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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross

 
To U.S. Marines
World War II

Navy Cross Citations USMC - World War II

A - B

C - D

E - G

H - K

L - M

N - Q

R - S

T - Z

C

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

*CAIL, ELDEN H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Elden H. Cail (350342), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Machine-Gunner with the Second Battalion, Fourth Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, during the recapture of the enemy Japanese-held Island of Guam in the Marianas on 28 July 1944. An aggressive and valiant fighter, unwavering in the performance of duty, Corporal Cail daringly risked his life to hold his gun on the line in the face of the most devastating mortar and machine-gun fire of the enemy. Manning his weapon steadfastly through two fierce hostile charges, he personally destroyed ten Japanese before sustaining a mortal wound and then continued his determined fire until he succumbed. His exceptional fortitude, courageous initiative and self-sacrificing service reflect the highest credit upon Corporal Cail and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004211 (January 4, 1945)
Home Town: Portland, Maine

CALDWELL, FRANK C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank C. Caldwell (0-11328), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 16 March 1945. When his company encountered heavy opposition from Japanese forces entrenched in a network of caves on 26 February, Captain Caldwell skillfully organized and coordinated his attack over most difficult terrain, exposing himself to heavy enemy fire to insure the execution of his mission. Again, on 3 March, he led his company in a six hundred yard advance under heavy fire which inflicted extremely high casualties among his men. When his platoon leaders became casualties and the platoons became disorganized, he personally organized and maintained contact in his units despite hostile fire, and with unflagging determination and courage, inspired his men to hold the objective. By his indomitable fighting spirit throughout the operation, Captain Caldwell contributed materially to the success of his company. His devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44532 (SofN Signed February 10, 1948)

CALVIN, FRANK C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank C. Calvin (462165), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Flame Thrower Operator in a Combat Patrol of Weapons Company, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 27 July 1944. When enemy machine-gun and rifle fire from a cave overlooking the bivouac area pinned down his patrol engaged in a mission of eliminating hostile forced from the immediate vicinity of the company area, Private First Class Calvin fearlessly moved to the mouth of the cave in full view of the enemy and, coolly advancing into the cave, fired intense bursts of flame until his fuel became exhausted. Then, drawing his pistol, he continued to press his single-handed attack until the entire Japanese force of thirty-two was annihilated. By his courageous initiative, determination and devotion to duty, Private First Class Calvin upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 0042

CAMMACK, OSBORN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Osborn Cammack (819177), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Scout with Company K, THIRD Marine Raider Battalion during a landing on Puruata Island, Solomon Islands, 1 November 1943. Although gravely wounded in the left leg and both ankles when a persistent rain of withering fire from a hostile machine-gun nest immobilized his platoon during an assault on a strongly organized enemy position, Private First Class Cammack courageously disregarded his own serious condition, crawling under the barrage of mortar and machine-gun fire from a position of relative protection to a place near the enemy emplacement. From this vantage point he expertly hurled a hand grenade which destroyed the gun and killed its crew of three Japanese, thus enabling his comrades to advance safely. By his valiant initiative and outstanding devotion to duty, Private First Class Cammack inspired his platoon to press home a vigorous attack which resulted in the destruction of all organized opposition and his exemplary conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 0050 (CofN Signed August 26, 1944)

*CAMP, LEWIS JEAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Lewis Jean Camp (242931), Sergeant Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Control Officer of 20-mm. Anti-aircraft Guns on board the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28) in action against enemy Japanese forces off the coast of the Philippine Islands on 25 November 1944. Fearlessly exposing himself to the savage strafing of Japanese planes plunging to dangerously low altitudes during a sustained enemy aerial attack, Sergeant Major Camp rendered outstanding serviced in defense of his ship, directing the salvos of his powerful gun batteries against several targets with devastating effect. Severely wounded when a Japanese bomb exploded directly beneath his gun-mount, he stoutly disregarded his own painful wounds and calmly and efficiently directed the care of other casualties in his station. Remaining steadfast at his post and reorganizing his gun crews when the enemy attack was renewed with merciless intensity, he continued to order the well-placed fire of his weapons, refusing to leave his position until all danger of attack had ceased. Subsequently discovered in a critical condition, he insisted that all other wounded be cared fore before submitting himself for medical treatment of his own wounds which shortly afterward proved fatal. By his indomitable leadership, resolute fortitude and aggressive determination, Sergeant Major Camp contributed essentially to the safety of his carrier and the planes of Air Group Twenty-Nine embarked on board, and his unyielding devotion to duty and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice throughout reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 01410 (March 1, 1945)
Home Town: Poteau, Oklahoma

*CAMPION, KENNETH O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Kenneth O. Campion (0-9312), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Second Lieutenant Campion, in the face of withering fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to a perilously low altitude before releasing his bomb. Since he failed to return to his base and is missing in action, there can be no doubt, under conditions attendant to the Battle of Midway, that he gave up his life in the defense of his country. His cool courage and conscientious devotion to duty is in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Minnesota Home Town: Fountain City, Wisconsin

CANEJO, LIONEL A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lionel A. Canejo (399985), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifleman of Company B, First Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, 21 February 1945. Boldly attacking an enemy machine gun emplacement while under heavy enemy machine-gun fire, Private First Class Canejo ran a distance of forty yards to the enemy emplacement and, upon attempting to open fire, discovered that his weapon had jammed. Undaunted he attacked the rear entrance and killed the first Japanese who rushed out to engage him by hitting the man on the skull with sufficient force to break the stock of his rifle. Drawing his combat knife, he dashed inside the pillbox and killed three more enemy. Although he sustained painful wounds during the engagement, Private First Class Canejo crawled back to the company under fire and reported his findings. His initiative, high courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 42133 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)

CANFIELD, CLAYTON M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clayton M. Canfield (0-9406), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Delivering a dauntless and aggressive assault against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Canfield shot down one Navy Aichi Type dive bomber, thereby aiding in the disruption of enemy plans and lessening the effectiveness of their attack. His courageous determination, maintained at great personal risk against tremendous odds, contributed to the success of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942

CANTREL, WILLIAM AUGUST
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William August Cantrel (0-12602), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Division Leader and Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Marine Fighting Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-123), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Kure Naval Base, Honshu, Japan, on 19 March 1945. While leading his Division in a strike against numerically superior enemy aircraft, Captain Cantrel personally destroyed two and damaged two of a total score of nine Japanese planes destroyed and five damaged, thereby contributing materially to the prevention of a possible attack on our planes then approaching for a strike against units of the Japanese Fleet. Although severely wounded during the engagement and with his plane badly damaged he assumed command of the entire formation when his flight leader's plane was damaged and, by his skill and determination, returned it to base without further loss. His inspiring leadership and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0592

CARD, EUGENE TINSLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Tinsley Card (250087), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as Radioman-Gunner of an airplane in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 and 5 June 1942. While participating in a determined attack against the invading Japanese Fleet, Sergeant Card, then Corporal, as rear seat machine-gunner, maintained fire in the face of overwhelming enemy fighter opposition and fierce anti-aircraft barrage. During action in which he himself was wounded, Sergeant Card succeeded in shooting down one enemy fighter plane. His gallant conduct throughout this engagement was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Utah

CAREY, JOHN F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John F. Carey (0-5650), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Division Commander and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Leading his division in a dauntless and aggressive assault against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Captain Carey shot down one Navy Aichi Type dive bomber, thereby aiding in the disruption of enemy plans and lessening of the effectiveness of their attack. His courageous determination, maintained at great personal risk against tremendous odds, contributed to the success of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Untied States Naval Forces.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942

CARL, MARION EUGENE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Marion Eugene Carl (0-6053), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving Section Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Leading his section in a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Captain Carl aided in the disruption of enemy plans and lessened the effectiveness of their attack. As a result of his daring tactics, he succeeded in destroying one OO Isento KI Navy Fighter. The courageous leadership and utter disregard for personal safety displayed by Captain Carl in this attack were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 06053 (SofN Approved November 10, 1942)
Born: November 1, 1915 at Hubbard, Oregon
Home Town: Hubbard, Oregon
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

CARL, MARION EUGENE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Marion Eugene Carl (0-6053), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-223), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomons Islands Area from 24 August 1942 to 9 September 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, Captain Carl, during the period of sixteen days, shot down ten enemy aircraft unassisted, and with the help- of another Marine Corps pilot, succeeded in shooting down the eleventh plane. His brilliant daring and conspicuous skill as an airman served as an inspiration to other pilots of his squadron and contributed greatly to the security of the positions of the United States Forces in the Solomon Islands. His courageous and loyal devotion to duty is in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, 1942
Born: November 1, 1915 at Hubbard, Oregon
Home Town: Hubbard, Oregon
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

CARLSON, EVANS FORDYCE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Evans Fordyce Carlson (0-3613), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Commanding Officer of the SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. In the first operation of this type ever conducted by United States Forces, Lieutenant Colonel Carlson personally directed his forces in the face of intense fire of enemy ground troops and aerial bombing barrage, inflicting great personnel and material damage on the enemy. In the withdrawal of his forces under adverse sea conditions, he displayed outstanding resourcefulness, initiative and resolute purpose in evacuating all wounded and disabled men. His high courage and excellent leadership throughout the engagement were in keeping with the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, October 1942
Born: February 26, 1896 at Sidney, New York
Home Town: Sidney, New York
Other Award: Navy Cross (2nd Nicaragua), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)

CARLSON, EVANS FORDYCE
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Evans Fordyce Carlson (0-3613), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Commanding Officer of the SECOND Marine Raider Battalion in action against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal, in the British Solomon Islands, during the period from 4 November 1942 to 4 December 1942. In the face of most difficult conditions of tropical weather and heavy growth, Lieutenant Colonel Carlson led his men in a determined and aggressive search for threatening hostile forces, overcoming all opposition and completing their mission with small losses to our men while taking heavy toll of the enemy. His personal valor and inspiring fortitude reflect great credit upon Lieutenant Colonel Carlson, his command and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, January 1943
Born: February 26, 1896 at Sidney, New York
Home Town: Sidney, New York
Other Award: Navy Cross (2nd Nicaragua), Navy Cross (WWII)

*CARLTON, TED JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ted Joseph Carlton (349352), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 3 October 1944. Pinned down by withering hostile small-arms fire emanating from a firmly-entrenched cave while advancing single-file with a forward assault platoon against a steep, jagged cliff, Private First Class Carlton refused to seek cover and, steadily working his way to the head of the column under the enemy's intense barrage, succeeded in neutralizing the position with expertly placed bazooka fire, thereby enabling the advance to continue. With two members of a nearby company seriously wounded when the enemy again attacked from a higher slope, Private First Class Carlton unhesitatingly risked his life to attempt a rescue and, pressing forward over the crest through concentrated machine-gun fire, carried one to safety and returned with the other before he was fatally struck down by a bursting shell. By his daring initiative, great personal valor and self-sacrificing devotion to the completion of an extremely perilous task, Private First Class Carlton saved the lives of two men who otherwise might have perished and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 01367 (March 22, 1945)
Home Town: San Diego, California

CARSON, D.A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to D.A. Carson (454935), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving in a Squad of Company D, Second Battalion, Twenty-eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Iowa Jima, Volcano Islands, on 1 March 1945. When his assault squad and an attached machine gun squad had suffered seven casualties and were pinned down by machine-gun fire from an enemy pillbox, Private First Class Carson crawled thirty yards through intense fire to a position close to the side of the pillbox. Although the Japanese observed him and were attempting to prevent him from reaching it with a barrage of hand grenades, he charged the pillbox and, grasping the enemy machine gun by the barrel, pulled it from the embrasure, thus enabling the remainder of his squad to advance and neutralize hostile resistance in that sector. Private First Class Carson's' initiative and great personal valor under extremely hazardous conditions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43156
Home Town: Texarkana, Texas

CARTER, ANDREW J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Andrew J. Carter, Jr. (537051), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a member of Company A, First Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 3 March, 1945. When his forward position was attacked by twelve marauding Japanese just before dawn, Private First Class Carter skillfully shot and killed four of them and, with a comrade remaining on guard, rushed through the darkness to a nearby foxhole to replace his jammed rifle. Subsequently discovering his companion suffering a serious wound which left him physically unable to stop the advance of another of the enemy who was charging the foxhole with a drawn saber, he seized his own bayonet and, while exposed to several more of the Japanese surrounding the installations, killed the attacker in a daring hand-to-hand encounter. Although in severe pain from a serious wound received during the struggle and fully aware of the enemy's fanatical intent to penetrate the position, Private First Class Carter remained at his wounded companion's side until daybreak, surrounded by the bodies of twelve Japanese, five of whom he personally had killed in his gallant defense of his Company Command Post. By his fortitude, aggressive fighting spirit and unfaltering devotion to duty, he upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 30, 1926 at Caddo, Oklahoma
Home Town: Paducah, Texas

CARTER, DAVID VREELAND
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Vreeland Carter (0-21370/313101), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while serving with the Third Battalion, Eighth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 10 July 1944. Voluntarily leading a patrol against a well-placed and strongly fortified enemy pocket of resistance, Second Lieutenant Carter boldly placed himself at the had of his men and moved forward into the pocket in the face of continuous close range rifle and grenade fire. Picking up an automatic rifle, he charged forward, spearheading the attack which wiped out the strong point and annihilated fifty of the Japanese. His inspiring leadership, courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Carter and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 7916 (June 19, 1947)
Born: at Buffalo, New York
Home Town: Kenmore, New York

CASE, LEO B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leo B. Case (0-7785), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Platoon Leader of the Second Platoon, Company A, First Tank Battalion, while attached to the Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during the initial stages of the tank action against enemy Japanese forces along the Tenaru River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the afternoon of 21 August 1942. When his command tank became stalled in a ditch while surrounded by hostile troops, First Lieutenant Case, heedless of the grave danger of exposure to enemy fire, climbed out of the turret, dropped to the ground and attached the towing cable of another tank to his own so that it might be hauled back into service. His cool courage and complete disregard of personal safety undoubtedly saved the lives of his crew, kept his tank in action, and enabled him to continue command of his platoon on its mission of destruction of Japanese personnel, machine-gun and mortar positions. First Lieutenant Case's initiative and great personal valor under extremely hazardous conditions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, October 1942
Born: at Syracuse, New York
Home Town: Syracuse, New York

