and inspiring leadership throughout this prolonged period of bitter hostilities were vital factors in the success achieved in his sector and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Colonel Boehm and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 56883 (August 1, 1945)

*BOGDAN, JOSEPH EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph Edward Bogdan (556791), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Squad Leader, serving with Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu islands, 17 May 1945. Heedless of a painful wound sustained as he was leading his men in a bitter assault against the fiercely defended Japanese entrenched on Sugar Loaf Hill, Private First Class Bogdan gallantly persevered in the attack to achieve his objective. Grimly determined to hold the hard-won position against an expected enemy counter-attack, he refused evacuation and, spotting a rush forming toward the unguarded left flank of his lines, valiantly crawled into a hail of hostile small-arms fire to stem the attack from exposed terrain although wounded a second time while moving into position. Weakened from loss of blood, he staunchly continued to pour devastating fire against the onrushing Japanese to kill four before he received a third, and fatal wound. By his indomitable fighting spirit, unfaltering devotion to duty and complete disregard for his own safety, Private First Class Bogdan contributed materially to the success of the mission, thereby reflecting great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 52350 (October 18, 1945)
Home Town: Hartford, Connecticut

*BOONE, LOUIS HENRY, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Louis Henry Boone, Jr. (277230), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a runner serving with Headquarters and Service Company, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during actions against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 19 February 1945. Courageous and determined despite continuous heavy Japanese fire, Corporal Boone discovered, disarmed and removed more than twenty-five enemy land mines in the vicinity of the command post and near the main exit from the beach. Consistently aggressive, he volunteered to accompany a reconnaissance party to select a new location for the regimental command post and assisted materially in the destruction of two blockhouses from which hostile fire was sweeping the area. Withdrawing from the second blockhouse after igniting the fuse of a demolition charge, he was struck down and mortally wounded by a vicious machine-gun burst. His great personal valor and daring initiative in the face of tremendous odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34982 (May 3, 1945)
Home Town: Dallas, Texas

*BORECKI, PETER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Peter Borecki (371002), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with an Assault Company of the Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, First Provisional Marine Brigade, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 20 & 21 July 1944. When his landing craft was hit twice by heavy caliber enemy fire and one-third of his squad became casualties, corporal Borecki promptly reorganized the badly scattered remainder of his unit and courageously led them in the assault on the beach, subsequently locating and rejoining his platoon. Although wounded by hostile mortar fire the following morning, he returned to his squad after receiving medical attention and, completely disregarding his own personal safety, skillfully and with aggressive determination continued to lead his men in the assault until fatally wounded by a second mortar hit that night. Corporal Borecki's splendid initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and tenacious devotion to duty in the face of grave peril were an inspiration to his comrades and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004187 (September 21, 1944)
Home Town: Minneapolis, Minnesota

BORGIA, ANTHONY E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Anthony E. Borgia (855513), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Flame Thrower Operator of Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 11 June 1945. Engaged with a companion in neutralizing hostile caves when thirty-seven of the Japanese rushed from a near-by opening and sought to deploy for possible defense, Private First Class Borgia fearlessly charged the enemy group, armed with only a pistol as his flame thrower fuel was exhausted. Killing one soldier, he seized his rifle and rushed among the remaining Japanese firing with such accuracy that they scattered in panic, making possible their quick and complete annihilation by other Marines arriving to investigate the firing. His outstanding courage, gallant initiative and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Borgia and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 85999 (September 27, 1945)

BOSWORTH, FRANK K., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank K. Bosworth, Jr. (0-41751), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 9 May 1945. When his men were pinned down by heavy hostile fire during an attack against a strongly-held enemy position, Second Lieutenant Bosworth courageously moved forward and single-handedly assaulted and destroyed two Japanese pillboxes and their occupants, thereby enabling his platoon to continue its advance and seize the objective. Although severely wounded after reaching the objective, he refused to be evacuated until his men were reorganized, their lines established and all other wounded were treated and evacuated. By his aggressive fighting spirit, skilled leadership and gallant devotion to duty, Second Lieutenant Bosworth contributed materially to the success of this operation, and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 58486 (August 1, 1945)

*BOWLING, RALPH R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ralph R. Bowling (250138), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a Rifle Platoon serving with the First Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 20 June 1944. Courageously leading his platoon in a vigorous assault on a highly strategic ridge strongly fortified with positions and caves from which the enemy had inflicted heavy casualties on our troops during the preceding twenty-four hours, Gunnery Sergeant Bowling continuously exposed himself to intense, persistent hostile fire to direct his men and, with brilliant initiative and aggressive determination, personally destroyed two Japanese automatic weapons and cleared out several enemy-occupied caves, thereby contributing in a large measure to the success of his platoon in the accomplishment of a vital mission. Gunnery Sergeant Bowling's inspiring leadership, dauntless fighting spirit and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave peril reflect great credit upon himself, his gallant platoon and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 11710 (December 15, 1944)
Home Town: Hamilton, Ohio

*BOWMAN, HARRY S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harry S. Bowman (369158), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the First Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during the occupation of enemy Japanese-held Saipan Island in the Marianas on 16 June 1944. An indomitable fighter, Private First Class Bowman voluntarily remained in his fox hole when his platoon was ordered to retire from overpowering mortar, machine-gun, rifle and grenade fire during a savage, close-in counterattack launched by the Japanese under cover of the early morning darkness following our assault on this strategic enemy base. Relentlessly maintaining a steady stream of accurate rifle fire against the hostile troops, he effectively covered the withdrawal of his unit until with his ammunition expended, he was killed by the enemy. By his fearless initiative, resolute fortitude and great personal valor, Private First Class Bowman enabled his platoon to withdraw, reorganize and successfully repulse the enemy's countermeasures during a critical phase in the early stages of hostilities, and his self-sacrificing devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 12612 (August 24, 1944)
Home Town: Wilmington, Delaware

