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Full Text Citations For Award 
of the

Marine Corps Brevet Medal 

Prior to 1915, the Medal of Honor was only authorized to ENLISTED sailors and Marines. Marine Corps officers who performed gallantly in combat were rewarded with BREVET promotion, a practice dating back to the American Revolutionary War in all branches of service. In 1921 Marine Corps Order Number 26 established the Marine Corps Brevet Medal. The award was a one time issuance and retroactively recognized living Marine Corps officers who had received a brevet rank between the years 1861 to 1915. It was only issued to twenty Marine Corps active, retired, and discharged personnel.

The Brevet Medal was considered to be the equivalent of the Navy Cross, although in precedence it ranked just behind the Medal of Honor since those receiving it had received field commissions as Marine Corps officers, under combat conditions, and had performed feats of distinction and gallant service. The scarlet ribbon closely resembled the star-studded blue ribbon of the Medal of Honor.

In 1940, the Marine Corps declared the Brevet Medal obsolete, since the concept of brevet commissions was phased out of the United States military to be replaced by temporary and field commissions which were awarded much more frequently than brevet ranks.


Civil War

POPE, PERCIVAL CLARENCE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Percival Clarence Pope, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for gallant and meritorious service in the night attack upon Fort Sumter, on 2 March 1867, appointed Captain, by brevet, to rank from 8 September 1963.
Born: February 28, 1841 at Boston, Massachusetts

 



Spanish-American War

BANNON, PHILIP MICHAEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Philip Michael Bannon, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in battle at Guantanamo, Cuba. On 10 August 1898 appointed First Lieutenant, by brevet, to take rank from 13 June 1898.
Born: March 12, 1872 at Jessups, Maryland
Home Town: Jessups, Maryland


KELTON, ALLAN CUNNINGHAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Allan Cunningham Kelton, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Guantanamo, Cuba, 11 June 1898. On 18 March 1901, appointed Major, by brevet.
Born: June 24, 1846 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


LONG, CHARLES GRANT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Charles Grant Long (0-572), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Guantanamo, Cuba, 11 June 1898. On 18 March 1901, appointed Captain, by brevet.
Born: December 14, 1869 at South Weymouth, Massachusetts
Home Town: South Weymouth, Massachusetts
Personal Awards: Marine Corps Brevet Medal (Spanish-American War), Navy Cross (WWI)


LUCAS, LEWIS CLARKE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Lewis Clarke Lucas, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for conspicuous conduce in battle at Guantanamo, Cuba, 13 June 1898. On 10 August 1898, appointed Captain, by brevet.
Born: November 3, 1867 at Marietta, Ohio
Home Town: Marietta, Ohio


MAHONEY, JAMES EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to James Edward Mahoney, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Guantanamo, Cuba, 11 June 1898. On 18 March 1901, appointed Captain by brevet.
Born: December 15, 1858 at Peabody, Massachusetts
Home Town: Peabody, Massachusetts


McCAWLEY, CHARLES LAURIE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Charles Laurie McCawley, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Guantanamo, Cuba, 11 June 1898. On 18 March 1901, appointed Major by brevet.
Born: August 24, 1865 at Massachusetts 
Home Town: Massachusetts


McKELVY, WILLIAM NESSLER, SR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to William Nessler McKelvy, Sr., First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Guantanamo, Cuba, 11 June 1898. On 18 March 1901, appointed Captain by brevet.
Born: July 15, 1869 at Allegheny, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Allegheny, Pennsylvania


MURPHY, PAUL ST. CLAIR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Paul St. Clair Murphy, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for gallant service in the naval battle of Santiago, Cuba. On 10 August 1898, appointed Major, by brevet, to rank from 3 July 1898.
Born: July 7, 1850 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York


NEVILLE, WENDELL CUSHING
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Wendell Cushing Neville (0-711), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for conspicuous conduct in battle at Guantanamo, Cuba. On 10 August 1898, appointed Captain, by brevet, to rank from 13 June 1898.
Born: May 12, 1870 at Portsmouth, Virginia
Home Town: Portsmouth, Virginia
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (Vera Cruz), USMC Brevet Medal (Spanish-American War), Navy Distinguished Service Medal (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal (WWI), Army Silver Star (WWI)


SHAW, MELVILLE JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Melville James Shaw, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Guantanamo, Cuba, 11 June 1898. On 18 March 1901, appointed a First Lieutenant, by brevet.
Born: August 6, 1872 at Minnesota 
Home Town: Minnesota

 



Philippine Insurrection 

PORTER, DAVID DIXON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to David Dixon Porter, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Novaleta, Philippines. On 28 March 1901, appointed Captain, by brevet, to rank from 8 October 1899.
Born: April 29, 1877 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (Philippine Insurrection), Marine Corps Brevet Medal (Philippines)


THORPE, GEORGE CYRUS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to George Cyrus Thorpe, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Novaleta, Philippine Islands. On 28 March 1901, appointed Captain, by brevet, from 8 October 1899.
Born: January 7, 1875 at Minnesota 
Home Town: Minnesota



 

Boxer Rebellion (China)

BUTLER, SMEDLEY DARLINGTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Smedley Darlington Butler, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy near Tientsin, China, 13 July 1900. On 28 March 1901, appointed Captain by brevet.
Born: July 30, 1881 at West Chester, Pennsylvania
Home Town: West Chester, Pennsylvania
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (Vera Cruz), 2d Medal of Honor (Haiti), USMC Brevet Medal (China), Navy Distinguished Service Medal (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal (WWI)


GAMBORG-ANDRESEN, CARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Carl Gamborg-Andresen, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy near Tientsin, China, 13 July 1900. On 28 March 1901, appointed Captain, by brevet.
Born: March 10, 1866 at Norway


HALL, NEWT HAMILL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Newt Hamill Hall, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy at the siege of Peking, China, from 20 June to 14 August 1900. On 15 June 1901, appointed Major, by brevet, to take rank from 14 August 1900.
Born: January 2, 1873 at Marshville, Texas
Home Town: Suwanee, Tennessee


MYERS, JOHN TWIGGS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to John Twiggs Myers, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy at the defense of the legations at Peking, Chine, 20 July 1900. On 28 March 1901, appointed Major, by brevet.
Born: January 29, 1871 at Wiesbaden, Germany
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


POWELL, WILLIAM GLASGOW
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to William Glasgow Powell, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Tientsin, China. On 28 March 1901, appointed Captain, by brevet, from 21 June 1900.
Born: September 8, 1871 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: Vineland, New Jersey


RICHARDS, GEORGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to George Richards, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy at the battle of Tientsin, China, on the 13th day of July 1900. On 15 June 1901, appointed Lieutenant Colonel, by brevet.
Born: February 6, 1872 at Ironton, Ohio
Home Town: Ironton, Ohio


WALLER, LITTLETON WALLER TAZEWELL, SR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Littleton Waller Tazewell Waller, Sr., Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy, near Tientsin, China, 13 July 1900. On 28 March 1901, appointed Lieutenant Colonel, by brevet.
Born: September 26, 1856 at Virginia

 

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