*CASE, VICTOR L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Victor L. Case (441600), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as an Automatic Rifleman serving with Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Group, 15 to 22 September 1944. When his platoon was pinned down by heavy Japanese machine-gun fire from two pillboxes, Private First Class Case fearlessly exposed himself to the terrific barrage and, crawling forward to an open, more advantageous position, directed extremely effective automatic rifle fire on the embrasures of both emplacements. Then, advancing boldly in company with another Marine, he assaulted the hostile position with determined aggressiveness and, hurling grenades and engaging the enemy in hand-to-hand combat, succeeded in annihilating the eight Japanese occupants, thereby enabling his platoon to continue the attack. Advancing courageously ahead of his squad under similar conditions on 22 September, Private First Class Case was mortally wounded by concealed enemy machine guns. By his bold initiative and intrepid fighting spirit in the face of grave danger, Private First Class Case contributed materially to the success of our operations in this area, and his valiant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004314 (January 11, 1945)
Born: at Colfax, Iowa
Home Town: Colfax, Iowa

*CASEY, DANIEL F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Daniel F. Casey (0-34204), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader, attached to Company A, First Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 6 March 1945. When his group was designated as the assault platoon of an early morning attack against a heavily fortified Japanese position, Second Lieutenant Casey dauntlessly led his men forward despite the terrific enemy fire which wounded or killed one-half of his platoon within twenty minutes. Undeterred by the powerful blasts from the hostile position and from the seriousness of wounds he had sustained in the bitter action, he refused to half or slacken his progress and, by sheer momentum of his charge, enabled the whole company to advance. Refusing medical aid from the attending corpsman until the wounded members of his platoon had first been cared for, he valiantly continued the advance with the remnants of his platoon until he fell, mortally wounded, from a second hit. His courageous fighting spirit, perseverance and indomitable determination in the face of insuperable odds reflect the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Casey and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on January 15, 1947
Born: at Gleasonton, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Buffalo, New York

CASTLE, DONALD H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald H. Castle (0-11120), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company H, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 7 March 1945. Commanding his company in an attack along a ridge stubbornly defended by the Japanese entrenched in spider traps and caves, Captain Castle was aggressively leading his men through the intense fire when an enemy suicide group in a cave blew themselves up with a terrific explosion which rocked the entire ridge, causing numerous casualties among his men and disarming and disorganizing the remainder. Courageously moving forward among the dazed men in the face of intense mortar, rifle and machine-gun fire, he personally reorganized his company and, rallying his men, led them in the continuation of the attack. By his intrepid actions and indomitable spirit, he averted a probable serious counterattack. His gallant devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44533 (SofN Signed February 17, 1946)
Born: at Waitsburg, Washington
Home Town: Walla Walla, Washington

*CASTLE, WILLIAM R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William R. Castle (456666), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as an Automatic Rifleman serving with the First Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Finegayan Area, Guam, Marianas Islands, on 3 August 1944. When his platoon was held up by intense machine-gun and rifle fire from a strongly fortified enemy position, Private First Class Castle unhesitatingly and with aggressive determination advanced approximately one hundred yards forward of his unit and, alternately firing his automatic rifle and throwing hand grenades, furiously rushed the entrenched hostile emplacements, destroying one machine gun and killing thirteen of the enemy before he was mortally wounded. By his splendid initiative and indomitable fighting spirit, Private First Class Castle enabled his platoon to advance and overrun the extensive hostile defensive positions, destroy forty-five Japanese and rout the remainder, and his valiant devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004257 (January 4, 1945)
Born: at Wichita Falls, Texas
Home Town: Texola, Oklahoma

CEARLEY, G. B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to G. B. Cearley (284136), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with a Rifle Company of the Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Matanikau River Area, Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands, on 5 October 1942. Although a hospital corpsman had been killed in a third desperate attempt to rescue a severely injured Marine from the exposed area where he had fallen, Private First Class Cearley, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, daringly worked his way forward under a hail of Japanese fire and removed his wounded comrade to a place of safety. The outstanding courage and gallantry displayed by Private First Class Cearley in saving the life of another at great risk to himself were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 829 (1041) (April 4, 1944)
Born: at Copper Hill, Tennessee
Home Town: Blairsville, Georgia

CELENTANO, FRANK W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank W. Celentano (472472), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the invasion of Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll, 1 February 1944. Occupying a section of a Japanese fire trench with five other men when an enemy hand grenade was thrown into the trench, Private First Class Celentano unhesitatingly took the initiative and, heroically disregarding all personal danger, seized the weapon and threw it from the trench, saving the lives of his men but losing his own hand when the deadly missile exploded as he released it. Concerned only for the safety of his comrades in their precarious positions, he remained as he was, unattended throughout the night, making no outcry and refusing to yield to his pain least he endanger them. His steadfast courage, unyielding fortitude and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Celentano and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2798
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Woodside, New York

CHAFFIN, BRADFORD W., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bradford W. Chaffin, Jr. (0-18048), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company A, First Battalion, Twenty-ninth Marines (Reinforced), Fleet Marine Force, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, 2 July 1944. When his Company was subjected to intense mortar and small-arms fire just prior to the time designated for its attack, First Lieutenant Chaffin proceeded up and down the lines, encouraging his men to start the attack on schedule. Then, leading the attack behind a group of friendly tanks despite powerful Japanese flanking fire, he contributed in large measure to the securing of his company's objective with a minimum of casualties although the friendly unit on his right was pinned down by hostile fire and unable to advance. Subsequently, acting on his own initiative, he proceeded to clear the woods on his right flank of enemy forces to enable the other unit to advance and carry out its mission. By his courage, leadership and devotion to duty throughout this hazardous operation, First Lieutenant Chaffin upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 8745
Born: at Defiance, Michigan
Home Town: Adrian, Michigan

CHAISSON, JAMES J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James J. Chaisson, Jr. (976180), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company G, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima, Ryukyu Islands, on 12 May 1945. Volunteering to assist a Marine unit which was pinned down by intense hostile fire emanating from a well-defended enemy position on commanding ground, Private First Class Chaisson located the source of enfilade fire that was taking a heavy toll on the attacking Marines and destroyed it by leading a flame-thrower assault which killed approximately twelve of the enemy. Observing that his unit was in grave danger of being fired upon by friendly supporting aircraft, he dashed up a hillside and, though painfully wounded by hostile fire, succeeded in rolling out panels to mark the position of his unit. Upon returning, he discovered that three seriously wounded Marines were lying in front of friendly lines. Unhesitatingly, he hung on the back end of a tank and allowed himself to be dragged forward along the ground to the positions of the wounded men. Under covering fire from the tank, he assisted the casualties back to the lines. When his small attacking force was ordered to a new location, Private First Class Chaisson seized an automatic rifle from a fallen Marine and in the face of heavy hostile fire, rushed ahead in full view of the enemy, drawing the fire to himself. Although suffering painful wounds, he courageously and determinedly engaged the enemy, thereby aiding his companions to reach their objective and renew the attack. His great personal valor, outstanding initiative and inspiring devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 868 (November 25, 1955)
Born: at Cape North, Canada
Home Town: Natick, Massachusetts

CHAMBERLIN, WILLIAM C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William C. Chamberlin (0-5929), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Executive Officer of the Second Battalion, Eighth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, from 20 to 24 November 1943. Although wounded during landing operations, Major Chamberlin promptly reorganized the remnants of three companies of his own battalion and another company of a reinforcing Battalion in the most important and hazardous sector assigned to his forces. Personally directing the yard-by-yard advance of these assault units, he repeatedly exposed himself to intense enemy grenade and rifle fire in changing position from one flank of a three hundred yard front to the other and, by his own brilliant leadership and gallant conduct, inspired his men to tremendous endeavors which resulted in the successful completion of an extremely difficult mission. Major Chamberlin's splendid tactical ability and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of grave peril reflect great credit upon himself, his valiant command and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

CHAMPAGNE, JOSEPH D. R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph D. R. Champagne (350333), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a member of a Rifle Company of the Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during a mechanized attack by enemy Japanese forces against the position occupied by that Battalion at the Matanikau River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 23 October 1942. When a hostile tank broke through the right flank and headed straight in his direction, Private First Class Champagne, with cool courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety, calmly remained in his fox-hole until the approaching tank crept abreast of him, then stood up and placed a grenade in the track, thus putting it out of action. His alert presence of mind and gallant initiative contributed materially to the decisive victory of our forces against the Japanese attack and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, (November 9, 1942)
Born: at Lewiston, Maine
Home Town: Lewiston, Maine

CHARLTON, JASON T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jason T. Charlton (432649), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Reconnaissance Company, Headquarters Battalion, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific War Area on 17 February 1945. When two bombs from an enemy plane hit the ship on which he was embarked, Sergeant Charlton organized a bucket brigade to fight the fire amidships and, although wounded and suffering from concussion, he manned a hose and went below to prevent the fire from reaching the fantail which housed eighty tons of explosives. Brought above decks after he had fought the fire until overcome by heat and smoke, he went below again as soon as he regained consciousness and manned the hose until the blaze was brought under control. By his initiative, cool courage and unselfish devotion to duty, Sergeant Carlton assisted in preventing further loss of life and property and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 04297 (SofN Signed January 28, 1948)
Born: at Romney, West Virginia
Home Town: Staystown, Pennsylvania

CHARPENTIER, DONALD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald A. Charpentier (419720), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Section Leader of a Demolitions Team of Headquarters Company, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 21 June 1945. When he and his team were charged by five Japanese while placing a demolition charge in a by-passed hostile position in the rear of his attacking company, Corporal Charpentier killed two of the enemy with rifle fire and caused the others to withdraw into a cave which he closed by placing a satchel charge at the opening. Sending the other men of his team back for more demolitions, he remained alone to guard advancing riflemen against attacks from the rear and, while waiting, killed seven of the Japanese who emerged from a cave and forced several more back inside. When his men returned with demolition charges, he advanced in the face of hostile fire from the cave and closed the entrance, thereby eliminating the chance of another attack by the infiltrating enemy. Throughout the remainder of the day, he went from cave to cave and, always remaining between the Japanese and the advancing infantry, annihilated the hostile troops by sealing the entrance to their positions. By his outstanding courage under fire, Corporal Charpentier contributed materially to the success of his company in taking its objective, and his devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496
Born: at Oakes, North Dakota
Home Town: Oakes, North Dakota

CLADIN, LEWIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lewis Cladin (0-29788), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Leader of an Assault Platoon of Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 15 September 1944. Although wounded by enemy shrapnel and hand grenades shortly after landing, Second Lieutenant Cladin refused to be evacuated and insisted upon leading his platoon in an assault on hostile pillboxes which were delaying the advance of his company. Expertly maneuvering his men into position, he directed flanking fire on the Japanese emplacements and succeeded in destroying them. Then, wounded a second time as he came under a heavy mortar barrage, he again refused evacuation and resolutely continued to lead his platoon in the assault until relieved eight days later. His courage, leadership and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Cladin and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00396
Born: at Tarpon Springs, Florida
Home Town: Sarasota, Florida

*CLAING, JOSEPH L. P. G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph L. P. G. Claing (907084), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Fire Team Leader, serving with Company E, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima, Ryukyu Islands, 28 May 1945. During an attack on a strongly-defended hostile ridge from which heavy mortar and rifle fire was blasting his company, Corporal Claing quickly located the source and volunteered to lead a patrol to engage and destroy the enemy. Leading his small group of men to the rear of the Japanese, he launched a fierce surprise attack, killing twenty of the enemy and demolishing their position. As another emplacement opened fire on the patrol, wounding several of the group, Corporal Claing boldly ran toward the enemy, firing and hurling grenades and, by his alertness in distracting and confusing the enemy, made possible the safe evacuation of the casualties. Fatally wounded by a hostile mortar shell while attempting to rejoin his unit, Corporal Claing, by his courage, initiative and indomitable fighting spirit, had been instrumental not only in accomplishing a hazardous mission but also in effecting the safe return of his patrol, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 031841 (November 6, 1945)
Born: at Williamantic, Connecticut
Home Town: Hartford, Connecticut

*CLARK, MAX (POW)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Max Clark (0-5538), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession while serving with the SIXTEENTH Naval District, Cavite (P.I.) Navy Yard, during the enemy attacks on the Cavite Navy Yard and the Naval Air Station at Sangley Point, Philippine Islands, between 10 and 19 December 1941. With singular calmness and efficiency in the face of great personal danger, Major Clark organized and directed rescue and salvage groups, and by his prompt and energetic actions, and by working day and night, to the limit of human endurance, he rendered services of inestimable value during the hazardous task of salvaging vital war materials and explosives from that stricken and burning area. On Corregidor he did outstanding work in the defense of that sector. By his coolness and courage under fire, and his complete disregard for his own personal safety, he demonstrated superior qualities of leadership and a devotion to duty that was far above expectations. As a soldier and a leader, he was an inspiration to both officers and men alike. His courage, leadership and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Major Clark and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, (August 12, 1942)
Born: at New Britain, Connecticut
Home Town: Galveston, Texas

*CLARKE, THOMAS E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas E. Clarke (0-7707), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 15 to 19 June 1944. Courageously leading his company in the assault operations, Captain Clarke directed the expeditions clearing out of firmly-entrenched enemy gun positions along the beaches and, reorganizing the company, led it across an open field under extremely intense artillery fire which inflicted heavy casualties and completely disorganized his men. Although knocked down several times by artillery blasts nearby, he successfully guided his company across the field and again reorganized it to continue the attack to the initial objective. Subsequently, by his fearless conduct in directing his forces from exposed positions along the front lines, he enabled his men to repulse a fierce enemy counterattack. On 19 June, when his company was held up by devastating hostile mortar and automatic weapons fire during an attack on Japanese caves, Captain Clarke unhesitatingly moved out front to procure tanks to assist the advance and was mortally wounded. His brilliant leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and tenacious devotion to duty were an inspiration to his men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004027 (December 26, 1944)
Born: at Davenport, Iowa
Home Town: Des Moines, Iowa

