The President of the United States
in the name of The Congress
takes pleasure in presenting the
Medal of Honor to
DERVISHIAN, ERNEST H.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 34th Infantry
Division. Place and date: Near Cisterna, Italy, 23 May 1944. Entered service
at: Richmond, Va. Birth: Richmond, Va. G.O. No.: 3, 8 January 1945.
Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity
at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 23 May 1944, in the vicinity of
Cisterna, Italy. 2d Lt. Dervishian (then Tech. Sgt.) and 4 members of his platoon found
themselves far ahead of their company after an aggressive advance in the face of enemy
artillery and sniper fire. Approaching a railroad embankment, they observed a force of
German soldiers hiding in dugouts. 2d Lt. Dervishian, directing his men to cover him,
boldly moved forward and firing his carbine forced 10 Germans to surrender. His men then
advanced and captured 15 more Germans occupying adjacent dugouts. The prisoners were
returned to the rear to be picked up by advancing units. From the railroad embankment, 2d
Lt. Dervishian and his men then observed 9 Germans who were fleeing across a ridge. He and
his men opened fire and 3 of the enemy were wounded. As his men were firing, 2d Lt.
Dervishian, unnoticed, fearlessly dashed forward alone and captured all of the fleeing
enemy before his companions joined him on the ridge. At this point 4 other men joined 2d
Lt. Dervishian's group. An attempt was made to send the 4 newly arrived men along the left
flank of a large, dense vineyard that lay ahead, but murderous machinegun fire forced them
back. Deploying his men, 2d Lt. Dervishian moved to the front of his group and led the
advance into the vineyard. He and his men suddenly became pinned down by a machinegun
firing at them at a distance of 15 yards. Feigning death while the hostile weapon blazed
away at him, 2d Lt. Dervishian assaulted the position during a halt in the firing, using a
hand grenade and carbine fire, and forced the 4 German crewmembers to surrender. The 4 men
on the left flank were now ordered to enter the vineyard but encountered machinegun fire
which killed 1 soldier and wounded another. At this moment the enemy intensified the fight
by throwing potato-masher grenades at the valiant band of American soldiers within the
vineyard. 2d Lt. Dervishian ordered his men to withdraw; but instead of following, jumped
into the machinegun position he had just captured and opened fire with the enemy weapon in
the direction of the second hostile machinegun nest. Observing movement in a dugout 2 or 3
yards to the rear, 2d Lt. Dervishian seized a machine pistol. Simultaneously blazing away
at the entrance to the dugout to prevent its occupants from firing and firing his
machinegun at the other German nest, he forced 5 Germans in each position to surrender.
Determined to rid the area of all Germans, 2d Lt. Dervishian continued his advance alone.
Noticing another machinegun position beside a house, he picked up an abandoned machine
pistol and forced 6 more Germans to surrender by spraying their position with fire. Unable
to locate additional targets in the vicinity, 2d Lt. Dervishian conducted these prisoners
to the rear. The prodigious courage and combat skill exhibited by 2d Lt. Dervishian are
exemplary of the finest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces.