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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross

 
To U.S. Marines
World War II

Navy Cross Citations USMC - World War II

A - B

C - D

E - G

H - K

L - M

N - Q

R - S

T - Z

L

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

LAMB, CHARLES T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles T. Lamb (0-9190), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company A, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. When the commander of the First Platoon, Company A, was seriously wounded, Second Lieutenant Lamb, displaying a fine spirit of initiative and determination, assumed command, but five minutes later, he too was wounded in the head and shoulder. Waiting only to receive first aid, and weakened from loss of blood, he returned to lead his platoon. On the second day of the raid, he led a small group in taking over an enemy sloop and, upon arrival alongside in a row boat, he escaped fire at point-blank range, tossed a hand grenade through the port, then boarded the sloop and destroyed the Japanese on guard. Throughout the engagement, his conspicuous fighting spirit and utter disregard for his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Born: at Adershot, England
Home Town: Quantico, Virginia

LANG, LAWRENCE A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence A. Lang (223689), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous courage as Non-Commissioned Officer in command of a platoon of Company B, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. Although suffering from a shattered arm bone, received early in the engagement, Gunnery Sergeant Lang continued to lead his platoon until forced by loss of blood to be evacuated. His personal valor and complete disregard for his own safety served to inspire his men in holding the left flank during most of the action. His conscientious devotion to duty at great risk to his life was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Born: at Wheeling, West Virginia
Home Town: Wheeling, West Virginia

LANGFORD, N.J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to N.J. Langford (272522), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company L, Third Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 26 February 1945. Observing that one of his men who had proceeded beyond the front lines had been wounded, Platoon Sergeant Langford exposed himself to intense hostile fire to go to the rescue of his comrade. Although painfully wounded by snipers hidden in a cave, he killed five of the Japanese and, while continually exposed to enemy fire, was successful in rescuing the casualty. After his platoon had been ordered to support a squad of engineers in destroying a series of caves on 17 March, he voluntarily covered by fire the evacuation of two wounded demolition men and, when a sniper's bullet hit his helmet, deliberately exposed himself to draw the enemy's fire and then crawled quickly to another position from which he was able to annihilate the sniper, after which he placed neutralizing fire into a cave while the casualties were carried to safety. His aggressive fighting spirit, initiative and courageous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Platoon Sergeant Langford and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44534 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: at Independence, Arkansas
Home Town: Kenefic, Oklahoma

LANIGAN, JOHN R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John R. Lanigan (0-4128), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 16 March 1945. Landing on D-Day under heavy artillery, mortar, machine-gun and rifle fire, Colonel Lanigan quickly reorganized his assault units and directed a determined attack which resulted in the capture of the highly fortified cliff on the right flank of the beach. Later, with all the original Battalion Commanders either killed or evacuated because of wounds, Colonel Lanigan accompanied the right assault battalion in further advances up the east coast, personally going from company to company and taking his place in the front lines to encourage the men of his unit. By his courage, fighting spirit and inspiring leadership, he contributed materially to the capture of strong enemy defenses and to the security of the Island, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 47152
Born: at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

*LAPRADE, ROBERT M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert M. LaPrade (0-9775), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving with the SECOND Marine Division during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 20 January 1943. Operating behind the enemy lines, Lieutenant LaPrade, in command of a combat patrol which wiped out one enemy machine gun position, was critically wounded twice and his second in command incapacitated by enemy machine-gun fire. Despite his insistence that they leave him behind, First Lieutenant LaPrade was carried back to our lines where, with unfaltering disregard for his own ebbing strength, he continued to give orders concerning directions and formations until he lost consciousness. His indomitable fighting spirit and inspiring devotion to the accomplishment of an important mission were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on July 15, 1943
Born: August 4, 1916 at Kennedy, Texas
Home Town: Gregory, Texas

LAQUINTANO, JAMES JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Joseph LaQuintano (452888), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company K, Third Battalion, Fourth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 21 May 1945. Attempting to repel a fierce enemy counterattack which was being launched against his company, Sergeant LaQuintano bravely exposed himself time after time to devastating artillery, mortar and small-arms fire in order to place his men and automatic weapons in more advantageous positions. Although wounded in the morning as a result of the intense machine-gun fire, he refused evacuation and continued fighting, his only thought being to strengthen his company's position and repel the fanatical Japanese counterattacks. After being wounded again in the afternoon, Sergeant LaQuintano still persisted at his post until ordered from the line by a senior officer. His gallant fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty were an inspiration to his comrades and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 98301
Born: at Brackway, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

*LARSEN, LEOR B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Leor B. Larsen (0-27140), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while attached to the Third Battalion, Eighth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Island of Saipan in the Marianas, on 1 and 11 July 1944. Acting as observer for his own section of 60-mm. mortars on 1 July, during the relentless drive against obstinate pockets of enemy resistance following our occupation of this vital enemy stronghold, Second Lieutenant Larsen voluntarily exposed himself to the direct fire of an enemy artillery piece for a protracted period and, covered by the debris from numerous near misses scored by the powerful Japanese weapon, tenaciously refused to withdraw from his dangerously prominent vantage point until he had located the continuously operating fieldpiece, thereby enabling his unit to bring their devastating fire to bear on the stubborn weapon. Painfully wounded while leading a patrol in final clearing operations on 11 July, he refused evacuation, continuing his valiant efforts against the desperate opposition until instantly killed in the act of hurling a demolition charge into an enemy-occupied cave. By his indomitable fighting spirit, resolute fortitude and sustained aggressiveness, Second Lieutenant Larsen contributed essentially to the final crushing of a ruthless and fanatic enemy, and his determined courage and unwavering devotion to duty throughout a period of fierce hostilities reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 1513 (March 1, 1945)
Born: at Spring City, Utah
Home Town: Spring City, Utah

*LASCO, DONALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donald Lasco (352109), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a Fire Team serving with the Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, Fist Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu Island, Palau Group, on 1 October 1944. Dispatched to assist in the capture of a high ridge vital to his company's mission, Private First Class Lasco was courageously leading his men forward across an open road when a sudden burst of machine-gun fire halted the advance of his team and severely wounded one of its members. In a valiant attempt to draw the fire away from his fallen comrade and locate the hostile emplacement, he boldly stood upright in the face of the intense barrage, seized an automatic weapon and, fearlessly advancing through the fire-swept area, single-handedly charged the Japanese position, but while directing effective fire against the enemy, was fatally wounded by a shell from a second hostile machine gun. By his aggressive leadership, his indomitable fighting spirit and exceptional fortitude in the face of extreme peril, Private First Class Lasco served as an inspiring example to his comrades, and his self-sacrificing efforts and unwavering devotion to the completion of an extremely hazardous mission were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0121 (February 1, 1945)
Born: at Amerst, Ohio
Home Town: Lorain, Ohio

LATCH, DARIUS W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Darius W. Latch (512249), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader in a Platoon of Company G, Second Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 10 March 1945. When intense enemy machine-gun fire held up the advance of his platoon, Private First Class Latch located a strongly fortified cliff-line position and, although other attempts to destroy the emplacement failed, charged twice, unarmed, in the face of fierce hostile machine-gun and sniper fire to place demolition charges at the mouth of the cave. As these charges failed to silence the Japanese, he scaled the cliff to a position above the hostile cave and twice lowered himself at great risk to drop two more demolition charges with the result that he destroyed the position and the enemy within. By his aggressive fighting spirit and cool courage, Private First Class Latch enabled his company to advance, and his exemplary conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43550
Born: at Armstrong Springs, Arkansas
Home Town: Heber Springs, Arkansas

LAUDERDALE, CLAUDE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Claude E. Lauderdale (282120), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Acting Platoon Leader of Company D, Second Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 22 March 1945. Valiantly leading his platoon and supporting tanks against an enemy last-stand position which had resisted attack for seven days, Sergeant Lauderdale pushed the front lines three hundred yards into Japanese territory. Advancing through a deep canyon covered by enemy fire, he requested tank support and, in the face of accurate hostile fire, moved ahead of the front lines to reconnoiter routes for the tanks and to direct their fire against the Japanese. Exposing himself on six different occasions to point out targets for the flame thrower tanks, he contributed directly to the success of the mission and was largely responsible for keeping the casualties in his platoon at a minimum. His courage and zealous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Lauderdale and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 05501 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: at Cisco, Texas
Home Town: Ackerly, Texas

*LAWLEY, ALVIN E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Alvin E. Lawley (827074), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Section Leader of a Special Weapons Assault Unit of Headquarters Company, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 18 June 1945. Ordered to wipe out numerous enemy cave emplacements along a steep coral ridge covering all possible supply and evacuation routes within the entire zone of action, Private First Class Lawley repeatedly made his way across the open fire-swept terrain to place demolition charges at the cave openings, valiantly returning after setting off each blast to renew his supply. Undeterred by Japanese snipers defending the approaches to the hostile emplacements, he destroyed nine caves and thirty-five of the enemy before he fell, fatally wounded by a vicious burst of sniper fire while placing still another charge. By his dauntless initiative and skill in the face of overwhelming opposition, Private First Class Lawley had contributed essentially to the clearing of a supply route, and his indomitable devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 032401 (November 15, 1946)
Born: at Erie, Colorado
Home Town: Erie, Colorado

LAWRENCE, HENRY G., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry G. Lawrence, Jr. (0-5963), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Acting Commander of the SECOND Amphibian Tractor Battalion, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, during the period 20 to 23 November 1943. Personally leading the center group of amphibian tractors in the initial landing, Major Lawrence directed his own tractor over barbed wire and other beach obstacles in the face of intense anti-boat and machine-gun fire, thereby enabling subsequent waves to land successfully and, when his driver was killed, unhesitatingly took the driver's seat and made four trips to the beach with urgently needed supplies and men. With his tractor finally disabled and his Battalion Commander reported killed, he promptly re-boarded a landing boat and organized the remaining vehicles for continued action. Throughout the following three days, he worked tirelessly to direct the landing and delivering of supplies to the front line troops although three of his drivers were killed and he, himself, was twice hit by shrapnel while attempting to get ashore in tractors. Major Lawrence's inspiring leadership and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of grave peril contributed materially to the ultimate capture of this highly strategic atoll and reflect the highest credit upon himself, his command and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: at Milledgeville, Georgia
Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia

LEAPER, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John W. Leaper (0-29026), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Section Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron THREE HUNDRED FOURTEEN (VMF-314), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 22 June 1945. Intercepting an attacking hostile force of about twenty fighters and bombers heading toward friendly shipping in the area, First Lieutenant Leaper destroyed a twin-engined bomber and, later while his wingman was engaged in disposing of another enemy bomber, shot down a hostile fighter which had opened fire on the wingman. Sighting another Japanese plane after his ammunition was exhausted, he maneuvered into position and boldly rammed the enemy with his propeller. When his partially emptied right pylon tank exploded, demolishing the enemy plane and tearing off his own plane's right wing, he parachuted safely and was picked up by one of the destroyers he was protecting. First Lieutenant Leaper's gallant fighting spirit, leadership and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 97116
Born: at Minneapolis, Minnesota
Home Town: Hopkins, Minnesota

LEBLANC, JOSEPH G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph G. LeBlanc (275346), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as a member of a Rifle Company of the Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese armed forces at the Tenaru River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 21 August 1942. Performing patrol duty and armed only with a rifle when an overwhelming Japanese landing force launched a furious attack, Corporal LeBlanc, together with two other Marines, promptly deployed and held off the enemy in their sector by fierce and desperate fighting. Valiantly carrying on after enemy fire had killed one of the group, Corporal LeBlanc and his remaining comrade manned a light machine gun and maintained their unyielding defense of our positions against what appeared to be insurmountable odds. Despite the death of his remaining companion and with complete disregard for his personal safety, Corporal LeBlanc continued to fire until his ammunition was spent. He dauntless spirit of self-sacrifice and his unwavering devotion to duty in the face of great peril sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, 1942, Serial 18 (SofN Signed March 18, 1943)
Born: at New Bedford, Massachusetts
Home Town: New Bedford, Massachusetts

LEE, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John W. Lee (336931), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Tank Gunner in a platoon of Company A, First Tank Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, from 15 to 30 September 1944. When the advance of his tank platoon was halted by a mine field covered by Japanese high velocity weapons and mortars, Sergeant Lee left his tank and proceeded to guide the platoon through the area. Although wounded by an explosion when the lead tank hit an enemy mine, he courageously administered first aid to other wounded personnel and disarmed the damaged tank before consenting to evacuation. Voluntarily reporting to duty after a short period, Sergeant Lee, on 30 September, again left his vehicle upon discovering several enemy personnel in a by-passed cave and, undaunted by hostile fire, courageously covered the Japanese-held cave while he directed his comrades in placing explosive charges to seal up the hostile emplacement. By his initiative, gallant courage and devotion to duty throughout, Sergeant Lee upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 8584 (November 20, 1947(
Born: at Bay City, Michigan
Home Town: Bay City, Michigan

LEFRANCOIS, WILFRED S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilfred S. LeFrancois (0-8229), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as Platoon Leader of the First Platoon, Company A, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. By his discriminating disposal of the advance guard, Second Lieutenant LeFrancois enabled it to engage the enemy effectively, initiating the fire with great success. Displaying exemplary leadership and determination, he led his platoon in advance until severely wounded in the right shoulder by enemy machine-gun fire. Throughout the engagement, his aggressiveness, courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Born: at Gananoque, Ontario, Canada

LEMCKE, JULIUS O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Julius O. Lemcke (0-12004), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company C, Third Tank Battalion, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 4 March 1945. When his company received the order to attack in support of an infantry battalion, Captain Lemcke made a reconnaissance of the zone of action and, in the face of fierce enemy fire, went forward of the front lines several times to obtain better observation. Although the hostile fire was particularly heavy and the zone of attack was covered by several antitank guns, he insisted on personally leading his tanks forward on foot to achieve more efficient support for the infantry through closer liaison with the front line elements. During this attack, he spurred his platoons on, pointing out routes through particularly difficult terrain and, deploying his units masterfully, guided them forward from his position on the ground, thus aiding in the destruction of thirteen enemy pillboxes. In the afternoon when a tank was hit forty yards forward of the line, he ran through intense enemy fire to assist the wounded men. By his courage, initiative and inspiring leadership, Captain Lemcke contributed materially to the success of the day's operation, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 101474
Born: at Rheinfeld, Germany
Home Town: Forest Grove, Oregon