CLEMENT, WILLIAM T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William T. Clement (0-170), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Marine Officer on the staff of the Commander in Chief, United States Asiatic Fleet between 7 December 1941 and 28 April 1942. Colonel Clement was invaluable in liaison work between the Commandant, SIXTEENTH Naval District, the Commanding General, United States Armed Forces in the Far East, and particularly with forces engaged on Bataan Peninsula. Although quartered at Corregidor, he spent much of his time on the Bataan Peninsula, and frequently facilitated operations by his suggestions and by his handling of some of the diversified units engaged. Colonel Clement contributed very materially to this campaign.
SPOT AWARD, (July 15, 1942)
Born: at Lynchburg, Virginia
Home Town: Richmond, Virginia

CLEVELAND, IRVING
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Irving Cleveland (304841), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. With courageous disregard for his own imminent danger, Private First Class Cleveland charged through withering fire to make a lone attack against a strong hostile dugout. After effecting a daring entrance, he engaged the Japanese in perilous hand-to-hand combat and succeeded in killing all of them. His aggressive fighting spirit and valiant devotion to duty were kin keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at Gloversville, New York
Home Town: Schoharie, New York

CLOSE, RICHARD L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard L. Close (367541), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company G, Second Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. Courageously charging through intense, persistent enemy machine-gun fire, Corporal Close boldly entered a hostile pillbox which was preventing the advance of our troops and, although twice repelled by the Japanese within the emplacement, unhesitatingly made a third valiant attempt and succeeded in neutralizing the position before he was critically wounded. Corporal Close's splendid initiative, inspiring conduct and self-sacrificing devotion to duty under extremely perilous conditions reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647
Born: at Ludington, Michigan
Home Town: Muskegon, Michigan

*COCKRELL, ALVIN CHESTER, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Alvin Chester Cockrell, Jr. (0-6884), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as Platoon Leader of the Second Platoon, Company B, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces near Mambulo, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 24 September 1942. In the face of hostile machine gun and rifle fire, First Lieutenant Cockrell, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, led his platoon in an assault against a strongly-held enemy position, inflicting extremely heavy losses and contributing in a large part to the defeat of the Japanese in this engagement. First Lieutenant Cockrell's outstanding courage and aggressive fighting spirit reflect great credit upon himself, his command and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.
Board Serial: 02661 (SofN Signed April 23, 1943)
Born: September 28, 1918 at Hazelhurst, Mississippi
Home Town: Hazelhurst, Mississippi

CODREA, GEORGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Codrea (0-8662), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Platoon Commander in a Rifle Company of the Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese armed forces at the Tenaru River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 21 August 1942. When it became necessary to reinforce the firing line during the heaviest fighting against a Japanese landing force of about 700 men, Second Lieutenant Codrea, coolly and with complete disregard for his own safety, placed each man, individually, in a position to deliver the most effective fire. Though wounded twice during the battle, he remained on duty with his platoon until ordered to retire to the aid stations. His outstanding leadership, determination and inspiring fortitude throughout the engagement were largely instrumental in stopping the most serious enemy threat.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 18 (CofN Signed March 18, 1943)
Born: at Akron, Ohio
Home Town: Akron, Ohio

*COFFIELD, RALPH EDWIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ralph Edwin Coffield (854157), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a Gunner serving with Company A, First Battalion, Twenty- Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima, Ryukyu Islands, on 12 April 1945. Quick to act when an enemy machine gun in a camouflaged position opened fire on one of his company's machine gun crews, Corporal Coffield unhesitatingly threw his body in the direct line of fire of the Japanese gun and, armed only with a pistol, fiercely returned the enemy's persistent fire, shielding the friendly gun and its crew until he was mortally wounded by a burst of hostile fire. By his courageous initiative, unfaltering devotion to duty and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice, he enabled the machine gun crew to put their gun into action and to repulse the Japanese attack, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 53503 (February 7, 1946)
Born: at Lumberport, West Virginia
Home Town: Weston, West Virginia

*COLEMAN, EDWARD JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward James Coleman (354233), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Member of Company A, First Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese-held Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 22 February and 7 March 1945. Landing with his company late on D-Day, Private First Class Coleman pressed forward with determined aggressiveness against the savage resistance of a fanatic enemy, on one occasion crawling well ahead of the front lines and taking station in a strategic position where he launched a rocket and grenade attack, quickly eliminating a machine-gun nest which had halted his company's advance. Waging a furious battle without respite as his unit steadily penetrated the strongly fortified Japanese defenses, he unhesitatingly risked his life when his company was again pinned down by the enemy's smashing barrage of fire on 7 March, cautiously infiltrating the Japanese lines to reach an extremely dangerous position in the midst of hostile emplacements located on the high ground behind the enemy's defensive position. Instantly attacking with hand grenades, he knocked out enemy guns, killed several of the Japanese and completely demoralized the hostile forces before he himself was fatally struck down. Cool and deliberate in the face of overwhelming odds, Private First Class Coleman, by his great personal valor and daring tactics, had enabled his company to advance and seize the objective and his indomitable fighting spirit through sustained and enhanced the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34987 (September 20, 1945)
Born: at Ogdensburg, New York
Home Town: Ogdensburg, New York

COLLINS, ROLAND H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roland H. Collins (0-16527), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company L, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 9 May 1945. Joining the assault elements of his company despite heavy enemy rifle, machine-gun and mortar fire, Captain Collins personally led them in an attack against a strongly defended ridge position, the capture of which was essential to the completion of the Battalion's mission and to the securing of its exposed flank. Although wounded in the neck by hostile mortar fire while crossing a wide gorge with the assault elements in an attempt to reach the objective, he refused to be evacuated and continued to direct his men in the attack. Effecting the capture of the ridge in the face of fanatical Japanese resistance and holding it against repeated attempts of the enemy to dislodge the unit, he remained with his assault elements until his company was relieved, due to the heavy casualties sustained during the action. By his courageous perseverance, inspiring leadership and unwavering devotion to duty, Captain Collins contributed materially to the success of our operations in this strategic area, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 22688 (SofN Signed Jun 11, 1947)
Born: at Gloucester, Massachusetts
Home Town: Gloucester, Massachusetts

*CONA, ANGELO M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Angelo M. Cona (0-16788), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader attached to Company H, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 22 February 1945. Realizing the urgency of the situation when his platoon, already decimated, was pinned down in assault by hostile machine-gun barrages from a pillbox located on commanding ground to his front, First Lieutenant Cona, ordering his men to follow, rushed the pillbox through a hail of Japanese bullets, firing at the embrasure as he ran and drawing to himself the brunt of the hostile fire until he fell, mortally wounded. By his courage, he enabled his platoon to advance and capture the enemy position, thereby contributing materially to his company's success in that area. His bold initiative, loyal devotion to duty and disregard for his own safety reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Cona and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34906 (October 4, 1945)
Born: at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

CONFER, HERBERT E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert E. Confer (551078), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Tank Gunner in Company C, First Tank Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 16 June 1945. When his tank was hit by Japanese fire, disabled and blazing, well in advance of the front lines, and the concentration of enemy small-arms fire made evacuation almost impossible, Private First Class Confer dismounted from the vehicle and, despite great personal risk, drew the hostile fire upon himself until the remainder of the crew could evacuate and seek a place of comparative safety under the tank. Making his way through several enemy positions in the face of hostile fire, he succeeded in contacting a friendly tank and crew which subsequently effected the rescue of his comrades. By his cool initiative, unselfish conduct and courageous devotion to duty in the face of Japanese fire, Private First Class Confer upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496 (June 23, 1950)
Born: at Denver, Indiana
Home Town: Peru, Indiana

CONGER, JACK E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack E. Conger (0-8061), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWELVE (VMF-212), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces over Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, from 16 October 1942 to 7 November 1942. Throughout that strenuous period when the island airfield was under constant bombardment and our precarious ground positions were menaced by the desperate thrusts of a fanatical foe, First Lieutenant Conger repeatedly strafed enemy ships and shore establishments and intercepted persistent bombing flights. With bold determination and courageous disregard of personal safety, he pressed home numerous attacks against heavily escorted waves of invading bombers and, in five vigorous fights against tremendous odds, shot down a total of eight Japanese aircraft. Undeterred by the exhaustion of his ammunition at the height of one engagement, he successfully rammed a hostile plane and sent it crashing into the sea. His superb flying skill and dauntless initiative were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 0750 (SofN Signed November 20, 1943)
Born: September 27, 1894 at Orient, Iowa
Home Town: Des Moines, Iowa

*CONKLIN, GEORGE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George E. Conklin (376251), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with a Rifle Company of the Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 5 October 1942. Although severely wounded during the fierce engagement of his platoon with Japanese troops, Private Conklin maintained persistent and determined rifle fire against the enemy. By his skill and indomitable fighting spirit, carrying on with utter disregard for his own life, he prevented the encirclement and destruction of the remaining members of his platoon by the enemy. When he could no longer man his gun, he disassembled the weapon, scattering the parts and making it useless to the enemy. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
Board Serial: 750 (May 3, 1943)
Born: at Hamlin, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Hawley, Pennsylvania

*CONN, WILLARD EARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Willard Earl Conn (500742), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company F, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action on enemy Japanese-held Okinawa, Ryukyu Chain, 11 May 1945. When the leaders of two squads became casualties during an attack on Dakeshi Ridge, Private First Class Conn immediately assumed command of the remaining Marines and, exposing himself repeatedly to intense machine-gun and mortar barrages, reorganized his men and inspired them to continue the savage fight against the fanatic Japanese defenders. Realizing that no stretcher teams were available to evacuate the casualties in his area, he ran over one hundred yards of open terrain covered by vicious hostile fire to obtain the support of a tank and, directing the fire of the tank against the menacing installation, disrupted the enemy's firing while rescue teams carried all the wounded to a place of safety. Withdrawing his squads temporarily and reorganizing them for continued action, he was preparing to resume the attack when he fell, mortally wounded. His outstanding courage, fearless leadership and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Conn and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 032419 (November 8, 1945)
Born: at Louisville, Mississippi
Home Town: Steens, Mississippi

*CONNOLLEY, JOSEPH E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph E. Connolley (251799), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion in action against enemy Japanese forces near the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 8 - 9 October 8 - 9, 1942. When his Battalion moved into a defensive position along the Matanikau River, Corporal Connolly and other members of his platoon bore the brunt of the heavy enemy assault against their hastily prepared positions. Approximately 150 Japanese, stealing through the dense jungle growth under cover of smoke, fiercely attacked the small group of Marines with automatic weapons, hand grenades, and bayonets. Fighting desperately in hand-to-hand combat against the overwhelming hostile forces, Corporal Connolly refused to be dislodged from his position and, after exacting a tremendous toll on the enemy, heroically died at his post. His indomitable fighting spirit and unyielding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 01177 (July 30, 1943)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Astoria, New York

CONOLEY, ODELL M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Odell M. Conoley (0-5183), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving with the Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 26 October 1942. While under tremendous fire during an assault by hostile forces, major Conoley, with courageous initiative and skillful leadership, organized a group of Marines and counterattacked a numerically superior unit of Japanese troops who had seized a ridge previously held by one of the companies in his own Battalion. After killing two-thirds of the enemy force and driving off the remainder, he and his group captured many rounds of ammunition and much equipment from the enemy. His heroic conduct, maintained at great personal risk in the face of grave danger, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 777 (SofN Signed August 17, 1943)
Born: at Amarillo, Texas
Home Town: Amarillo, Texas

CONRON, CARL EDWARD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carl Edward Conron, Jr. (0-7899), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Commanding Officer of Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, from 28 to 30 December 1943. Leading an aggressive assault on Japanese emplacements along the coastal road approach to the airfield under extremely hazardous conditions on 28 December Captain Conron moved to the front of his troops, pointing out objectives, directing his tanks and automatic weapons against them and on one occasion leading a rifle platoon to a position where our flanking fire could be brought to bear on the hostile emplacements with maximum effect. Ordered to attack and seize an important Japanese position on the high ridge one mile south of the airfield on 30 December Captain Conron led his forces in a smashing, determined assault which lasted throughout the day, repeatedly exposing himself to savage enemy gunfire as he stood up among his men to direct operations. An inspiring leader and exceptionally courageous under fire, he enabled his company to reach its objective without suffering a single casualty. His gallant devotion to the accomplishment of a dangerous and vital mission was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0693 (SofN Signed October 23, 1944)
Born: at Lynn, Massachusetts
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*CONROY, EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Conroy (0-25042), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Platoon Leader attached to the Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu Island, Palau Group, from 15 September to 8 October 1944. With his platoon pinned down by devastating fire from a hostile pillbox on 16 September, Second Lieutenant Conroy unhesitatingly advanced across the open fire-swept area and, personally silencing the enemy emplacement with grenades, enabled his men to continue their advance. When his platoon was again fired upon at dusk the same day, he played a vital part in repulsing the vicious onslaught with heavy enemy losses. Ordered to assault Japanese positions retarding the advance of his company on 4 October, he boldly penetrated deep into enemy territory to reconnoiter the enemy's dispositions. Fighting at ranged of from ten to forty yards, he skillfully deployed his men and personally directed their fire, inflicting heavy losses on the enemy with minimum casualties to his own force and thereby contributing to the success of his company in completing an important drive over the most difficult terrain on the island. Exercising keen concern for his men during a fierce assault against a high ridge on 8 October, he went forward alone to determine routes of movement but was mortally wounded while carrying out his hazardous mission. Second Lieutenant Conroy's inspiring leadership, his outstanding personal valor and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of tremendous odds were essential factors in the capture of this vital stronghold, and his valiant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 082 (February 1, 1945)
Born: at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Boston, Massachusetts

CONTI, ANTHONY J. P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Anthony J. P. Conti (0-25945), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Guam, Marianas Islands, on 25 and 26 July 1944. Locating a hostile machine gun which had been concentrating its fire along his line during an engagement in defense of that sector on 25 July, Second Lieutenant Conti courageously advanced forward in the face of heavy hostile fire and destroyed the weapon with hand grenades. When an overwhelming Japanese force counterattacked later the same day, he boldly moved in total darkness along the lines to rally and direct his men engaged in furious hand-to-hand combat and, when reinforcements were needed at a point in the lines, unhesitatingly manned an automatic rifle. Although wounded during the next engagement, Second Lieutenant Conti maintained a stead machine-gun barrage until the enemy was repelled and, after crawling to his Command Post for additional reinforcements, continued to direct his men until further wounds necessitated his evacuation from the area. His gallant fighting spirit, fortitude and unwavering devotion to duty throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00435
Born: at Patterson, New Jersey
Home Town: Patterson, New Jersey