BOYD, ROBERT W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert W. Boyd (0-5315), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, from 15 to 25 September 1944. When his Battalion was subjected to strong enemy tank attack which threatened the entire line, Lieutenant Colonel Boyd directed his troops in repelling the attack and destroying the Japanese. Refusing evacuation the next day after sustaining a severe injury to his hand, he went with the forward elements of his command and led his Battalion across the fire-swept northern end of the airfield. Moving from one unit to another, he succeeded in capturing and holding strategic areas in the face of intense enemy fire from the dominating ground to his front and left. While taking up a new position just before dark on 25 September, Lieutenant Colonel Boyd personally reconnoitered the entire area despite heavy hostile mortar and small-arms fire and then placed his Battalion in a position to repulse a fanatical enemy counterattack with a minimum of casualties. His professional skill, courage and devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 24259 (SofN Signed October 23, 1947)

BOYINGTON, GREGORY "PAPPY" (POW)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gregory "Pappy" Boyington (0-5254), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer and a Pilot of Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED FOURTEEN (VMF-214), Marine Air Group ELEVEN (MAG-11), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, during action against enemy aerial forces in the New Britain Island Area on 3 January 1944. Climaxing a period of duty conspicuous for exceptional combat achievement, Major Boyington led a formation of Allied planes on a fighter sweep over Rabaul against a vastly superior number of hostile fighters. Diving in a steep run into the climbing Zeros, he made a daring attack, sending one Japanese fighter to destruction in flames. A tenacious and fearless airman under extremely hazardous conditions, Major Boyington succeeded in communicating to those who served with him, the brilliant and effective tactics developed through a careful study of enemy techniques, and led his men into combat with inspiring and courageous determination. His intrepid leadership and gallant fighting spirit reflect the highest credit upon the United States Naval Service.
DGP: Serial 00699 (Approved SofN May 25, 1944)
Born: December 4, 1912 at Coeur D'Alene, Idaho
Home Town: Okonogan, Washington
Other Award: Medal of Honor (WWII)

*BRAITMEYER, NELSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Nelson Braitmeyer (248057), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as second in command of the First Platoon of Battery B, First Special Weapons Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 20 - 21 August 1942. When a hostile attack penetrated his gun positions at several points and imperiled our lines, Platoon Sergeant Braitmeyer, with grim determination and complete disregard for his own personal safety, assisted his platoon commander in clearing Japanese gun positions at the mouth of the Tenaru River until he was killed in action. The conduct of Platoon Sergeant Braitmeyer throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 19 (April 6, 1943)
Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Oxford, Pennsylvania

*BRANCH, JAMES M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James M. Branch (529099), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a member of Company C, First Battalion, Fourth Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Orote Peninsula, Guam, Marianas Islands, on 26 July 1944. With his squad pinned down by intense enemy automatic fire from a well- concealed pillbox while advancing across a clearing, Private First Class Branch, on his own flank and his squad leader on the other, attempted to close in on the Japanese emplacement but were forced by the fury of the barrage to take cover. Realizing the precarious position of his squad, Private First Class Branch unhesitatingly risked his life to stand upright and advance on the pillbox. Fiercely returning the enemy's persistent fire with his own automatic weapon while moving steadily forward, he killed two Japanese before sustaining a mortal wound himself. By his courageous initiative, Private First Class Branch saved the lives of other members of his squad and enabled them to flank and destroy the hostile emplacement. His valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the fulfillment of an extremely hazardous mission reflects the highest credit upon Private First Class Branch and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 00444 (SofN Approved January 23, 1945)
Home Town: San Diego, California

*BRAY, RAYMOND LEON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Raymond Leon Bray (295600), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. When the progress of a company was retarded by heavy sniper opposition, Corporal Bray and others courageously attacked a heavily barricaded three-inch gun emplacement from which the deadly fire was emanating. Utterly disregarding his extreme danger, he charged forward and, without waiting for his comrades, unhesitatingly plunged through the entrance and in spite of great odds engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat until reinforcement by other Marines insured elimination of the hostile position. Corporal Bray's daring, aggressive, and gallant conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. In a subsequent operation against the enemy on the same day he gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: April 1, 1918 at Greenville, Texas
Home Town: Greenville, Texas

BRAY, WILLIAM T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William T. Bray (0-7625), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Commanding Officer of Company A, First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. When the amphibious tractor in which he was riding was met by intense enemy fire as it approached the beach, Captain Bray unhesitatingly manned an unshielded .50 caliber machine gun in the vehicle and, remaining steadfast at his hazardous post, directed a continuous stream of fire at hostile positions until the tractor came to a stop on the beach. Immediately mustering his men and finding that only a small number had reached shore he promptly reorganized numerous scattered, leaderless units in the vicinity and began a determined attack inland, leading his men across the exposed taxi strip in the face of violent machinegun, mortar, and rifle fire to reinforce the battered remnants of another company despite the heavy casualties sustained by his own. Later, under his brilliant leadership, his company crossed the bullet-swept area of a fighter strip and although he was seriously wounded during the action, succeeded in capturing an important part of the south beach. Captain Bray's splendid tactical ability and indomitable fighting spirit under extremely perilous conditions reflect great credit upon himself, his gallant command and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647
Born: at Oak Park, Illinois
Home Town: Oak Park, Illinois