LESLIE, DALE M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dale M. Leslie (0-10253), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Pilot of an airplane in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-ONE (VMSB-231), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), Marine Aircraft Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, while assisting in evacuating a group of Marines surrounded by enemy Japanese forces from a beachhead on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 27 September 1942. Flying low over the water, Second Lieutenant Leslie, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, successfully directed the rescue boats to the trapped Marines. Then, in order to protect one of the boats which had been placed as a shield between the enemy and rescue ships, he continually strafed the hostile gun emplacements, skillfully drawing their fire away from the boat. During these operations, having spotted a man in the water, Second Lieutenant Leslie dropped a flare near him in order to attract attention and help effect his rescue, and when one of the ships, loaded with Marines, developed engine trouble, he directed a salvage boat to her assistance. His expert airmanship, courage, and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 0408 (SofN Signed August 20, 1943)
Born: September 20, 1919 at Madison, Florida
Home Town: Madison, Florida

*LEWIS, MILTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Milton Lewis (270365), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the FIRST Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area on 7 August 1942. With courageous disregard for his own safety, Corporal Lewis determinedly led his squad against a hostile machine-gun position which threatened to halt his unit's advance. Despite his imminent peril, he tenaciously continued his relentless fighting and, although fatally wounded, so inspired his men that they succeeded in silencing the enemy gun, thereby removing this perilous obstacle. Corporal Lewis's unswerving devotion to duty in the face of extreme personal danger was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 1113 (July 15, 1943)
Born: July 8, 1920 at Gainesville, Florida
Home Town: Gainesville, Florida

*LEWIS, WRAY C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Wray C. Lewis (0-14024), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while attached to the Third Battalion, Twenty- Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 18 June 1944. When his company was forced to withdraw in the face of the enemy's fierce barrage, leaving the wounded forward of our lines, First Lieutenant Lewis voluntarily risked his life to rescue the helpless Marines. Undeterred by concentrated Japanese machine-gun and rifle fire, he led stretcher parties on three separate missions and, advancing fearlessly into the fire-swept area on each occasion, succeeded in bringing approximately twelve of the wounded back to safety. By his daring initiative, outstanding fortitude and self-sacrificing efforts on behalf of others, First Lieutenant Lewis contributed to the saving of many lives and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 197 (January 25, 1945)
Born: at Lawnsdale, North Carolina
Home Town: Fallston, North Carolina

LIDENBERG, ERNEST M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ernest M. Lidenberg (852159), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as an Automatic Rifleman of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 16 May 1945. Although severely wounded during the early stages of his company's assault against Sugar Loaf Hill, Private Lidenberg courageously continued in the advance and, after his company obtained its objective, held his position in the face of severe hostile fire during a desperate enemy counterattack. When his company was ordered to effect a temporary withdrawal, he stayed on the lines to cover the evacuation of the wounded with accurate and intensive automatic rifle fire. One of the first to be wounded in the assault, he was among the last to leave after his company had withdrawn, remaining at his post until ordered to the rear. Hid determination, fortitude and staunch devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private Lidenberg and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 86492 (SofN Signed October 4, 1948)
Born: at Northwood, North Dakota
Home Town: Northwood, North Dakota

*LILJA, GEORGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Lilja (267813), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu Island in the Palau Group, on 19 September 1944. The only bazooka operator left in his company during an attack against enemy positions deeply entrenched in the coral hills north of the airfield on Peleliu, Private First Class Lilja fought the fanatic Japanese with determined fury, pushing tenaciously over the rocky ground and tangled ravines to deliver his shattering fire against numerous hostile caves and emplacements which, safe from our machine guns and rifles, poured a merciless rain of devastating crossfire on our troops. Fearlessly risking his life, he ranged the entire front area, carrying his unwieldy weapon and heavy ammunition load up and down the ridge despite intense heat and unceasing enemy barrages and, boldly employing his daring assault tactics in support of each platoon in turn, consistently blasted the heavily defended Japanese caves, neutralizing many strong points and materially furthering the advance of our forces. When his company was held up by deadly volleys from a powerful enemy pillbox on the opposite slope while attempting to cross the open ridgeline that afternoon, he valiantly proceeded under the withering hail to an exposed position on the ridge and, placing his bazooka fire with extreme accuracy, succeeded in silencing the heavy Japanese installation before he fell, mortally wounded by gunfire from another source. An indomitable fighter, Private First Class Lilja, by his intrepid initiative, resolute fortitude and sustained aggressiveness in the face of terrific opposition, contributed essentially to the ultimate conquest of this vital enemy stronghold, and his great personal valor and unwavering devotion to duty throughout this period of fierce hostilities reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 1297 (March 1, 1945)
Born: at Natick, Massachusetts
Home Town: Natick, Massachusetts

*LINDBLAD, CARL J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Carl J. Lindblad (0-22810), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Rifle Platoon Leader, attached to Company A, First Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 27 February 1945. Dauntlessly leading his platoon in repeated attacks against a strong enemy force securely entrenched in caves and pillboxes along a rocky ridge dominating a vital airfield, First Lieutenant Lindblad constantly exposed himself to merciless hostile machine-gun, mortar and artillery fire to coordinate the assault and, moving from man to man along the entire platoon front, issued orders and rallied his gallant forces throughout the bitter action. When an intense barrage of Naval gunfire from friendly ships rained down upon his section, disrupting communications, he bravely dashed through the shattering fire for a distance of one hundred and fifty yards to report the situation to his Commanding Officer and have the bombardment lifted. By his great valor and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of grave peril, First Lieutenant Lindblad saved the lives of many men, and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 36978 (November 6, 1945)
Born: at Denver, Colorado
Home Town: Denver, Colorado

*LINDSAY, ELWOOD Q.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Elwood Q. Lindsay (0-7002), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Delivering a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Lindsay aided in disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success of our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Second Lieutenant Lindsay gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of an excellent airman in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Dingle, Idaho
Home Town: Montpelier, Idaho

LITTLE, JAMES T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James T. Little (490515), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifleman and Platoon Leader of Company H, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 17 to 26 March 1945. Assuming the duties of a platoon leader when the leaders of two platoons had become casualties during a fierce grenade and small-arms battle with the enemy, Private First Class Little risked his life to move across the front of two platoons in the face of exploding grenades and small-arms fire to organize the remaining men into one unit. Placing his troops in effective positions, he boldly continued the attack and repeatedly checking his lines and courageously leading his unit, remained in command until the end of the action. His aggressive leadership, fighting spirit and devotion to duty in the face of hostile fire reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Little and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44956 (November 4, 1948)
Born: at Ada, Oklahoma
Home Town: Richmond, California

LIVERSEDGE, HARRY BLUETT
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Bluett Liversedge (0-563), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Commanding Officer of the FIRST Marine Raider Regiment and the Third Battalions of the 145th and 148th Infantries, U.S. Army, during operations on New Georgia Island, British Solomon Islands, from 5 July 1943 to 29 August 1943. Gallantly leading his troops through dense jungle into combat against a fanatic enemy long experienced in jungle warfare and well-entrenched in strong positions, Colonel Liversedge commanded the assault with cool and courageous determination. Although handicapped by extremely adverse weather conditions, constant enemy fire and the difficult problems of supply, he skillfully coordinated his forces and those of cooperating units and, relentlessly forced the Japanese to withdraw. Colonel Liversedge's aggressive fighting spirit and brilliant leadership contributed immeasurably to the success of the New Georgia Campaign and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD: Serial 01914 (March 21, 1944)
Born: September 21, 1894 at Volcano, California
Home Town: Berkeley, California
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

LIVERSEDGE, HARRY BLUETT
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Harry Bluett Liversedge (0-563), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 27 March 1945. Landing on the fire-swept beaches twenty-two minutes after H-Hour, Colonel Liversedge gallantly led his men in the advance inland before executing a difficult turning maneuver to the south preparatory to launching the assault on Mount Suribachi. Under his inspiring leadership, his Regiment effected a partial seizure of a formidable Japanese position consisting of caves, pillboxes and blockhouses, until it was halted by intense enemy resistance which caused severe casualties. Braving the heavy hostile fire, he traversed the front lines to reorganize his troops and, by his determination and aggressiveness, enabled his men to overrun the Japanese position by nightfall. By his fighting spirit and intrepid leadership, Colonel Liversedge contributed materially to the capture of Mount Suribachi, and his unwavering devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44533 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: September 21, 1894 at Volcano, California
Home Town: Pine Grove, California
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

LIVESEY, BENJAMIN R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Benjamin R. Livesey (317742), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as an Armored Amphibian Commander in a platoon of Company D, Second Armored Amphibian Battalion, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 15 June 1944. Maneuvering his vehicle under heavy artillery fire in company with the other remaining armored amphibian in his platoon, Sergeant Livesey pushed fifteen hundred yards inland and, unsupported by infantry deep in hostile territory, delivered effective fire which destroyed machine-gun nests and pillboxes and set fire to a fuel dump. Encountering four enemy medium tanks, he opened fire and destroyed two of them and, when forced by heavy shellfire to abandon his own vehicle, successfully led his crew to the front lines. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Livesey and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6068 (SofN Signed September 25, 1947)
Born: at Attleboro, Massachusetts
Home Town: Attleboro, Massachusetts

LOEFFEL, GLENN B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Glenn B. Loeffel (0-9938), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-ONE (VMSB-231), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Guadalcanal Area of the Solomons Islands from 30 August 1942 to 15 October 1942. In addition to participating in a successful air raid against a large enemy landing force on 4 September Second Lieutenant Loeffel took part in an attack against hostile naval installations on Gizo Bay, 6 September. Along with others, he bombed a Japanese seaplane base on Rekata Bay on 29 September, and, during a night attack against enemy surface units on 3 October, scored a direct hit which inflicted severe damage on a Japanese cruiser. His cool courage and unyielding devotion to duty throughout these engagements were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 00192 (SofN Signed April 2, 1943)
Born: June 21, 1919 at Peoria, Illinois
Home Town: Peoria, Illinois

LOESCH, GREGORY K.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gregory K. Loesch (0-7510), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-121), Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Guadalcanal Area of the Solomon Islands from 9 October 1942 to 5 January 1943. During this prolonged series of intense enemy activities, First Lieutenant Loesch, participating both as wingman and division leader in numerous hazardous patrols, fighter sweeps and attacks, displayed superb airmanship against great odds. As a result of his outstanding professional skill and unfaltering determination, he successfully destroyed six hostile planes in the first part of the period. Later, while patrolling over TF67, the four-plane fighter division commanded by First Lieutenant Loesch shot down four enemy dive bombers and a Zero, he himself accounting for one of the planes. His dauntless courage and valiant devotion to duty under extremely adverse conditions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 00697 (SofN Signed November 4, 1943)
Born: at Montrose, Colorado
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland

*LOGAN, JOHN R., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John R. Logan, Jr. (398243), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while in Command of a Rifle Squad in a Company of the Third Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division (Reinforced), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle of Piva Forks, Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands, on 24 November 1943. Finding his advance halted by machine-gun fire from two mutually supporting hostile emplaced guns, Corporal Logan boldly moved forward beyond his own skirmish line and, after reconnoitering, discovered the location of the enemy. Although wounded several times during this action, he courageously charged one of the gun positions single-handedly and destroyed the gun crew. Completely disregarding his own serious condition, Corporal Logan returned to his men to lead the attack which put a second gun position out of action and enabled his squad to continue its advance, but succumbed after the mission had been completed. His exceptional devotion to duty and his valiant fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 00369 (March 14, 1944)
Born: at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

LONGAZEL, MICHAEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Michael Longazel (280227), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as leader of a patrol group of ten men from the Mortar Platoon of Company D, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese armed forces at the Tenaru River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 21 August 1942. Advancing in an enveloping movement to frustrate the enemy's attempt to cross the Tenaru River, Platoon Sergeant Longazel and his patrol intercepted and subdued or killed a total of twenty-two enemy Japanese. When approximately thirty enemy troops opened fire with machine guns and mortars on his flank, Platoon Sergeant Longazel, borrowing an automatic rifle, resolutely held the enemy off while his men carried their own wounded out of range of enemy fire. His great personal courage and his determined spirit of aggressiveness resulted in containing the enemy main body until the arrival of the First Battalion, First Marines. His gallant and intrepid conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD (October 1942)
Born: at Wherum, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Nanty-Glo, Pennsylvania

*LOUTH, HAROLD LEWIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harold Lewis Louth (461231), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Marine Division during action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain Island, on 28 December 1943. Following a tank in a determined assault on a hostile pillbox, Private First Class Louth observed his sergeant in peril of being killed by heavy machine-gun fire from the enemy emplacement and rushed forward to throw himself immediately in front of his comrade, thereby drawing the fire of the enemy gun to himself and saving his sergeant's life. By his self-sacrificing action, he enabled his sergeant to attack and demolish the Japanese pillbox with hand grenades. Private First Class Louth's exceptional valor and unswerving devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 0629 (SofN Signed July 21, 1944)
Born: at Akron, Ohio
Home Town: Akron, Ohio

*LUCAS, JOHN D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John D. Lucas (0-9399), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Delivering a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Lucas aided in disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success of our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of the circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Second Lieutenant Lucas gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of an excellent airman in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Alameda, California

LUMPKIN, GEORGE T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George T. Lumpkin (0-9409), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 and 5 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Second Lieutenant Lumpkin, in a hail of blasting fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to the perilously low altitude of four hundred feet before releasing his bomb. His courageous determination and extreme disregard of personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD: Approved November 10, 1942
Born: at Youngsville, North Carolina
Home Town: Louisburg, North Carolina

LUTCHKUS, GEORGE F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George F. Lutchkus (271592), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company B, First Battalion, Twenty- Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 19 February 1945. Learning that a Japanese pillbox which had been by-passed by the assault waves was holding up the advance of reserve units, Sergeant Lutchkus voluntarily moved forward along in the midst of a heavy mortar barrage into a position from which he threw two grenades into the emplacement. Failing to silence the enemy, he returned to the Command Post and, picking up more hand grenades, returned to hurl these into the pillbox. When four of the hostile troops emerged from the emplacement carrying hand grenades, Sergeant Lutchkus killed them with his carbine and, entering the pillbox, completed its destruction, thereby permitting reserved elements to advance at a time vital to the success of the operation. His bold initiative, courage and unselfish devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Lutchkus and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44965 (November 4, 1948)
Born: at Lost Creek, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Coaldale, Pennsylvania