*COOK, ANDREW FRED
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Andrew Fred Cook (0-12644), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 4 November 1942. While a patrol, actively engaged in seeking out hostile forces in the vicinity of the Mallimbiu River, Second Lieutenant Cook, upon sudden contact with Japanese troops, boldly rushed the crew of an enemy machine gun and was killed while attempting to destroy them. His courageous self-sacrifice contributed materially to the rout and destruction of Japanese forces in that area and was kin keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.
Board Serial: 00232 (SofN Signed April 23, 1943)
Born: at Alpoca, West Virginia
Home Town: Red Jacket, West Virginia

*COOK, DALLAS H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Dallas H. Cook (291466), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a member of a volunteer boat crew in Company B, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. Fully aware of the hazards of an imminent enemy air attack, and with complete disregard for his own life, Sergeant Cook, with four others, volunteered to take a boat to a point just outside a reef and shoot a line ashore to assist in evacuating those men remaining on the beach. Caught on the sea, he was defeated in his valiant efforts by the violent strafing of his boat by withering enemy machine-gun fire. His great personal valor and loyal spirit of self-sacrifice were in keeping with the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Home Town: Red Jacket, West Virginia

COOK, GEORGE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George E. Cook (819973), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifleman of Company C, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 17 September 1944. Wounded while advancing with his platoon through intense hostile mortar and artillery fire toward the objective, Private First Class Cook steadfastly refused to be evacuated and continued to press the attack in the face of continuing enemy fire. Wounded again a short time later, he courageously elected to remain and continue the attack. Observing a wounded comrade lying in a fire-swept area while a hasty defense was being set up, Private First Class Cook, although twice wounded, ran forward, picked up the wounded man and carried him back toward the lines. While returning, he sustained further wounds from fire which killed the Marine whom he was carrying. By his daring initiative, gallant fighting spirit and devotion to duty throughout, Private First Class Cook upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00435
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

COOLEY, ALBERT DUSTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Dustin Cooley (0-3903), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer and a Pilot of the Bomber Command, FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, in combat against enemy Japanese forces from 23 September 1942 to 18 December 1942. Assuming his duties on 23 September, after months of strenuous combat had seriously depleted the number of men and amount of equipment, Lieutenant Colonel Cooley reorganized and skillfully built up the strength of his command. Leading a group of dive bombers and fighters on 12 October in a determined raid against enemy destroyers, he gallantly pressed home the attack, personally scoring a hit on one of the Japanese ships. On 14 October, with all but one of his planes put out of commission by terrific fire from enemy surface vessels, Lieutenant Colonel Cooley, in spite of intermittent bombing and shellfire from hostile artillery, worked tirelessly to direct the repair of damaged planes, with the result that twelve additional aircraft were placed in commission on that day in time to strike repeatedly at the enemy ship-borne invasion forces. Again from 11 to 15 November the Aviation Units under his command attacked the Japanese, destroying two cruisers, seven airplanes, and twelve transports contributing in great part to the success of our engagement in that area. Lieutenant Colonel Cooley's exceptional skill, leadership, and indomitable fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 00421 (SofN Signed May 21, 1943)

COPPEDGE, JOHN D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John D. Coppedge (369112), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Machine Gun Squad Leader of Company B, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 15 September 1944. With an enemy tank heading directly for his machine gun position after his supply of ammunition was entirely depleted, Private First Class Coppedge courageously exposed himself to close-range enemy fire to direct a rifle grenade from his carbine grenade-launcher at the hostile vehicle and, although wounded in both legs by shell fragments, succeeded in disabling the enemy tank and thereby contributed to its subsequent destruction. By his initiative and courage, Private First Class Coppedge was instrumental in maintaining his company's defenses in this front-line area, and his steadfast devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 7396

CORRY, ROY A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy A. Corry (0-7540), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Squadron Commander and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Delivering a dauntless and aggressive assault against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Corry shot down one Navy Aichi Type dive bomber and one OO Isento KI Navy Fighter, thereby aiding in the disruption of enemy plans and lessening the effectiveness of their attack. His courageous determination, maintained at great personal risk against tremendous odds, contributed materially to the success of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942

CORZINE, JIMMY W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jimmy W. Corzine (342546), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with Company C, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during action against enemy Japanese forces about one thousand yards south of the Guadalcanal airfield, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. Working his way forward under intense hostile fire, Private First Class Corzine came upon four Japanese who wee moving a machine gun into a position of particular advantage. With courageous determination and complete disregard for his own personal safety, he engaged the enemy single-handed, bayoneting the leader, routing the other three and capturing the machine gun. Turning the weapon upon the fleeing Japanese, he kept it in effective action until the ammunition was expended, then disabled it and with the aid of other men who had come forward to join him, held stubbornly to his advanced position on the face of persistent hostile attacks. His courageous determination, maintained at great personal risk against tremendous odds, contributed materially to the success of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
SPOT AWARD, 1943, Serial 19
Home Town: Concord, North Carolina

COSGROVE, JOHN J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John J. Cosgrove, Jr. (0-5060), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Third Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, from 15 to 19 June 1944. Courageously leading his troops in the face of terrific fire from enemy guns, Lieutenant Colonel Cosgrove captured the strongly defended position of Fina Susu and held it against the intensity of repeated counterattacks until ordered to withdraw. On 19 June, he placed himself in the forward elements of his command, composed of the remnants of two battalions, and led them in an assault on the firmly entrenched Japanese force and, although seriously wounded, enabled his troops to accomplish a most difficult but vital mission. His outstanding leadership and high professional skill reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Colonel Cosgrove and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2847 (SofN Signed August 30, 1945)

COSLEY, JACK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack Cosley (0-9304), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 and 5 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Second Lieutenant Cosley, in a hail of blasting fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to the perilously low altitude of four hundred feet before releasing his bomb. His courageous determination and extreme disregard of personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942

COUSINS, HOWARD L., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard L. Cousins, Jr. (0-12974), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Acting Adjutant of the Second Battalion, Twenty- First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 26 July 1944. When Japanese forces broke through the beachhead line and threatened the regimental command post and beach area, First Lieutenant Cousins immediately volunteered to organize all available men to repel the assault. Gathering together cooks, engineers and storekeepers, he launched a furious counterattack against the hostile troops and, inspiring his men to further heights of endeavor by his own heroic efforts, personally accounted for fifteen of the enemy as his valiant men annihilated the hostile forces in the area. By his prompt, decisive actions, aggressive leadership and zealous devotion to duty, First Lieutenant Cousins prevented a possible disastrous break-through, thereby reflecting the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00435 (September 13, 1946)
Born: at Forte Kent, Maine
Home Town: Forte Kent, Maine

COYTE, RALPH H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph H. Coyte (0-5673), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous courage as Commanding Officer of Company B, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. With keen judgment and decisiveness in tactical combat, Major Coyte disposed a portion of his company into the center of the line and succeeded in outflanking an enemy machine-gun position which had been holding up the advance. His personal valor and coolness under fire reflect great credit upon Major Coyte, his command and the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Born: at Spicer, Colorado
Home Town: Coalmont, Colorado

CRAIG, EDWARD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward A. Craig (0-196), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, from 21 July to 10 August 1955. An Aggressive and inspiring leader, Colonel Craig constantly directed his men in combat in the face of intense enemy fire from the time of landing with the assault elements of his regiment until organized resistance ceased. On 30 July, charged with capturing a portion of high ground on the force beachhead line and making contact with the Army on Mount Tenjo, Colonel Craig remained with his leading assault elements during the entire advance and, by his coolness under fire, provided inspiration for his officers and men. Personally directing the final assault on Mount Chachao, he kept casualties at a minimum by his expert judgment. When of his battalions encountered heavy enemy resistance near an important road junction during the advance to the northern end of Guam on 3 August, he took a position beside a tank advancing with the assault troops and, despite a constant stream of rifle and machine-gun fire, fearlessly remained there throughout the entire action of several hours to direct the attack which annihilated several hundred of the enemy. His outstanding ability, courageous leadership and devotion to duty were important factors in the success of the campaign and reflect the highest credit upon Colonel Craig and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 00893 (SofN Signed September 18, 1947)
Born: November 22, 1896 at Danbury, Connecticut
Home Town: Danbury, Connecticut

CRAIG, FRANCIS SELINGER, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis Selinger Craig, Jr., First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon leader of Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 19 February 1945. When concentrated enemy mortar, machine-gun, antitank and rifle fire had halted the advance of his company and one of three supporting tanks had been hit and set afire, First Lieutenant Craig courageously jumped onto one of the remaining tanks and, standing exposed for twenty minutes in the face of hostile fire, directed the tanks in destroying the Japanese antitank gun, and two enemy machine gun positions. By his gallant fighting spirit and devotion to duty, he contributed to his company's success in seizing the high ground in its zone of operations and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 31268 (SofN Signed November 20, 1947)
Born: at Mansfield, Louisiana
Home Town: Mansfield, Louisiana

CRAM, JACK R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack R. Cram (0-4810), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in the FIRST Marine Aircraft WING, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese surface vessels and air forces in the vicinity of Kokumbona Point, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 15 October 1942. Piloting a PBY-5A plane in a daylight attack by combined air units, Major Cram, despite heavy and accurate anti-aircraft fire and constant assaults by enemy fighters, gallantly pushed home his attack to point-blank range, before releasing his torpedoes, hitting and sinking a Japanese transport. Although his plane was severely damaged and carried the scars of more than fifty hits in its battered fuselage, he returned to his base and landed safely. His expert airmanship and indomitable fighting spirit reflect great credit upon himself, his command, and the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 297 (SofN Signed August 11, 1943)
Born: at Berkely, California
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

*CRAMER, FREDERICK W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Frederick W. Cramer (337558), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Island of Saipan in the Marianas, on 17 June 1944. Manning his machine-gun with determined aggressiveness during a fierce tank-supported Japanese counterattack, Private First Class Cramer poured a steady stream of devastating gunfire at the oncoming enemy forces until his position was ruthlessly overrun by an enemy tank. Armed only with a pistol and hand grenades, he fearlessly risked his life to run alongside the tank and, firing his gun at the tank commander and hurling a grenade into the open hatch, he succeeded in damaging and disabling the armored vehicle. By his intrepid initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and great personal valor, Private First Class Cramer aided materially in the successful defense of his sector, and his unwavering devotion to duty throughout a period of bitter hostilities reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 255 (February 6, 1945)
Born: at Clallam Bay, Washington
Home Town: Sequim, Washington

CRANE, EDGAR J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edgar J. Crane (0-7017), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company B, First Battalion, Second Marines (Reinforced), SECOND Marine Division, during initial landings on enemy Japanese-controlled territory in the Solomon Islands Area, 7 to 9 August 1942. After leading his men to the successful completion of a dangerous and important mission on Florida Island, Captain Crane withdrew his company and proceeded by water to reinforce the attack on Gavutu and Tanambogo Islands. Although menaced by the withering blasts of hostile weapons, he brought two of six boats in to attempt a landing but was forced by extremely heavy machine-gun fire to remain in the water for four hours before he was able to get ashore, completely unarmed. With the small number of men still under his command, Captain Crane obtained arms from friendly troops and continued action against the enemy. His aggressive fighting spirit and courageous devotion to duty, maintained despite great personal risk, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 1115 (SofN Signed December 4, 1945)
Born: at San Angelo, Texas
Home Town: Galveston, Texas

CRAVEN, HOWARD R. AKA: WILLIAM BERNARD MURPHREE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard R. Craven (334972), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with Company A, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. During a very critical period of the fight, Private First Class Craven, in company with a comrade, fighting valiantly and with great determination, defeated successive and violent counter measures of enemy Japanese and succeeded in holding the left flank of the assault echelon. His courageous and determined action, performed with complete disregard for his own personal safety, was a vital factor in the success of the raiding force and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. (Howard Craven was the name under which this Marine served and was awarded the Navy Cross. His name was later legally changed to William Bernard Murphree.)
SPOT AWARD, SofN Signed November 21, 1942
Born: at Madison, Tennessee
Home Town: Nashville, Tennessee

CRAWLEY, LAWRENCE NOBLE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence Noble Crawley (0-30445), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Marine Fighting Squadron THREE HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-323), Marine Air Group THIRTY-THREE (MAG-33), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Ryukyu Islands, on 11 May 1945. When his flight intercepted a numerically superior force of Japanese planes attacking friendly shipping, First Lieutenant Crawley engaged the enemy in fierce combat, delivering accurate gunfire to blast four of the hostile aircraft from the sky and contributed to the success of his squadron in destroying the remainder. His superb skill as an airman and gallant devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Crawley and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, Air Forces, Pacific: Serial 16704 (SofN Signed June 26, 1947)
Born: at Seattle, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

CRESSWELL, LEONARD B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard B. Cresswell (0-3940), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Tenaru Sector, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 21 August 1942. Although dense jungle and difficult terrain made it impossible for the tanks assigned to his command to effect a crossing of the river, Lieutenant Colonel Cresswell advanced with his Battalion to the other side of the Tenaru and, by the skillful disposal of his men over a large area, succeeded in annihilating the Japanese force between the Ilu and the Tenaru Rivers with a minimum loss to his unit. His brilliant leadership and fine tactical judgment were decisive factors in the accomplishment of a vital mission and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Colonel Cresswell and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 18 (SofN Signed March 18, 1943)
Born: at Lexington, Mississippi
Home Town: Gulfport, Mississippi

CROTTS, HERBERT DOUG
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert Doug Crotts (315561), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a member of the SECOND Tank Battalion, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, from 20 to 24 November 1943. Arriving on a reef after the tanks had landed ashore and realizing that these vehicles would require trained reconnaissance personnel, Corporal Crotts obtained permission to call for volunteers and, leading a group of five men a distance of a thousand yards under heavy enemy fire, joined the tanks on the beach. On four occasions, he guided a tank over the most suitable terrain through our infantry lines to previously located positions behind the Japanese lines, courageously defying intense machine-gun and mortar fire. During the first night, he salvaged urgently needed ammunition from fuel from wrecked tanks and, consistently exercising splendid initiative and expert technical skill throughout this vital period, was largely responsible for keeping the one remaining tank in the area in operation. Corporal Crotts' inspiring conduct, aggressive determination and fearless devotion to duty in the face of grave peril reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647 (Signed January 28, 1948)
Born: at Silver City, North Carolina
Home Town: Silver City, North Carolina