*BREHM, WALTER J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Walter J. Brehm (823975), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Third Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan Island in the Marianas, on 16 June 1944. When the enemy initiated a ruthless counterattack, concentrating their shattering mortar, artillery and machine-gun fire on one section of our lines and inflicting serious casualties, Private First Class Brehm voluntarily exposed himself to the intense volleys from all sides to take a strategic position alone in the breach through which the enemy was attempting to maneuver tanks and troops and, delivering accurate rifle fire in a continuous and devastating stream, held off the Japanese advance despite the tremendous odds. Severely wounded during the bitter, uneven battle, he refused to be evacuated for treatment, remaining steadfast at his post and waging his one-man defense against the fanatic onslaught with outstanding valor until he succumbed to his mortal wound, still firing upon the enemy. An expert rifleman, Private First Class Brehm, by his aggressive initiative, unyielding fortitude and self-sacrificing devotion to duty, contributed immeasurably to the ultimate conquest of this vital Japanese stronghold, and his conduct throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 1512 (January 5, 1945)
Home Town: Denver, Colorado

BRENNAN, JAMES CLARK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Clark Brennan (0-12937), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company G, Third Battalion, Twenty- Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 20 March 1945. After his assault platoons had been repeatedly driven back from the crest of an enemy-held ridge, Captain Brennan braved intense hostile small-arms and hand grenade barrages to advance to the head of his company and lead his men in a final successful assault on the Japanese position. Breaking the last strongly organized resistance in the Battalion zone of action, he contributed materially to the success of our forces on the Island. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Captain Brennan and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 45501 (June 19, 1945)

*BRISTOL, WILSON T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Wilson T. Bristol (0-16365), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while serving as Commanding Officer of Company D, Third Armored Amphibian Battalion, Fleet Marine Force, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 15 September 1944. Proceeding to the beach on the right flank of the first assault wave on D-Day, First Lieutenant Bristol observed a nearby tank bogged down on a treacherous coral reef and under a devastating concentration of enemy fire. Defying almost certain death, he promptly brought his vehicle alongside and, dismounting amidst a hail of shells and mortar projectiles, expeditiously connected a steel cable to the disabled craft and towed it from the untenable position. Fatally struck down by enemy mortar fire upon reaching the shore, First Lieutenant Bristol, by his daring initiative, great personal valor and dauntless courage against tremendous odds, had saved the entire crew of the stricken amphibian from threatened destruction and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 01533 (February 7, 1945)
Born: at San Bernardino, California
Home Town: Oildale, California

*BRIXLEY, LLOYD A., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Lloyd A. Brixley, Jr. (504005), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for heroism and extraordinary achievement while serving with the First Battalion, Eighteenth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 24 June 1944. When his Battalion was pinned down by withering anti-aircraft fire emanating from a strongly fortified enemy position commanding the area, Private First Class Brixley, on his own initiative, promptly left his position of comparative safety and, fearlessly exposing himself to the intense barrage, advanced and threw a demolition charge into the emplacement. With the enemy temporarily confused by the sudden explosion, he enabled succeeding assault personnel to advance and attack the position, killing 150 of the enemy and completely neutralizing the strongpoint. Although he lost his life during the fierce action, Private First Class Brixley, by his great personal valor, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage in the face of grave peril, had contributed to the success of an extremely hazardous engagement, and his valiant devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 1158 (February 22, 1945)
Home Town: Cortez, Colorado

BRODERICK, JOHN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John C. Broderick (346064), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with Company C, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion in action against enemy Japanese forces during the landing attack of the THIRD Marine Division (Reinforced), in the Cape Torokina Area, Bougainville Island, British Solomon Islands, on 1 November 1943. Observing that a strongly fortified enemy position was retarding the advance of his platoon, Private First Class Broderick fired his weapon with grim determination, killing two Japanese ammunition carriers serving a machine gun, then fearlessly rushing forward, hurled a hand grenade into the enemy emplacement and killed several more hostile soldiers. Although suffering from wounds in the leg, he courageously assisted his comrades in destroying the machine gun, clearing the way for the advance of his platoon. Private First Class Broderick's outstanding initiative and heroic devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 0056 (January 4, 1944)
Born: at Iowa Home Town: , Iowa

BROEKER, ORVILLE E.W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Orville E.W. Broeker (397881), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company L, Third Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 23 November 1943. When heavy enemy fire from a concrete machine-gun emplacement stopped the advance of his company, Corporal Broeker promptly withdrew his squad to a protected position and unhesitatingly began to make his way forward under intense fire to the hostile emplacement. Although wounded in the face and partially blinded by fragments of a Japanese grenade, he courageously continued on his mission and, gaining the top of the pillbox, accurately destroyed the enemy resistance, thus allowing the front lines to advance. Corporal Broeker's splendid initiative, great personal valor and unselfish devotion to duty under extremely perilous conditions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647