*LUTHER, HUBERT C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Hubert C. Luther (365432), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Leader of a Rifle Squad in an Assault Company of the Third Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in combat against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. While leading his squad forward in an attack, Corporal Luther observed an enemy 40-mm. gun on his left firing on boats of succeeding waves attempting to land on the beach. Although the weapon was outside of his assigned zone of action, Corporal Luther quickly reorganized his depleted squad and, on his own initiative, led his men in a daring assault on the hostile emplacement and skillfully destroyed the gun and its crew with hand grenades before he was killed. Corporal Luther's great personal valor and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 2008 (May 16, 1944)
Born: at Smith Center, Kansas
Home Town: Billings, Montana

*LYMAN, ROBERT C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert C. Lyman (506176), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving in a Rifle Platoon of Company C, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action on enemy Japanese-held Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Group, 21 June 1945. When his platoon sergeant was wounded and evacuated, Corporal Lyman immediately took his place and led the platoon forward in an attack. Realizing that most of his men were new replacements and unfamiliar with tactics under fire, he directed the inexperienced Marines to the more advantageous positions from which to fire upon the enemy. Constantly exposing himself to hostile fire, he went forward repeatedly to destroy Japanese positions disrupting the advance and, on once occasion, when machine-gun fire pinned down his platoon, advanced alone, flanked the hostile position and, with rifle fire and grenades, killed seven of the enemy and destroyed their weapon before he was seriously wounded by a last burst from the gun. By his extreme courage, daring initiative, fearless leadership and unwavering devotion to duty, Corporal Lyman contributed to the success of his company in advancing against the Japanese, and his conduct throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 33458 (November 8, 1945)
Born: at Witchita, Kansas
Home Town: Portland, Oregon

LYNES, RICHARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard J. Lynes (375564), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader of Company B, First Battalion, Twenty-ninth Marines (Reinforced), Fleet Marine Force, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 17 June 1944. When hostile forces launched a fierce counterattack following his platoon's seizure of a strategic hill and proceeded to close for hand-to-hand combat, Corporal Lynes promptly shot two of three Japanese personnel who charged him. When the third man advanced waving his saber, he succeeded in throwing him to the ground despite his own painful wounds and, disarming him, killed him with the saber. By his leadership and courage, Corporal Lynes contributed materially to breaking up the enemy counterattack, and his devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 8745
Born: at Morris, Illinois
Home Town: Morris, Illinois

LYTH, DALE C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dale C. Lyth (339225), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company E, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 15 September 1944. During a hostile tank counterattack, Private First Class Lyth picked up his light machine gun and two belts of ammunition and, moving directly into the path of an attacking tank, deliberately exposed himself to its fire while he delivered accurate fire into the vision slot of the vehicle, killing its operator and stalling the tank within thirty feet of his gun. When the remainder of the tank crew attempted to escape, he annihilated them with hand grenades, thereby preventing the tank from breaking through his company's lines and inflicting heavy casualties. His aggressive conduct, coolness in the face of enemy attack and courageous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit on Private First Class Lyth and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00422
Born: at Kalamazoo, Michigan
Home Town: Kalamazoo, Michigan

M

*MADOLE, EUGENE P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Eugene P. Madole (0-7013), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Delivering a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Madole aided in disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success of our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of the circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Second Lieutenant Madole gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of an excellent airman in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Las Vegas, New Mexico
Home Town: Long Beach, California

MAGEE, CHRISTOPHER L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Christopher L. Magee (0-16480), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Pilot of a Fighter Plane attached to Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED FOURTEEN (VMF-214), Marine Air Group ELEVEN (MAG-11), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area from 12 September 1943 to 22 October 1943. Displaying superb flying ability and fearless intrepidity, First Lieutenant Magee participated in numerous strike escorts, task force covers, fighter sweeps, strafing missions and patrols. As member of a division of four planes acting as task force cover on 18 September he daringly maneuvered his craft against thirty enemy dive bombers with fighter escorts and, pressing home his attack with skill and determination, destroyed two dive bombers and probably a third. During two subsequent fighter sweeps over Kahili Airdrome on 17 and 18 October he valiantly engaged superior numbers of Japanese fighters which attempted to intercept our forces and succeeded in shooting down five Zeros. The following day, volunteering to strafe Kara Airfield, Bougainville Island, he dived with one other plane through intense antiaircraft fire to a 40-foot level in a strafing run, leaving eight enemy aircraft blazing. First Lieutenant Magee's brilliant airmanship and indomitable fighting spirit contributed to the success of many vital missions and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 00164 (SofN Signed September 29, 1944)
Born: at Omaha, Nebraska
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

MAGHAKIAN, VICTOR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Victor Maghakian (251055), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company A, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. Leading his platoon with great skill and determination, Platoon Sergeant Maghakian charged the beachhead with the landing force and was the first casualty in this operation. After receiving first aid, he returned to the front and remained there, courageously leading his men until directed by the Medical Officer to return to the rear. His gallant devotion to duty and complete disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Home Town: Big Creek, California

*MAHANNAH, MARTIN E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Martin E. Mahannah (0-9397), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Delivering a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Second Lieutenant Mahannah aided in disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening of the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success of our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of the circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Second Lieutenant Mahannah gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of an excellent airman in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Wichita, Kansas
Home Town: Augusta, Kansas

*MAHONEY, THOMAS G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas G. Mahoney (0-16877), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company I attached to the Third Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. Confronted by the intricate network of Japanese defenses which had immobilized his company at the base of Mount Suribachi, First Lieutenant Mahoney boldly defied the heavy mortar and rifle fire pouring down from volcano emplacements and the shattering machine-gun fire from the front and right flanks to lead two tanks into advantageous attack position forward of his front lines. Under the merciless slash of enemy bullets as the Japanese intensified the concentrated barrage, he placed himself ahead of the lines and, fully exposed to the enemy's view, rallied his platoons and led an inspiring assault against the hostile garrisons. Fighting indomitably, he spurred his men onward with such decisive valor that his units overran the Japanese strong points and gained an advance of approximately 400 yards, thereby enabling his force to cover the entire battalion front as it moved inexorably forward to aid in the ultimate capture of the mountain bastion. His brilliant leadership, daring tactics and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice throughout a critical period of the bitter hostilities reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Mahoney, his stouthearted Marines and the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 31892 (July 5, 1945)
Born: at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California

MAKSTUTIS, JOHN B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John B. Makstutis (288911), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifle Platoon Leader of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 16 March 1945. When his platoon launched an attack on a strong enemy pocket of resistance which was holding up the Battalion with intense flanking fire, Sergeant Makstutis led two tanks up to the pocket and directed their fire. After judging the area neutralized, he moved his platoon up and assaulted the hostile positions, forcing the Japanese to scatter and move to three large emplacements where they blew themselves up thereby enabling our troops to move forward rapidly. Prior to the third explosion, Sergeant Makstutis was seriously wounded. By his courage and initiative, Sergeant Makstutis contributed materially to the success of the operation, and his devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43822 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: at Exeter, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Exeter, Pennsylvania

*MALANOWSKI, ANTHONY P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Anthony P. Malanowski (238894), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with First Platoon, Company A, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces near Point Cruz, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 27 September 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, Platoon Sergeant Malanowski, in the face of heavy machine gun, rifle and mortar fire, valiantly covered the withdrawal of his company, inflicting severe losses on the Japanese, until he, himself, was overrun and killed by the enemy. His heroic fighting spirit and unyielding loyalty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD (1942), Serial 0266a (SofN Signed April 23, 1943
Born: at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland

MALLORY, DONALD L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald L. Mallory (0-14721), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 15 and 16 September 1944. Although wounded while leading an assault across the southern edge of an airstrip, First Lieutenant Mallory steadfastly refused to be evacuated and, returning to the foremost elements of his company, gallantly led an attack which forced the enemy back another three hundred yards before dark. Throughout the night, and with the Japanese launching almost continuous counterattacks, he personally supervised his men from a position in the midst of the bitter fighting. On the following morning, when his tank-infantry attack was temporarily broken up by direct fire from hostile artillery, he boldly joined the forward elements of the company to coordinate their efforts and encourage them to hold their ground until supporting counter-battery fire could be brought to bear on the enemy weapons. During this action, he was again wounded and had to be evacuated. By his fortitude, aggressive fighting spirit and unselfish devotion to duty throughout, First Lieutenant Mallory upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6881
Born: at Bridgeport, Connecticut
Home Town: Bridgeport, Connecticut

MANAHAN, MERLE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Merle E. Manahan (358154), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Machine Gunner of Company B, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on enemy-held Peleliu, Palau Islands, 19 September 1944. During an attack against a coral ridge when leading elements of the company were pinned down by an enemy machine gun which was strongly entrenched and well-concealed in a cave, Private First Class Manahan observed the situation while firing a support mission and, without orders, displaced his gun forward and advanced in the face of heavy hostile mortar, machine-gun and rifle fire until he found an exposed position from which he could observe the Japanese automatic weapon. When his gun crew became casualties, Private First Class Manahan manned his gun alone and, although wounded our times, maintained a steady volume of fire at point-blank range until he silenced the enemy weapon. By his determined efforts, he enabled the successful continuation of the attack, and his courage, initiative and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00597
Born: at Huntsville, Ohio
Home Town: DeGraff, Ohio

MANGRUM, RICHARD C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard C. Mangrum (0-4412), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession Leader and as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-TWO (VMSB-232), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat with enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area from 20 August 1942 to 15 September 1942. Commanding a Navy and Marine Corps striking force of sixteen planes, Lieutenant Colonel Mangrum intercepted and attacked an enemy task force of surface craft which was planning to attack our beachhead on Guadalcanal. Striking with lightening-like precision, his planes dropped all their bombs before the enemy surface craft could initiate evasive action, making a direct hit on the largest transport, blasting men and debris into the water, and setting the ship on fire. After a cruiser was also hit and left burning, later to disappear, the Japanese were forced to withdraw and abandon their mission. Lieutenant Colonel Mangrum's high quality of leadership and the aggressive spirit of his command in action contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on January 16, 1943
Born: at Seattle, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

MANN, THOMAS H., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas H. Mann, Jr. (0-9319), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-121), Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Guadalcanal Area of the Solomon Islands from 25 September 1942 to 12 November 1942. Despite numerically superior Japanese forces, Second Lieutenant Mann skillfully pressed home his attacks against the enemy, shooting down nine hostile aircraft, and assisting in the destruction of two others. By his outstanding ability, cool courage and indomitable fighting spirit he contributed materially to the defense and security of our forces in that area and was an inspiration to all the members of his squadron. His conduct throughout this period was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 1676 (SofN Signed October 28, 1943)
Born: at Sullivan, Indiana
Home Town: Terre Haute, Indiana

MANNING, ROBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert L. Manning (0-10051), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. When the progress of Company B was retarded by heavy sniper opposition, Marine Gunner Manning, with utter disregard for his extreme danger, led a courageous attack on a heavily barricaded three-inch gun emplacement from which the deadly fire was emanating. Charging forward against the withering blasts of hostile weapons, he unhesitatingly plunged through the entrance and, while engaging the enemy in hand-to-hand combat, overpowered and killed the officer in command. Marine Gunner Manning's daring, aggressive, and gallant conduct contributed immeasurable to the elimination of a strong Japanese position and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at Chattanooga, Tennessee
Home Town: Hixson, Tennessee

MAPLES, GORDON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gordon Maples (0-11027), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving with Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces while voluntarily leading a two-day combat patrol deep into enemy territory on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 22 November 1942. Operating over extremely difficult terrain of precipitous ridges and dense jungle, Second Lieutenant Maples, by skillful maneuvering, completely surprised a Japanese force outnumbering his own patrol five-to-one and annihilated nearly have of the hostile troops. When the diminishing supply of ammunition became serious, he expertly withdrew his patrol, suffering by two minor casualties in spite of heavy enemy fire. His excellent judgment and coolness in a perilous situation were an inspiration throughout the accomplishment of an important and hazardous mission, and his actions at all times were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD (1943), Serial 656

MARINI, DANIEL J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daniel J. Marini (286221), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Leader of a Rifle Platoon of Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 15 March 1945. Repeatedly exposing himself to hostile fire, Sergeant Marini bravely led his platoon toward its objective until enemy machine-gun and mortar fire rendered further progress impossible. Crawling alone seventy-five yards ahead of his platoon, he reduced the Japanese machine gun position with rifle fire and grenades and, subsequently discovering an enemy mortar position which had been shelling his company, advanced on it alone until he was close enough to destroy it by grenades, thereby enabling his platoon to continue its advance until the objective was taken. His outstanding courage, intrepid spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 41646
Born: at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio

*MARMANDE, JAMES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James E. Marmande (0-9307), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Second Lieutenant Marmande, in the face of withering fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to a perilously low altitude before releasing his bomb. Since he failed to return to his base and is missing in action, there can be no doubt, under conditions attendant to the Battle of Midway, that he gave up his life in the defense of his country. His cool courage and conscientious devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Theriot, Louisiana
Home Town: Houma, Louisiana

*MARONTATE, WILLIAM P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William P. Marontate (0-9410), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-121), Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area during a period of intense enemy activity from 9 October 1942 to 15 January 1943. During his first tour of duty in this area, First Lieutenant Marontate, as pilot of a fighter plane, led his four-plane division of the flight with such aggressive skill that fifty- six enemy aircraft were destroyed, he personally accounting for nine hostile aircraft. On 5 January leading a section of fighter planes as protection for a task force, he gallantly fought off enemy aircraft which were attacking our vessels and brought down two Japanese dive bombers and one Zero. While escorting a striking force of dive bombers on January 15 in an attack against enemy shipping off New Georgia Island, he succeeded in destroying at least one enemy aircraft before he was shot down by Japanese fighter planes. His superb airmanship, great courage, and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on June 15, 1943
Born: December 3, 1919 at Seattle, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