*CROUCH, WILLIAM L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William L. Crouch (0-5330), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Third Battalion, Tenth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 7 July 1944. When the Japanese launched a fanatical Banzai attack, completely surrounding his position and inflicting heavy casualties on his Battalion, Major Crouch valiantly fought on in the face of insuperable odds and, skillfully deploying his artillerymen to effect an infantry-type defense, held his position for a grueling twelve-hour period until relieved by infantry reserves then, aligning his men with the reserves, retook the gun positions which had been lost early in the attack. With his Battalion Command Post and an adjacent firing battery especially hard hit at the beginning of the counterattack early in the morning when an enemy tank penetrated the area and unloaded machine guns, Major Crouch led the battery in fighting off the vicious onslaught with well-directed small arms fire. Realizing the urgent need for tank support after communication lines had been severed during the bitter attack, he fearlessly braved the withering barrage to cross an open field in an effort to secure aid but was fatally struck down by hostile fire while carrying out his perilous mission. His inspiring leadership, great personal valor and valiant devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds reflect the highest credit upon Major Crouch, his command and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 1174 (February 22, 1945)
Home Town: Lawrenceburg, Indiana

CROWE, HENRY PIERSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Pierson Crowe (0-5028), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Eighth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, from 20 to 22 November 1943. Courageously leading his Battalion ashore in the face of savage enemy resistance, Major Crowe maintained continuous aggressive pressure for three days from the limited beachhead established by his command in the midst of Japanese emplacements and strongholds. Constantly exposing himself to hostile fire and working without rest, he effectively coordinated the efforts of his own hard-pressed Battalion, attached units and subsequent reinforcement, directing their combined attacks skillfully and with unwavering determination, and succeeded in overcoming one of the most heavily defended Japanese centers of resistance on Tarawa Atoll. Major Crowe's inspiring leadership, brilliant tactical ability and indomitable fighting spirit under extremely perilous conditions reflect great credit upon himself, his valiant command and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647
Home Town: Boston, Kentucky

CROWE, WILLIAM E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William E. Crowe (0-9423), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Division Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-FOUR (VMF-124), Marine Air Group TWELVE (MAG-12, FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area, from February to September 1942. Boldly intercepting approximately one hundred hostile aircraft engaged in a bomb attack on our landing forces at Vella Lavella, on 15 August, Captain Crowe, with a four-plane division, launched a vigorous and determined counterattack, personally shooting down one Zero and damaging another, thereby aiding materially in the complete rout of the enemy. On 21 August, sighting ninety Japanese aircraft while on patrol duty over Vella Lavella, Captain Crowe and his wingman, undaunted by the tremendous odds, immediately engaged the enemy in fierce combat and succeeded in shooting down one Zero and two dive bombers. Flying escort for our bombers in a strike against Kahill Airfield, Bougainville, he disrupted the plans of the Japanese and lessened the effectiveness of their attack by shooting down one of the approximately thirty Zeros which attempted to intercept the formation. Captain Crowe's inspiring leadership and great personal valor contributed essentially to the success of his squadron on these and numerous other escort missions and fighter sweeps carried out against overwhelming aerial opposition and his steadfast devotion to duty in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 01787 (SofN Signed September 25, 1947)

CROWTON, ROBERT FREDERICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Frederick Crowton (0-41797), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader of Company G, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 5 May 1945. Setting up a defense in a recently captured key position approximately two hundred yards in advance of the front lines, Second Lieutenant Crowton gallantly defended this almost untenable area in the face of a heavy onslaught, in which his unit engaged in hand-to-hand combat with the enemy, he led his men in annihilating the entire force of more than seventy Japanese and, although severely wounded himself by a hostile hand grenade, personally accounted for one of the enemy. In addition, he succeeded in locating and destroying vital equipment to prevent its capture by the Japanese. After reorganizing his defense against further attack, he steadfastly retained his command throughout the night despite his painful wound, refusing to be evacuated until he had returned to his company command post and submitted a brief report in writing. His courageous leadership and indomitable fighting spirit throughout this action reflect the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Crowton and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 86491

CRUMPTON, BILLIE JOE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Billie Joe Crumpton (344389), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with a heavy machine-gun crew in Company D, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during the action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 24 - 25 October 1942. When his squad leader and the remainder of his crew were killed or wounded during a mass frontal attack by hostile forces, Private Crumpton, although he, himself, was severely injured, gallantly stood by his gun and by maintaining effective fire, kept the enemy from penetrating the sector. Later, after his gun had been put out of action, he remained in an exposed position beside the disabled weapon and resumed fire with his rifle until wounds from exploding hand grenades forced him out of the fight. By his courageous devotion to duty and grim determination in the face of great danger, he contributed materially to the defeat and virtual annihilation of a Japanese regiment.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 777 (SofN Signed August 17, 1943)

CRUSAN, LLOYD EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lloyd Edward Crusan (355876), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 3 January 1944. When his squad was pinned down at the edge of a stream by heavy enemy opposition, Sergeant Crusan unhesitatingly exposed himself to the withering machine-gun fire in order to provide cover for the withdrawal of his men and, after two unsuccessful attempts to force a crossing, courageously forded the river alone and assumed an advantageous position from which to cover the subsequent crossing of his squad. Leading his comrades in an aggressive, determined assault which broke through the enemy defenses and overran four strategic positions, he contributed materially to the success of his company in capturing a vital objective. Sergeant Crusan's great personal valor and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0879 (SofN Signed September 30, 1944)

CUMMINGS, DANIEL L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daniel L. Cummings (0-9311), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 and 5 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Second Lieutenant Cummings, in a hail of blasting fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to the perilously low altitude of four hundred feet before releasing his bomb. When he pulled out, his craft was so severely damaged that he was forced down at sea, where he effected a safe landing on the water within sight-distance of his base. His courageous determination and extreme disregard of personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 21

CUNICO, NARCISSUS G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Narcissus G. Cunico (984547), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Machine Gunner of Company E, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 14 June 1945. The only remaining member of his machine gun squad when the Japanese launched a heavy counterattack, forcing the company to withdraw, Private Cunico remained at his gun despite the fact that the withdrawal of his company left his position unprotected and himself exposed to heavy hostile small-arms and grenade fire. Maintaining effective machine-gun fire on the hostile troops, he succeeded in holding off the main body of the enemy until his company's line could be reformed and the Japanese repulsed. His outstanding courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496

CUPP, JAMES N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James N. Cupp (0-9004), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Division Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTEEN (VMF-213), Marine Air Group ELEVEN (MAG-11), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area, on 18 September 1943. While leading his three-fighter division on a patrol over our base on Vella Lavella, Captain Cupp boldly intercepted an overwhelming force of fifteen hostile dive bombers and their fighter escorts threatening our installations. Promptly engaging the enemy, he personally blasted four bombers from the sky and assisted in the shooting down of another. By his superb skill, daring initiative and devotion to duty, Captain Cupp contributed to the success of his squadron and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 02538 (March 19, 1947)

CURRAN, ROBERT PATRICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Patrick Curran (0-16797), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company G, Second Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 27 February to 16 March 1945. Still under medical treatment for previously sustained wounds, First Lieutenant Curran voluntarily assumed command of his unit on 27 February and reorganized a force seriously depleted and disrupted by heavy casualties. Assigned the mission of establishing contact with an adjacent Battalion on 12 March, he led his battle-weary troops in an enveloping movement against a well-organized and numerically superior enemy established on a commanding ridge. Although suffering from additional wounds, he placed himself in the immediate front lines and directed the assault on hostile caves, pillboxes, mortars, machine guns and riflemen, remaining at the head of his exhausted force until the Japanese positions had been completely overrun, and the defenders either killed or routed. Immediately continuing the advance, he established contact with the adjacent Battalion and participated in a subsequent attack which cleared the last remnants of the enemy from the Division's zone of action. First Lieutenant Curran's personal heroism and daring leadership in the face of overwhelming odds sustain and enhance the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 78805

CURRIN, RALPH H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph H. Currin (0-7426), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Operations Officer of the Third Battalion, Eighth Marines (Reinforced), SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, from 15 to 17 January 1943. Voluntarily attempting to wipe out a fiercely resisting enemy deeply entrenched in a ravine south of Point Cruz, Captain Currin valiantly rallied a reduced company of fifty-five men and led them forward against devastating hostile machine-gun, rifle, mortar and grenade fire. An indomitable and courageous leader, he continued his daring tactics throughout a furious three-day attack, directing each phase of the bitterly-fought engagement to capture or destroy four heavy machine guns, twelve light machine guns, two 77-mm. field pieces, three large ammunition dumps and many rifles, mortars and grenades, and to account for seventy-two enemy dead with the loss of only one of his own men. By his professional skill, aggressive determination and great personal valor in the face of tremendous odds, Captain Currin contributed materially to the success of this outstanding victory over an overwhelming Japanese force, and his courageous devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself, his command and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 861 (June 10, 1946)

*CURTIN, ROBERT EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Edward Curtin (0-5857), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Division Commander and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Leading his division in a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Captain Curtin aided in disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success of our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of the circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Captain Curtin gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of a find leader and excellent airman, in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942

CUSHMAN, ROBERT EVERTON, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Everton Cushman, Jr. (0-5062), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, from 21 July to 20 August 1944. When his Battalion was ordered to seize and hold a strongly organized and defended enemy strong point which had been holding up the advance for some days on 25 July, Lieutenant Colonel Cushman directed the attacks of his Battalion and the repulse of numerous Japanese counterattacks, fearlessly exposing himself to heavy hostile rifle, machine-gun and mortar fire in order to remain in the front lines and obtain first-hand knowledge of the enemy situation. Following three days of bitter fighting culminating in a heavy Japanese counterattack which pushed back the flank of his Battalion on 28 July, he personally led a platoon into the gap and, placing it for defense, repelled the hostile force. By his inspiring leadership, courage and devotion to duty, he contributed materially to the success of the mission with the annihilation of one enemy Battalion and the rout of another, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00420

*CZAJA, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John W. Czaja (337152), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company L, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 2 January 1944. When the advance of his company was held up at a stream crossing by intense enemy fire emanating from well-entrenched and strongly-fortified positions on the opposite bank, Private First Class Czaja instantly went into action and, disregarding his own safety, twice crossed the stream and fearlessly charged a machine gun position. Although mortally wounded in his second attempt to silence the weapon, Private First Class Czaja, by his daring initiative, gallant courage and unfaltering devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds, upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0832 (SofN Signed October 23, 1947)
Home Town: Watertown, Connecticut

D

*DAIGLE, ALFRED J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Alfred J. Daigle (808641), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a Machine Gun Squad serving with Company K, Third Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during the occupation of enemy Japanese-held Tinian Island, Marianas Group, on the night of 24 July 1944. A vigilant leader, Corporal Daigle immediately took control of the machine gun when his gunner was wounded during the fierce countermeasures initiated by the Japanese following our assault and subsequent establishment of a beachhead on this strategic island. Pouring a steady hail of bullets on the hostile troops, he succeeded in inflicting heavy casualties and in forcing the enemy's temporary withdrawal. Then, holding stoutly against the second attempt to penetrate our lines despite the loss of all rifle protection around his installation by concentrated hostile mortar, Machine gun and grenade fire, he continued to man his gun with cool courage, maintaining a ceaseless barrage of devastating fire against the oncoming Japanese. Determined not to yield his position when the emplacement was finally knocked out by hostile guns, he remained steadfast, fearlessly engaging the enemy in hand-to-hand combat and battling with fierce aggressiveness until, overpowered by the fanatic opposition, he fell, mortally injured, with one hundred of the enemy lying dead before his gun position and an additional six within the emplacement. An indomitable fighter, Corporal Daigle, by his intrepid initiative and resolute fortitude in the face of almost certain death, contributed essentially to the virtual annihilation of a Japanese infantry company and to the rapid consolidation of the beachhead. His great personal valor and self-sacrificing devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon Corporal Daigle and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 488 (February 5, 1945)
Born: at Augusta, Maine
Home Town: Augusta, Maine

DALTON, JOHN J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John J. Dalton (0-10508), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Quartermaster of the Second Battalion, Twelfth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Asan-Adelup Beachhead, Guam, Marianas Islands, 26 July 1944. When the enemy broke through our lines during a counterattack, Second Lieutenant Dalton turned our supply installations over to one of his men and, moving forward to a hill about five hundred yards to his front, observed the Japanese in considerable number moving down the draws leading to the beach. Quickly organizing a patrol of ten men, he directed attacks on small groups of the enemy in succession and annihilated each group as it was encountered despite heavy hostile rifle fire. Succeeding in clearing out the area at the end of seven hours of fighting with a count of forty-five enemy dead and with minimum losses in his own group, he prevented the Japanese from gaining access to our vital supply installations and contributed materially to the restoration of our front lines. Second Lieutenant Dalton's professional skill, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00437
Born: at New York Home Town: , Vermont

*DANFORD, CLEO STANLEY, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Cleo Stanley Danford, Jr. (889363), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with a platoon of Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 7 March 1945. Observing three of the enemy setting up a machine gun approximately one hundred yards ahead of his platoon's front lines, Corporal Danford armed himself with hand grenades and, fearlessly crawling forward to within thirty feet of the enemy's position, hurled his deadly missiles with extreme accuracy, killing two of the Japanese gun crew and driving off the third. Then, dashing to the gun amidst a hail of enemy rifle fire, he succeeded in dragging the hostile weapon back to his own lines despite a mortal wound sustained en route, thereby preventing the Japanese from regaining the use of the gun. By his bold initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and valiant devotion to duty, Corporal Danford had materially furthered his platoon's operations against the enemy, and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Forces, Serial 35420 (November 15, 1945)
Born: at Hutchinson, Kansas
Home Town: Hutchinson, Kansas

*DANIEL, HUGH SPENCER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Hugh Spencer Daniel (313612), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a member of the Marine Guard Detachment aboard the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), in action against the enemy Japanese forces during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. While manning a machine gun on the flight deck of the carrier, Private First Class Daniel was severely wounded by shrapnel from a heavy demolitions bomb which exploded near his station. With utter disregard for his own condition, he replaced an injured gun captain for the period of an hour, valiantly carrying on until the other members of the crew, upon discovery of his wounds, overrode his protests and removed him to a dressing station, where he died two days later. His courageous perseverance, maintained above and beyond the call of duty, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 00232 (SofN Signed April 23, 1943)
Home Town: Chattanooga, Tennessee