BROOKS, LOUIS VESTAL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis Vestal Brooks (0-11093), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company A, First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 8 July 1944. During operations in which his company was attacking the northwest beach, Captain Brooks secured the assistance of two Marines and courageously worked his way over a twenty-foot cliff to the shoreline below and successfully completed a detailed reconnaissance of the area. Upon discovering a large concentration of the enemy directly beneath the cliff, he, with the help of one of his men, annihilated more than twenty-five of the Japanese within a few minutes. Skillfully organizing a group of men, he personally led a mopping-up attack and, while directing a flame thrower against a cave occupied by numerous Japanese, suffered serious wounds from an enemy grenade explosion. His outstanding courage, leadership and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6112

*BROOME, ROGER G. B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Roger G. B. Broome (0-6776), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Regimental Weapons Company, Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against the enemy Japanese-held island of Saipan, Marianas Group, 16 June to 8 July 1944. When our advance was held up by a battery of enemy mountain artillery on 16 June, Major Broome organized and coordinated an attack with infantry units to bring up his 37-mm. gun platoon, outflank the hostile position and capture it. Acting on his own initiative on 5 July, he braved the heavy fire of enemy small arms to move forward into a narrow wooded defile with a 75-mm. self-propelled gun and bringing effective fire to bear on Japanese holed up in inaccessible caves, successfully attacked and enabled the infantry to advance. Daring and courageous in his determination to close with the enemy at every opportunity, Major Broome carried out many hazardous reconnaissance missions under every type of enemy fire and, by his brilliant combat tactics and indomitable fighting spirit, aided essentially in the success achieved by our forces during this critical period of offensive action. His forceful leadership and his inspiring and fearless conduct under fire reflect the highest credit upon Major Broome and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 12759 (SofN Signed March 30, 1945)
Home Town: Charlottesville, Virginia

*BROWN, FLETCHER L., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Fletcher L. Brown, Jr. (0-5613), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-TWO (VMSB-232), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in action against enemy Japanese forces in Solomons Islands Area on 28 and 30 August 1942, and on 6 September 1942. On 28 August Major Brown led a section of scout bombers in a courageous attack which resulted in the destruction of three hostile destroyers north of Romos Island. On the night of 30 August, despite poor visibility, he located an enemy naval force attempting to land troops and supplies at Tasimboko. Pressing home vigorous attacks in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire, he scored several near misses, then dove his plane to a perilously low altitude and strafed the Japanese vessels until his ammunition was exhausted. His bold determination and fearless aggressiveness compelled the enemy to retire before an appreciable number of troops or amount of equipment could be disembarked. On 6 September, as leader of one division of a striking group, Major Brown raided hostile shore installations on Gizo Island, but failed to return from this mission. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 00232 (January 21, 1943)
Home Town: Jacksonville Beach, Florida

BROWN, JAMES V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James V. Brown (545073), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Demolition Corporal in a Rifle Platoon of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 14 May 1945. Taking command of the platoon after all his superior officers had become casualties during an attack on strongly defended enemy positions, Corporal Brown courageously exposed himself to the heavy hostile fire while moving from man to man of the disorganized platoon, giving instructions and encouraging them to continue the advance. Through his heroic example, he rallied his men in a new attack and succeeded in seizing and occupying the objective. Then, when the Japanese launched two successive counterattacks, Corporal Brown displayed outstanding leadership in repulsing the hostile assaults. His gallant conduct in this action was a constant inspiration to his men, and his unwavering devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 98301 (October 31, 1945)

*BROWN, KENNETH LYNDON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Kenneth Lyndon Brown (0-7186), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Artillery Battery Commander of the SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 21 November 1943. Conducting a reconnaissance in advance of his firing battery, Captain Brown discovered a group of infantrymen who had become separated from their regular units and, voluntarily assuming command, led them to a well-camouflaged enemy machine-gun pillbox emplacement which was delivering devastating cross-fire on our troops as they waded through the surf prior to gaining the beachhead. While maneuvering his group to the flank of the enemy weapon, several of his men were killed or wounded by a covering light machine gun and, in the face of almost certain death, he courageously exposed himself to the line of fire and was mortally wounded attempting to locate the hostile weapon. Captain Brown's grim determination, brilliant leadership and daring aggressiveness directly contributed to the saving of many lives and reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 917 (February 8, 1944)
Home Town: Bradford, New Hampshire

BROWN, ROBERT R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert R. Brown (0-41760), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader of Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 4 and 5 May 1945. Although severely shocked by the blast of an enemy artillery shell when his platoon was met by heavy hostile artillery, machine-gun and mortar fire which caused many casualties during an attack on a strongly-defended Japanese town, Second Lieutenant Brown remained with his men and, rallying them, led them through intense hostile fire to occupy the objective, thereby reinforcing the hard-pressed and thinly-held lines of his company. Twice during the following day, he crept forward of friendly lines through heavy Japanese fire and, on each occasion, destroyed a hostile pillbox, killing nine of the enemy. By his courageous efforts, Second Lieutenant Brown eliminated a threat to the advance of his company and contributed materially to the rapid advance of our forces. His coolness under fire and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496 (September 15, 1945)

*BROWN, ROBERT S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert S. Brown (0-4661), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Operations Officer of the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. Adeptly reorganizing troops which had withdrawn from the main line of resistance to the rear of the reserve line, Major Brown committed them to action under direction of the Battalion Commander. Afterward, reporting for duty at a point along the line where a hostile breakthrough was imminent, he, with proficient skill and complete disregard for his own personal safety, assisted in the defense of the position until he was wounded by the explosion of a Japanese hand grenade. While he was being evacuated from the Battalion aid station, the ambulance in which he was a passenger was subjected to merciless machine gun fire and he was killed. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 19 (January 2, 1943)
Home Town: Merion, Pennsylvania