MARSOLO, ETTORE J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ettore J. Marsolo (421262), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company K, Third Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. Seriously wounded in the right arm after landing on the beachhead during the initial assault, Private First Class Marsolo refused to be evacuated and, unable to fire a weapon, volunteered to act as messenger for his Company Commander and carry the portable radio. Despite the intense pain of his wounds, he continued in this capacity throughout the day and, although constantly exposed to heavy enemy fire, delivered important messages until ordered to be evacuated. His indomitable fighting spirit and devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 01489 (SofN Signed January 25, 1948)
Born: at McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Belort, Wisconsin

*MARTIN, DAVID W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to David W. Martin (0-29297), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Mortar Platoon Leader, attached to Company F, Second Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 24 February to 20 March 1945. Undaunted by furious barrages of enemy mortar and artillery fire, First Lieutenant Martin repeatedly led his platoon in delivering close and accurate supporting fire which destroyed a total of ten hostile machine-gun positions. Cool and determined, he fearlessly risked his life to insure effective mortar fire throughout each offensive operation, inflicting severe damage upon the enemy and aiding immeasurable in furthering his company's advance. On 20 March, while leading a combat patrol, First Lieutenant Martin encountered the fierce resistance of Japanese troops deeply entrenched in four heavily fortified caves and, initiating a daring and relentless attack upon the hostile emplacements, completely wiped out the enemy's pocket and personally accounted for thirty Japanese dead. Although fatally wounded by hostile sniper fire as he reconnoitered the area in preparation for the assault of an additional cave, First Lieutenant Martin, by his indomitable fighting spirit and courageous leadership throughout each brilliant mission, had served as an inspiration to his men and contributed materially to the success of his company's operations in this area. His courageous conduct in the face of tremendous odds reflects the highest credit upon himself and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 37630 (November 21, 1945)
Born: at Albany, New York
Home Town: Albany, New York

MARTIN, GLEN E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Glen E. Martin (0-8218), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company A, First Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), Fifth Amphibious Corps, during the landing on enemy Japanese-held Parry Island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 22 February 1944. Gallantly leading an assault in the face of devastating enemy machine-gun and mortar fire, Captain Martin organized and led his men in securing the exposed flank of the landing beach. Fearlessly exposing himself to both hostile close-range fire and point-blank fire of our own 75-mm. guns, he launched a daring attack, alone and unaided, against a Japanese pillbox which was enfilading friendly troops on the immediate landing beach and, by his aggressive determination and bold tactics, succeeded in destroying this emplacement. His courageous initiative, inspiring leadership and valiant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2882
Born: at Council Bluffs, Iowa
Home Town: Council Bluffs, Iowa

MARVIN, GLEN E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Glen E. Marvin (333753), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company C, Third Tank Battalion, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, on 26 July 1944. Volunteering as Tank Ground Reconnaissance and Liaison Man when the men who had served in these positions became casualties, Sergeant Marvin participated in a dawn attack against enemy forces which had forced a partial withdrawal of our troops during the previous night of savage fighting. Braving heavy rifle and machine-gun fire, he skillfully directed the tank platoon through our own lines with a hand radio, enabling them to avoid our own casualties, and though drawing especially severe fire because of his radio, he frequently exposed himself in order to locate and bring fire upon hostile positions. When a tank became bellied on a stump approximately fifty yards in front of our lines, Sergeant Marvin, realizing its helpless condition and the imminent danger of its destruction by enemy fire, directed another tank to the spot and, bravely subjecting himself to fire, attached a tow cable to it and supervised its removal from the stump, thereby enabling the platoon to continue at full strength. After sustaining a wound, he continued to press the attack and, when a few minutes later he was seriously wounded, walked unaided to the aid station. Sergeant Marvin's bold and selfless actions contributed greatly to our successful destruction of the Japanese forces. His technical skill, forceful initiative and inspiring devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 331 (SofN Signed October 6, 1947)
Born: at Sheldon, Illinois
Home Town: New Castle, Indiana

*MARVIN, MILTON C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Milton C. Marvin (0-24040), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while serving in charge of a Flame-Thrower and Demolitions Section and later as a Rifle Platoon Leader attached to the Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Asan-Adelup Beachhead, Guam, Marianas Islands, from 21 to 27 July 1944. Constantly inspiring his men with confidence and determination, Second Lieutenant Marvin directed the combat operations of his units skillfully and without regard for his own safety during several days of bitter fighting in a highly strategic area. Upon locating two enemy pillboxes which menaced the security of newly-won ground after rifle units had seized a ridge commanding the entire beachhead on 25 July, he courageously led his men over thirty yards of fire-swept terrain and destroyed the emplacements, killing two of the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. Later the same day, he again led his men against a heavily-defended cave and, failing to neutralize the hostile position with flame and grenades, personally advanced to the entrance of the cave and placed a charge of explosives which demolished the emplacement. Ordered to reinforce a point in the weakened defense lines during a fierce Japanese attack, he fought tirelessly throughout the night in the face of withering enemy fire and contributed materially to the successful resistance of our forces against great odds. Subsequently leading a rifle platoon in an assault on an area strongly protected by caves and emplacements, he valiantly made his way forward with two of his men and destroyed three of the positions, but was mortally wounded while attempting to wipe out the fourth. Second Lieutenant Marvin's indomitable fighting spirit, brilliant initiative and resolute conduct throughout this extremely vital period reflect the highest credit upon himself, his heroic command and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 00143 (March 12, 1945)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: San Diego, California

MASON, LEONARD MAURICE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard Maurice Mason (0-5375), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division (Reinforced), in the landing at Cape Torokina, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on 1 November 1943. When the persistent and extremely heavy fire from enemy machine guns, mortars and an emplaced field gun inflicted numerous casualties on his battalion, sank some of the assault boats and diverted the remainder from their designated landing points, Major Mason, inspiring his men by his own high courage, led the boat team ashore and rushed them to positions in the bush. Continually exposing himself to the intense hostile fire, he immediately established a command post, then made his way among the scattered groups of his battalion and skillfully coordinated their valiant but disorganized attacks on the Japanese, subsequently restoring order in the vicinity and enabling his men to rejoin their units and press on to their previously assigned objectives. Although twice attacked and severely wounded by machine-gun fire and grenades, major Mason refused to be evacuated, remaining at his post and continuing to direct the action until his executive officer reported to him to assume command. His brilliant leadership and heroic devotion to duty throughout this furious battle were largely responsible for the success of the entire landing attack by his battalion in this area and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD: Serial 00317 (SofN Signed November 15, 1944)
Born: at Wolcolt, New York
Home Town: Wolcolt, New York

*MASSARO, RUSSELL J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Russell J. Massaro (350348), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 19 September 1944. Realizing the urgency of continuing the advance when his platoon was pinned down by heavy machine-gun fire during an attack on a ridge north of the airfield, Private First Class Massaro voluntarily and without hesitation took up an automatic rifle and courageously made his way toward the concealed Japanese machine-gun nest. Upon locating the emplacement, he skillfully delivered intense, accurate fire into it, effectively silencing the enemy weapon and contributing materially to the destruction of its defenders before he was mortally wounded. Private First Class Massaro's splendid initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and self-sacrificing devotion to duty in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0407 (August 1, 1945)
Born: at Astoria, Long Island, New York
Home Town: Astoria, Long Island, New York

MASTERS, JAMES M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James M. Masters (0-4874), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Executive Officer of the Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Dakeshi Ridge, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, from 10 to 12 May 1945. On 10 May, when the advance of the Regiment was checked by a strong hostile force, Lieutenant Colonel Masters unhesitatingly went forward of the front lines on reconnaissance and obtained information concerning the Japanese and unfamiliar terrain which enabled a successful attack to be made the following day. On 11 May, he established an advanced observation post in the only possible position on the front lines from which the attack that day could be observed and directed and, despite unusually heavy casualties at the post from intense enemy mortar and small-arms fire, continued to man it and report information vital to the capture of desperately defended Dakeshi Ridge, Moving the observation post forward again on 12 May, he advanced under intense hostile fire to the Ridge before that ground had been completely seized by assault troops and, although the Japanese continued to inflict heavy casualties on his force, persevered in his mission to observe the enemy and terrain, thus securing information which aided materially in the formulation of successful plans for continuing the attack. His inspiring leadership, courage and unremitting devotion to duty throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 77925
Born: at Atlasita, Georgia
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

MATHER, THOMAS C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas C. Mather (0-8424), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Officer in Charge of two half- track tank destroyers of the FIRST Marine Division during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 23 - 24 October 1942. When the half-tracks under his command sustained two casualties during heavy machine-gun and mortar fire which preceded a hostile tank attack launched against a position held by the FIRST Marine Division at Matanikau river, Second Lieutenant Mather was rendered unconscious by concussion from a mortar explosion. Immediately upon recovery, with utter disregard for his own condition, he mounted one of the half-tracks, fired the gun, and directed the attack on the enemy tanks until, under his skillful and effective control, the tank destroyer disabled five 15-ton tanks. His courageous initiative and timely aggressiveness in a critical emergency were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, (November 9, 1942)
Born: at Great Falls, Montana
Home Town: Great Falls, Montana

MAUPIN, DELBERT D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Delbert D. Maupin (863492), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifleman in a Rifle Platoon of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 19 February 1945. While his company was engaged in close combat with the enemy on a strongly defended ridge near Minami Village, Private Maupin saw a hand grenade fall near his Squad Leader and, disregarding his own personal safety, unhesitatingly jumped between his Sergeant and the grenade, receiving the full blast of the explosion. Although seriously wounded about the arms and legs, he annihilated the attacking enemy with rifle fire. His courage and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 41646
Born: at Hannibal, Missouri
Home Town: Hannibal, Missouri

MAYERS, THOMAS J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas J. Mayers (862467), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for heroism and extraordinary achievement while serving with the First Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. When his squad was attacked by an infiltrating enemy group during an attempted night break-through, Private First Class Mayers heard the cries of his comrades who were being bayoneted in a nearby foxhole. Although his own rifle failed to fire, he valiantly rushed the hostile group with fixed bayonet, stabbing and clubbing them away from his wounded comrades and, as the Japanese fled, threw hand grenades at their retreating figures, killing at least four of them. His resolute courage, determination and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 45783
Born: at Carona, Long Island, New York
Home Town: Bronx, New York

McALARNIS, JAMES P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James P. McAlarnis (293661), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as an Assistant Platoon Leader of Company C, First battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 19 and 20 September 1944. With his platoon assigned the mission of seizing the strongly defended summit of Hill 100, a coral nose studded with caves ad concrete emplacements, Platoon Sergeant McAlarnis boldly led elements of his unit through intense hostile fire to the top of the hill and then assisted his Platoon Leader in deploying his men despite fire from a fieldpiece on an adjoining ridge. On several occasions, he engaged the enemy in fierce hand-to-hand combat and, when his Leader was wounded and pinned to the ground by a bayonet in the hand of a Japanese, boldly rushed to his comrade's aid. Throwing himself upon the enemy, he beat him into submission and hurled him over a cliff. When his platoon's position became untenable the following morning, Platoon Sergeant McAlarnis remained until the last man had withdrawn. His fortitude, daring initiative and valiant devotion to duty throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00435
Born: at Vivian, West Virginia
Home Town: Hardburly, Kentucky

*McAULIFFE, JOHN T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John T. McAuliffe (379904), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with a platoon of Company G, Second Battalion, Fourth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 2 and 3 April 1945. Observing four Japanese emplaced in a cave as he patrolled the area near his platoon's position on the night of 2 April, Corporal McAuliffe instantly attacked the enemy and single-handedly wiped out all four before they were able to open fire. Mortally wounded the following morning while acting in the point of his company's advance, he stoutly refused to leave his post and succeeded in maintaining a steady stream of accurate fire until he had killed four more of the Japanese and had driven off several others in the act of setting an ambush for his company. By his fearless aggressiveness, indomitable fighting spirit and unfaltering devotion to duty in the face of savage opposition, Corporal McAuliffe saved the lives of many comrades and his valiant conduct throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Forces, Serial 36948 (January 2, 1947)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

*McCAFFERY, JOSEPH P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph P. McCaffery (0-4388), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while in Command of the SECOND Marine Raider Battalion in action against enemy Japanese forces during the landing attack of the THIRD Marine Division (Reinforced), in the Cape Torokina Area, Bougainville Island, British Solomon Islands, on 1 November 1943. When the initial assault wave under his command landed out of position and became momentarily confused, Lieutenant Colonel McCaffery, realizing the danger of immobilization by enemy fire, immediately organized his command, fearlessly exposing himself to heavy fire from mortars and automatic weapons while proceeding from unit to unit in order to direct the disposition of his troops for maximum effectiveness. Initiating a daring attack, Lieutenant Colonel McCaffery personally led his men against Japanese positions until he was mortally wounded. His valiant and inspiring leadership was largely responsible for the success of the attack and his exemplary conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 6727 (February 16, 1944)
Born: at Chester, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Chester, Pennsylvania

McCARSTLE, HOWARD P., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard P. McCarstle, Jr. (324043), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving aboard the U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38) during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. When the 20-mm. stowage room adjacent to his battle station caught fire shortly after the action began, Private First Class McCarstle, with cool courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety, unhesitatingly flung open the door and rushed into the midst of exploding ammunition in order to remove boxes and magazines to a safe position. Although he was severely burned about the face and hands and suffered many gunshot wounds, he was successful in preventing a disastrous spread of fire. His gallant initiative, maintained above and beyond the call of duty, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, (November 1942)
Born: at Russum, Mississippi
Home Town: Russum, Mississippi

*McCARTHY, FRANCIS P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Francis P. McCarthy (0-6235), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Section Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Leading his section in a dauntless and aggressive attack against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Captain McCarthy aided in disrupting the plans of the enemy and lessening the effectiveness of their attack, thereby contributing materially to the success of our forces. As a result of his courageous and daring tactics and because of circumstances attendant upon this engagement, there can be little doubt that Captain McCarthy gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. He displayed the characteristics of a fine leader and excellent airman, in keeping with the highest standards of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: October 13, 1916 at Milton, Massachusetts
Home Town: Newtonville, Massachusetts

