Which of the following statements about the military
service of former First Families is NOT True?
President Zachary Taylor, son of a
Revolutionary War veteran, was a career soldier whose exploits
in Mexican War (1846-48) transformed him from a minor military
figure into a presidential contender. Nicknamed "Old Rough
and Ready" for his military persona, he served as our 12th
President from 1849 until his death in 1850. During the Civil
War his son, Richard Taylor, became a General and military hero
in his own right--commanding soldiers for the Confederacy.
Prior to being elected President in 1877,
Major General Rutherford B. Hays served in the Civil War where
he was wounded in action. During the Philippine Insurrection his
son Webb C. Hayes served in combat where he was awarded the
Medal of Honor.
Our ninth President William Henry Harrison
was our first "war hero" president (other than George
Washington), a career soldier who became a Brigadier General and
was nicknamed "Old Tippecanoe" for his heroics in
1811. He also served in the War of 1812 before being elected
President in 1841. During the Vera Cruz action of 1914 a direct
descendant of the old general, Commander William Kelly Harrison
earned the Medal of Honor. During World War II Commander
Harrison's son, Lieutenant General William Kelly Harrison, Jr.
earned the Distinguished Service Cross. Charles Robb, the son-in-law of President Lyndon B. Johnson,
served as a Marine Corps Company Commander in Vietnam during the
period in which LBJ was directing the war from the White House.
ALL of the above are true.
Before becoming President, Theodore
Roosevelt became a "war hero" during the Spanish-American War.
When he was awarded a belated Medal of Honor decades later he became the
ONLY President in history to receive the award. In addition to his own
service, which of the following statements is NOT true of his sons.
The President's oldest son, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., was
wounded in action and was awarded the Distinguished Service
Cross for his heroism in World War I. While he was serving in
combat, Ted Jr.'s wife also served with the Y.M.C.A. in Paris.
In World War II Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. earned the Medal of
Honor and was the oldest American to land with American forces
The President's youngest son Quentin, was
killed in action in World War I, earning the French Croix De
Guerre. Quentin's brother Kermit also served with distinction in
World War I, then returned to service in World War II.
Roosevelt's son Archie was wounded in action
during World War I and declared 100% disabled, but returned
again to serve in World War II. He may be the only soldier ever
classified as 100% disabled TWICE in his military career. He was
awarded two Silver Stars, a Bronze Star, and the Purple Heart. Theodore Roosevelt's daughter Ethel, as well has her
husband, Dr. Dick Derby, served overseas during World War
I, providing medical care to wounded soldiers.
Theodore Roosevelt and Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. are the ONLY
father and son in history to be awarded the Medal of Honor.
D. Roosevelt Family
President Franklin D. Roosevelt served
as President during the greatest war in world history. The potential for death or
capture of any of his four sons by enemy forces might have been seen as
good reason to keep them out of action. Which of the following four
statements about his four sons is NOT True?
Roosevelt's oldest son James Roosevelt suffered from bad
eyesight, chronic ulcers, and flat feet, the latter of which
made it impossible for him to wear combat boots. He served in a
stateside command under a special waiver.
Despite physical ailments including flat feet, wearing tennis
shoes, James Roosevelt became an officer with a Marine Raider
Battalion, landing behind enemy lines at Makin Island and
elsewhere, earning both the Navy Cross and Silver Star.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., was a Naval Officer who served at
Operation Torch and later commanded a ship in the
Pacific where he earned a Silver Star and Purple Heart. John Aspinwall Roosevelt, FDR's youngest son, served as a
Naval Officer aboard the air craft carrier
USS Hornet. Elliot Roosevelt, a colonel in the U.S. Army Air Force flew a
P-38 during the invasion of North Africa, and then flew
photo-reconnaissance in support of the D-Day invasion at
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., was a career
diplomat who opposed American involvement in World War II. Never the less,
when war broke out his family made great personal sacrifices in support of
the war effort. Which of the following statements about Kennedy Family
heroes is NOT true.
The oldest Kennedy son, Joseph P. Kennedy,
Jr., was an aviator in the U.S. Army Air Force. He was killed in
action earning the Distinguished Service Cross and Purple Heart.
John F. Kennedy was a PT Boat hero who was
awarded the Navy Cross. William John Robert Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington
husband of Kathleen Kennedy, and the son-in-law of Joseph P.
Kennedy served during World War II and was killed in action
Robert Sargent Shriver was a direct
descendant of David Shriver, who signed the Maryland
Constitution and Bill of Rights at Maryland's Constitutional
Convention of 1776. Before marrying Joseph Kennedy's daughter
Eunice in 1953, Shriver had served in the Navy in World War II
and retired as a Lieutenant Commander.
PT Boat legend John Duncan Bulkeley
recruited John F. Kennedy to PT Boat service in World War II,
where Kennedy earned the Navy-Marine Corps Medal.
As far as the Presidents themselves and their military service, which of
the following statements in NOT True?
Before becoming President in 1881, James A. Garfield had the
distinction of being the youngest Brigadier General of the Civil
Both President Grover Cleveland and President William McKinley
avoided Civil War service by hiring substitutes to serve in
President Harry Truman was a combat veteran of World War I.
His son served during World War II.
One thing that President John F. Kennedy, President Richard Nixon, President Gerald Ford,
President Jimmy Carter, and President George H. W. Bush share in
common is that all FIVE of them served during
WORLD WAR II, and
all FIVE served in the U.S. NAVY as OFFICERS. President George H. W. Bush was youngest pilot in the Navy
when he received his wings. During World War II he flew 58
combat missions in the Pacific including one in which he was
shot down by Japanese antiaircraft fire and was rescued from the
water by a U. S. submarine. He was awarded the Distinguished
Flying Cross for bravery in action.