BROWN, WILEY C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wiley C. Brown (858549), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 21 June 1945. Gallantly braving heavy automatic weapons fire and grenades, Corporal Brown courageously led his squad in an assault on a strongly fortified enemy-held ridge and, after reaching the objective on the ridge top, engaged the Japanese in furious hand-to-hand combat to force them from their position. Assuming command when his platoon leader was killed, he stayed behind to cover the movements of his platoon with accurate sub-machine gun fire when his group was ordered to withdraw. Later the same day, during a renewed attack on the ridge, he directed his men to the crest of the ridge and, despite desperate attacks by the Japanese to re-take their position, held out until reinforcements arrived. By his fortitude, leadership and devotion to duty, Corporal Brown upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 98716
Home Town: Gadsden, Alabama

*BROWN, WILLIAM PERRY, JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Perry Brown, Jr. (0-32240), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Marine Fighting Squadron THREE HUNDRED ELEVEN (VMF-311), Marine Air Group THIRTY-ONE (MAG-31), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces off Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 4 May 1945. Leading his division on a combat air patrol, Second Lieutenant Brown sighted a flight of eleven enemy planes. Immediately giving battle, he fought his plane gallantly to shoot down four of the hostile craft and, by his expert flight leadership, contributed materially to the success of his division in destroying the remaining eight Japanese planes. His superb airmanship, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 002608 (October 9, 1945)
Born: at Lovelady, Texas
Home Town: Kilgore, Texas
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (Korea)

BROWNER, RALPH LEROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Leroy Browner (516659), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 8 and 9 July 1944. During the night when the enemy counterattacked his company on the beach west of Kaberra Pass, Private First Class Browner set up his machine gun on the left flank of the line within six feet of the water's edge and, despite intense rifle and machine-gun fire, manned the gun during the entire night. As the heat of the battle increased, he received fire from three directions but, tenaciously holding his position, accounted for thirty-five enemy dead and aided directly in protecting the left flank of the line and in repulsing the counterattack. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Browner and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6685 (SofN Signed January 28, 1946)
Home Town: Bakersfield, California

*BRUGGER, WILLIAM E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William E. Brugger (305775), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 15 June 1944. Mortally wounded when his unit was pinned down by shattering machine-gun fire emanating from a concealed enemy pillbox during fierce hostilities on D-Day, Corporal Brugger, on his own initiative, fearlessly pressed forward through the withering barrage and single-handedly charged the emplacement. Determined to complete his perilous mission and prevent further casualties, he fought furiously despite the tremendous odds and succeeded in destroying the enemy before he was evacuated. Corporal Brugger's daring initiative, his valiant fighting spirit and great personal valor, maintained throughout the bitter engagement, served as an inspiration to his comrades and his self-sacrificing devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 13017 (May 10, 1945)
Home Town: Coleman, Michigan

BRUNELLI, AUSTIN R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Austin R. Brunelli (0-4640), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 8 to 16 March 1945. When he returned to duty after being wounded and evacuated, Lieutenant Colonel Brunelli assumed command of the Battalion which had suffered heavy casualties and, making a personal reconnaissance of his entire front lines, reorganized his badly depleted units into two rifle companies. Restoring the fighting spirit of his men and resuming the attack in coordination with units on his flanks, he contributed materially to the substantial gains of his Battalion against the fanatical resistance of their general advance in the face of intense hostile fire until the resistance of the enemy was completely overcome. His gallant fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 41635 (June 8, 1945)

*BRUNNHOEFFER, RICHARD ROWLAND
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Richard Rowland Brunnhoeffer (965621), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Demolitions Man, serving with Headquarters Company, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese-held Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Group, on 20 June 1945. When his company was pinned down by intense sniper and machine-gun fire and was unable to advance further in the face of the fierce opposition, Private First voluntarily scouted the fanatically defended Japanese positions and then ran across an exposed area to direct a tank forward to destroy the hostile emplacements. Again exposing himself to aid several men who were wounded and lying in a field covered by enemy fire later the same day, he picked up a nearby field radio, directed mortar smoke shells and, in the ensuing smoke screen, successfully moved the wounded men to a position of safety. Seriously wounded while bringing the last man out of danger, Private Brunnhoeffer, by his great personal valor and heroic sacrifice, saved the lives of his wounded comrades. His splendid initiative and gallant devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 002467 (January 5, 1946)
Home Town: Louisville, Kentucky

BUCKLEY, JOSEPH EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Edward Buckley (0-5816), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism s Commanding Officer of Regimental Weapons Company, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 6 January 1944. Riding a 75-mm. gun half-track during a coordinated attack on a strong hostile road-block, Captain Buckley courageously crossed a sand spit in the face of heavy enemy opposition and, continually exposing himself to persistent machine-gun and sniper fire in order to keep abreast of the assault troops, personally directed the accurate fire of the half-track against Japanese pillboxes and antitank weapons with aggressive determination, thus enabling our attacking forces to capture the road-block and annihilate the enemy. Captain Buckley's gallant conduct and inspiring leadership throughout this extremely hazardous engagement were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0689 (March 28, 1944)