*McCARVER, WILLIAM S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William S. McCarver (931195), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Browning Automatic Rifleman, serving with Company D, Second Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 6 March 1945. Dauntlessly returning to his company on his own initiative after having been wounded and evacuated, Private First Class McCarver, a few days later, valiantly undertook to make his way across fire-swept terrain to bring news of the front to his platoon leader. Despite a bullet wound received en route, he resolutely proceeded on his mission and succeeded in delivering information which saved the platoon from advancing into a strong enemy defensive position and enabled the platoon leader to map a comparatively safe three hundred yard gain. Refusing to be evacuated because of his wound, on the next day he daringly exposed himself to savage hostile hand grenade and rifle fire to move forward toward several Japanese in a sandbag emplacement, immobilizing them with accurate rifle fire until his squad could draw close enough to wipe out the hostile force with hand grenades. Later, while covering the advance of a flame thrower, he was fatally struck by a Japanese bullet. Private First Class McCarver's indomitable fighting spirit, initiative and courage in repeatedly undertaking the most perilous of missions and his devotion to duty against all odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34738 (September 29, 1945)
Born: at Sesser, Illinois
Home Town: Zeigler, Illinois

McCOMAS, CLYDE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clyde H. McComas (497690), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Acting Platoon Sergeant of a Rifle Platoon of Company K, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 2 May 1945. When a major portion of the platoon, which he was leading, was pinned down by heavy fire during an attack on a firmly entrenched enemy, Sergeant McComas gallantly led the remaining fire team in a flanking movement. Although seriously wounded in the back, he persisted in his advance and, attacking the enemy strong point, personally destroyed a Japanese mortar and two machine guns, and killed seven of the enemy. Under his inspiring and courageous leadership, the assault was continued until the objective was taken, thereby contributing immeasurably to the successful attack by his Battalion against Japanese forces in this area. His devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 56881
Born: at Clothier, West Virginia
Home Town: Clothier, West Virginia

*McCRACKEN, BOBBY G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bobby G. McCracken (324136), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Second in Command of a Platoon serving with the Third Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 27 July 1944. With his company in Division reserve for a day and his platoon assigned a combat patrol mission to clear the area of enemy snipers who had been harassing a battalion command post, Platoon Sergeant McCracken promptly assumed charge of half the patrol unit when the platoon encountered heavy fire from a determined, well-entrenched enemy force instead of the expected few scattered riflemen. Repeatedly exposing himself to intense, accurate machine-gun, rifle and grenade fire, he courageously moved about among his men to place them in more advantageous positions. Observing that his squad leader was seriously wounded and lying in front of the lines, he unhesitatingly made his say forward in the face of terrific hostile opposition and succeeded in dragging his comrade to safety and making him as comfortable as possible before he himself succumbed to wounds received during this valiant action. Platoon Sergeant McCracken's forceful leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and self-sacrificing efforts on behalf of another were and inspiration to his men and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004268 (January 18, 1945)
Born: at Dallas, Texas
Home Town: Abilene, Texas

McCUNE, CHARLES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles E. McCune (952988), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader and Machine Gunner of Company B, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on the night of 8 May 1945. Seriously wounded and completely blinded by a grenade which was thrown at his machine gun position by a counterattacking enemy soldier, Private First Class McCune realized the danger to his comrades if he left his emplacement for treatment, and gallantly stayed by his weapon. Waiting until he heard the Japanese directly in front of him, he coolly opened fire and, remaining in this position, continued to operate his weapon with deadly effectiveness, thereby contributing greatly to repelling a numerically superior counterattacking hostile force which had seriously threatened the defense of his company's lines. Not knowing that the enemy had withdrawn, he waited until several of his squad members had advanced to his position and, in the meantime, killed two more Japanese soldiers attempting to carry back their dead. By his outstanding courage and indomitable fighting spirit, Private First Class McCune accounted for twenty-six enemy dead, and his devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496
Born: at Franklin Boro, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Conemaugh, Pennsylvania

McDANIEL, JACOB H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jacob H. McDaniel (330849), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a Member of a Mortar Platoon of Company F, Second Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 26 July 1944. When the radioman directing the attack of the company tanks became a casualty from the heavy hostile mortar, rifle and machine-gun fire, Corporal McDaniel voluntarily took up the radio and, furnishing the tanks valuable information regarding the enemy positions, accurately directed their fire and controlled their movements until the hostile forces were destroyed and the infantry had secured its objective. In addition, he annihilated four Japanese who attempted to attack the tanks with demolitions during the two-hour battle. His indomitable fighting spirit, courage and initiative were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00420
Born: at Chico, California
Home Town: Chico, California

McDANIEL, STANLEY C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanley C. McDaniel (0-11551), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company C, First Battalion, Twenty- third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 26 February 1945. During a counterattack by a numerically superior enemy force which was coordinated with continuing heavy fire from the company's flank, Captain McDaniel moved through his company directing its fire to repel the attack, which at some points resulted in hand-to-hand fighting. When the attack was beaten off with great loss to the Japanese and his company's ammunition supply was almost exhausted, he ordered the company to withdraw one hundred yards to more favorable ground, remaining with the remnants of two machine gun squads to cover the withdrawal. Rejoining his company which had lost almost half of its personnel, he reorganized his men and held this line for the remainder of the day and night. His outstanding leadership and courage were important factors in maintaining the combat efficiency of his company at a critical period. His unswerving devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44965
Born: at Alma, Oklahoma
Home Town: Santa Fe, Oklahoma

*McDERMOTT, JAMES S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James S. McDermott (0-11552), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as an Artillery Liaison Officer attached to the Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 24 February and 3 March, 1945. When his battalion suffered heavy casualties throughout a day of bitter fighting and the right flank unit was unable to proceed, thereby necessitating the insertion of an additional company to cover a distance of approximately 500 yards in the direction of advance, Captain McDermott, although surrounded by an overpowering enemy, voluntarily proceeded to the front lines of the right assault company and personally called down and directed a brilliantly executed artillery barrage from the forward observation post to enable the line to fold back and make contact for the night security. Stouthearted and indomitable in his concern for the safety of our troops, he remained steadfast in his isolated position without local security from enemy action and continued to adjust his devastating fire close to our own line, effectively thwarting an imminent Japanese counterattack and enabling our troops to re-form without casualty. Again risking his life to verify the adjustment of preparatory fire from an exposed area at dawn on 3 March, he worked skillfully and with unwavering zeal, successfully completing his perilous mission before he was fatally struck down by hostile sniper fire. By his forceful and inspiring leadership, daring initiative and great personal valor maintained in the face of overwhelming odds, Captain McDermott contributed essentially to the success of our operations against this heavily fortified stronghold and his self-sacrificing devotion to duty throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 31866 (July 12, 1945)
Born: at Topeka, Kansas
Home Town: Topeka, Kansas

McGINN, ADDIES S., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Addies S. McGinn, Jr. (361974), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company K, Third Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 21 February 1945. When the right elements of his company were unable to advance because of heavy fire from an enemy machine-gun emplacement, Gunnery Sergeant McGinn armed himself with an automatic rifle and, at the risk of his life, destroyed the hostile weapons and enabled his company to capture the position and continue the advance. Later the same day when intense machine-gun fire from a well-fortified pillbox held up the advance of his company, he braved the Japanese weapons in order to direct tank fire against the hostile position. Upon finding the tank without communications, Gunnery Sergeant McGinn climbed on top of it and directed its fire through the commander's turret vision slit. By his initiative and cool courage in continuing to direct the tank although wounded by machine-gun fire, he contributed materially to the destruction of the enemy pillbox. His unwavering devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 42750 (SofN Signed January 26, 1945)
Born: at Wilmington, North Carolina
Home Town: Wilmington, North Carolina

McGLOIN, EDWARD W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward W. McGloin (251732), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. Assuming command when his platoon commander became a casualty in the close and bitter combat, Gunnery Sergeant McGloin risked his life in the heavy enemy fire to observe and control the action more effectively. Although wounded in the chest as he fought in the darkness, he courageously continued to urge on his men, personally throwing hand grenades into the attacking forces until he was temporarily blinded by the explosion of a Japanese grenade and was removed from action. His courageous leadership and indomitable fighting spirit aided materially in the successful defense of our position and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 1441 (SofN Signed October 28, 1943)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

*McGREEVEY, JAMES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James E. McGreevey (406813), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader of an Engineer Platoon of Company C, Fourth Engineer Battalion, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the initial assault operations on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, 19 February 1945. Placed in charge of a mine removal detail, Sergeant McGreevey landed with his men against savage enemy resistance and immediately initiated mine removal operations in an effort to clear a path through the beach area for our assault tanks. Shortly thereafter, he and his squad were taken under a smashing mortar bombardment supplemented by raking machine-gun fire from strategically placed hostile weapons covering the mine field, with resulting casualties to all but two of his men. Aided by one of the two remaining Marines, Sergeant McGreevey evacuated all casualties who could be moved, and then returned to his task of removing mines. Working desperately, he consistently disregarded the blasting Japanese bombardment and, when the surviving members of his squad were killed by the merciless enemy gunfire, staunchly continued to probe and disarm the dangerous weapons alone. Although instantly killed by a shellburst as he cleared the last of the mines from the beach, Sergeant McGreevey had succeeded in fulfilling his vital mission despite the loss of his entire squad, and his unfailing skill, indomitable determination and valiant devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35252 (September 24, 1945)
Born: at Jersey City, New Jersey
Home Town: Jersey City, New Jersey

McGUIRE, KENNETH R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth R. McGuire (481230), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Pioneer Company, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 29 July 1944. When well-concealed enemy forces opened heavy fire on his company causing many casualties, Private First Class McGuire voluntarily ran forward with a machine gun and selected a log as a gun rest and, laying down a devastating barrage of fire from this exposed position, forced the Japanese to withdraw, thereby enabling his company to evacuate its casualties and continue the attack. His gallant fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00406
Born: at Elk Park, North Carolina
Home Town: Shell Creek, Tennessee

McHENRY, GEORGE W.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to George W. McHenry (0-631), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Commanding Officer of the Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Bougainville, Solomon Islands, from 18 to 26 November 1942. A superb tactician and an inspiring leader, Colonel McHenry brilliantly directed his regiment in a bitter struggle to dislodge a fanatic enemy from strongly-fortified positions at Piva Forks and, by his superlative use of supporting fires and his keen analysis of probable enemy intentions and dispositions, succeeded in routing the hostile forces with a loss to the Japanese of 1,185 killed and with relatively light casualties to his own unit. Heedless of the intense small-arms, mortar and artillery fire, he continually exposed himself as he led and encouraged his troops to achieve their difficult objective. His outstanding professional ability, indomitable fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty reflect great credit upon Colonel McHenry and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 00402 (May 28, 1946)
Born: at Dana, Illinois
Home Town: Shelbina, Missouri
Other Award: Navy Cross (1st Nicaragua)

McILHENNY, WALTER S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter S. McIlhenny (0-5482), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Executive Officer of Company B, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during a frontal assault upon a strongly fortified enemy Japanese position along the coast of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 27 August 1942. After organizing a volunteer party to advance and evacuate the wounded from the hazardous position well forward of the company, First Lieutenant McIlhenny, armed only with a rifle, and while under heavy enemy mortar and machine gun fire, covered the advance and withdrawal of the rescue party, gallantly drawing enemy fire and silencing a Japanese machine gun nest. Although ill at the time and suffering shock from concussion of an enemy mortar shell, he returned to a vantage point close to enemy lines and, in the face of fierce sniper fire, acted as an observer, relaying accurate information necessary for fire control until ordered by his superior officer to leave his post. His great personal valor, above and beyond the call of duty, not only made possible the rescue of nine wounded men but also contributed to the success of Marine mortar fire. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
SPOT AWARD, (1942) Serial 18 (SofN Signed March 18, 1943)
Born: October 22, 1910 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Richmond, Virginia

*McKAY, WALTER C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Walter C. McKay (360478), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Radio Operator serving with Headquarters Company, Twenty-Second Marines, Fifth Amphibious Corps, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Parry Island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 23 February 1944. After landing successfully in the face of heavy enemy mortar and machine-gun fire, Corporal McKay was fatally wounded while sending a message and, when discovered sometime later by a corpsman, was still attempting to operate his radio despite his critical condition. His great personal valor and inspiring devotion to the completion of a vital task, when he might have saved himself by retiring to the rear for medical aid, reflect the highest credit upon Corporal McKay and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 9682 (November 27, 1944)
Born: at Independence, Missouri
Home Town: Holden, Missouri

McKELVY, WILLIAM N., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William N. McKelvy, Jr. (0-3733), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Commanding Officer of the Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, from 9 October 1942 to 24 November 1942. Commanding the successful occupation of an outlying, defensive position on the east bank of the Matanikau River, Lieutenant Colonel McKelvy, by judicious foresight and skillful organization, proceeded to repel hostile counteractive measures. On 21 October, despite furious mortar and artillery fire, the battalion, with the aid of attached anti-tank guns, crippled one 15-ton Japanese tank as it approached their position on a reconnaissance mission. On 23 October, when the enemy launched a vigorous mechanized assault, the battalion, with the support of artillery and the aid of anti-tank guns and half-track tank destroyers, disabled nine 15-ton tanks along with the accompanying infantry. By his courageous initiative and inspiring leadership, Lieutenant Colonel McKelvy contributed to the relentless fighting spirit which enabled his battalion to maintain an impregnable position in the face of repeated attacks by a desperate and persistent foe.
SPOT AWARD: November 9, 1942
Born: at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

McLELLAN, PAUL F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul F. McLellan (0-14060), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Executive Officer of Company G, Second Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 26 February to 15 March 1945. On 26 February, when his Company Commander was killed during an attack against strongly fortified positions, Captain McLellan immediately assumed command and, in the face of intense hostile fire, skillfully led the attack and permitted his company to overrun an enemy strong point near the second airfield and annihilate the Japanese who had previously held up the advance of three Marine divisions. Again directing his company in an attack against hostile defenses near the third airfield on 3 March, he continually braved intense small-arms fire as he moved from one platoon to another to coordinate the attack and, by his daring leadership and tactical ability, aided materially in destroying forty enemy pillboxes and over two hundred of the Japanese. Throughout this period, he continued to lead his company effectively until seriously wounded on 15 March. His strategic ability, initiative and courageous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit on Captain McLellan and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 56883 (December 10, 1948)
Born: at Dupree, South Dakota
Home Town: Lantry, South Dakota