DARLING, WILLARD D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Willard D. Darling (284552), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the U.S.S. OKLAHOMA (BB-37) during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. While being evacuated from the U.S.S. OKLAHOMA in a motor launch, upon seeing an officer in the water too weak to swim and apparently drowning, Corporal Darling dove from the motor launch, swam to the officer and kept him afloat until another motor launch which he hailed picked them up. Upon being left alone in the motor launch with this officer, in the vicinity of a dredge pipe line in the harbor, where the crew abandoned the motor launch, he jumped into the water and directed the officer to follow him, which he (the officer) did. However, the officer was too exhausted to swim and was brought ashore by Corporal Darling. The action of Corporal Darling, in the face of the severe enemy bombing and strafing which continued throughout the time he was effecting this rescue, is considered most praiseworthy and in accordance with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on April 30, 1942
Born: December 16, 1918 at Wilson, Oklahoma
Home Town: Wilson, Oklahoma

DARTT, CLIFFORD RONALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clifford Ronald Dartt (941764), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Browning Automatic Rifleman of Company G, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 9 October 1944. Courageously working his way up the side of a steep enemy-held hill, Private Dartt succeeded in reaching the top of this strong fortification before any of his comrades and, immediately engaging twenty of the Japanese who wee entrenched on the reverse slope, fired his weapon until an intense automatic barrage wounded him and knocked him twenty yards down the side of the ridge. Although severely burned when another bullet exploded a phosphorus grenade on his belt and ignited the ammunition pouch, he bravely proceeded a second time to the top of the ridge and, finding that a hostile bullet had jammed his weapon, tirelessly continued in his attempt to repair the gun until wounded a second time. His outstanding courage, devotion to duty and valiant perseverance were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00436

*DAVIDSON, CARL R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Carl R. Davidson (0-6371), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot with Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED ELEVEN (VMF-211), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Wake Island, during action against enemy Japanese land, surface and aerial units at Wake Island, 8 to 23 December 1941. Skilled as an airman, gallant as an officer and determined and aggressive in whatever he was assigned or voluntarily undertook to do throughout the bitter days of combat with a vastly superior enemy force, Second Lieutenant Davidson assumed a major role in maintaining morals among the officers and men imperiled with him, sustaining their spirits by his own unwavering high courage and inspiring them to greater effort by his heroic work in rescuing wounded from burning airplanes and camp areas and in reorganizing the unit following the first devastating enemy raid. Carrying out his daily tasks and his part in combat operations with initiative and fortitude during this prolonged period of siege, Second Lieutenant Davidson went up to fight two full squadrons of Japanese aircraft on 22 December, and, with only one other Marine plane for assistance, pressed home a vigorous attack against the large hostile force, diverting many enemy planes from the raid on Wake before he was shot down at sea following a fearless engagement with six Japanese fighter craft. His brilliant leadership and unswerving devotion to duty in the face of almost certain death constantly inspired the stouthearted defenders of this tiny island, and his valiant conduct throughout reflects the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Davidson and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Forces, Serial 1992 (April 30, 1946)
Home Town: Sioux Falls, South Dakota

DAVIDSON, IRA
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ira Davidson (0-30070), Warrant Officer, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a 37-mm. Gun Platoon of Weapons Company, Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. Observing that no supporting fire other than from infantry could be brought to bear upon six hostile pillboxes and large caliber mortars which were holding up the advance of a rifle company with intense and accurate fire, Warrant Officer Davidson volunteered to place a 37-mm. gun position to fire on the enemy point. Crossing an open strip raked by hostile antitank, small-arms, machine-gun and large caliber mortar fire, he obtained a 37-mm. gun at his platoon assembly area and personally aided in manhandling this gun across the open fire-covered airstrip for a distance of two hundred yards. After placing the gun in position, he directed accurate fire into the pillbox openings, thereby annihilating the enemy and enabling the advance to continue. Although hostile mortars had registered on his position, Warrant Officer Davidson continued to keep his gun firing and succeeded in maintaining support until his fire was masked by the advancing troops. His initiative and courageous devotion to duty in the face of intense enemy fire were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 41635

DAVIS, ARTHUR V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur V. Davis (470859), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifle Platoon Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 13 May 1945. During a reorganization of his platoon following a successful attack against a strongly defended enemy ridge, Sergeant Davis learned that a considerable force of Japanese were concentrating in an area on the forward slope of the ridge. Taking charge of a second platoon which had lost its Platoon Leader and became disorganized, he led both platoons in a gallant assault to overrun the enemy position and annihilate the force of forty Japanese. Then, organizing a night defense of the hill, he skillfully employed his units in successfully defending a strategic position against a prolonged and fanatical hostile night attack that threatened our lines. His indomitable fighting spirit, courageous initiative and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 14356

*DAVIS, CECIL B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Cecil B. Davis (809304), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a Squad Leader, serving with Company G, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Islands, 8 May 1945. After volunteering to lead tanks forward against two enemy machine guns directing deadly enfilade fire against his company from a cave, Corporal Davis realized that due to the heavy terrain the tanks were unable to take suitable positions. Quick to act in the face of tremendous odds, he fearlessly went forward alone, advanced upon the positions under heavy hostile fire, destroyed the guns and killed their crews with grenades and rifle fire. Returning to his company and organizing a small group of volunteers, he attacked and destroyed a third machine gun before he fell, mortally wounded. By his outstanding courage and indomitable fighting spirit, corporal Davis succeeded in silencing the Japanese weapons, thereby enabling his company to continue the advance, and his dauntless leadership throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 032458 (October 4, 1945)
Born: at Alabama Home Town: Birmingham, Alabama

DAVIS, LEONARD K.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard K. Davis (0-5063), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commanding Officer and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-121), Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 11 November 1942. When a hostile attacking force of twenty bombers and thirty Zero fighters approached Henderson Field, Major Davis personally led a flight of twelve fighters to meet the enemy. Making contact one hundred miles northwest of Guadalcanal, he and his flight boldly penetrated the screen of enemy fighters and shot down eighteen of the hostile bombers and fifteen fighter planes. Although suffering from wounds and with his plane damaged by a direct hit in the cockpit, he personally accounted for two of the Japanese fighter aircraft destroyed, while his flight dispersed the remaining forces of the enemy. During his entire tour of duty at Guadalcanal, Major Davis is credited with the destruction of five enemy planes. His valiant leadership, cool courage, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 01054 (SofN Signed November 10, 1943)

DAVIS, MILTON GILBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Milton Gilbert Davis (938301), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Leader of an Assault Demolition Squad of Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 5 May 1945. When it became apparent that effective enemy machine-gun fire from a cave must be silenced during an attack by his platoon on a heavily defended ridge, Private First Class Davis undertook this daring task. Although receiving painful wounds in the leg, he continued to advance toward the slope of the cave, climbed it with great difficulty, and proceeded to construct a forty-pound shamed charge. Undeterred by hostile sniper fire directed at himself and despite shock and loss of blood from his wounds, he lowered the heavy demolitions charge into the mouth of the cave, causing an explosion and the destruction of the enemy machine gun. Private First Class Davis then slid down the hill, entered the cave and killed the surviving members of the gun crew. His personal valor, aggressive fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 56881

DAVIS, RAYMOND GILBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond Gilbert Davis (0-5831), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands from 15 to 22 September 1944. Although wounded during the first hour of landing, Major Davis refused evacuation to remain with his Battalion's assault elements in many hazardous missions. On one occasion, when large gaps occurred in our front lines as the result of heavy casualties, and his right flank company was disorganized by point-blank enemy cannon fire following a successful nine hundred yard penetration through heavily defended lines, he rallied and personally led combined troops into these gaps to establish contact and maintain hasty defensive positions for the remainder of the night. Despite many casualties from close-range sniper fire, he remained in the vicinity of the front lines, coordinating artillery and Naval gunfire support with such effect that several determined counterattacks were repulsed. His outstanding courage, devotion to duty and leadership were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00436
Born: January 13, 1915 at Fitzgerald, Georgia
Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia
Other Award: Medal of Honor (Korea)

*DECKARD, DELMER C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Delmer C. Deckard (390131), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as an automatic rifleman serving with the Twenty- Second Marines (Reinforced), during the landing attack on Japanese-held Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 18 February 1944. Acting on his own initiative and unaided, Private First Class Deckard assaulted a hostile strong point in the face of heavy enemy fire and, after two daring attacks, retired to nearby cover, continuing his efforts to neutralize the position until he was killed by hostile fire. Private First Class Deckard's self-sacrificing bravery and unswerving devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 2540 (May 31, 1944)
Born: at Red Boiling Springs, Kentucky
Home Town: Auburn, Kentucky

DELALIO, ARMOND H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Armond H. Delalio (0-6420), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 and 5 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Captain Delalio, in a hail of blasting fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to the perilously low altitude of four hundred feet before releasing his bomb. Despite the fact that his craft was struck by numerous shrapnel and machine gun bursts, he returned safely to his base under extremely hazardous weather conditions. On 4 June, after less than four hours' sleep, he participated in an assault which resulted in the severe damaging of a Japanese battleship. His cool courage and utter disregard of personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Plainview, New York
Home Town: Farmingdale, Long Island, New York

DELIA, CARMEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carmen Delia (297454), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. In spite of great odds, Corporal Delia, on his own courageous initiative, placed his life in imminent danger as he launched a lone attack against a hostile dugout from which eight of the enemy delivered such intense fire that advancing Marines were in extreme peril and the coordinated progress of our troops was retarded. Locked in desperate hand-to-hand combat, he fought valiantly and, although seriously wounded by rifle fire and bayonets during the action, he persevered until he killed the Japanese and destroyed their position. Corporal Delia's unyielding devotion to duty and his gallant fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at Utica, New York
Home Town: Utica, New York

DELONG, ROBERT A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert A. DeLong (0-41810), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Rifle Platoon Leader, attached to Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 3 May 1945. Deploying his platoon to attack a heavily fortified enemy strong point composed of automatic weapon positions and concrete reinforced caves, Second Lieutenant DeLong braved the fire of a hostile machine gun as he led a flanking party around a Japanese emplacement. Although severely wounded and knocked to the ground by this fire, he rallied himself when his flame thrower operator was killed in an attempt to burn out the hostile position. Crawling to the side of the casualty, he succeeded in removing the apparatus and in shooting the flame into the embrasure of the fortification. With the enemy gun continuing to fire, Second Lieutenant DeLong persevered in his mission until he was again severely wounded and rendered unconscious. By his courageous action in diverting the attention of the Japanese, he enabled his men to flank the cave and destroy the weapon and its crew. His gallant leadership and indomitable fighting spirit under fire were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 61534 (SofN Signed April 16, 1947)
Born: at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

*DELONG, WELDON FADER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Weldon Fader DeLong (295947), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company K, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in combat against enemy Japanese forces west of the Matanikau River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 2 and 3 November 1942. After leading his squad forward in numerous assaults upon enemy positions, Corporal DeLong with two other Marines, when the advance of his company was threatened by a Japanese 37-mm. Gun firing at almost point-blank range, unhesitatingly rushed forward, seized the gun after disposing of its crew and put it out of action. Finally, in a violent bayonet assault, he advanced to the front of his unit and engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat until he was mortally wounded. By his great personal valor, aggressive leadership and fearless devotion to duty he contributed to the complete destruction of the enemy forces in this engagement. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.
Board Serial: 302 (March 5, 1943)
Born: at Barnes Corner, Nova Scotia, Canada
Home Town: Dover, Massachusetts

*DEMATTEIS, CRESCENZO P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Crescenzo P. DeMatteis (279635), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. When his platoon was pinned down by fire from a hostile dugout, Corporal DeMatteis, with utter disregard for the extreme danger involved, stealthily circled the entrenchment and killed on of the enemy. Having obtained an advantageous position, he displayed outstanding accuracy and courage in destroying the dugout with hand grenades and his rifle. By his daring aggressiveness and unflinching devotion to duty in the face of almost certain death, he single-handedly attacked and eliminated a perilous obstruction to his platoon's advance and thereby enabled his comrades to continue toward the objectives. Corporal DeMatteis' unconquerable fighting spirit was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at New Castle, Pennsylvania
Home Town: New Castle, Pennsylvania

*DENTON, HUGH V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Hugh V. Denton (337843), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company I, Third Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Island of Saipan in the Marianas, on 16 June 1944. Assigned to cover a friendly machine gun located at a strategic point in our front lines, Private First Class Denton remained steadfast at his post during a series of Japanese counterattacks, fighting with resolute skill until the enemy, attempting to force a break in our lines, concentrated the full strength of shattering mortar, machine-gun and tank fire on his machine gun and scored a direct shell-hit which silenced the powerful weapon. Dashing from his fox hole, he defied the terrific volleys from all sides to take position at the gun emplacement and, directing a steady stream of devastating rifle fire at the oncoming Japanese forces, held them off with decisive valor until he fell, instantly killed by a savage burst of hostile gunfire. An indomitable fighter, Private First Class Denton, by his aggressive initiative, tenacious determination and unwavering courage in the face of tremendous odds, contributed essentially to the ultimate conquest of this important Japanese stronghold, and his self-sacrificing devotion to duty reflects the highest credit upon himself and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 1524 (March 1, 1945)
Born: at Del Norte, Colorado
Home Town: Olathe, Colorado

*DEROUEN, CONRAD C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Conrad C. DeRouen (0-24207), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while serving with First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 3 and 8 July 1944. When the communications system on one of our tanks became inoperative during a fierce engagement with the enemy, Second Lieutenant DeRouen seated himself behind the turret and, in the face of intense hostile gunfire, proceeded to direct our supporting tanks toward the areas of strong enemy resistance. Although wounded in the neck by an enemy grenade on 8 July, he gallantly refused to be evacuated and remained steadfast at his station until he collapsed from pain and loss of blood. By his initiative, courage and devotion to duty throughout these hazardous operations, Second Lieutenant DeRouen upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2029 (SofN Signed November 14, 1947)
Born: at Erath, Louisiana
Home Town: Abbeville, Louisiana