BUDZYNSKI, JOSEPH MARTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Martin Budzinski (473706), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as an Acting Mortar Squad Leader of Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 27 February 1945. Fully aware of the extreme danger involved, Corporal Budzynski courageously exposed himself to heavy enemy machine-gun, mortar and rifle fire to deliver accurate fire on two hostile positions which were impeding the advance of his company. After neutralizing the emplacements, he led a squad in an assault on the positions, killing several Japanese with an automatic rifle. Assuming command when his section leader was killed, he occupied an observation post which was exposed to heavy enemy sniper and machine-gun fire and directed the fire of the section and then, discovering a wounded rifleman in front of his observation post, unhesitatingly went to his rescue. After braving intense hostile mortar fire which killed the wounded man before he could be evacuated, Corporal Budzynski personally led a rifle squad in an assault on his company's objective and contributed materially to the subsequent advance of his company. His indomitable fighting spirit, initiative and aggressive leadership throughout reflect the highest credit on Corporal Budzynski and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 46173 (June 23, 1945)

*BUH, JOHN CARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Carl Buh (859053), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Island of Peleliu in the Palau Group, on 27 September 1944. Providing rifle cover for the lead tank during a furious assault on an important enemy-held ridge strongly fortified with pillboxes and caves in the northern tip of the island, Private First Class Buh fought his weapon with resolute determination until his tank was knocked out by a powerful Bangalore torpedo hurled from a cave position and the tank crew suffered heavy casualties from the cave's automatic fire which was pouring out in a continuous barrage. Fearlessly disregarding all personal danger, Private First Class Buh immediately moved out ahead of his vehicle and, delivering a steady, unceasing stream of deadly bullets into the mouth of the cave, succeeded in diverting the enemy's fire long enough to enable flame throwers to advance and reduce the Japanese position before he was fatally struck down. An indomitable fighter, Private First Class Buh, by his daring initiative, unfaltering skill and aggressive fighting spirit in the face of fanatic opposition, contributed essentially to the ultimate conquest of this vital Japanese stronghold, and his great personal valor throughout the period of fierce hostilities reflects the highest credit upon himself and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 01441 (January 4, 1945)
Home Town: Rock Springs, Wyoming

*BUNDSCHU, GEARY R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Geary R. Bundschu (0-8276), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while serving as Commanding Officer of Company A, First Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on the Asan-Adelup Beachhead, Guam, Marianas Islands, on 22 July 1944. With his company pinned down by bitter hostile machine-gun, mortar and rifle fire during an advance up a vital enemy ridge, Captain Bundschu unhesitatingly exposed himself to an intense barrage from Japanese guns and, fearlessly proceeding forward, observed and sketched the enemy position retarding the advance of his unit. Again making himself a target for hostile weapons, despite painful wounds in the shoulder, he continued to observe enemy defenses and skillfully reorganized his men in preparation for another fierce assault against the Japanese-held ridge. Although his right arm was rendered useless by a grenade fragment when his platoon was caught in a hostile machine-gun crossfire and simultaneously subjected to a vicious grenade attack, Captain Bundschu courageously directed his men to take cover then, valiantly pressing forward succeeded in destroying the nearest Japanese machine-gun position with grenades before he was mortally wounded. His great personal courage and inspiring leadership in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Forces, Serial: 004424 (December 18, 1945)
Home Town: Oakland, California

BUNGARD, ROBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert L. Bungard (897599), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rocket Launcher Gunner of Company G, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on enemy-held Peleliu, Palau Islands, from 15 to 19 September 1944. During an enemy tank attack on the lines of his company on 15 September, Private First Class Bungard coolly took a position directly in the face of a tank and destroyed the vehicle with his launcher. When two more Japanese tanks came crashing through the lines several minutes later, he again fired his launcher from an exposed position in front of the tanks and destroyed the onrushing vehicles. Constantly placing himself in grave danger during the next three days of fierce fighting, Private First Class Bungard accounted for the destruction or complete neutralization of four hostile pillboxes and cave emplacements and, until seriously wounded on 19 September, repeatedly advanced through deadly enemy mortar barrages and defensive cross-fires to accomplish his missions. His outstanding courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00597-45 (February 28, 1945)

*BUNN, ERNEST V., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ernest V. Bunn, Jr. (0-17598), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a Rifle Platoon attached to a company of the First Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, First Provisional Marine Brigade, during the landing attack to recapture the Japanese-held island of Guam, Marianas, on 21 July 1944. With the company's advance halted by severe fire from a heavily fortified enemy strong point during the expansion of the beachhead by our assault units, First Lieutenant Bunn quickly located the center of resistance and unhesitatingly risked his life to move forward into the fierce barrage to a point within fifteen yards of the hostile emplacement. Utterly unmindful of his own peril, he daringly hurled his grenades into the Japanese position and completely destroyed it. His exceptional courage in the face of danger and his valiant devotion to the fulfillment of a vital mission were an inspiration to the men under his command and reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Bunn and the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004218 (October 24, 1944)
Home Town: Henderson, North Carolina

*BURAK, WALTER JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter John Burak (302155), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Headquarters, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. Assigned as a messenger to the Battalion Commander, Corporal Burak, defying the extreme danger of continual hostile fire, carried messages to subordinate unit commanders along the front. With the telephone line running between points of vital strategic importance severed by enemy mortars, he skillfully repaired the break and then, with the assistance of a comrade, laid a parallel line from the Battalion switchboard to the forward observation post. As the battle grew more furious and the enemy began to envelop the left flank of our position, endangering communication lines, Corporal Burak, alone and unassisted, procured a reel of telephone wire and passing through enemy mortar, machine gun, and rifle fire, personally laid a direct wire from the forward observation post to the division command post. His gallant intrepidity and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Untied States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 298 (January 22, 1943)
Home Town: Greensburg, Pennsylvania