McLENNAN, NOYES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Noyes McLennan (0-10613), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-223), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat with enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands from 20 August 1942 to 13 September 1942. Unassisted and facing overwhelming odds, Second Lieutenant McLennan bravely and skillfully attacked a force of enemy aircraft, shooting down four; and with the aid of another fighter pilot, a fifth Japanese plane was destroyed. Second Lieutenant McLennan's expert airmanship, quick resourcefulness and undaunted courage were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 197 (March 30, 1943)
Born: at Lake Forest, Illinois
Home Town: Lake Forest, Illinois

*McLEOD, KENNETH F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Kenneth F. McLeod (0-5112), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Executive Officer of the Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 25 June 1944. A brilliant and forceful leader in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Colonel McLeod repeatedly exposed himself to withering enemy machine- gun and mortar fire to make observations of Japanese dispositions far in advance of our front lines, obtaining accurate and vital information essential to our forces in carrying on further operations against the enemy. Established in a forward observation post swept by hostile fire on 25 June, he boldly faced the fierce barrage to direct the activities of his regiment more effectively, but was mortally wounded during the bitter engagement. By his indomitable fighting spirit, his great personal valor and expert professional ability, Lieutenant Colonel McLeod contributed essentially to the success of our sustained drive toward the capture of this important Japanese stronghold. His inspiring leadership and valiant devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Colonel McLeod, his command and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 12650 (January 25, 1945)
Born: at Sanilac County, Michigan
Home Town: Port Huron, Michigan

*McLEOD, MAYNARD M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Maynard M. McLeod (0-21493), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while serving with the First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 30 September 1944. When the enemy launched a sudden, vicious attack against the left flank of his platoon, Second Lieutenant McLeod fearlessly moved through a fierce barrage of mortar and grenade fire to a more tenable area for delivering return fire. Seriously wounded by a hostile grenade, he steadfastly refused medical assistance, remaining in his exposed position in a valiant effort to drive off the terrific onslaught and continuing to direct the activities of his men until mortally struck down by a second bursting mortar shell. By his daring initiative, great personal valor and forceful leadership, Second Lieutenant McLeod served as an inspiring example to the men under his command and contributed essentially to the success of our forces in capturing this vital hostile stronghold. His unwavering devotion to duty throughout the fierce engagement was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: 01386 (March 22, 1945)
Born: at Aucilla, Florida
Home Town: Aucilla, Florida

McPOLAND, JAMES J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James J. McPoland (0-26057), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 18 March 1945. When his left platoon was halted by machine-gun fire at the crest of a ridge during an attack across rough, rocky terrain, First Lieutenant McPoland moved ahead to maintain the momentum of the assault and, despite intense enemy fire and previously incurred wounds, personally directed his company in the continuation of the attack. After one of his men was critically wounded as he was reorganizing his unit, First Lieutenant McPoland, realizing that immediate evacuation of the Marine was necessary, unhesitatingly ordered three men to follow him into the danger area to remove the casualty. Although wounded again by enemy fire which pinned down his companions, he crawled forward and moved the wounded man to a place of safety. Gallantly renewing the determined assault, he was wounded a third time, but refused evacuation until he had captured the company objective. His great valor, fighting spirit and unselfish devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant McPoland and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44533
Born: at Catskill, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

*MEAD, GEORGE H., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George H. Mead, Jr. (310143), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Executive Officer of Company L, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 18 and 19 August 1942. When his platoon attempted to enter the village of Matanikau and was driven back by a harassing sniper, Second Lieutenant Mead, with courageous disregard for his own personal safety, proceeded alone into the depths of the jungle, searched out the hidden offender and shot him with a .45 caliber pistol. Although he lost his life in the daring accomplishment of this task, he enabled his platoon to resume and complete its mission without further loss of life. The gallant conduct displayed by Second Lieutenant Mead upon this occasion was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Prepared: November 2, 1942
Born: at Dayton, Ohio
Home Town: Dayton, Ohio

*MEARS, DWAYNE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Dwayne E. Mears (0-9733), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of an Assault Company attached to the First Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the seizure of Iwo Jima, in the Volcano Islands, on 19 February 1945. Confronted by the enemy's solid, coordinated system of defenses shortly after hitting the beach in the initial landing wave, Captain Mears boldly led his units forward despite intense small-arms fire from the front and left flank to crash through an area covered by concentrated mortar and artillery fire for an early gain of 300 yards. Disregarding serious wounds received during the subsequent bombardment from a series of almost impregnable blockhouses which halted his advance at this point, he rallied his two assault platoons and, armed only with a pistol, fearlessly charged the enemy fortifications, destroying the four stubborn installations with indomitable aggressiveness. In the forefront of the action at all times, he fought on without respite, driving his broadening wedge through the fanatic Japanese resistance for more than 700 yards to cut sharply across the narrow neck of the island and secure a line from the east to the west coast within ninety minutes of landing. Struck by enemy fire for the second time during the last phase of the break-through to the west beach, he resolutely refused medical aid or evacuation, directing the movements of his men by arm and hand signals when his mortal wounds deprived him of speech and, otherwise persisting in his valiant efforts until, with the strong enemy garrison on Mount Suribachi isolated and his company's objective won, he was ordered to the rear by his battalion commander. Although he succumbed on the following day, Captain Mears, by his dauntless valor, relentless fighting spirit and decisive tactics in the face of savage opposition, had contributed materially to the success of his division's operations against this important outpost of the Japanese Empire and his inspiring leadership throughout the bitter hostilities upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34220 (August 14, 1945)
Born: at Ava, Missouri
Home Town: Bakersfield, California

MEE, FENTON J.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Fenton J. Mee (0-5984), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Guide and Platoon Leader of Headquarters Company, First Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan and Tinian, Marianas Islands, from 15 June to 1 August 1944. Pinned down by heavy enemy fire while leading a group to the relief of two tank crews whose disabled vehicles were covered by hostile guns in front of our lines on 4 July, Captain Mee boldly pushed ahead for another three hundred yards and, despite continuous exposure to Japanese fire, succeeded in reaching his objective and in annihilating numerous snipers en route. By skillfully directing the tank weapons, he assisted in the destruction of two enemy fieldpieces and, after effecting the rescue of eight Marines in the two tanks, returned with his men to our lines. By his superb leadership, intrepid fighting spirit and courageous initiative in volunteering to guide his unit in its hazardous undertaking, Captain Mee contributed essentially to the success of a vital mission in this strategically important theater of war, and his unfaltering devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 13001 (SofN Signed September 9, 1947)
Born: at Logansport, Indiana
Home Town: Logansport, Indiana
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

MEE, FENTON J.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Fenton J. Mee (0-5984), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding officer of the First Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 16 March 1945. Assuming command after his Commanding Officer and the Battalion Executive Officer became casualties, Major Mee quickly reorganized the Battalion and pressed the attack in his zone of action against the heavily fortified 'Amphitheatre' area from which the Japanese poured devastating fire into our advancing assault troops. Skillfully maneuvering his men in this area to gain the vital and critical high ground to the rear, he contained and by-passed the pocket of resistance in the fortified area and, courageously moving from foxhole to foxhole in the front lines of his assault platoons, led his Battalion forward yard-by-yard through intense enemy rocket, mortar, antitank, machine-gun and small-arms fire. By his great personal leadership and tactical skill, Major Mee contributed greatly to the success of his unit in capturing the commanding high ground in the rear of 'Turkey Knob'. His initiative, bravery and aggressive fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 46173 (January 26, 1948)
Born: at Logansport, Indiana
Home Town: Logansport, Indiana
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

MELNITSKY, EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Melnitsky (304539), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with a Rifle Company of the Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 27 September and 8 October 1942. As leader of a wire party on 27 September, Corporal Melnitsky, while moving forward, came upon an advance artillery observation post with an unmanned telephone. On his own initiative and in spite of heavy fire from hostile mortars and machine guns, he immediately took charge of the instrument and by his alert presence of mind and timely action, enabled our artillery to deliver the enemy a vigorous shelling. On 8 October, accompanied by another Marine, Corporal Melnitsky went forward to bring back his Battalion Commander who had been severely wounded. Although he, himself, was truck three times by Japanese machine gun fire along the way, he, nevertheless, refused to be moved to the rear until the injured officer had been safely evacuated from the danger area. His conscientious devotion to duty and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice, maintained with utter disregard of personal safety, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 780 (SofN Signed August 17, 1943)
Born: at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Newton, Massachusetts

MELVILLE, MAX E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Max E. Melville (826644), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as an Automatic Rifleman of Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 19 February 1945. Landing in the first wave under intense hostile machine-gun and 47-mm. gun fire from a pillbox to his direct front, Private Melville courageously and voluntarily proceeded forward of the front lines toward the Japanese position and, gallantly exposing himself to the rain of enemy fire, advanced close enough to the pillbox to use grenades. Despite the extreme personal danger involved, he stood up and tossed fragmentation and smoke grenades into the hostile position, forcing the five Japanese occupants out into the open. With the enemy throwing grenades and firing rifles at him as they emerged from the pillbox, Private Melville coolly stood his ground and succeeded in killing all of them before they could escape. By his initiative and aggressive fighting spirit, he silenced the Japanese emplacement, thereby preventing disorganization of his unit and heavy casualties. Private Melville's bravery throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79499
Born: at Denver, Colorado
Home Town: Denver, Colorado

MELZONI, PETERO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Petero Melzoni (329736), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), Fifth Amphibious Corps, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Eniwetok Island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 20 February 1944. When the front lines of his platoon were repeatedly raked by heavily damaging fire from an enemy mortar, Private Melzoni voluntarily attacked and destroyed the Japanese mortar section which constituted a grave menace to his comrades, thereby contributing materially to the success of the front-line troops in holding and ultimately annihilating the enemy with a minimum of casualties. Armed with a Browning Automatic Rifle, he continued to play and important part in the destruction of hostile forces in his platoon's sector. His courage, initiative and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 02476
Born: at Harlan, Kentucky
Home Town: Harlan, Kentucky

MENTCH, CHARLES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles E. Mentch (325288), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company M, THIRD Marine Raider Battalion, SECOND Marine Raider Regiment (Provisional), FIFTH Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Bougainville Island in the Solomon Islands, on 29 November 1943. After an amphibious landing had been effected behind Japanese lines in the Empress August Bay Area, Sergeant Mentch was one of a group executing a strategic withdrawal from a section dominated by deeply entrenched Japanese machine-gun positions which were delivering a tremendous volume of concentrated fire. Informed that five wounded comrades lay helpless under the enemy's slashing barrage, Sergeant Mentch instantly turned back and, dashing into the zone of heaviest fire on the flank of the hostile position, quickly set up a light machine gun and raked the enemy lines with his enfilade fire. When the Japanese guns continued to pour forth their devastating fire, he grasped his weapon and ran forward to within twenty yards of the enemy line where he directed a shattering barrage against the hostile emplacements and succeeded in silencing the Japanese guns long enough to permit safe evacuation of the wounded Marines. His courageous initiative and bold tactics in the face of enemy fire, and his unselfish concern for the safety of others in a critical emergency, reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Mentch and upon the United States Naval Service.
Commander, South Pacific: Serial 0049 (January 15, 1947)
Born: at Absarokee, Montana
Home Town: Spirit Lake, Idaho

MERRILL, HERBERT T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert T. Merrill (0-6021), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Section Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VMF-221), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. Leading his section in a dauntless and aggressive assault against a vastly superior number of Japanese bomber and fighter planes, Captain Merrill aided in the disruption of enemy plans and lessened the effectiveness of their attack. His courageous determination, maintained at great personal risk against tremendous odds, contributed to the success of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Arlington, Massachusetts
Home Town: Arlington, Massachusetts

MERRITT, CHARLES D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles D. Merritt (365182), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Member of an Antitank Rocket Team of Company B, First Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 17 June 1944. During a fierce enemy tank and infantry attack at night, Private First Class Merritt moved out to meet the hostile tanks and, bringing his fire to bear on the vehicles, succeeded in hitting and putting out of action seven hostile tanks while firing only seven rounds of ammunition. His intrepid spirit, great personal valor and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Merritt and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6685
Born: at Greenville, South Carolina
Home Town: Greenville, South Carolina

MEYERS, ALBERT W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert W. Meyers (380606), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Member of a Rifle Squad of Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Engebi and Parry Islands, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 18 to 23 February 1944. Outstanding in his performance of duty under heavy mortar and machine-gun fire, Private First Class Meyers defended his position on the main line of resistance, meeting with courage and dogged tenacity suicidal thrusts of the enemy in which only three of his squad survived. When, in a later engagement, he was caught with his platoon by two Japanese machine guns firing from the rear, he ran headlong into the hostile positions firing as he went, silencing both guns by his unselfish heroic action. By his great personal valor, initiative and devotion to duty, Private First Class Meyers contributed materially to the success of the operations against the enemy and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 11172
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

MICHAUD, WILFRED V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilfred V. Michaud (287691), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. When the progress of his unit was retarded by heavy opposition, Sergeant Michaud, with a comrade, displayed courageous disregard for his imminent danger by attacking a heavily fortified gun emplacement from which the deadly fire was emanating. Charging forward against the withering blasts of hostile weapons, he unhesitatingly engaged the enemy in perilous hand-to-hand combat and, with the other Marine, killed all eight of the Japanese, thereby annihilating a strong and hazardous obstacle. His daring aggressiveness and valiant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at Portland, Maine
Home Town: Portland, Maine

MICKLICK, WILLIAM J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William J. Micklick (463544), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 8 and 9 July 1944. Assisted by two comrades in holding an important machine gun position during a counterattack on the beach west of Kaberra Pass, Private First Class Micklick turned over his weapon to one of the Marines and, with the assistance of the other, emplaced the second man's gun in position to render protective fire. During the first rush by the Japanese to knock out this emplacement and break through the lines, he suffered serious wounds and, refusing evacuation, returned to his post and continuously threw grenades at the onrushing Japanese. Bravely maintaining his strong point until a medium tank came forward to give aid, he skillfully kept up sufficient fire to confuse the enemy, thereby greatly aiding in repulsing the counterattack. His outstanding courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6112
Born: at Kansas City, Kansas
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