DEVEREUX, JAMES PATRICK SINNOTT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Patrick Sinnott Devereux (0-3965), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for for distinguished and heroic conduct in the line of his profession, as Commanding Officer of the FIRST Marine Defense Battalion, Naval Air Station, Wake Island. Major Devereux was responsible for directing defenses of that post during the Japanese siege from 7 through 22 December 1941, against impossible odds. Major Devereux's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 301 (April 1942)
Born: February 20, 1903 at Cabana, Cuba
Home Town: Chevy Chase, Maryland

*DEZAYAS, HECTOR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Hector DeZayas (0-4763), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in the assault on the left flank of the Division Beachhead on Guam, Marianas Islands, from 21 to 26 July 1944. Throughout this vital period of bitter assault fighting, Lieutenant Colonel DeZayas valiantly led his Battalion toward its objective, moving upward over rough and rugged terrain in the face of determined, fierce enemy opposition and maintaining an aggressive and vigorous attack despite one particularly heavy Japanese counterattack which considerably depleted his forces. Arriving at his assigned position and aware that another strong hostile counterattack was imminent, he unhesitatingly proceeded to his front lines to dispose his defenses and encourage his men and, during his courageous tour of inspection, was killed by a Japanese rifleman. Lieutenant Colonel DeZayas' inspiring leadership, dauntless fighting spirit and tenacious devotion to duty under extremely perilous conditions reflect great credit upon himself, his heroic command and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004236 (January 4, 1945)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Oakland, California

DIAMOND, LEROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to LeRoy Diamond (294352), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Machine Gunner of the Eleventh Machine Gun Squad, Company H, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese armed forces at the Tenaru River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 21 August 1942. Lacking the protection of riflemen, Corporal Diamond's machine gun squad was forced to tear down its frontal protection to meet the oncoming strong Japanese landing force. In spite of tremendous difficulties, the enemy attack was courageously met and repulsed by fierce and determined fighting during which Corporal Diamond was seriously wounded. His personal valor and loyal devotion to duty contributed to the defeat of the enemy and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 18 (SofN Signed March 18, 1943)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: East Haddam, Connecticut

DICKENS, ONEL W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Onel W. Dickens (456382), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as an Armored Amphibian Commander of Company D, Second Armored Amphibian Battalion, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 15 June 1944. Maneuvering his vehicle under heavy artillery fire in company with the only other remaining armored amphibian in his platoon, Sergeant Dickens pushed fifteen hundred yards inland and, unsupported by infantry deep in hostile territory, delivered effective fire which destroyed machine gun nests and pillboxes and set fire to a fuel dump. Encountering four enemy medium tanks, he opened fire and destroyed one of them and, when forced by heavy shellfire to abandon his own vehicle, successfully led his crew back to the front lines. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Dickens and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6068 (SofN signed January 14, 1948)
Born: at Stella, Missouri
Home Town: Modesto, California

DICKEY, ROBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert L. Dickey (0-9126), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during the Japanese attacks on Midway Island, 7 December 1941 to 7 May 1942. Lieutenant Dickey, then Marine Gunner, exhibited heroism and tenacity in pressing the aerial attack and skillful maneuvering of aircraft in attacks on enemy aircraft. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 12, 1906 at Neville Island, Pennsylvania

*DiCRISTOFARO, ANTHONY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Anthony DiCristofaro (351272), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Marine Division during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Cape Gloucester, New Britain Island, on 28 December 1943. Voluntarily patrolling forward of our positions, Sergeant DiCristofaro penetrated the enemy lines, locating fortified enemy positions which he reported promptly to his commanding officer, thereby enabling our forces to register artillery on exact enemy positions and render them useless. Returning to the front lines, Sergeant DiCristofaro lost his life while attempting to silence an enemy machine gun. His aggressive fighting spirit, valiant self-sacrifice and stout-hearted devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 1291 (SofN Signed August 26, 1944)
Born: December 22, 1920 at Italy Home Town: Downington, Pennsylvania

*DIERKER, STANLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Stanley Dierker (318056), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with Company M, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, Second Marine Raider Regiment (Provisional), FIFTH Marine Amphibious Corps, during action against enemy Japanese forces along the Numa Numa-Piva Trail, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on 9 November 1943. Participating with his platoon in the defense of a vital road block on Numa Numa Trail, Private First Class Dierker encountered an overwhelming Japanese force which swept his platoon with machine-gun fire and hand and knee mortar grenades, forcing them to withdraw to a better defensive position. Courageously remaining behind to cover the withdrawal, he retained his firing position in a shallow foxhole and, by cool and deliberate fire, personally accounted for fifteen of the enemy before he himself was killed. By his gallant spirit of self-sacrifice, Private First Class Dierker contributed materially to the successful withdrawal of his platoon which subsequently participated in the utter defeat of the hostile forces in this area. His valiant fighting spirit was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 0055 (September 9, 1946)
Born: at Red Bluff, California
Home Town: Red Bluff, California

DILLON, EDWARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward J. Dillon (0-4654), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Executive Officer of the Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 16 March 1945. From 19 February to 7 March, Lieutenant Colonel Dillon voluntarily spent many hours at the Regimental Observation Post and in forward areas providing excellent information for the assault units. When casualties necessitated his emergency assignment to command a Battalion on 7 March, he reorganized the Command Post despite a depleted staff and, throughout that and the next day, led a relentless attack to disrupt a pocket of resistance which had held up the Battalion's advance for several days. Although a fanatical counterattack developed that night, Lieutenant Colonel Dillon directed his Battalion in promptly repulsing the counterassault, resulting in the annihilation of five hundred of the enemy. Leading the attack again on the third day, he fully exploited the success of the night before and pushed the advance to the coastline. His tactical skill, aggressive fighting spirit and courageous devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43500
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Newburgh, New York

*DIMON, EMMETT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Emmett L. Dimon (316809), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Leader of a Rifle Squad in an assault company of the Third Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. Discovering that fire from a hostile light machine gun directly in front of his platoon was preventing his men from advancing over the beach and sea wall, Sergeant Dimon realized the vital necessity of clearing the beach immediately and voluntarily started toward the enemy weapon. Continually exposed to Japanese fire, he daringly crawled for a distance of about twenty yards to the flank of the hostile position and destroyed the machine gun and crew of two with hand grenades before he was fatally wounded. Sergeant Dimon's valiant initiative and unswerving devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 2008 (July 3, 1944)
Born: at Peoria, Illinois
Home Town: Peoria, Illinois

*DISHMON, CLARENCE J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Clarence J. Dishmon (291935), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Twenty- Second Marines (Reinforced), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the invasion of Parry Island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, on 22 February 1944. Seeing one of his comrades lying wounded and helpless directly in the line of enemy fire, Private First Class Dishmon, fully realizing the extreme danger, courageously advanced toward the heavily fortified hostile position in order to provide covering fire for the removal of the injured Marine. Bravely attacking the Japanese with his automatic rifle as a rescuer carried his companion to safety, he, himself, was fatally shot by the enemy. Private First Class Dishmon's great personal valor and aggressive fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 001543 (July 3, 1944)
Born: at Hanford, California
Home Town: Hanford, California

DIXON, JAMES H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James H. Dixon (899455), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Tank Driver of the Fifth Tank Battalion, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano islands, 20 February 1945. During a fierce engagement with hostile forces, Corporal Dixon was badly wounded and his ankle was broken when an enemy demolition charge destroyed his tank and set it on fire. Emerging from the vehicle armed with a sub-machine gun, he covered the evacuation of the remainder of his crew to another tank and, although hostile fire was directed at him from all sides, held off the Japanese, killing the two who had disabled his tank and forcing the other to take cover. Despite his painful wounds, Corporal Dixon entered the rescuing tank only after all the other members of his crew had done so. His unselfishness, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44965
Born: at Luella, Georgia
Home Town: Luella, Georgia

DOBBIN, JOHN FRANCIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Francis Dobbin (0-5334), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-FOUR (VMF-224), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal, in the Solomons Islands, on 14 September 1942. Leading his division in response to an air raid signal when twenty single-engined enemy seaplanes were strafing Henderson Field, Major Dobbin dove to the attack through heavy anti-aircraft fire and, in spite of low visibility, within ten minutes shot down, unaided, three Japanese aircraft. The same expert airmanship and daring tactics displayed on this occasion enabled him in previous action to shoot down two twin-engined Japanese bombers and one type Zero fighter for a total of six enemy planes destroyed. His courage, alertness and loyal devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD (December 1942)
Born: at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Brighton, Massachusetts

*DODD, HOWARD W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Howard W. Dodd (475400), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Third Battalion, Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on The Asan-Adelup Beachhead, Guam, in the Marianas Group, on 26 July 1944. boldly aggressive during the fierce assault, Private First Class Dodd fought with tenacious determination against a vastly outnumbering force of Japanese troops occupying a strategic hill on the right flank of his Battalion's position and, when his platoon was ordered to retire from the bitter, uneven battle, courageously volunteered to remain behind and cover the retirement. Severely wounded during the initial stages of withdrawal, he consistently refused medical aid, steadily delivering a continuous stream of accurate and devastating rifle fire at the enemy despite the overwhelming odds until fatally struck down at his post. By his intrepid initiative, resolute fortitude and great personal valor, Private First Class Dodd contributed essentially to the successful withdrawal of his platoon and aided materially in averting their threatened annihilation. His self-sacrificing devotion to duty in the face of almost certain death reflects the highest credit upon Private First Class Dodd and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 236 (February 8, 1945)
Born: at Fairmont, West Virginia
Home Town: Fairmont, West Virginia

*DOERR, DAVID D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to David D. Doerr (264610), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Gunnery Sergeant of a Machine Gun Platoon of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 12 April 1945. Acting without orders when his company was viciously fired upon by a strong Japanese force, Gunnery Sergeant Doerr immediately charged forward despite the relentless shellfire and established a firing line on the crest of a ridge. Then, further exposing himself, he moved about among his men, directing their fire against the emplacements and encouraging them to hold fast despite the extreme odds. Wounded by enemy small-arms fire, he gallantly elected to remain with his men and, when one of his gunners became a casualty, promptly seized the weapon and dragged it to an open position on top of the ridge to obtain more accurate firing range. Braving the devastating machine-gun, mortar and artillery barrage laid down by the enemy, he promptly set up- his machine gun and trained his accurate fire against the positions, killing ten of the Japanese and providing effective cover for his men. Struck down by a bursting artillery shell, he again refused evacuation and, continuing his selfless efforts, manned his weapon with deadly effect until he lost consciousness. By his forceful leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and great personal valor, maintained through the fierce action, Gunnery Sergeant Doerr served as an inspiration to all and contributed materially to the success of his company's mission. His valiant conduct and unrelenting devotion to duty reflect he highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 52124 (February 7, 1946)
Born: at Johnstown, Ohio
Home Town: Lake Alfred, Florida

DOHERTY, THOMAS C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas C. Doherty (258649), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in Company D, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Cape Gloucester on 23 January 1944. During a combat patrol to Talasea, Platoon Sergeant Doherty's patrol came under heavy enemy assault. The advance of the patrol was held up by a steady barrage of Japanese rifle, machine gun and high velocity 37-mm. fire. Notwithstanding the intense enemy fire and determined to break through the enemy's defenses, Platoon Sergeant Doherty crossed 40 yards of open ground and, at point blank range, silenced a machine gun with hand grenades. He killed four snipers and fearlessly exposed himself to locate and destroy the rest of the enemy. He then rallied his men and pressed a full attack with an aggressiveness which resulted in neutralizing all resistance and permitted his patrol to continue on their mission. An inspiring leader and courageous fighter, Platoon Sergeant Doherty's gallant initiative and personal valor were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

DOIRON, CAMILLE J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Camille J. Doiron (446409), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Guide of Company K, Third Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 19 February and 11 March 1945. When his platoon received many casualties and the advance was held up by destructive fire from an anti-boat gun emplaced in a cave, Sergeant Doiron immediately secured a bazooka and, moving to an exposed position directly in front of the cave, destroyed the gun and annihilated its crew. On another occasion, when his platoon had suffered heavy losses and its advance was halted by an intense hostile barrage, he commanded a group of men to provide covering fire and, attacking the position single-handedly, destroyed the bunker. Although wounded in this encounter, he assisted in the reorganization of his platoon for another assault until evacuation was necessitated after receiving a second wound. Sergeant Doiron's outstanding courage, intrepid spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 41646
Born: at Livermore Falls, Maine
Home Town: Chisholm, Maine

DOLAN, DAVID O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David O. Dolan (402707), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader in a Rifle Platoon of Company K, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 2 May 1945. Observing hostile troops withdrawing to cover positions on the forward slope of a hill while leading his squad through heavy enemy machine-gun, mortars and artillery fire, Corporal Dolan directed the annihilation of fourteen of the defending riflemen and the destruction of two hostile machine guns, personally destroying an enemy mortar and killing two of the Japanese. Reorganizing his squad, he discovered three men lying in an exposed position and made three successive trips through heavy machine-gun and rifle fire to carry the wounded Marines to safety. His gallant fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 56881 (SofN Signed January 22, 1946)
Born: at San Patricio, Texas
Home Town: Beeville, Texas

DONAHUE, ARCHIE GLENN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Archie Glenn Donahue (0-9018), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Division Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron FOUR HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE (VMF-451), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces during a combat air patrol over Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 12 April 1945. When the flight leader was forced to leave the formation, Major Donahue took over the lead of two other fighter divisions in addition to his own and led the attack against a numerically superior force of hostile aircraft attacking units of our shipping, personally downing five of the sixteen enemy planes destroyed during the action. By his superb airmanship and gallant fighting spirit, Major Donahue contributed materially to the elimination of a dangerous threat to our shipping without loss to our own planes, and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0982 (SofN Signed September 18, 1947)
Born: October 24, 1917 at Casper, Wyoming
Home Town: Texas City, Texas