*BURDO, RONALD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ronald A. Burdo (295986), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. When the progress of a company was retarded by heavy sniper opposition, Private First Class Burdo and others courageously attacked a heavily barricaded three-inch gun emplacement from which the deadly fire was emanating. Utterly disregarding his extreme danger, he charged forward and, without waiting for his comrades, unhesitatingly plunged through the entrance and in spite of great odds engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat until reinforcement by other Marines insured elimination of the hostile position. Private First Class Burdo's daring, aggressive, and gallant conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. In a subsequent operation against the enemy on the same day he gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

BURGESS, WILBUR MCC.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilbur McC. Burgess (351916), First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as First Sergeant of Company A, First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. Landing with his company on the beach, First Sergeant Burgess located two enemy pillboxes which were firing on our troops attempting to land and, promptly enlisting the aid of a rifle grenadier, directed accurate grenade fire at the first emplacement until it was temporarily put out of action, then crawled to the position and completely destroyed it with TNT. Maintaining his high courage and aggressive determination, he approached to within five yards of the second pillbox and threw TNT and grenades into the opening, forcing out two of the enemy who were casualties, he courageously assumed command and, although he had only a few men left following a valiant crossing of the exposed landing strip under intense, persistent Japanese fire, tenaciously continued the attack and rendered invaluable assistance in defeating a hostile counterattack. First Sergeant Burgess' splendid initiative, gallant leadership and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of grave peril were an inspiration to his comrades and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647 (Signed January 26, 1948)

BURKE, FRANCIS T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis T. Burke (0-34200), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader of Company C, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on the night of 19 - 20 September 1944. Assigned the mission of assaulting Hill 100, a heavily-defended coral nose studded with caves and concrete pillboxes, Second Lieutenant Burke gallantly led his platoon in a furious attack and reached the summit of the hill. Immediately coming under a heavy rifle caliber field piece which caused numerous casualties, he quickly consolidated the nine remaining men of his platoon into a defense of the forward portion of the hill. Although he received a severe bayonet wound in a hand-to-hand encounter with an enemy soldier, he resolutely remained in his exposed position and continued to lead his men in desperate combat with numerically superior attacking Japanese forces. At dawn, with his automatic weapon out of action, his ammunition exhausted and his position raked by heavy machine-gun fire, he was ordered to withdraw his men to a new position. Second Lieutenant Burke's indomitable fighting spirit, aggressive leadership and courageous devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00597

BURKE, PHILLIP RAY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Phillip Ray Burke (350206), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader of Company A, First Battalion, Eighteenth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces At Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. Wounded while landing on the beach during the initial assault, Corporal Burke immediately organized a group of men and, despite heavy enemy machine-gun and rifle fire, gallantly attacked hostile positions with TNT charges until the ammunition was depleted. Sustaining further wounds the following day, he continued on in the action and courageously threw himself on an enemy hand grenade to save the lives of members of his section, receiving serious wounds in his right arm. By his indomitable fighting spirit, Corporal Burke contributed materially to the success of our operations, and his devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 01489

BUTCHER, EDWARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward J. Butcher (0-37508), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader of Company A, First Tank Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 21 May 1945. Although attacking far in advance of friendly lines when his tank was disabled by a land mine, Second Lieutenant Butcher coolly supervised the repair of the vehicle and continued the attack. When, shortly thereafter, his tank was again disabled by an enemy mine, the explosion of which wounded him and the other crew members, he directed the evacuation of the wounded crewmen to another tank and, refusing evacuation himself, returned to his vehicle and manned its machine guns in order to lend all available fire support to the attack. Despite constant hostile small-arms, mortar and artillery fire, he remained alone with his tank for a period of more than five hours and fired its guns. In addition to lending fire support to the attack, he annihilated many Japanese personnel who attempted to destroy his tank by placing explosives against it, and finally, under cover of darkness, abandoned the vehicle and returned to friendly lines carrying much of his tank's valuable equipment with him. By his cool courage under fire, Second Lieutenant Butcher served as a constant source of inspiration to his men, and his unwavering devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496
Home Town: , Wisconsin

BUTLER, ARTHUR H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur H. Butler (0-4069), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, from 21 July to 10 August 1944. Landing with the initial assault troops in the face of intense hostile mortar fire, Colonel Butler moved forward to the base of the first captured high ground where, after a personal reconnaissance of the terrain, he launched an attack and seized the precipitous cliffs overlooking the entire beach area. When fanatical Japanese made repeated night attacks, culminating in a well-organized "Banzai" attack on the newly won positions, on the night of 25 - 26 July, he exercised personal leadership of his troops, coordinated support fire and directed the movement of units to strengthen the lines. In the advance until 28 July, Colonel Butler remained directly in the rear of advancing units and, by coordinating his Battalions, pushed through difficult terrain and successfully seized all objectives assigned to his command. By his outstanding professional skill, aggressive leadership and expert use of modern military tactics in the face of intense and continuous hostile gunfire, Colonel Butler was instrumental in effecting the recapture of Guam by our forces, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 00893 (June 23, 1950)