MIELKE, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John W. Mielke (367228), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company E, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 12 - 13 September 1942. While on duty with a rifle unit which was overrun by the Japanese, Private Mielke steadfastly remained by his machine gun, and, although continually subjected to hostile fire from three directions, he personally accounted for at least six of the enemy and prevented the capture of his weapon. By his intrepid fighting spirit and outstanding devotion to duty he was largely responsible for stopping the advance of the enemy and for the later withdrawal of his machine gun without loss to the battalion reserve line. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 298 (SofN Signed June 23, 1943)
Born: at Ferndale, Michigan
Home Town: Ferndale, Michigan

MILLAR, HAROLD H., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold H. Millar, Jr. (0-21302), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Pilot attached to Marine Torpedo-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-TWO (VMTB-232), Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the New Britain Area on 4 and 7 January 1944. Taking part in an engagement against a large concentration of hostile warships and merchant vessels in the strongly fortified harbor of Rabaul on 4 January, First Lieutenant Millar drove home a determined and accurate attack and, despite fierce opposition from enemy ships, gun emplacements on shore and fighter planes, scored a direct hit with a 2000-pound bomb, sinking a Japanese vessel. Three days later, during a similar engagement, he daringly maneuvered his bomber through devastating antiaircraft fire and enemy fighter planes and, attacking the hostile ships at point-blank range, hit a large cargo vessel, which, torn by explosions, caught fire and probably sank. By his unyielding determination to destroy the Japanese ship, he flew so close that the wing of his plane struck the mast and he crashed into the water. First Lieutenant Millar's superb bravery in the face of grave peril and indomitable fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 0764 (June 6, 1944)
Born: at Berkeley, California
Home Town: Flushing, New York

MILLER, FRANK J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank J. Miller (0-39787), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while attached to Company E, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau Islands, from 20 to 22 September 1944. Assuming command of a rifle platoon when its leader and sergeant were struck down by bursts of enemy fire, Second Lieutenant Miller skillfully reorganized the demoralized platoon and, despite painful wounds from hostile shell fragments, courageously proceeded from group to group in the face of relentless enemy gunfire to select favorable positions for each element, continuing in his gallant efforts until a solid line was reestablished and the attack resumed. Boldly exposing himself to enemy fire on the following day, he personally selected suitable targets and directed tank fire against strongly-defended enemy caves barring our advance in this area. Working untiringly until subsequently struck down by enemy fire and evacuated to the rear, Second Lieutenant Miller contributed materially to the destruction of hostile installations and to the seizure of a strategic ridge commanding the area. His courage, leadership and devotion to duty throughout these hazardous operations were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 7396
Born: at Glen Cove, New York
Home Town: Glen Cove, New York

*MILLER, JACK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Jack Miller (0-8438), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as a Platoon Leader in Company A, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion in combat against enemy Japanese forces at Mambula, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 3 December 1942. As Commanding Officer of a platoon of Company A which had the point, First Lieutenant Miller daringly led a flank attack on a strong enemy combat patrol engaged by his battalion at the summit of the hill. Realizing the advance of his platoon was being held up by hostile machine-gun fire, he dauntlessly led the assault on the Japanese gun position, sustaining wounds from which he died the following day. His great courage, outstanding leadership, and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.
Board Serial: 0478 (May 3, 1943)
Born: at Dallas, Texas
Home Town: Dallas, Texas

MILLER, JAMES D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James D. Miller (290675), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Tank Platoon Leader of Company A, First Tank Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 15 September 1944. Sighting a large formation of enemy tanks rapidly approaching our forces, Platoon Sergeant Miller immediately maneuvered his tank into the hostile formation and engaged them in action. Then, courageously exposing himself to intense enemy mortar, artillery and small-arms fire to deliver more accurate fire orders to his crew from the turret of his tank, he contributed in large measure to the destruction of seven Japanese tanks before they were able to penetrate our lines and, although wounded by hostile fire, continued in his gallant efforts until all enemy tanks were destroyed. By his initiative, courage and gallant devotion to duty throughout this hazardous operation, Platoon Sergeant Miller upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 8584 (November 26, 1947)
Born: at Rockport, Indiana
Home Town: San Francisco, California

*MILLER, RAYMOND AKA: JESSE RUTHERFORD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Raymond Miller, Jr. (307495), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and meritorious devotion to duty as fuse setter of Battery Four on the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of the Coral Sea on 8 May 1942. Although mortally wounded by fragments of a bursting bomb, Private Rutherford, displaying outstanding courage and a loyal determination to keep his gun in action despite his injured condition, valiantly remained at his battle station setting fuses until he collapsed on the deck. His inspiring loyalty and utter disregard for his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. (NOTE: The Navy Cross was awarded to this Marine under the name Raymond Miller, though his true name was Jesse Rutherford, Jr.)
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on October 16, 1942
Born: at Salmon, Idaho
Home Town: Portland, Oregon

MILLER, VERNON H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vernon H. Miller (0-15254), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Machine Gun Platoon Leader of Company K, Third Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Chonito Cliff, Asan-Adelup Beachhead, Guam, Marianas Islands, 21 - 22 July 1944. Assisting in the repulse of three strong enemy counterattacks against his company's position during the night of 21 July, First Lieutenant Miller organized a counterattacking force of eighteen men to meet a fourth large-scale Japanese predawn attack which had inflicted heavy casualties and forced a fifty yard salient halfway through the company's perimeter. Braving direct machine-gun fire, he led the attack against the hostile salient and, personally destroying two machine guns and killing at least eleven of the Japanese with grenade and rifle fire, directed his men in the recapture of the lost ground with minimum casualties in his own party and heavy losses to the enemy. Then, still under heavy fire, he directed the reorganization of his men, personally placing each automatic weapon. His courageous leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00420
Born: at Richmond, Virginia
Home Town: Richmond, Virginia

*MILLS, CHARLES L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles L. Mills (0-9739), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company C, Third Amphibian Tractor Battalion, Third Amphibious Corps, during the invasion of enemy Japanese-held Guam, Marianas Islands, on 21 July 1944. Successful in leading his company of tractors ashore with assault troops three times across a difficult reef and through hostile mortar and artillery fire in the initial landing, Captain Mills learned that one of his tractors with the crew and vital ammunition was disabled and under heavy fire on the edge of the reef. Realizing the critical shortage of mortar ammunition ashore, he unhesitatingly ordered his tractor into the heavy fire of the enemy and, when alongside the stranded vehicle, transferred the crew and ammunition to his own tractor and then made a safe return across the dangerous reef in spite of intense opposition. Upon reaching the beach, however, the tractor exploded an aerial bomb-mine which gravely wounded Captain Mills, threw him out onto the sand and killed his crew. Courageously disregarding his own extreme condition, he continued to direct the unloading of ammunition from the wreckage as two corpsmen administered first aid and blood plasma and, after informing his battalion commander of the situation, was being moved to a safer area when Japanese mortar fire instantly killed him and his two attendants. His outstanding valor and fortitude were an inspiration to the men under his command and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004440 (January 23, 1945)
Born: at Tupelo, Mississippi
Home Town: Tupelo, Mississippi

MITCHELL, JAMES T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James T. Mitchell (254161), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a Squad Leader, serving with Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty- fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, from 15 June to 9 July 1944. Leading a small combat patrol into an enemy-infested wooded draw on 4 July, Sergeant Mitchell aided his men in the annihilation of seven of the enemy. Obtaining more Marines as resistance increased, he continued to push forward and, despite two saber wounds sustained during his action, succeeded in annihilating additional Japanese and in gaining valuable information as to the extent and strength of enemy positions. When his company had become dangerously pinned down by hostile enfilade rifle and machine-gun fire and had suffered ten casualties, six of whom were lying in an exposed position pleading for help on 9 July, he volunteered to lead a group of six Marines to administer first aid and evacuate the men to safety. Wounded in the leg while performing this act, he refused evacuation and, during the hazardous five hours that followed skillfully assisted in the almost insurmountable task of slowly transporting the casualties over a jagged coral on improvised litters to safety on high ground to the rear. Again refusing treatment or evacuation until his comrades had been taken to the aid station, he was instrumental in saving at least six lives, and served as an inspiration to the men of his company. Sergeant Mitchell's courage, initiative and devotion to duty throughout this period of grave peril enhanced and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 1024 (SofN Signed July 21, 1947)
Born: August 23, 1920 at Arcadia, Kansas
Home Town: Springfield, Illinois

*MONARCH, CHARLES R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles R. Monarch (344057), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as an Assault Squad Leader serving with the First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 16 September 1944. When the advance of his unit was held up by a deep zone of strong enemy emplacements consisting of a series of concealed concrete pillboxes and rifle pits, and the cross-firing of heavy weapons swept the front of his company, Sergeant Monarch skillfully maneuvered his men into advantageous positions to deliver accurate covering flame-thrower and rifle fire against the Japanese strong points. Courageously and with aggressive determination, he repeatedly made his way forward in the face of intense, continuous hostile opposition and personally placed heavy explosive charges into the embrasures of the enemy emplacements, thus destroying ten of the strongholds and enabling his company to advance. Sergeant Monarch's brilliant initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and self-sacrificing devotion to duty under extremely perilous condition reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004439 (January 18, 1945)
Born: at Stanley, Kentucky
Home Town: Evansville, Indiana

MONGES, CHARLES J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles J. Monges (292584), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Sergeant Guide of Company L, Third Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan Island, Marianas Group, 2 July 1944. When his platoon was fired upon from concealed gun emplacements during an advance by his company, Sergeant Monges dragged a seriously wounded automatic rifleman out of the path of fire of an enemy machine gun to a position where he could receive first aid and, taking the automatic rifle himself, braved intense rifle and machine-gun fire to work his way forward to deliver fire on the enemy. Continuing to fire upon the Japanese until the other members of his platoon could aid him, he contributed materially to the success of his platoon in destroying an enemy machine gun and in annihilating the enemy. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Monges and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6068 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California

*MONTGOMERY, ELMER FOSTER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Elmer Foster Montgomery (482818), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Rifleman, serving with a platoon of Company C, First Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 11 March 1945. Pinned down with his platoon beyond the front lines by intense fire emanating from a strongly fortified enemy emplacement, Sergeant Montgomery boldly advanced alone against the entrenched Japanese in the face of devastating, point-blank barrages and, spraying the hostile position with bullets, succeeded in diverting the savage fire from his comrades to a concentration upon himself, thereby enabling the members of his platoon to evacuate the untenable forward area and return to their own lines. His self-sacrificing efforts on behalf of others and his daring initiative, heroic conduct and unswerving devotion to duty in the face of almost certain death were inspiring to those with whom he served and reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Montgomery and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 36921 (December 19, 1945)
Born: April 3, 1913 at Kalispell, Montana
Home Town: Kalispell, Montana

MOORE, PAUL, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Moore, Jr. (0-8836), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while in command of a platoon of Company G, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Matanikau River Area, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the morning of 3 November 1942. Pressing forward in the face of a steady barrage of hostile machine-gun and mortar fire, Second Lieutenant Moore, by aggressive charges and skillful employment of his units, forced the enemy to retreat to the ocean's edge. As the Japanese fought desperately to survive, he stayed on the line with his platoon, directing its fire under terrific assaults by the enemy, and urged his men forward in a series of hand-grenade and bayonet charges, personally leading their successive attacks. In the final stages of the engagement, although critically wounded by a hand grenade fragment and lying prostrate and helpless, he continued to encourage his men to keep attacking until he lost consciousness. His cool, courageous daring and outstanding leadership were an inspiration to all in his command.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 721 (SofN Signed August 5, 1943)
Born: at Convent, New Jersey
Home Town: Convent, New Jersey

*MOORE, RALPH E., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ralph E. Moore, Jr. (500897), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Third Battalion, Fourth Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 27 and 29 July 1944. When the advance of his platoon was held up by heavy enemy fire on 27 July, Corporal Moore unhesitatingly made his way forward in the face of intense hostile opposition and, skillfully and accurately employing hand grenades, personally accounted for the destruction of three enemy pillboxes. Again on 29 July, he valiantly crawled forward under fierce machine-gun and mortar fire to a bomb-proof shelter containing about thirty Japanese and succeeded in silencing the hostile strongpoint with his grenades before he was mortally wounded. By his brilliant initiative and indomitable fighting spirit under extremely perilous conditions, Corporal Moore enabled his platoon to advance without losses, and his self-sacrificing devotion to duty reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004271 (January 18, 1945)
Born: at Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Home Town: Hattiesburg, Mississippi

MOORE, THOMAS F., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas F. Moore, Jr. (0-7500), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 and 5 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Second Lieutenant Moore, in a hail of blasting fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to the perilously low altitude of four hundred feet before releasing his bomb. His courageous determination and extreme disregard of personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Coral Gables, Florida

MOORE, WILLIAM E., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William E. Moore, Jr. (0-10191), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company E, Second Battalion, Third Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, on 22 and 23 July 1944. When his company met intense enemy hand-grenade, machine-gun, knee mortar and rifle fire during an attack against strongly entrenched Japanese positions on commanding ground overlooking the landing beaches, Captain Moore succeeded in reorganizing his men and, personally leading a new attack in the face of the continued heavy hostile fire, became one of the first to reach the military crest of the slope. On the following day, he led a third and fourth assault on the same hill under heavy Japanese machine-gun, mortar and rifle fire and, succeeding in driving the enemy back, secured the hill for the further advance of the Battalion. His inspiring leadership, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00420
Born: at Bowling Green, Kentucky
Home Town: San Marino, California

MORRELL, RIVERS J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rivers J. Morrell, Jr. (0-5553), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in aerial combat whiles a member of Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-223), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, against enemy Japanese forces in the Guadalcanal Area between 24 August 1942 and 5 September 1942. During this period Major Morrell, single-handed, attacked and shot down four enemy aircraft and, aided by another fighter pilot, a four-engined Japanese flying boat. On 5 September, after destroying a twin-engined bomber, he was seriously wounded but, despite his critical condition, coolly and skillfully landed his damaged plane at his base. His aggressive leadership and outstanding performance of duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD (1942), Serial 197 (SofN Signed April 14, 1943)
Born: May 26, 1913 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