DONNELLY, JAMES C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James C. Donnelly (924239), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company B, First Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. When a heavy and continuing artillery barrage and concentration of hostile small-arms fire check the advance of his company and inflicted many casualties, Private First Class Donnelly discovered two of his comrades lying wounded and incapable of movement several yards in front of our lines. Quickly stripping himself o his weapon and equipment, he courageously went forward alone and unarmed across an open fire-swept are to give them aid. Realizing the extreme danger of remaining in this position, he immediately lifted one of the Marines to his back and ran through a hail of enemy fire to a covered position. Returning, he lifted the second man, who was at least sixty pounds heavier than himself, to his back and crawled back to friendly positions, again drawing an intense concentration of fire from the Japanese. He then remained in a covered position with his two comrades, administering first aid until the arrival of a hospital corpsman. By his intrepidity, initiative and unselfish concern for the welfare of others, Private First Class Donnelly upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79499
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

DORROH, JEFFERSON D., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jefferson D. Dorroh, Jr. (0-9314), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Division Leader and Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Marine Fighting Squadron THREE HUNDRED THIRTY-THREE (VMF-333), Marine Air Group THIRTY-THREE (MAG-33), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Okinawa Shima, Ryukyu Islands, on 22 April 1945. Leading his division of planes in two engagements against more than fifty enemy suicide dive bombers, Major Dorroh personally destroyed six Japanese planes and, by his intrepid spirit, contributed to the complete rout of the enemy. By his superb airmanship, courage and gallant devotion to duty, Major Dorroh upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, Amphibious Forces, Pacific: Serial 00713 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: at Corona, California
Home Town: Hood River, Oregon

DORSOGNA, EDMUND J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edmund J. Dorsogna (274144), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with Company D, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area on the night of October 24 - 25, 1942. During a mass frontal attack by a numerically superior enemy force, Private First Class Dorsogna, with his gun temporarily out of action and his position threatened by hostile troops, removed the weapon and, with the aid of a comrade, repaired and placed it back in action under heavy fire. On four separate occasions he saved the gun from capture, repaired it under fire and continued to maintain effective resistance against masses of attacking Japanese. By his skill and determination, he inflicted heavy casualties upon the enemy and helped prevent a break-through in our line which, at that time was weakly held by a small group of riflemen. His actions at all times were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 00192 (SofN Signed April 2, 1943)
Born: at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

DOUGLAS, CHARLES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles E. Douglas (200624), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36) during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Gunnery Sergeant Douglas, in charge of the forward anti-aircraft machine guns of the U.S.S. NEVADA, kept these guns in continuous action until burned out due to loss of circulating water when severed by a bomb hit. In spite of orders to abandon his station, after a bomb hit caused a fire that enveloped the forward superstructure endangering the lives of the men on the forward machine guns, he and his men remained at their station firing the remaining guns until the end of the action. His outstanding courage, aggressive fighting spirit and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Hailey and the United States Naval Service.
Prepared March 5, 1942
Born: February 5, 1906 at Zillah, Washington
Home Town: Wenatchee, Washington

*DOYLE, CECIL JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Cecil John Doyle (0-9424), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-121), Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomons Islands AREA from 18 to 25 October 1942. Pressing home his attacks against the enemy with skill and determination, Second Lieutenant Doyle shot down five Japanese aircraft during this period, thereby contributing materially to the security of our forces in that area. His cool courage and indomitable fighting spirit were an inspiration to the members of his squadron and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 1675 (July 28, 1943)
Born: August 10, 1920 at Marshall, Minnesota
Home Town: Marshall, Minnesota

*DRAKE, CHARLES W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles W. Drake (0-31331), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Marine Fighting Squadron THREE HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-323), Marine Air Group THIRTY-THREE (MAG-33), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Ryukyu Islands, on 3 June 1945. Intercepting an approaching flight of hostile planes during a patrol over the landing beaches of Iheya Shima, First Lieutenant Drake engaged the enemy in fierce combat and, pursuing one section of the Japanese fighters, blasted two from the sky. Sighting three more withdrawing from the area, he opened fire on the end plane and destroyed it. With the two remaining hostile aircraft pursuing him, he skillfully out-maneuvered the enemy and, closing in for the attack, delivered accurate gunfire to shoot down one and inflict severe damage on the other. By his superb skill as an airman and gallant devotion to duty, First Lieutenant Drake contributed materially to the success of his squadron in destroying nine Japanese planes and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, Air Forces, Pacific: Serial 16704 (SofN Signed June 23, 1947)
Born: at Maplewood, New Jersey
Home Town: Short Hills, New Jersey

DRISKELL, JOE R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joe R. Driskell (283270), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal condition while serving on board the U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36) during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Corporal Driskell, the gun captain of No. 9 broadside gun of the U.S.S. NEVADA, was seriously wounded and burned, and most of his clothing burned off when a bomb exploded in the immediate vicinity of his gun. Disregarding his condition, he insisted on manning another gun after his own was wrecked. Despite serious leg wounds, he refused to join the wounded, but assisted other wounded men instead, and then joined fire-fighting squads which contributed materially to bringing the fires under control. His outstanding courage, aggressive fighting spirit and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Hailey and the United States Naval Service.
Prepared March 5, 1942
Born: September 22, 1916 at Tere Haute, Indiana
Home Town: Terre Haute, Indiana

DRIVER, BILLY J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Billy J. Driver (337703), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rocket Launcher Operator of Headquarters Company, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 15 September 1944. Waiting until an enemy tank was within ten yards of his position during a Japanese counterattack, Corporal Driver courageously stood upright to fire his bazooka and, fully exposing himself to the intense fire from the tank, succeeded in stopping the vehicle with his first round. Turning to another position, he fired three more rounds from his weapon and, although still under enemy machine-gun fire, halted two more hostile tanks which had penetrated our lines, thereby contributing materially to stopping the counterattack which threatened to destroy our beachhead. Corporal Driver's outstanding courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 090436
Born: at Mayo, Florida
Home Town: Clearwater, Florida

DRURY, FRANK C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank C. Drury (0-8060), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWELVE (VMF-212), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomons Islands Area from 15 September 1942 to 10 November 1942. Throughout that strenuous period when the Guadalcanal airfield was under constant bombardment and our shore establishments in the area were menaced by the desperate counter thrusts of a fanatical foe, First Lieutenant Drury repeatedly strafed enemy warships and ground installations, intercepted persistent bombing raids and escorted our own torpedo and bombing planes toward hostile objectives. With bold determination and courageous disregard of personal safety, he pressed home numerous attacks against heavily escorted waves of invading bombers and, in four vigorous fights against tremendous odds, shot down a total of five Japanese planes. His superb flying skill and dauntless initiative were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 0750 (SofN Signed November 20, 1943)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Danby, Missouri

DUNCAN, REA EUGENE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rea Eugene Duncan (0-13798), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company B, First Battalion, Twenty- Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. Determined to advance his company over the low, open terrain studded with Japanese gun positions and pillboxes, Captain Duncan fearlessly disregarded the tremendous volume of mortar and artillery fire pouring down from cave-pocked enemy-held cliffs to the front which commanded complete observation of the beaches and terraces and, consistently moving well ahead of his men to direct accurate return fire against the enemy's strongly organized centers of resistance, frequently took positions ahead of supporting tanks to spot innumerable strategic targets. Taken under concentrated fire from two hostile machine guns and knocked to the ground when a Japanese bullet penetrated his helmet, he quickly recovered himself and boldly stood upright despite the smashing fury of artillery shells bursting on all sides and continued his relentless advance. Cool and undaunted, he spurred his men inexorably forward, storming powerful fortifications and overcoming fanatically fighting Japanese to wage a furious battle culminating in a dashing assault which carried his unit approximately one thousand yards up the western beaches within a period of two hours. Although severely wounded during the latter part of the action, Captain Duncan, by his sustained valor and unyielding determination to close with the enemy, had instilled in his heretofore untried company the confidence of veterans, thereby enabling them to render gallant service during a critical stage of operations. His dauntless leadership and effective combat tactics in the face of savage opposition were important factors in the fulfillment of his company's mission and reflect the highest credit upon Captain Duncan and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44965 (CofN Signed May 2, 1946)
Born: at West Frankfort, Illinois
Home Town: Duncan, Wyoming

*DUNHAM, EDWARD H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward H. Dunham (833149), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader, serving with Company B, First Battalion, Fourth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 23 June 1945. Exposing himself to heavy sniper fire, Corporal Dunham effectively directed tank fire into two Japanese pillboxes, preparing the way for his company to continue its patrol and advance over the next ridge. Fully realizing the immediate danger when his platoon was again pinned down by heavy automatic weapons fire from a well-concealed cave, so situated that tank fire was ineffective and all approaches to it were devoid of cover and swept by fire, he quickly prepared a satchel charge and, running through the heavy fire to the entrance of the cave, succeeded in wiping out this stronghold before he was observed and fatally wounded by another Japanese sniper. By his extreme bravery, skillful tactics under fire and valiant fighting spirit, Corporal Dunham greatly aided in crushing enemy resistance at vital points, thus insuring his company's successful advance. His unwavering devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 52752 (January 29, 1946)
Born: at Pleasant Ridge, Michigan
Home Town: Pleasant Ridge, Michigan

DUNN, HARRY, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Dunn, Jr. (333634), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a member of the Light Machinegun Section, Weapons Platoon, Company B, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in rescuing a wounded comrade from a perilous position deep inside enemy Japanese lines on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, from 17 to 19 September 1942. Halted by blazing machine guns while patrolling up the right bank of the Lunga River, Private Dunn, along with others, became detached and isolated from the main body of his company. Trapped in enemy-surrounded darkness after the patrol withdrew behind defensive lines, he spent the night in an abandoned Japanese foxhole, killing or wounding three men while fighting off hostile detachments intent upon mopping up the field. Miraculously surviving a critical encounter at dawn by "playing dead" while Japanese troops removed part of the equipment from his body, he discovered a wounded comrade who had fallen behind, administered first aid and carried him back down the river until enemy fire drove him into protective brush. After dark, in the resumption of his flight, he skillfully eluded Japanese patrols by hiding in thick undergrowth along the bank and crawling between open spaces with the wounded man clinging to his back. Having cautiously traversed a distance of two and one half miles, he at last brought his exhausted and suffering comrade within safe reach of the field hospital behind his own lines. His conspicuous initiative in overcoming almost insurmountable obstacles while saving the life of another at the risk of his own was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD (October 1942)
Born: at Springfield, Ohio
Home Town: Springfield, Ohio

DUNN, JAMES, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Dunn, Jr. (407172), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Third Battalion, Sixth Marines (Reinforced), SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 20 January 1943. When the combat patrol with which he was serving came under heavy machine-gun shelling, Private First Class Dunn, along with eleven Marines and their command officer, became separated from the remainder of the patrol and were pinned down by hostile fire. After the commanding officer and the second in command had been severely wounded, Private First Class Dunn, on his own initiative and with complete disregard for personal safety, promptly assumed command and led the men to jungle cover in the face of fierce mortar and machine-gun fire. Again trapped by Japanese, he reconnoitered and finally succeeded in leading his group, including the wounded, to their own lines. His gallant and fearless leadership was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 797 (SofN Signed October 8, 1943)
Born: at Stratton, Colorado
Home Town: Pueblo, Colorado

*DURFEE, CHARLES R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles R. Durfee (0-8324), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 220 November 1943. While in Command of Company A, several enemy counter-attacks were experienced. In addition to commanding his own company, and while under continuous rifle, machine gun and mortar fire, Captain Durfee, with complete disregard for his own personal safety, traversed the entire length of the battalion sector to consolidate our lines. Throughout the action, by his calm determination and excellent judgment, he inspired the men and gave his commanding officer invaluable aid in forming a correct estimate of the situation, enabling all of the available troops and supporting weapons to be most effectively employed in stopping the enemy attacks. His heroism, resourcefulness and inspiring leadership were in keeping with the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinCPac Serial 0647 (February 23, 1944)
Born: at Morristown, North Dakota
Home Town: Reeder, North Dakota
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart

DUSENBURY, JULIAN D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Julian D. Dusenbury (0-10785), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company A, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 7 May 1945. During an assault against strongly fortified enemy positions which threatened the advance of the entire front, Captain Dusenbury repeatedly braved intense hostile fire to insure the success of his company's advance. When one of the platoon commanders was seriously wounded during a critical phase of the assault, he reorganized the platoon and, in the face of intensified enemy fire, led it in continuing the attack. Fearlessly moving among his entire company front to coordinate the advance of the troops with supporting tanks, he personally directed the fire of the tanks in destroying several Japanese strong points. Although painfully wounded during the initial stages of the advance, he refused to be evacuated and continued to direct the attack until Japanese resistance was broken and the positions overrun. By his initiative and indomitable fighting spirit, Captain Dusenbury served as an inspiration to his men, and his leadership throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 61534 (SofN Signed april 16, 1947)
Born: at Bishopville, South Carolina
Home Town: Claussen, South Carolina

DWORNITSKI, NICHOLAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Nicholas Dwornitski (295467), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with Company C, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. While the island airport was under a heavy nocturnal attack by hostile forces, Corporal Dwornitski, leading his rifle squad through a curtain of fanatical fire from Japanese mortars, machine guns and hand grenades, successfully brought his men to front line combat positions. Thereafter, with grim courage and determination, he directed his squad in a desperate hand-to-hand fight to hold ground until all but two of his men were killed or injured and he, himself, was wounded while repulsing the enemy assault. His alert initiative and inspiring leadership, employed at great personal risk in the face of grave danger, were largely responsible for the rigid defense maintained by our lines in one of the most critical battles on the island. His actions at all times were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 780 (SofN signed August 17, 1943)
Born: August 13, 1920 at Dickson City, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Dickson, Pennsylvania

*DYER, MARTIN R., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Martin R. Dyer, Jr. (366654), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Squad Leader in the Scout and Sniper Platoon serving with the Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 1 July 1944. Dispatched to capture a well-concealed, strongly entrenched pocket of enemy resistance after two previous assaults against the emplacement had drawn heavy enemy fire but failed to disclose its location, Corporal Dyer instructed his squad to observe the origin of the fire then, fearlessly exposing himself to the withering barrage, boldly led his men forward in a third assault against the position. Although mortally wounded during the fierce engagement, Corporal Dyer, by his daring initiative, exceptional fortitude and indomitable fighting spirit, had inspired his squad to locate the enemy and annihilate them, thereby enabling our advancing forces to continue their operations against this strategic Japanese stronghold. His steadfast determination, valiant leadership and courageous devotion to duty in the face of graver peril reflect the highest credit upon Corporal Dyer and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 12681 (January 5, 1945)
Born: at Jacksonville, Illinois
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri

 

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