*BUTLER, JOHN A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John A. Butler (0-4987), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, attached to the Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 5 March 1945. Landing with his battalion in the fourth wave on D-Day, Lieutenant Colonel Butler quickly advanced his men over ground swept by heavy hostile mortar and artillery fire to a position approximately 150 yards inland from the beach, where he promptly established his command post on top of an enemy occupied blockhouse. Directing his troops from this dangerous position as they made their tortuous way over the shifting, volcanic sands and gun-studded terraces toward Motoyama Airfield Number One, he repeatedly exposed himself to the smashing bombardment of powerful Japanese gun-batteries and, subsequently unable to obtain satisfactory information regarding the progress of battle, unhesitatingly moved forward to the base of the airfield. With observation masked from this point, he fearlessly advanced to the top of the field, moved out under the unabated fury of hostile fire, and making a personal reconnaissance of the area, observed that his left assault company had circled the southern edge of the field but his right assault unit had been stopped in its advance by the overwhelming volume of Japanese dire. Disregarding all personal danger, he returned across the contested area under the direct fire of enemy riflemen concealed in the debris of wrecked planes and directed his right assault company forward. Cool and indomitable as the intrepid unit surged across the field in the face of savage resistance, Lieutenant Colonel Butler, by his daring combat tactics, outstanding valor and determined aggressiveness in the early critical stages of battle, had inspired his men to heroic performance during the final phase of this assault which culminated in the seizure of the entire southern end of the vital Japanese position before the close of D-plus-2. His dynamic leadership and astute military acumen throughout reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Colonel Butler and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35224 (September 24, 1945)
Home Town: San Diego, California

*BUTLER, JOHN MUNROE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Munroe Butler (0-7078), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Delivering a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Butler aided in the disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success f our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of the circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Second Lieutenant Butler gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of an excellent airman in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Home Town: Sugar City, Colorado

BYRNAS, ADOLF B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Adolf B. Byrnas (447567), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company B, First Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Asan Point Beachhead, Guam, Marianas Islands, 21 July 1944. Observing a member of his squad lying wounded and under fire of an enemy machine gun, Private First Class Byrnas crawled forward through the hostile fire for a distance of forty yards and, unable to obtain additional aid after reaching the wounded man, engaged a superior Japanese force single-handedly. Throwing three hand grenades and firing four clips of carbine ammunition, he succeeded in silencing two hostile machine guns and in killing six of the Japanese riflemen. Still persevering in his mission, he then pulled the wounded Marine forty yards to a safe place where first aid was administered and evacuation made possible. His initiative, coolness under fire and gallant devotion to the welfare of his fellow men reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Byrnas and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00598

 

Navy Cross Citations USMC - World War II

A - B

C - D

E - G

H - K

L - M

N - Q

R - S

T - Z

 

Please Contact Us if you have further information on any of these awards.

.

Copyright 1999-2014 by HomeOfHeroes.com
     2115 West 13th Street - Pueblo, CO 81003

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Unless otherwise noted, all materials by C. Douglas Sterner

Home Page

Hall Of Heroes

MOH Community 

NEWS

Kidz Page

FEATURE STORIES
  Profiles In Courage | Wings of ValorThe Brotherhood of Soldiers At War | Go For Broke
 Pearl Harbor  | A Splendid Little War | Shinmiyangyo-Korea 1871 | Quick Links to MOH Stories

RECIPIENT WEB SITES
Barney Barnum  |  Jack Lucas  |  Mitch Paige  |  Wesley Fox  |  Sammy Davis
Roger Donlon
Peter Lemon  |  Drew Dix  |  Mike Novosel

Medal Of Honor Calendar  |  Books By MOH RecipientsSteve Ryan MOH Posters

What Does 
A Hero Look Like?

Click on Superman To Find out


FOOTNOTES
In
HISTORY

NEW
Looking for a Hero or trying to verify awards? We have posted the names of more than 120,000 recipients of the highest awards in a BRAND NEW FREE SECTION
DECORATIONS 1862 - Present
.

Military Medals & Awards 

Information and Images of ALL Military Medals
The Purple Heart 
How to Request Records/Medals Earned
  How to Obtain Military Records of a Family Member 

Honor Roll of America's Military Heroes


Brevet Medal


DSC 


Navy Cross 


Air Force Cross 

Distinguished Service Medals

Defense - Army - Navy - Air Force - Coast Guard - Merchant Marine



Silver Star

U.S. History and Information
The History Room | U.S. Flag HistoryHistory of the Flag |
How to Display the Flag
| The National Anthem | The Pledge of Allegiance The American Creed | The Seal of our Nation | Our National Symbol
Arthur MacArthur's Flag | William Carney's Flag | FDR's Flag of Liberation]

FLAG DAY           STATE FLAGS
American Presidents
U.S. Presidents | Inaugural Addresses

God & Country
ROOM

MY HERO Web Page Creator 
(Create a Tribute to the Hero in Your Own Life)

SEARCH
bn_search.jpg (3967 bytes)
OUR SITE

EDUCATIONAL

GAME ARCADE

OR
Quick Quiz

***
Electronic Post Cards
Talking Points 

Remembering 911
The Binch
Citizens Speak Out

BEYOND THE MEDAL

This 5 Disc DVD Education Program has been distributed to over 17,500 Public & Private High Schools and is now available to the public!


 

HomeOfHeroes.com now has more than 25,000 pages of US History for you to view.