MORRIS, EMMETT R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Emmett R. Morris (368300), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a member of Company B, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 27 August 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, Private First Class Morris volunteered as a member of a rescue party and advanced into the open in the face of almost certain death to evacuate a wounded comrade. Although hostile gunfire was intense throughout the considerable distance to be covered, Private First Class Morris succeeded in reaching his comrade but was wounded in the face by a sniper's bullet while attempting to lift the injured man. His brave and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice under fire was an inspiring example and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD (1942), Serial 18 (SofN Signed March 18, 1943)
Born: at Bellefontaine, Ohio
Home Town: Bellefontaine, Ohio

*MORRIS, JOSHUA
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joshua Morris (875200), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Third Battalion, Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Asan-Adelup Beachhead, Guam, in the Marianas Group, on 26 July 1944. Fighting tenaciously against a vastly outnumbering force of Japanese troops occupying a strategic hill on the right flank of his battalion's position, Private First Class Morris fearlessly advanced alone in a daring attempt to determine the location of enemy troops moving in on the flank and, taunting the Japanese until they replied, skillfully tricked them into revealing their position. When his platoon subsequently was ordered to withdraw from the bitter, uneven battle, he courageously volunteered to cover the retirement, remaining steadfast at his post and defending his position with determined fortitude until, overpowered by the terrific opposition, he was fatally struck down. By his intrepid initiative, aggressive fighting spirit and great personal valor, Private First Class Morris contributed essentially to the successful withdrawal of his unit and aided materially in averting their threatened annihilation, and his self-sacrificing devotion to duty in the face of almost certain death reflects the highest credit upon himself and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 12611 (January 18, 1945)
Born: at Sacaton, Arizona
Home Town: Komatke, Arizona

*MORROW, RICHARD E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Richard E. Morrow (326156), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Twenty- Second Marines, Fifth Amphibious Corps, in combat against enemy Japanese forces on Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 18 February 1944. Gallantly advancing alone to investigate a suspected enemy sniper position in a pile of logs near the north beach of the island, Corporal Morrow discovered the concealed Japanese troops. Unhesitatingly exposing himself to the sniper's guns in order to warn his waiting squad of the danger, Corporal Morrow was killed by enemy fire. His outstanding devotion to duty and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice which enabled his men to reduce the hostile position without further casualties reflect he highest credit upon corporal Morrow and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 9682 (November 27, 1944)
Born: at Vandergrift, Pennsylvania
Home Town: North Apollo, Pennsylvania

MORSE, RALPH C., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph C. Morse, Jr. (0-9745), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company B, First Battalion, Twenty- Second Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, Fifth Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Parry island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall islands, 22 February 1944. Landing in the second assault wave in the face of heavy mortar and enfilading machine-gun fire which caused heavy casualties among his troops, Captain Morse quickly observed that the first wave of his company had not landed as planned and that the remnants of his troops were intermingled with troops of other units already on the beach. Immediately reorganizing all troops on the Battalion left flank, he led a successful charge through the immediate resistance and, dauntlessly maintaining the offensive, effectively carried out his tactical assignment by attaining the opposite side of the island and surprising a heavily armed force of approximately one hundred and fifty of the enemy moving along the coast to outflank an adjacent friendly battalion. Initiating a smashing assault, he aided in annihilating the Japanese force. Later, when a first attack on several enemy spider-type trenches failed due to heavy casualties, Captain Morse unhesitatingly organized another assault and, leading his men in a head-long attack under close-range machine-gun and hand grenade fire, succeeded in wiping out the enemy position. By his courage, forceful leadership and unwavering devotion to duty, Captain Morse served as an inspiration to his men and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2798
Born: at Buhl, Idaho
Home Town: Buhl, Idaho

MORTON, GILBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gilbert L. Morton (238388), Sergeant Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Leader of Company M, Third Battalion, Twenty-fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 22 June 1944. Dispatched with his platoon to seize heavily fortified enemy-held Hill 504, Sergeant Major Morton fearlessly led his men through intense mortar and machine-gun fire to carry out a brilliantly executed attack. Then, skillfully reorganizing his platoon and setting up an effective defense, he encouraged his men to hold fast despite further attempts by a fanatic enemy to counterattack his position, repulsing each vicious onslaught with heavy losses to the Japanese. Unable to fire because of the presence of friendly troops when four of the enemy infiltrated his line during the night, he boldly engaged them in hand-to-hand combat and fighting gallantly against tremendous odds, succeeded in killing three and wounding the fourth. Seriously wounded during the bitter action, he steadfastly refused evacuation, and, remaining with his platoon, continued to hold until relief arrived the following day. By his forceful and determined leadership, great personal valor and cool and courageous action in the face of grave peril, Sergeant Major Morton served as a constant inspiration to the men under his command and contributed essentially to the success of our forces in capturing this vital hostile stronghold. His valiant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 13002
Born: at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana

MOWERY, EARL J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Earl J. Mowery (279781), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as a member of the Second Platoon, Company A, First Tank Battalion, attached to Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese armed forces at the Tenaru River, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 21 August 1942. When his platoon leader's tank became fast in a ditch while operating in the midst of the enemy, Sergeant Mowery promptly drove up and despite the peril of heavy enemy fire, climbed from his own tank, assisted with the towing cable and hauled the disabled tank from the ditch. His gallant and courageous action and his presence of mind saved the tank and its crew, thereby enabling the platoon to proceed on its mission intact. Sergeant Mowery's meritorious devotion to duty and his complete disregard for his own safety in a situation of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD (October 1942)
Born: at Johnstown, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Edgewood, Pennsylvania

MUELLER, BERNHARDT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bernhardt L. Mueller (820536), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Platoon Leader of Company B, First Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 8 March 1945. When his platoon was halted by heavy machine-gun and rifle fire which wounded the Platoon Leader and all Senior Non-Commissioned Officers, Corporal Mueller promptly and skillfully reorganized the platoon and, braving intense hostile fire, crawled from one foxhole to another to encourage his men to advance. Wounded while leading the platoon in an assault on an enemy-held ridge which was interwoven with tunnels and connecting trenches, he refused evacuation until the Japanese were routed from the position and thirty of the enemy were killed. By his courageous and unswerving devotion to duty in the face of severe hostile fire, Corporal Mueller upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43156
Born: at Beeville, Texas
Home Town: Austin, Texas

*MURPHREE, JESSE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Jesse E. Murphree (491461), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as acting Platoon Leader, serving with Company G, Second Battalion, Twenty-fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 15 March 1945. Sustaining painful wounds on two separate occasions while serving successively during the early phases of hostilities against this heavily fortified stronghold, Sergeant Murphree steadfastly refused evacuation and, consistently pushing the attack to the limit of his endurance, led his men and inspired them to heroic effort during the continued drive to capture the island. With his platoon pinned down by shattering grenade, mortar, small-arms and machine-gun fire during an advance against a well-concealed enemy entrenchment on 6 March, he promptly seized his bazooka and, crawling alone through the intense barrage, delivered a devastating attack from an exposed position to silence the fire and enable his company to advance. Concerned only for the safety of others when five Japanese soldiers infiltrated a near-by line of defense prior to dawn on 9 March, Sergeant Murphree voluntarily left the cover of his foxhole and moved through the darkness over rough, broken terrain for a distance of fifty yards and, vigorously engaging three of the enemy in fierce combat, killed each in turn and put the others to flight. Fatally struck down by a sniper's bullet while crossing a hostile fire lane in advance of his depleted platoon on 15 March, Sergeant Murphree, by his gallant leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and bold tactics maintained throughout each bitterly fought engagement, had contributed materially to the success of the Iwo Jima campaign and his constant devotion to duty reflects the highest credit upon himself, his intrepid Marines and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34407 (June 3, 1946)
Born: at Lambert, Mississippi
Home Town: Lyon, Mississippi

MURPHY, FRANCIS J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis J. Murphy (0-10047), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with the THIRD Marine Division (Reinforced) during the landing attack on Puruata Island, British Solomon Islands, on 1 November 1943. In charge of two 75 millimeter self-propelled anti-tank guns, Chief Warrant Officer Murphy unhesitatingly volunteered to assist in reducing an enemy position of three strongly defended pill-boxes well protected by hostile snipers. Although the terrain, overgrown with heavy brush, afforded poor visibility and the armor protection of the guns was ineffective against the withering blasts of enemy grenades and machine-gun fire, he courageously directed the approach to the hostile pill box position and launched a vigorous attack. Leaving his post of command when it proved difficult for the gunners to sight their target, he proceeded to an open space and, although wounded, remained in this exposed position, directing the fire of the guns until the enemy emplacement had been destroyed. Chief Warrant Officer Murphy's inspiring leadership in the face of great danger was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 0057 (SofN Signed April 22, 1944)
Born: at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Quincy, Massachusetts

MURPHY, JOHN J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John J. Murphy, Jr. (328014), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a member of a Rifle Company of the Second Marines (Reinforced), SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces off the coast of Tulagi, Solomon Islands, on the night of 9 September 1942. With his ship illuminated by the enemy and hostile gunfire causing violent explosion of shells inside the magazine directly beneath his battle station, Private First Class Murphy voluntarily remained on board, despite devastating Japanese shellfire, to assist in repairing damage to the engine room until that compartment also became untenable. Although wounded by a shell fragment shortly afterward, he gallantly disregarded his own condition to help evacuate other injured shipmates to a dressing station ashore, following the beaching of the vessel. His conspicuous courage in a situation of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD (1943), Serial 057 (SofN Signed April 23, 1943)

*MURRAY, MICHAEL F., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Michael F. Murray, Jr. (356406), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Rifle Platoon Leader, serving with Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 3 March 1945. Courageously leading his platoon across difficult terrain to outflank a strongly- entrenched enemy position, Platoon Sergeant Murray spear-headed a hand grenade and rifle assault upon two Japanese pillboxes and succeeded in demolishing one, but at the cost of severe casualties to his platoon from the devastating machine-gun fire. Repeatedly exposing himself to the continued heavy fire while directing the evacuation of his wounded men, and aware of their immediate need for first aid from the corpsman, he went to the assistance of a stricken man who was lying helpless directly in front of the hostile strongpoint, after leaving instructions that no attempt to rescue him should be made if he should fail. Boldly charging the Japanese machine gun, he put it out of action with his deadly fire and, although mortally wounded himself in this gallant assault, made possible the safe evacuation of his wounded comrade. Platoon Sergeant Murray's valiant actions, inspiring leadership and concern for the safety of his fellow Marines were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 25424 (November 6, 1945)
Born: at Gary, Indiana
Home Town: Gary, Indiana

MURRAY, RAYMOND LEROY
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond Leroy Murray (0-5127), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 15 June 1944. Although sustaining two severe and painful wounds which necessitated his crawling from place to place during the initial stages of the landing, Lieutenant Colonel Murray refused to be evacuated and continued to direct the operations of his Battalion until his condition became so serious from pain and loss of blood that he was ordered to return aboard ship by the Regimental Commander. By remaining at his post, seriously wounded though he was, during the initial and crucial stages of the assault, Lieutenant Colonel Murray set a fine example for his officers and men and aided materially in overcoming the handicaps resulting from the heavy initial casualties, thereby contributing materially to the success of the operations. His outstanding courage, determination and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 6067
Born: January 30, 1913 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: San Diego, California
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (Korea), Distinguished Service Cross (Korea)

*MUSTAIN, HOLLIS U.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Hollis U. Mustain (0-5390), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, Twenty- Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 to 21 February 1945. Boldly defying the murderous high velocity artillery fire laid down by a ruthless enemy while approaching the beach in his landing craft the early morning of D-Day, Lieutenant Colonel Mustain landed on the heavily mined shores on schedule and pushed his relentless advance forward against shattering mortar, rocket, rifle and machine-gun fire. Repeatedly disregarding his own personal safety, he consistently reconnoitered the extreme forward areas in his zone of action to evaluate the difficult terrain and appraise the enemy situation and despite heavy Marine casualties and the loss of his executive officer, constantly exerted himself to the limit of his endurance, fighting furiously in a sustained drive to seize and hold the ground adjacent to the airfield during the first day of battle. Leaving his position in the observation post on 21 February, he braved the enemy's concentrated fire to proceed to the front line area and, while encouraging his depleted battalion to heroic efforts and directing its attack against the strategic, heavily defended sector in the Amphitheater, was fatally struck down by the enemy. A brilliant and inspiring leader, Lieutenant Colonel Mustain, by his tenacious perseverance, outstanding fortitude and great personal valor maintained in the face of tremendous odds, contributed materially to the success of the Iwo Jima Campaign and his self- sacrificing devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself, his intrepid command and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 31856 (July 12, 1945)
Born: at San Diego, California
Home Town: El Paso, Texas

MYERS, EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Myers (259358), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Tank Commander of Company C, First Tank Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 15 September 1944. Operating in support of an infantry platoon attacking powerful enemy forces in a densely wooded area, Sergeant Myers constantly exposed himself to intense hostile small-arms fire to communicate with infantry personnel from the turret of his tank. Subsequently hit in the face by fragments from an enemy grenade which rendered his turret machine gun inoperative, he steadfastly refused medical aid and continued to direct his tank throughout the attack, thereby contributing in large measure to the destruction of seven enemy pillboxes, three mortars and three field guns. By his initiative, courage and devotion to duty throughout this hazardous operation, Sergeant Myers upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 9222 (SofN Signed October 23, 1947)
Born: at Vance, South Carolina
Home Town: Vance, South Carolina


*MYERS, THOMAS J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas J. Myers (0-6705), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, from 1 April to 15 May 1945. A brilliant and courageous leader, Major Myers personally directed his battalion on several difficult and extremely dangerous missions, often-times through rough terrain, and was instrumental in clearing the area of strong hostile positions and well-concealed Japanese snipers, and in seizing large enemy bivouac areas. On 10 May, observing that his battalion was suddenly subjected to intense enemy artillery and mortar fire, which compelled withdrawal after a rapid advance across the Asa Kawa River and toward the high ground to the front, he personally went forward through the heavy barrage of fire and, skillfully reorganizing the battalion, inspired his men to continue the attack and retake and hold the objective, thus enabling the adjacent units to advance. By his skillful tactics, gallant leadership and determined efforts, Major Myers contributed materially to the prompt and efficient completion of all his battalion assignments. His steadfast devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Forces, Serial 52352 (May 23, 1947)
Born: at Charlotte, North Carolina
Home Town: Chapel Hill, North Carolina

 

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